Questions tagged [analysis]

For questions about studying the intricacies of a piece of music. Questions should also be tagged with a more specific form of analysis if applicable.

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Can secondary dominant come after target chords?

Above are pictures of two consequtive measures. It shows vi/1 - vi - V/vi - V7/iii chord progression. Doesn't it say that secondary dominant of vi, which is V/vi comes after vi, the target chord? Is ...
Sean's user avatar
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4 votes
4 answers
152 views

What Is This Chord? Is It A Ab5?

This is Tchaikovsky's The Doll's Funeral, which is in C minor. The chord I am confused about is the second chord in measure 30. I should mention this is my first time analyzing. I thought this was ...
t_t's user avatar
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3 votes
4 answers
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In C minor, is Am7b5 a borrowed chord from Dorian?

Above is actually a thread from reddit, OP asks what Am7b5 is doing in the piece. (I am actually not sure posting it here is OK in the first place) https://www.reddit.com/r/musictheory/comments/...
Sean's user avatar
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0 votes
5 answers
122 views

Is Ab/Bb chord in C Major?

above picture has "C major: " in the measure 5. It seems to say bVII9no5sus4 is one of C major chords, and I can't really see how it is one of C major chords and not one of C minor chords. ...
Sean's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
71 views

What makes vi chord tonic or subdominant?

vi chord has both tonic and subdominant functionalities, and iii chord has both tonic and dominant functionalities. What decides vi(or iii) chord tonic or subdominant(or dominant)? For example, in the ...
Sean's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
51 views

melody analysis according to chord or structural tones?

I have come across two ways of studying melody. First way is with structural tones(melodic outline) and second way is with chords(chord/none-chord tones). I assume considering melodic outline is only ...
Sean's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
236 views

Question about dissonance handling and counterpoint

I'm self-learning 18th-century music theory because I like the music from that era. I'm obscure about the concepts of counterpoint and harmony. I'm aware that rules are not absolute within the 18th-...
schwarz's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Why does it sound so weird? (Beethoven quartet)

Why does the first A# of the tetrachord of fugal development in op. 131, no. 7, m. 114 cello sound so weird? Is it because of the false relation with B?
schwarz's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
143 views

What Sort Of Movement Is This?

I apologize since I have a rather basic understanding of music theory. But I refer to the what's going in the treble clef with the descending notes. One line is the same while another is descending. I ...
t_t's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
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What chords am I using here?

I am composing a marimba solo in A minor (it uses a decent amount of chromatic notes but otherwise stays diatonic) and I wanted to analyse the chords. In this measure, I got stuck on the third chord ...
Dylan Levine's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
127 views

How does the sharp 4 chord function, aside from the diminished?

I was trying out some lydian chord progressions and found that a #iv (sharp 4 minor) chord sounded really nice. How does this chord, or even a major #IV chord (although that may be equivalent to the ...
Dawson Piercey's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
127 views

Questions on Chords in This Piece of Music

Could I ask for some help with this piece of music. Please confirm if my understanding of the chords are correct: The Gb in Measure 1 is a Neapolitan chord of F Major (Gb Bb D); The composer than ...
user95334's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
150 views

How to analyze introduction of Rachmaninoff's Paganini variation?

I'm trying to analyze the introduction of Rachmaninoff's Paganini variations (picture below). I'm thinking the whole thing is a sequence and I only have to analyze the first two measures. The F# makes ...
Haytham's user avatar
  • 51
3 votes
2 answers
154 views

F#m7 chord in “Misty” in C major

I'm analyzing the accompaniment for 'Misty' in C major. In measure 16 (“how hopelessly I am lost”) there's an F#m7 chord accompanying the B in the melody. Although F#m7 seems unusual in C major, it ...
Irina 's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
138 views

Voice Leading in Göncz’s completion of Contrapunctus 14

My question relates to the attached extract from Zoltan Göncz’s completion of Bach’s Contrapunctus 14 from The Art of Fugue, and specifically the chord marked with the arrow. To my mind, it appears to ...
Chris Benton's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
95 views

Was Bernstein's interpretation of Mahler's 9th Symphony correct?

During his fifth Norton lecture at Harvard University, Leonard Bernstein famously speculated that Mahler's ninth symphony was symbolically prophesying his own death, the death of tonality (the advent ...
John05's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
342 views

Bach St. Matthew Passion section 33 key shift

In Bach's St. Matthew's Passion section 33, at measure 104, both the first and second chorus pause together all at once, and there is a key shift. But I don't know to what key the music is shifting to....
Song's user avatar
  • 41
2 votes
3 answers
133 views

How do I analyse these chords in this chorale?

I’m playing some chorales and I can’t figure out how to analyse these highlighted chords. I think these chords share the characteristics of having adjacent notes and I’m having trouble with that. The ...
Evelyn1986's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
79 views

Anyone know what key this cadence from the SimCity 3000 theme is in? [closed]

I'm currently analyzing the SimCity 3000 theme ( ). I've noticed that the chords for the intro (by figuring out the notes for each chord and then looking the note ...
ChrisNonyminus's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
122 views

Harmonic Analysis of Polka, Op. 39, No. 14 by Tchaikovsky

I'm having some trouble identifying what's going on harmonically in this chromatic sections here. i. Bar 2: What function does the chord spelled [C#EGBb] have? All I can say about it is that it's a ...
Jack Kinsella's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
56 views

Oblique motion in more than 2 parts

I've always been taught to ask questions even if I'm quite sure about being correct. It never hurts to ask, as I'm always learning! I've seen and heard contrapuntal pieces, mostly in the works of Bach,...
user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
609 views

How to analyze/spell this chord progression

I generally feel that I have a good intuition for chord naming, but know very few formal rules that apply to chromatic progressions like this one I wrote: It seems obvious that one should avoid ...
the-baby-is-you's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
1k views

How to analyze this chord in Moonlight Sonata 3rd movement?

In Beethoven's Moonlight Sonata 3rd movement, I'd like to understand the Fx (double sharp) in measure 8. Measure 8 has a bass of A and an arpeggio with the notes C# E Fx C# which sounds like an A7, ...
cbenz's user avatar
  • 151
4 votes
3 answers
840 views

How to use a spectrum analyzer to help practice an instrument

I recently started playing the trumpet my first brass instrument and I got a tuner to help with practice. I got istrobesoft by Peterson on android, it got a display of its real time spectrum analysis ...
Newman's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
216 views

Music Score annotations

What should music score annotations look like? Should I show every chord or only the important ones? What other music techniques do I annotate? I am annotating it as part of a musical analysis. The ...
Xzek's user avatar
  • 11
2 votes
2 answers
174 views

Analysis of a few bars in Bach's BWV 895

The overall key of this piece in A minor (it is Bach's prelude from Prelude and Fugue in A minor BWV 895). Here is what I understood : At the end of bar 6, there seems to be a change of key: this ...
Lava's user avatar
  • 119
2 votes
2 answers
97 views

What’s the correct key analysis for this excerpt?

From the ABRSM G5 workbook. To my mind the excerpt could be in F minor or B flat minor, both contain flat BED (and A). The answer given is B flat minor; why is it not F minor? (Saw this after posting: ...
Ryan's user avatar
  • 629
-1 votes
1 answer
52 views

Liszt Transcendental Étude No.1 (Prelude): tension-ful chord progression in bar 9, 10, 11

I am trying to digest the Liszt Transcendental Étude No.1 (Prelude) chord progression in bar 9, 10, 11 with the full of tensions. Three related sub-questions. In both the Zoltán Gárdonyi (1906–1986) ...
wonderich's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
115 views

Liszt Transcendental Étude No.1 (Prelude): Top voices on ascending fifth, descending second, descending second

I wanted to follow up to analyze the top voice on the right hand of the Liszt Transcendental Étude No.1 (Prelude). Here are my (related) questions: Is the red box note a B-flat or B? (It looks that ...
wonderich's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
66 views

Liszt Transcendental Étude No.1 (Prelude) -- chord progression along the Arpeggio (in the first 4 bars)

Liszt Transcendental Étude No.1 (Prelude) I am curious to know whether there is a logical reason for the "chord progression" of the Arpeggio for Liszt Transcendental Étude No.1 (Prelude). ...
wonderich's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
111 views

Similarity between “Caro nome che il mio cor” and “Celeste Aida”

While listening to Caro nome che il mio cor from Rigoletto a couple days ago, I found a couple measures that reminded me vaguely of Celeste Aida from Aida. What do these two passages have in common, ...
0x2b3bfa0's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
368 views

How should this passage be analyzed?

From a previous exam. Possible answers were D maj, G maj, d min or a min. I think it’s a minor: if D or G then the F needs to be sharp and if it’s d the B would need to be flat. I think the c# is ...
Ryan's user avatar
  • 629
4 votes
2 answers
205 views

Did anybody try to analyze Strange Meadow Lark by Dave Brubeck by functional analysis?

I was trying to understand the chord progression in Strange Meadow Lark, but it comes to a point where the changes are a little bit blurry of what is going on. Did anybody try to? Maybe we can discuss ...
pbriquet's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
453 views

Are all chords that follow a cadence to an expected chord a deceptive cadence?

Is there a rule for deceptive cadence that can explain all 3 examples below? One of them I am almost positive is a deceptive cadence, but I don't know about the other two. In the first two examples I ...
bart cubrich's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
80 views

Roman numeral analysis: how to notate tonic root anticipation / triple suspension V7 I742 I?

Sometimes in a cadence between V7 and I there's a moment when an anticipated tonic root in the bass given on top of suspended 7^2^4^ from the V7 (triple suspension?). Two examples: Beethoven op 10 no ...
Vitaly Pavlenko's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
120 views

Why do some pieces in sonata form lack a development section?

This leaves only the exposition and the recapitulation sections. Such examples include the overtures to Rossini's La Gazza Ladra and The Barber of Seville, or the 2nd movement of Beethoven's Tempest ...
user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
77 views

Hip-Hop Song Analysis [closed]

A friend and I are delving into some UK Hip-hop and have been listening to the much older songs and analyzing their style. I was wondering if anyone would want to help and provide their detailed input ...
Imani's user avatar
  • 21
2 votes
1 answer
125 views

Can anyone help me understand F#ø7 - F7 - Asus - AM7 - D7 - Em?

I'm trying to understand what's going on in this small piece written for Genshin Impact game, the song's name is "Pure Sky" is about 1min long and you can listen to it here (the part I'm ...
LucasAraujo's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
282 views

How exactly does Bach modulate from Dmin to Gmin here?

In 'Von den Stricken meiner Sünden' from the St. Johannes passion. Ignoring the strange B.C. realisation (why all the accidentals and intervals not matching the figuration?), I'm very confused about ...
Not Legato's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
229 views

Identifying Period Type

I've attached a music excerpt that's been stumping me. Is the attached passage a parallel period or a contrasting period? The rhythmic repetition makes it seem parallel, but the chord progression and ...
Wgw327's user avatar
  • 187
1 vote
2 answers
71 views

Dissonance in SWV 447

I'm a huge fan of Heinrich Schütz and in particular of the Dresdner Kammerchor's recordings of his work. This moment in bar 169 of "Vater Abraham, erbarme dich mein, SWV 447" really caught ...
eric_kernfeld's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
229 views

How do I correctly identify whether a song is in minor or major? (Take "My Old School" as an example)

My Old School: This song is very confusing. Is it in E minor or G major? 4:31 ends in a G major chord, but 4:50 ends in an E minor chord. How do I identify which key ...
Ludwig Gershwin's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
70 views

Is there a name for this pattern of piano chord progressions? (Clementi Op. 36 No. 5 & 6)

I noticed in Clementi Op. 36 No. 5 and No. 6 there are these very similar and peculiar chord progressions (see image). Do those three chords often go together like that? Or is it more a Clementi style?...
GrandAdagio's user avatar
  • 1,683
4 votes
3 answers
1k views

Opening of Bach's mass in b minor: why does it make sense?

The opening harmonic progression of the B minor mass: Bm moves to a C# half-diminished 7th — a ii7 chord, nothing unusual yet. To put it in root position is a bit unconventional for the style, but the ...
OprenStein's user avatar
  • 1,626
4 votes
5 answers
231 views

Harmony: why does transforming a ii minor chord into II major chord work?

I accidentally composed a song that uses the same harmony "trick" as the song The Odyssey from Symphony X. Both are in the key of Eb (I know it's C minor, but I like to think major for ...
ViniciusPires's user avatar
1 vote
5 answers
236 views

Ambiguity of Roman numeral analysis of Andalusian cadence

When I write that the Andalusian cadence is the chord progression "Am – G – F – E" then there are no doubts in what it means. (All you need to know is what chords are and how they are named) ...
azerbajdzan's user avatar
4 votes
5 answers
851 views

Next step on music theory as a guitar player

I've been playing the guitar as a hobby since 2013 and have been gradually gaining familiarity with it by playing all kinds of songs. At first, I simply tried to remember the fingerings by reading ...
Qing's user avatar
  • 143
4 votes
1 answer
137 views

How to notate harmonic sequences in roman numerals analysis in main theme from Beethoven Symphony 7 2nd movement Alegretto?

Q1: How would you notate the first four bars of the second system? I'm trying to understand the introductory theme from the Alegretto in Beethoven's 7th Symphony. Here's what I have so far, which ...
Myer's user avatar
  • 141
2 votes
1 answer
112 views

Does Mozart's 5th Piano Concerto Lack a Solo Theme?

As part of a listening exercise, I'm trying to assign various elements of double exposition form to the first movement of mozart's 5th piano concerto. Is it correct to say that it is missing a solo ...
hba's user avatar
  • 283
9 votes
3 answers
708 views

How would you identify the root of a non-standard chord / cluster?

What are some ways to identify the root of a chord? I know Hindemith has a treatise on this, but are there any other convincing ones? For instance, what would be the root of these chords? FBC CDE BCD ...
Michael Seltenreich's user avatar

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