I'd like to get a Gibson Les Paul and use it for a heavy sound. The price tag however is a little too high for me. It got me thinking though, what if I just bought a less expensive guitar with the same pickup configuration. Which then lead me to think, what would happen if you used the same set of pickups in a different guitar. What would determine the sound in both guitars when compared to each other.
It gets close, but not too close. The exact placing may not be the same, the circuitry also, and certainly the wood will make a difference. As will the bridge. I thought like you, and put a tele pup on a different guitar. It sounds something like, but will never give the same twang as it did on a pukka tele - sadly.