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I usually see pictures like the one above, with chords above the bars.

Like, in the first one for example, it says "Am" directly above the 7th fret of the D string

How is that an Am? Am is made up from 3 notes, not 1. Unless they mean Am scale.

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    Did you try playing the whole bar? – Tetsujin Feb 23 at 12:07
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Chord symbols are written in as they represent what is played at that point. It may be for a full bar - as in the 1st bar here, (wrong!) or shared half and half as in the 2nd bar here.

The 1st bar is Am to start with - despite what you think! The 2nd bar is half Am/G,(wrong again!) then D/F♯. Those are chord symbols - for whoever's playing rhythm chords, on guitar, piano.

Play the tab, though, and let ring, like it says, and you'll be playing a version of the chord shown. Notes A C E A are there. Surely that's Am! The 2nd half actually isn't Am, though. It's E+. And the 3rd's C, rather than Am/G, but by playing the notes under D/F♯ (all four of them), you'll be playing a D chord with F♯ at the bottom - which is exactly what it says to play! Some tabs are more accurate than others - find a better one. Or better still, don't rely on tab - use your ears, learn more about how the notes work together, and it'll benefit you in the long term. Good luck!

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  • I'd love to start using my ears to play the songs that are in my head, but how do I go into doing that? do I just play every note that's on the fretboard until I get the right one, and go from there? – user65342 Feb 23 at 15:25
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    That's what I used to do, until I realised most tunes used scale notes. So I learnt scales, and that cut the guessing by about half! Wish I'd done it earlier! – Tim Feb 23 at 15:53
  • Oh! that's really helpful!, thanks! but how would you go into knowing what scale is the song in your head using? (I am guessing you just try every scale or memorize the sound of the scales? not sure) – user65342 Feb 23 at 16:05
  • user65342: You have to train your ear by playing many songs and like Tim says playing scales. It is the result of experience that your ear will recognize the scales and chords contained in a melodic phrase. I've read today the great sentence: As a truffle hound roots around after fungus so the ear hunts melody. music.stackexchange.com/search?q=truffle This means: Your "ears" (your melody-recognition ability and melody-memory) must be trained like the nose of a truffle hound! ;) – Albrecht Hügli Feb 23 at 16:27
  • There aren't that many scales to learn. Major, minor, major/minor pents, major/minor blues. That's half a dozen. Patterns on guitar means you don't need to learn 12 of each (for each key), as the patterns are transferrable. You will spend less time learning them and how to use them than you might waste trying to find notes randomly. Honest! – Tim Feb 23 at 16:39
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Am is made up from 3 notes, not 1. Unless they mean Am scale.

Am doesn't refer to the 1. note: as you are playing the 4 strings (the tones you play are A,C,E,A) and the chord label Am refers to this whole passage till the next chord respectively the next bar.)

Your question to Tim's answer:

how would you go into knowing what scale is the song in your head using? (I am guessing you just try every scale or memorize the sound of the scales?

and my comment here again:

You have to train your ear by playing many songs and - like Tim says - playing scales. It is the result of experience that your ear will recognize the scales and chords contained in a melodic phrase. I've read today an interesting posting:

"As a truffle hound roots around after fungus so the ear hunts melody."

Harmonic Motif vs Melodic Motif?

This means: Your "ear" (your melody-recognition ability and melody-memory) must be trained like the nose of a truffle hound! ;)

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  • Sorry for the late reply, would you please suggest me some good ways to practice my ears? I don't know where to start. Do I have to memorize the sound of the notes on the fret board? Do I pick an easy song, hum it and try to find the notes? – user65342 Feb 26 at 17:32
  • Exactly! This is a good plan! Also play and sing scales, intervals, triads and tetrads by numbers or doremi. music.stackexchange.com/questions/27471/… – Albrecht Hügli Feb 26 at 17:45
  • Thanks you for this!. One more question please. Is humming the notes good enough? like "Ahhhh"? – user65342 Feb 26 at 19:02
  • Humming is good enough. A next step is also to just “think” a melody or motif by imagining the pitch of the sound. Try to notate a song - baby songs are very good - and control your writing by playing. Or use the ‘pitch’ app on your tablet. – Albrecht Hügli Feb 26 at 19:28
  • I see, thank you so much. Will start training my ears. – user65342 Feb 26 at 20:16
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The chords reflect the harmony for the amount of time until the next chord symbol shows up. Sometimes all the notes in the chord will be played, sometimes they are implied. Sometimes another member of the band will play notes that help make up the chord. If you wanted to play the song without playing the part exactly as written you could use the chord symbols as a way to do this.

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  • Often true, but not so in this case! – Tim Feb 23 at 13:59
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This looks like Stairway to Heaven. The individual notes being played are from the chord listed above that section. In the first example the sequence (7, 5, 5, 5) on the top 4 strings is actually the Amin chord note for note (A, C, E, A). The same is true for the Amin/G (or A-7) and the D/F# (D maj first inversion). The purpose of listing the chords above the arpeggios is to help the reader understand the structure of the song and to some extent it helps with fingering. When playing the arpeggio one can simply hold down the chord rather than finger each note individually. I'd point out that the second chord is NOT strictly an Am and the pattern breaks there (by second chord I mean the second group of 4 notes in measure 1, not the Am/G). The second arpeggio is (G#, C, E, B) close to an E chord (the V of Am). So the progression could be thought of as i-->V-->i-->IV in the key of Am. I do this all the time when I arrange classical pieces for beginner students. I teach them to search for the chord form that best fits the notes (if possible) and place that chord over the measure or note group. Then, before playing the tune in arpeggiated form we go through the changes just strumming. This gets the left hand familiar with its job before putting the right hand to work.

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  • In E+, isn't that C B#? – Tim Feb 24 at 9:16
  • If you are referring to the second chord of the first measure, there is a B natural as well. How do you ignore that? It looks more like an E(b6). Could also be a CM7(+5) = (C, E, G#, B). – ggcg Feb 24 at 13:27
  • Fair comment! It was the note on the 3rd string, 5th fret I was questioning. Yes, top string is B, so maybe it's not even an E+ chord - it can't be! Cmaj7+ seems more likely, as you say. Tab says Am, hardly a surprise... I used to play an E7 there, probably wrongly! – Tim Feb 24 at 13:40
  • I don't like calling it Cmaj7+5 because of the chord movement. Also, the C (B#) hasn't moved from one chord to the next (not that that's a reason to identify it as C). In my mind I meld the progression into some variant of I->IV->V because this just seems natural from classical harmony theory. You correctly pointed out that the third chord is really C (there is no A present). But to my ear it's moving i-->V-->i-->IV. I'm imposing that structure on the tune. – ggcg Feb 24 at 13:46
  • Perhaps if we know what JPJ was playing on the keys/bass we'd have an answer. – ggcg Feb 24 at 13:47

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