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I would like to take the chance to discuss the theoretical implications of my alternate tuning for a 12-string guitar. You can find the original question here. So for reference I was talking about the following.

I'm wondering if you can tune the second string of a double stringed guitar to something else than the regular octave. You would have to keep the open strings to C Major I guess, so that your barre chords still work, but would it be possible to have the following setup for the open strings?

  • 6th string E and B
  • 5th String A and E
  • 4th String D and A
  • 3rd String G and D
  • 2nd String B and F#
  • 1st String E and B again.
  • What strings would you use? Tuning the regular strings up a fifth would require a very high tension. For most strings, you could use one intended for the next higher position. E.g. for the low E, use a string intended for the A; it would only need to be tuned up a tone. The high E might be a problem. – badjohn May 25 at 9:40
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    @badjohn - the high E would indeed be a problem. I experiment around a lot with strings, and I've never found a steel string that would withstand the tension of a b'' at a typical guitar string length. What would work is kevlar, but it sounds very different from steel. – Scott Wallace May 25 at 11:58
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    Possible duplicate of Alternate tunings on a 12 string guitar – Todd Wilcox Sep 23 at 8:47
  • @ScottWallace - pretty sure .007" would take the extra tension. Or - tune down to the B an octave lower? – Tim Sep 23 at 14:01
  • This question was being discussed on the meta. – Andrew T. Sep 23 at 15:41
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(String gauge and tension will be something to think about, but I guess that's not the question here.)

Chords: any minor chord becomes a minor ninth (m9) and any major chord becomes a major-ninth (maj9). Here's an example of what it might sound like, playing two guitar sounds, one of them a fifth above the other.

The chords played are: Am - G - F - Em - Dm - C - Bb - Am. On a 12-string tuned in fifths this effectively becomes: Am9 - Gmaj9 - Fmaj9 - Em9 - Dm9 - Cmaj9 - Bbmaj9 - Am9. The added fifths are shown as gray notes.

The important thing is not to play tritones. Any tritone becomes a very dissonant chord, for example the F - B interval (that's found in G7) becomes F - B - C - F#, which doesn't fit in just about any regular pop tune. A dominant seventh chord has a tritone in it, so you can't use those.

The tritone problem affects melodies and soloing as well as individual chords. For example if there's a chord with an F note in it (F major or D minor), you do not want to play a B note as a solo note with the 12-string.

Writing chord progressions is, on one hand, a bit restricted. Because every major chord becomes at least a maj9 (with a major seventh instead of minor seventh), you cannot get a proper dominant chord for a minor key, for example in Am, an Emaj9 doesn't really work well as a dominant for a V - I motion. The best you can get is Em9.

However, there's an upside to this. Because every chord tends to be at least a 9th, whatever chord you play can set the tonality a bit like a modulation. So even though you can't use dominant sevenths, you can construct chord progressions more freely. (Well, you could do the same with a regular guitar by playing, say, m9 or m11 chords, but a 12-string's sound is thicker and even more effective.)

Playing with that fifths-tuning thingy was a lot of fun, so I recorded a few bars of doodling. The bass is copy-pasted from the low notes, and the lead is copy-pasted from the high notes. In the end there's a funny Cm - Dm - Ebm - Fm - F#m - G#m thing that might not work as well, if it wasn't for every minor becoming a m9.

  • Interesting and better sounding than I would have guessed. How about tuning the pairs a semitone apart? – badjohn May 26 at 12:36
  • @badjohn How about a separate question? – user45266 Sep 9 at 1:11
  • @user45266 I've heard enough badly tuned guitars to be able to make a good guess. You are welcome to take my idea. – badjohn Sep 9 at 7:52
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Major Chords

So, for a regular major chord, you would, for instance, have your open E-Major chord and have the second strings superimpose a B Major chord over it. So, you would have the notes:

E - G# - B - D# - F#

Which in essence would be a EMaj7 chord with a Major 9th added to it, aka Emaj9. All these notes fit in the E Major scale so it should be a pretty swell complex chord with no apparent clashes. Harmonically speaking, pretty much anywhere an Emaj7 fits, an Emaj9 works as well.

Minor chords

Now, if we take an E minor shape, the second strings would now superimpose a B minor chord over the Em, so you would have the notes:

E - G - B - D - F#

Now it seems like we have in essence a minor seventh chord with the Major 9th added again: An Em9 chord. No clashes here again as all these notes fit in the e minor scale. Em9 chords sound quite nice, and function essentially like an Em7 chord. Notice, though, that as one adds more extensions to the chords, the chords are diatonic to fewer and fewer keys (as an example, Em7 is diatonic to C major, but Em9 is not).

Minor 7th

If we play our A minor seventh open chord shape, we would now have a A minor seventh with an e minor seventh super imposed on it by the second strings, so you would have the notes:

A - C - E - G - B - D

Here you would have a minor seventh chord with a Major 9th added and a perfect 11th or compound perfect 4th. This is an Am11 chord. You may be seeing now that these strings are going to add a second chord built on a root a perfect 5th higher, and of the same chord quality, to whatever you play. Am11's a cool chord to play, but that's a lot of notes. You might not want that many notes, because you might be sort of smothering the harmonic space. Keep that in mind.

Major 7th

If we use our open A Major seventh shape it would be that chord with a EMaj7 super imposed on it by the second set of strings, so we would have the notes.

A - C# - E - G# - B - D#

This would be the AMaj7 chord with a Major 9th added and a compound augmented 4th or an augmented 11th. We call that Amaj9♯11. Try using this chord in E major, or if you're feeling a little adventurous, A major, since this is a Lydian chord (it implies a Lydian tonality) due to the presence of the D♯.

Dominant 7th

Here we would have, for instance, an A dominant 7th with an e dominant 7th super imposed on it by the second set of strings, so you would have the notes.

A - C# - E - G - G# - B - D

This is probably the only one of the chords that you would find will not work as it seems that there is a clash between the minor 7th of the A chord and the Major 3rd of the E chord. It's a nasty, crunchy sound, and you'll likely find it very difficult to actually play any dominant seventh chords because of this. That's probably a huge problem right there, since lots of music uses dominant seventh chords.

If anyone wants to take a stab at what the minor 7th flat 5 would be or the diminished and half-diminished 7th chords would be, I have made this a wiki entry so we can have some fun with the theory implications.

If you wanted to play extended chords,

E-G-B-D-F♯ becomes E-G-B-D-F♯-A-C♯

That's Em13. We already know dominant chords are a bad idea, so Emaj9:

E-G♯-B-D♯-F♯ becomes E-G♯-B-D♯-F♯-A♯-C♯.

That's Emaj13♯11, hardly surprising. The reason most of these larger chords become comparatively small chord symbols is because the maj7 and m7 chords are two distinct perfect 5ths. However, the 7 chord is not, so it produces a clash with its P5-higher duplicate.

Suspended chords could be cool, as well (I'm going to stop running through every note). Esus becomes Esus4sus2 (or whatever you want to call it). E7sus also becomes Esus4sus2. E9sus gets more interesting, becoming [E-A-B-D-F♯-C♯]. I'm not going to attempt naming that as an E chord, but it does make a Bm11 chord, which if you think about it makes sense, since m11 chords can be voiced as quintal or quartal stacks. E13sus becomes [E-A-B-D-F♯-C♯-G♯]. That technically forms an Emaj13 chord, but probably not one you'd want to use. More useful are the stack-of-fifths chords you can make out of this tuning.

And trivially, power chords become (1-5-9) voicings. Those could be pretty cool. Playing an octave would make a power chord (actually, playing any note does the same).

Melodically, this tuning could be really cool. It would essentially harmonise everything you play a perfect fifth higher, and I'm pretty sure there are pedals out there that do the exact same thing. Almost every note in most scales can be harmonised a perfect fifth higher, and even the one that doesn't work tends to just get glossed over anyway (scale degree 7 in major). It's already a common sound in metal to have a power chord on the vii degree, and I'm sure it wouldn't be unwelcome in other music.


The net effect of such a guitar is that most of your tertian chords are going to come out of this guitar as much bigger, fuller sounds. However, the downside there is that you then have to be cognisant of all the crazy extensions that get thrown into whatever you're playing. And not having any dominant sevenths available is probably a bad thing. You might see some use for making massive-sounding voicings of quintal/quartal chords, but functional harmony is going to be difficult to emulate. Perhaps you'd want to change the tuning such that only some of the strings are doubled a perfect 5th higher?

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I wrote a song years ago using an alternate tuning with my unison strings tuned to 4ths, not 5ths. The tuning was dD gG cC gG CF DG, which is the tuning Jimmy Page used for The Rain Song, but with the 4ths on top (and of course Rain Song was on a six string). Getting that B string up to an F was often hazardous, so I would often take the whole thing down a 1/2 or whole step. The point it though, you can get some wonderful little arpeggios going on the top strings, and you can discover all sorts of chords that would never be possible otherwise on the guitar. I just re-strung my 12 string tonight and messed around with it a bit, which is what lead me to Googling 12 string interval tunings. But, here's a little clip of a song I wrote, just so you can hear what I'm talking about: https://twitter.com/danpullenbooks/status/1170522677230100482

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If the extra tension doesn't snap the neck, perhaps by judicious choice of strings, this has been done for centuries by pipe organs. The slang term for an organ stop that sounds a fifth (usually an octave plus a fifth) higher than normal is quinty, from the names of such stops, such as Quintadon.

They make the organ sound more nasal, like an oboe or some Appalachian singing styles. Chords become muddier, which is why on an organ this works better for one of the keyboards that's playing a melody one note at a time. It's also better on the pedalboard (which can't play fat chords: only two feet, not ten fingers) to pretend that it has lower, more expensive pipes than it really does: C plus the higher G sounds like the C an octave lower.

So you could get away with this with clever fingerpicking.
But strumming would sound like the Mormon Appalachian Tabernacle Choir.

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