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I'm having trouble reading measures 22-25 on this piece. enter image description here

I can't tell when I'm going up a half note or a whole note during these measures. For example, in measure 22 (the first bar in the picture), it looks like I'm supposed to play E natural twice on the two quarter notes because D# in E major is E♮. Similarly on measure 23, the first two quarters notes look the same since E## in F# and the second quarter note is F#. When I've listened to recordings it sounds like each note is going up a half step and not repeating so I know my reading is incorrect. My apologies if my wording is convoluted, I'm not sure the best way to write this out clearly. Basically I'm trying to understand this passage if it was transposed to C major.

closed as off-topic by ex nihilo, Tim, Carl Witthoft, Doktor Mayhem Jan 25 at 13:50

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The big roadblock here is that you're reading the right hand in bass clef; it's actually in treble clef!

As such, the opening two measures are a mostly chromatic line of B–B♯–C♯–Cx–D♯–E–F♯.

If you wanted to transpose this to C major, I recommend thinking in terms of scale degrees; move chromatically from scale-degree 5 to scale-degree 1, then move up a whole step to scale-degree 2: G–G♯–A–A♯–B–C–D.

(Also note that, when you say "D♯ in E major is E♮," this is actually incorrect, because accidentals are not additive.)

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    Holy crap, I don't know how I puzzled over this for so long thinking I was in the bass clef! I'm sure you read me thinking what is this guy talking about?? Also I didn't know accidentals weren't additive so that clears pretty much everything up. Thank you so much! – Maxwell Jan 22 at 23:08

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