I'm interested in understanding what makes a particular composer sound like themselves. I'm asking for references to text books or videos that will dig into this.
Here are some examples of the kind of thing I hope to understand. Note, these are not separate, additional questions. They are just an attempt to explain what I'm looking for in the instructional materials that I'm hoping someone can recommend:
I'd like to know why some late Mozart symphonies remind me of Beethoven.
I'd like to know why I can immediately identify a hymn as coming from the shape note tradition.
I'd like to know what Peter Schickele knew so he could imitate so many composers.
Finally, I'm really looking forward to pursuing Uncle Bob's answer. I hope I can thank him when/if this question gets the hold taken off.