If you haven't been tweaking the height of the bridge saddles it is highly unlikely (though not 100% impossible) that they have spontaneously sunk down and lowered the action on your bass. It is highly likely that climatic conditions have caused a little movement in the neck. If you used to be happy with the playability and sound of your bass, and you're sure there has been no tweaking, then it is most likely the neck relief (truss rod) that needs adjusting. If, however, it has buzzed from the outset, then it could be either or both of saddle height or neck relief. If you have changed your strings to a lighter gauge this may have lowered your action.
You don't want to be stripping threads on the truss rod/truss rod nut or the bridge saddles/bridge saddle grub screws. It only takes a few seconds to loosen your strings and to re tune them afterwards, so always loosen them when adjusting the truss rod or bridge saddles. Remember, also, that the intonation will also have to be re set afterwards, by moving the bridge saddles towards the nut (shortening the string) or away from the nut (lengthening the string).
Tightening (clockwise) the truss rod nut pulls the neck down flat (and even beyond) decreasing neck relief and lowering the action. You do not want to do this. You want to raise the action a little bit, so you will need to loosen the truss rod nut (anti clockwise). Loosen it a quarter turn, re tune your strings and see how you like it. If you think it needs more, loosen the strings and try another quarter turn. If this hasn't fixed it, take a break, leave it overnight to settle, and re check in the morning. This is a very conservative adjustment, so have no fear.
Remember, you will have, ever so slightly, altered the string length: increasing the neck relief will slightly 'shorten' the string. You will need to 'intonate the bridge' by moving the saddles along, but that is another topic.