I plan to use this video to further learn "Tum Hi Ho" on Bansuri

However, the notes sequences are entirely different

Ascending is Sa Re2 Ga2 Ma1 Pa Da1 Ni2 Sa

Descending is

Sa' Ni2 Da1 Pa Ma1 Ga2 Re2 Sa

Where do I even find information on how to convert these notes?

And what is 1 or 2 after the note? What does it signify?

Please help. The svara sounds so beautiful, I wish to replicate on Bansuri (as well as play "Tum Hi Ho" properly)

  • 1
    Why do I have a feeling you are overly complicating this. The ascending and descending pitches you described is the major scale (or Raga Shankarabharanam if you really want to be pedantic, but this song is simple enough that you can interpret it as purely major scale). And since humans do not differentiate octave intervals as different : en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Octave#Octave_equivalence, its functionally same to play a note in one octave compared to the other. Also what exactly are you trying to convert here? Your question is ambiguous. – Khalian Oct 13 at 20:55
  • I want to know how to play this on regular 6-hole bansuri – Marium Oct 14 at 1:35

Hindustani musicians name pitches using a system called Sargam, the equivalent of the Western movable do solfege:

  • Sa (ṣaḍja षड्ज) = Do
  • Re (Rishabh ऋषभ) = Re
  • Ga (Gandhār गान्धार) = Mi
  • Ma (Madhyam मध्यम) = Fa
  • Pa (Pancham पञ्चम) = So
  • Dha (Dhaivat धैवत) = La
  • Ni (Nishād निषाद) = Ti
  • Sa (ṣaḍja षड्ज) = Do

Both systems repeat at the octave. The difference between sargam and solfege is that re, ga, ma, dha, and ni can refer to either "Natural" (shuddha) or altered "Flat" (komal) or "Sharp" (teevra) versions of their respective scale degrees.

Source, info: Hindustani classical music - Wikipedia.

About the numbers: There are three main octaves: low (mandra), medium (madhya) and high (tāra). It is about the pitch notation of the flute, as the flute can be in any of these voices, see about pitch here. Also see this fingering chart, where you can better see the pitches.

Hope this helps you, because indeed is a beautiful sound the one this instrument makes.

Here's a video explaining difference between Bansuri and Venu:

  • This is beautiful and your information is helpful, but I was asking for conversion between Carnatic system and Hindustani System. Carnatic Venu has 7 to 8 holes whereas Hindustani Bansuri has 6 holes. – Marium Oct 14 at 2:00
  • I think once knowing the notes you can translate them to any instrument regardless the number of holes. Check again my answer I added a youtube video which explains more about these two types of flute – Soul Eeater Oct 14 at 20:23

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