9

I have been playing the flute for some time now, and wanted to expand my knowledge of it. To do so, I started learning more about the standard music notation. While doing so, I ran into a concept called chords. I learned all about chords, and desired to play them on my flute, but couldn't think of a way to accomplish this. Is there a way to play chords on the flute?

  • 3
    FWIW, you might consider the (frowned-upon) combination of flute pitch and voiced pitch -- check out early Jethro Tull albums, for example. Drat -- ninja'd by @leftaround – Carl Witthoft Mar 4 at 15:12
  • 2
    @CarlWitthoft Jazz musician Rahsaan Roland Kirk also used the singing while playing technique extensively and to great effect. It's also used quite a bit in modern flute music, so I'm not sure who it is that's frowning upon this technique. – Peter Mar 4 at 19:26
24

The flute, like most wind instruments, is considered to be monophonic (as opposed to a piano, which is polyphonic), meaning you can only play one note at a time (within reasonable ability).

However, there exist "extended techniques" on the flute that go beyond the standard teachings. In this case, "multiphonics" (which is an odd term, since "multi-" is Latin while "phone" is Greek) allow you to play dyads (i.e. 2-note combinations, otherwise known as intervals) and even chords (3+ notes), based on the properties of harmonics and overtones.

The trouble is, these are very difficult and only possible with a certain selection of notes (depending on the fingerings), and you're probably not going to get a very pleasing tone on them.

There are several resources on this topic you can try to use. I'm not skilled with multiphonics, but For the Contemporary Flutist's suggested technique is to imagine your tone being a vowel - higher tones shape your embouchure like an "e", while lower tones need you to form an "o" - and try to play with two vowels at once, one at the top of your mouth and one at the bottom. The Virtual Flute suggests possible fingering combinations for optimal multiphonics.

  • @Bladewood Hey, but if the answer helped OP, it just might be worthy of an accept no matter what other answers come in. And this one's pretty good, to boot! – user45266 Mar 4 at 4:10
  • @user45266 That's encouraging to hear. I retract my statement. – Bladewood Mar 4 at 4:21
  • 2
    Concerning the etymology: the proper "all-Greek" word would be "polyphonics", which already has a meaning in music. "Multisonics" would be the all-Latin equivalent, which might make the purists happier. – Michael Seifert Mar 4 at 16:07
  • 3
    @MichaelSeifert Yeah but "multisonic" sounds like the adjective for a sonic screwdriver with replaceable bits. *nodnod* – David Richerby Mar 4 at 17:35
  • 1
    "Multisonic Screwdriver" is the name of my next EDM release. – user57266 Mar 4 at 19:50
6

It should be added to the other answers that in order to create in your ear the impression of playing a chord, the notes which make up a chord don't necessarily have to be played at the same time. They can as well be played as a sequence, which is called a broken chord or arpeggio. If it sounds pleasant to accompany a song playing the broken chords on a flute, I don't know, but you can easily use this technique if you just want to hear what a chord sounds like.

  • 1
    For reference: in the old days of computerized music when you only had a few channels to work with, arpeggiation was a common way to "cheat" and produce chords from 1 channel in a chiptune. – user1258361 Mar 4 at 18:38
3

Just to add to @Bladewood's answer, practising harmonics will help. Start with "bugle calls" by fingering a low D, say, and trying to hit higher notes. These higher notes are the harmonics. You should be able to get 4 or 5 notes out of that single fingering with a little practice. THEN aim to hit the first two together, then the first three.

There are good reasons to practise harmonics other than trying to make chords. It helps to project your lower octave, and if you’re clever with the harmonics, it can give you alternative fingerings for tricky passages, too (only for emergencies, though! There will be tuning issues to overcome). It also help lip flexibility.

3

If you have a reasonable singing voice then of course you can sing whilst playing a different part. With practice you can produce two part harmony and even two part counterpoint.

If you choose the singing pitch to coincide with the harmonic you want then this will resonate within the flute and make the harmonic easier to produce. Of course there is a limit to this last idea depending on the range of your voice.

  • 2
    It's important to note that the result of singing into a flute is very different from singing while another person is playing the flute part: because the air flow at the mouthpiece is nonlinear, you get strong intermodulation. The resulting effect is best known from Ian Anderson's “distorted flute” sound in solos as on Locomotive Breath. – leftaroundabout Mar 4 at 14:42
0

To play familiar chords instead of unusual multiphonics, you can cheat. Play a broken chord, either in a strongly reverberant space like a stairwell or a cathedral, or into a microphone that feeds an electronic reverb.

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.