This question is in two parts.
A) Assume the rules of 4-part harmony. Should the first note of an arpeggio be the one that is included in the chord for best sonority? For example, we are told, with regard to doublings, to double the root first. In that case, would the following situation not be ideal (please see below)?
Or, because the listener must only wait one quarter note (see arpeggio in tenor) is this acceptable? In other words, technically speaking, should the arpeggio start with the most ideal chord tone (double the root first, then the fifth next. Try not to double the third)?
B) Regarding the voicing of chords in inversion, is the "root," third," and "fifth" the same as those if the chord were in root position? If a C major chord is in first position, when we are voicing the chord do we call the C the root? Or, because we've inverted the chord, is the E the root? Any information/tips on the voicing of chords in inversion is appreciated.