I'm drawn to the happy nature of calliope music that is used in carnivals, fairs, circuses, theme parks, etc. Also, it sounds exactly like video game music. Where does this type of music come from, is it jazz or ragtime or some other genre?
I'm wondering what are the main elements or characteristics of this style. So far I have found: sounds a bit like ragtime, 2/4 march time, syncopation (?), improvisation, allegro (~125bpm), tremolos, alternating bass between 1st and 5th root of current chord, chromatics, walking bass, reduced range (usually 3 octaves) so chords are not as full.
I'm sure I'm wrong on some of these so please let me know what I'm missing. Here's an example of a very talented performer: