I'm reading a functional harmony textbook and found the notation in the following passage confusing:
Consecutive VI and VII degrees in melody are harmonised with chords IV-VII6 (in minor: IVm-VII6) and consecutive VII and VI degrees with chords III-IV (in minor: IIIn-IV). When the upper tetrachord before a cesura is harmonised with chords I IIIn IV Vv it is called a Phrygian cadence.
(The quote feels off because the textbook is not in English. Please excuse the awkward translation.)
What is the meaning of those superscripts in IVm, IIIn and Vv? I first saw IVm and assumed that the m just stresses that it is a minor chord. However, this textbook never used that notation before when dealing with II and VI chords which, in major key, are minor chords.
Then I saw IIIn and assumed that m and n stand for melodic and natural and indicate how the scale degrees have to be altered. I assumed that IVm indicates a major chord on IV degree (raise the VI degree) and IIIn indicates a major chord on III degree (do not raise the VII degree to avoid an augmented chord).
Then I saw Vv and was thoroughly confused. I don't have any guesses as to what this superscript might stand for.
And what does he mean by upper tetrachord being harmonised with I IIIn IV Vv? I know that the upper tetrachord consists of degrees V, VI, VII and I, but still have trouble understanding the meaning of the whole sentence.