Been playing guitar for four weeks. Having problems with chords-like every beginner-. What I don’t understand is, how do professionals change chords with lightning speed. Is there a secret to how to play chords ?
This can take some time and practice, like most skills. But, a couple of pointers.
Try to establish whether you actually need to move everything between certain chords which often get played consecutively, such as E and A. Here, I teach keeping the G string 1st fret index finger on fo both. This provides a pivot and middle+ring can move across, as pinky comes down on 2nd string, second fret to make an A chord. Moving the other way, the index finger is already there. (A and E often follow each other in songs)
Practise hammering on with each chord, so that all fingers arrive on the fretboard together, rather than practising putting them on slowly in installments.
These ideas will get you started, after which mostly changes will get easier. Every new chord shape you learn needs to be practised changing to every other chord shape you already know. Time consuming - but you're building up a big bank of known changes which will all appear eventually in songs you have yet to play.
Of course practicing will help but try to find tricks like this one : you don't need to move all of your fingers at the same time. You can even start to strike your chord before having the finger on the strings that you haven't stroke yet.
Play songs - simple songs initially to get you used to changing chords.
Try just playing four beats of each chord and running through different chord progressions.
E - A - D - A - E over over and over
G - C - D - Aminor - C - G over over and over
A - D - E - A - Bminor - C - D - E
Those three chord progressions will get you going and build some hand strength. Don't be concerned at this point in your development about speed as much as getting the chords down.
Do your best to get at least an hour of practice daily. Don't forget to floss after each meal.
When I was just starting out, I found that some of the songs I wanted to learn were much to advanced musically for me. I also found plenty of songs that I liked well enough that I could enjoy practicing, that were simple two or three chord songs. They were pretty easy to learn and my fingers got to practice changing from one chord to the next. Then I got a chance to play with others and I got the chance to learn how to keep up with them. Soon I was being asked to play new songs that had more advanced chord progressions, and because my fingers were starting to be able to move independently of each other, it was easier to learn the new chords. The point I'm trying to make is if you start at the beginning and enjoy the work, you most likely will go as far as you want to go, quite possibly much further.
If you just started out, I'm sure you haven't built the muscle memory nor the calluses to move your fingers with easy. I suggest just practice 1 chord shape (e.g. A Major) and strum it a few times. Then when you feel confident mix in another chord shape (e.g. C Major).
You'll develop a habit of where your fingers go and when and how to transition efficiently.
I've been playing for several years now and even now and then some chords don't always transition so well. But definitely just keep practicing and I hope you have fun!