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This question already has an answer here:

As I understand it, a double flat/sharp mark raises the note by exactly a full step.

However, I don't understand why anyone would use this - after all, the exact same note can be represented with a different symbol much more simply, requiring less effort from the player/reader and generally being clearer.

So when does one use a double sharp/flat and why?

marked as duplicate by Richard, MattPutnam, Dom theory May 1 '18 at 19:48

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A fifth up from B♯ should look like a fifth up. That makes it an F with an accidental, and that accidental needs to be a 𝄪, so we end up with an F𝄪.

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if you are in a key that already has a sharp/flat and you want to raise/lower that note it makes sense to have a double sharp/double flat.

example: key of D major: D E F# G A B C# D -- now you want to raise that F# a half step you want to make a Fx (F double sharp). you could call it a G and that is the note you would play on your instrument, as it is en-harmonically the same but it is more precise and perhaps less confusing once you understand it to use the double sharp.

  • To add to that: imagine you use the f## not in isolation, but within a melodic line. The next note is likely to be a g#, and it would be very confusing having to write "♮g ♯g", since these are perceived as two adjacent notes, not variants of one. This is much better expressed as 𝄪f ♯g instead. – Kilian Foth Jun 9 '18 at 11:48

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