I can't vouch for how easy to read it might be in this particular case (your alignment idea sounds promising), but there is a 'normal' way to notate repeated sections like this. Dot Slash Slash Dot, centered in the measure.
If more than one measure is being repeated, you indicate the extent of it with a thick line extending from the symbol to roughly the beginning and ending of the desired measures, with thick end-caps. If it continues for more than one stave, the absence of an end-cap will serve as a cue and you can repeat the symbol (in parens) hovering over the thick line on subsequent staves.
You should write the number of measures being repeated next to the symbol if it's more than one.
And if it's very long, you can provide a countdown next to the reminder symbols. This is common in Band Music.
If it's a rhythmic figure, you can give it a name (fig.1, riff A, pattern alpha, etc.) either in-line when it first happens or in a side-bar and refer to it by name when needed. This is common in Guitar transcriptions.