That list of four items is really generic. It could describe many, many sequential passages in classical music that don't express any particular emotion.
People will want to close your question, because of the subjective nature. However, there are two harmonic examples found in textbooks that illustrate a kind of harmonic emotional "painting."
The diminished seventh chord can be used as a cliche to express extreme emotions like anguish or anger.
The whole composition Moro, lasso, al mio duolo (Carlo Gesualdo) is often cited as an example of expressing tormented emotion. It makes frequent use of chromatic mediant chords.
Also, I have a harmony textbook by Ottman - and if memory servers - it shows an example of the harmonic minor scale, with rapid 16th note figuration, from an opera by Gluck. The passage is described as expressing fury.
So, it clearly is not out of bounds to talk about emotional expression in music theory. The caution is to not look for a formula to create any particular emotion. And also there is the potential to do something cliche.
The examples above share minor-key or chromaticism as characteristics.
I would take care to differentiate anguish (sort of passive) versus anger (sort of active.) You could certainly equate passive/active to tempo and rhythm: play fast any syncopated to create an active feel.
So, chromatic, minor-key, quickly syncopated and it can get you in the emotional zone you want. But, again the caution: can the result be interpreted as wild and chaotic, or passionate, or deranged versus angry or a thousand other ways?