Can someone recommend 1-2 books that introduce music theory but also give historical context? It is easy to find music theory books but many lack discussions of history. I'm looking for books that would introduce concepts such as pitch, timbre, scales and chords, and music notation, but would also address questions such as:
- Where does the notion of pitch come from? What is the justification for twelve note instruments and when did this arise historically?
- Can all music be described with twelve tones and using the language of scales?
- How did the concepts of "major" and "minor" scales come about, and how did music notation evolve through time?
It's okay if the books focus mostly on Western music theory as long there are some cultural comparisons and references forms of music that are not easily explained using concepts familiar from Western music such as "scales" (e.g. Raga in Indian music).