# What are these brackets? What do they mean and what are they called?

I came across to these brackets in my music theory book of Trinity. I don't know what are these called and what they exactly do in this music?

These brackets indicate a "first and second ending." The measures under the "1" are to be played the first time through and those under the "2" are to be played the second time.

It's a nice method of notation and can be extended to more choices. There are also things like "dal segno" and "al fine" and others. You should check them out; search the internet for music notation.

This link has a nice summary of the most basic repeats and endings.

• Maybe you should add they're called "voltas", since it's still used. And more specifically prima volta and seconda volta Commented Sep 18, 2019 at 12:30
• @Creynders Just be sure not to confuse with "V.S." , 'volta subito,' indicating you better turn the page quick :-) Commented Sep 18, 2019 at 13:00
• @CarlWitthoft true that, maybe it should be added that volta literally means turn and hence isn't restricted to the volta lines ... Commented Sep 18, 2019 at 13:03
• @CarlWitthoft "volti subito". Volti mean turn. It's also the nickname of my electrician. Commented Sep 18, 2019 at 14:52
• Italian speaker here. Volta means may things, among whose [an] arched ceiling, [you] turn, [this] time. Volta subito: turn now. Prima volta: first time. Seconda volta: second time. By the way, Dal Segno means literally "from the sign" (da+il segno), Dal Capo: from the beginning, and Al Coda: to the "tail" = end. Commented Sep 18, 2019 at 18:26

The name is volta brackets. Used to mark alternate endings used in conjunction with repeat sign barlines.