Drum rudiments are really more about the technique of playing. How to stick. Scales can't really be seen in the same way. Rudiments came about as the building blocks of play - mainly if not exclusively on snare. Since drum playing is simpler than piano, for instance, given that with piano it's not only the duration (rhythm) but specific notes at the same time, it's important to be conversant with how each rudiment gets played, stick-wise. (If you dv me for that, please mention it in a comment - it's not meant in a derogatory way).
Scales could be seen as building blocks for melody instruments, but I feel they don't compare too well to drum rudiments.
So, in answer - not per se. The elements contained in them get used all the time - especially when playing drum breaks at the end of a line/verse/chorus. The rudiments themselves are small pieces of the jigsaw that drummers use when putting together a roll, etc. A drum pattern played while the singer is singing may contain a drag in each bar, or an occasional diddle, and often, several will be strung together, but scales; they're usually played bottom>top>bottom. So not comparable.