What does a dotted minim/half note =c.60 mean? What does the c mean? And how much BPM is this?enter image description here

2 Answers 2


It means that you play the piece at 60 BPM per dotted minim, which is the same as 180 BPM per crotchet. The C, as far as I know is an abbreviation for circa which means around. So around 60 BPM.

  • And how would you count it? Would you just count it by crotchet? So it becomes 1+2+3+ 1+2+3+. But if you count this way, wouldn't it be really fast?
    – user46792
    Jan 13, 2018 at 13:34
  • 1
    Yes, you would count it by crotchet. (1, 2, 3). It is fast but not unmanageable (in my humble opinion) Jan 13, 2018 at 14:20

The writer has designated the dotted minim as the 'beat', and said that there will be about 60 of them in a minute. This makes each bar last just one second. It's not easy to time bars in that way, but setting a metronome at 60bpm will help you play each first note of each bar on a click.

If you wanted a click on each crotchet, then set the metronome for a pretty quick 180bpm, and play the left hand part along to that. A student of mine would say 'el-e-phant' for each bar. and keep time to that.

  • Most "real" metronomes have settings for 176 and 184 with nothing in between. Fortunately, the c gives one some leeway. Or else you have a digital metronome on your phone ;-)
    – phoog
    Mar 25, 2022 at 20:14

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