When I as a tenor sing a melody I use a comfortable range. A soprano does this as well. When in a choir I will have to sing much higher but the soprano can stay at her comfortable range. Thus the soprano gets the easier job. She can use her comfortable range whereas I have to sing much higher. The hardest part is the tenor part. It is much easier if you get to sing the melody and it will be sung in a comfortable range. This means that sopranos don't really need to use their higher notes in the choir. Neither do they have to learn a second melodic part besides the melody. Is this true? What have I missubderstood?
put on hold as primarily opinion-based by Richard, David Bowling, Shevliaskovic, Dom♦ May 19 at 22:13
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What have I misunderstood?
Well, to start, most people sing in their comfortable ranges when singing "informally" (not in any choir or other group setting). Thus, choral singing is in general more difficult than just messing around singing by oneself, no matter your voice type.
Also, I don't know why you're assuming that sopranos sing in their comfortable range in choir and none of the other voices do. That's just not true. Soprano singers definitely do have to use the higher part of their ranges (it comes with the job), just like all other vocal parts. I don't think they spend a disproportionate amount in the middle of their range, either. Ever witnessed a soprano sing notes as high as A5? I have, and I knew the singer who did it, to. That note was not in her comfortable range (I don't mean she was straining or anything, I just mean if she had to sing some random song, she wouldn't pick that note).
Sure, tenors often have to sing out of their comfortable ranges, but that problem exists for all voice types. Careers have been made and ruined due to the way singers perform at the extremes of their ranges.
You do have a point; sopranos get the melody part pretty often. In that regard, I can see why one might say that soprano is an easier part to sing. However, by no means is this an absolute rule, and a choir that only gave the melody to the top voice would probably be a pretty dull one to listen to.
Is it easy to sing soprano in choir?
I hesitate to give any ruling on this, except that it's always harder to sing a part that doesn't fit your individual voice. If you're a tenor, I'd think twice before attempting the soprano part, since they cover such different ranges. Plenty of male tenors can sing the high notes, but few can do it and sound like a soprano does (usually it's falsetto or it's a scream). Besides that, you may want to talk to vocal professionals about this, even if you're not considering "crossing the aisle" (relax, it's a joke) :)