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I seem to get easily confused between the 3 terms. Is an appoggiatura a grace note? How can I distinguish each of them in a music score?

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Both appoggiatura and acciacatura are types of grace note.

The appoggiatura ornament indicates a resolution of a suspension and does not have a stroke through it. They induce a feeling of "yearning". The notes take actual time in the measure relative to what note type is used to represent them. If there are multiple notes in the ornament, they should all take time from the principal.
appoggiatura

The acciacatura is the traditional grace note with a slash through it, typically indicated by a quaver. These notes are supposed to take no time and serve to ornament whatever pitch they are on. This is true for any amount of notes in the ornament.
acciacatura

The images are taken from Wikipedia so they should fit under the Wikimedia license.

  • multiple is the same thing just more notes to play – Legorhin Oct 31 at 17:37
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    Note that appoggiatura has two g's, and the standard spelling of acciaccatura has four c's. While I've seen the variant spelling of acciacatura for the latter, appogiatura is simply a misspelling. – Athanasius Oct 31 at 23:26
  • Thanks for letting me know @Athanasius, will correct it in my question – Grace Nov 1 at 3:32
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    It might help remembering which one is which if you think that the acciaccatura's slash line is a drum stick and played more like a "flam" rudiment. :) – piiperi Reinstate Monica Nov 1 at 5:19
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    @Grace acciacatura are far more likely to have multiple notes, but they might not have the slash in those cases. If its multiple notes it is probably acciacatura. – Legorhin Nov 1 at 15:35
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I can't add anything to the other answers that say what the notation actually means.

But what I can add is a suggestion for how to remember which is which:

appoggiatura sounds like the word podgy so its notes are fatter. So the other ornament, acciaccatura must be the ornament with the crushed rhythm.

  • Great way to remember! – Grace Nov 1 at 16:46

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