There may be other terms for this in popular music, but one related technical term in music theory is hypermeter, where measures are grouped together into larger units, so you might feel a sense of a "downbeat" every 2 bars or 4 bars or 8 bars or whatever. In the song you mention, there is a "bop" on each hypermetric downbeat.
Otherwise in pop music, there is also the notion of a "groove," which often tends to cycle and repeat every X number of beats or measures. (However, the term "groove" can also mean a lot of things, from the "feel"/style of a piece to a cyclic rhythmic pattern.) Some people also just call these a "cycle" of beats.
There's probably some other term I'm forgetting but these are a few that are related to the pattern you're noticing.