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The four last chord in this hymn ( Hela världen fröjdes Herran) is a 6-2-5-1 progression. I have written that we have Dm-Gm/Bb-C-F. This is wrong. I now see it as Gm7/Bb. How do you see it and what functions would this chord have?

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  • I'd call it a first inversion Gm7. – PeterJ Jul 27 '19 at 11:34
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Can't see the Key signature but will assume a Bb is in it since you mention it in the question, and the line ends on F (which you are calling I). Also, safe bet that the bottom staff is Bass clef.

The third to last chord is clearly (Bb, F, D, G), and a G-7 chord is (G, Bb, D, F). This can also be seen as a Bb6 chord (Bb, D, F, G) which is the IV of the key. Not sure if the tie on F changes the character of the chord from a theory point of view.

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With B♭, F D and G, it could be Gm7/B♭, or B♭6. Either will suffice, although the cycle of fourths would make the last four chords Dm, Gm, C, F - a common enough sequence. Calling it Gm would make it a sort of v/V, which isn't a particularly strong pre-dominant. All this on the assumption the key sig. is one flat.

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Assuming key signature of one flat.

Chord symbols:

Dm Gm7/Bb C F

Roman numeral analysis:

vi ii6/5 V I

The Gm7/Bb/ii6/5 is functionally a pre-dominant. Technically is a supertonic seventh chord, but it often is thought of a kind of sub-dominant, because if contains the complete sub-dominant (F:IV) chord Bb D F.

Also, from a functional perspective the cadence is super important. The essence of the cadence is the ^4 ^5 ^1 of the bass with ^2 ^1 above.

I have written that we have Dm-Gm/Bb-C-F. This is wrong. I now see it as Gm7/Bb.

At first I didn't really understand your question, but now I think I see.

The tie on the F3 between vi ii6/5 forms the seventh of the ii chord which is a dissonance that then resolves down by step to E3.

I think your question is should that F3 be regarded as the seventh of a proper seventh chord or passing motion between F3 and E3?

V7 and ii7 are very common seventh chords. I would regard it as a proper seventh chord.

If it were a less common seventh chord, like IM7, I would probably expect the seventh to be better explained as a non-chord tone. But V7 and ii7 are common enough to stand as proper seventh chords.

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