Excellent find! Trumpet, as well as the acoustically similar trombone, are very peculiar instruments when it comes to physics. They are cylindrical tubes closed at one end, so they should have a fundamental wavelength that's 4x the length of the tube, and then only generate odd overtones. Look at clarinet for an instrument that actually obeys this1.
But trumpet clearly plays a full overtone series, except for a fundamental that's apparently missing. And if you measure the actual tubing length to see what the fundamental should be, something screwy is clearly going on.
The answer is that the tube of metal does want to produce only odd overtones, but the design of the mouthpiece and bell wrangle the overtones into a full overtone series. See here for details.
This means that the trumpet actually does not produce its fundamental at all! You hear only the 2nd and higher harmonics, and your brain fills in the missing fundamental. It's not actually there.
The trumpet uses this psychoacoustic effect innately, but it has been intentionally used in a few other areas as well. Organists will play a set of notes that imitates an overtone series, which causes the unplayed fundamental to seem to sound. And a few modern saxophonists have learned to use multiphonics (singing through the instrument while playing) to do the same, called Tartini tones.
1The clarinet has a body length that's approximately the same as a flute or soprano sax, but plays significantly lower. Then, when you add the register key, the instrument jumps up a twelfth instead of an octave (to its third harmonic).