I see an extremely strange type of chord in the first bar of the attachment below. This is the beginning of the fourth movement of Beethoven's 9th Symphony. It has all of the notes of the D harmonic minor scale: D-E-F-G-A-B♭-C♯-D, with F as the bass. What is the name of this chord? Is it an III+13 in D minor which is Fmaj13♯5?
closed as off-topic by Todd Wilcox, Michael Curtis, ttw, David Bowling, Doktor Mayhem♦ Mar 18 at 13:31
This question appears to be off-topic. The users who voted to close gave this specific reason:
- "Questions about transcribing or finding a particular song, including identifying chords, notes, key and time signatures, or similar elements, are off-topic since they are rarely useful to future readers." – Todd Wilcox, ttw, David Bowling, Doktor Mayhem
Not all chords have "names." The chord in question is fully notated, and meant to be played exactly as written, so giving it a name is unnecessary because names are really just a short-hand way of describing a specific chord. There are different ways to describe chords, and each has a purpose.
You have already identified the function (III+13), which can be useful for analytical purposes, but that's not truly how this chord functions.
You have also identified a possible chord symbol (Fmaj13♯5), which would indicate that collection of notes to a player, but not this specific voicing.
You could also label this chord as a "polychord," which is when multiple chords are played simultaneously. This particular chord contains the tonic triad (Dm), the dominant triad (A), and diminished triad (Edim) all over an F pedal. The combined sounds of these chords is ambiguous, which causes a lot of tension. This tension gets resolved on the downbeat of bar 2, when a first-inversion tonic triad is played.
But, going back to my first paragraph, this chord doesn't really have a name. It is just exactly what's written on the page - a dissonant collection of notes. In context this chord functions more as a shocking effect to grab the listeners attention, than as a functional chord.
I think this excerpt is just wrong. As I read the score (page 96), it is in fact just this (transposition resolved to concert pitch):
X:1 L:1/8 M:3/4 K:Dm %%score Fl Ob Cl Bn Hn1 Hn2 Trp Tpn V:Fl clef=treble name="Flutes" V:Ob clef=treble name="Oboes" V:Cl clef=treble name="Clarinets" V:Bn clef=bass name="Bassoons" V:Hn1 clef=treble name="Horns" V:Hn2 clef=treble name="Horns" V:Trp clef=treble name="Trumpets" V:Tpn clef=bass name="Timpani" % 1 [V:Fl] ([Bb]2 | [Bb]3) [Aa][Aa][dd'] | [dd'] [V:Ob] ([Bb]2 | [Bb]3) [Aa][Aa][dd'] | [dd'] [V:Cl] ([B,B]2 | [B,B]3) [A,A][A,A][Dd] | [Dd] [V:Bn] ( F,,2 | F,,6 | F,,6 ) [V:Hn1] ([DF]2 | [DF]6 | [DF]6) [V:Hn2] (F,2 | F,6 | F,6) [V:Trp] ([A,A]2| [A,A]3 [A,A][A,A][Dd] | [Dd] [V:Tpn] ( A,,2 | A,,6 | A,,6 )
So all that's really happening here is the brass (together with bassoons and timpani) laying down a d-minor chord in first inversion, over which the high woodwinds play a B♭ suspension which is then resolved to the A that starts the melody-proper. That about matches what I hear in recordings, as well.
The error in the excerpt is probably due to confusion with the transposing instruments; in particular, horns 1&2 are in D, i.e. have written C and E♭ in the score to play D and F. This seems to have been misread as concert-pitch C♯ and E.
I would say it's open
Dm(maj11)(b13) in first position, because there's the D minor notes
A, then there's the 13th chord notes