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I almost never see violins with a fine-tuner on any but the E string.

Is there any drawback to placing and using fine tuners on lower strings? (Other than the need to use strings with loop ends.)

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There are a couple of drawbacks to using add-on attached fine tuners.

The violin tailpiece should be set up so there is a specific distance from the bridge to the contact point of the tailpiece to facilitate a resonant response in the strings. The average recommended distance is 57mm, although some Luthiers will set the distance by tuning the strings with tail-gut adjustments for best tone. Using the extended arm fine tuners will make the distance from string end to bridge too short, affecting the instrument's tone.

Adding mass to the tailpiece may also have an affect on tone as well. I haven't personally tested this.

Using the screw down clip-on style fine tuners (the tuner pushes a screw against the string to deflect it and make it tighter) can cause early wear-out of your strings, as well as shorting the distance to the bridge.

For students, the ease of tuning (especially considering the peg setup of student quality instruments) usually outweighs the loss of tone.

Integrated fine tuner tailpieces alleviate the problem of shortening the string tail length, and most are made to accept ball end strings, so as said in the comments there isn't any reason to not use one.

Fine tuners don't work as well with low tension or gut strings because of the amount of motion needed to change the pitch of the stretchier strings, but they work fine with modern Nylon based and steel type strings.

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It's a bit pointless with non-steel strings since the precision of a smooth-moving peg is quite adequate and their range is required since non-steel-core strings hold pitch worse and react to length changes quite less. When moving a fine-tuner too far, you'll damage the violin's top (depending on tail piece and fine tuner construction), so reserving fine-tuners for just the string(s) where they are by far most useful is a good compromise. Also they used to be a noticeable expense.

That being said, I've seen enough violins/tailpieces that apparently came with (identical) fine tuners from the start.

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    Fine tuners haven't been expensive since... I dunno, more than 40 or 50 years ago? Compare to the cost of a decent tailpiece, let alone a decent bridge or bow. That said, the new generation of tailpieces with built-in tuners get rid of almost all "buzz" risk. Keep in mind that you can always leave the fine tuners at "null" and tune with the pegs. – Carl Witthoft Mar 12 at 12:55
  • Even 40 years ago, I had a violin with fine tuners on all 4 strings. Can't remember how much I used them, though... My current electric violin has steel strings, so has 4 fine tuners, and I use them every time I pick it up – Doktor Mayhem Mar 12 at 18:46
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    Carl said it. There's no good reason not to use a tailpiece with built-in fine tuners, although most professional violinists would scoff at them because of tradition. Just make sure you get a good one- the cheap ones with plastic parts don't last long and they don't sound quite as good, as they damp the strings a bit. – Scott Wallace Mar 12 at 18:46

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