Questions tagged [analysis]

For questions about studying the intricacies of a piece of music. Questions should also be tagged with a more specific form of analysis if applicable.

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16 votes
4 answers
19k views

Roman numeral notation for a suspended chord?

On the Wikipedia entry for Roman numeral analysis, it says that major chords use the upper case numerals (e.g. IV for the F major chord in the C major scale) and lowercase letters for minor chords (e....
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13 votes
4 answers
4k views

How can I slow down a YouTube video I'm trying to analyze or transcribe?

Sometime I want to use a YouTube video to figure out what notes/chords are being played, figure out how (i.e., by what technique) the notes/chords are being played, or transcribe a (part of) a song. ...
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32 votes
6 answers
4k views

Why is bass note so important in harmonic analysis of music?

In any type of harmonic analysis the bass plays a big part in determining the function of the harmony. There are even special ways to describe what note of the chord is in the bass (known as ...
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28 votes
3 answers
88k views

Classical music theory notation for chord inversions (figured bass)

In classical music harmony analysis, we see the chord inversions notated like I6/4, I6, V4/3. Examples: What are those numbers? How do they define the inversion? What's the theory behind using ...
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9 votes
4 answers
2k views

Alternative Analysis for Non-Functioning Secondary Dominants

I've been reading though my Pocket Music Theory book and in the chapter on secondary dominants there is a concept that confuses me. The book says there can be non-functioning secondary dominants that ...
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3 votes
2 answers
278 views

Why the flat roman numerals in minor when they aren't needed?

This is one thing that has always bothered me, why are VI and bVI 2 different chords in major but the same chord in minor? That makes no sense to me. I mean it does but it also doesn't. If you view ...
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4 votes
1 answer
214 views

Should sensible analysis show secondary functions fulfilling the supposed function?

This question started for me with an analysis using IV/IV. It was analysis in Kostka/Payne for Mozart's K545, mv II, mm. 69-71... G: I | IV6/IV V6/IV | IV Instead of... G: I |C: ...
10 votes
6 answers
2k views

chords in BWV 846

I have been doing chord analysis on BWV 846 (prelude). It is very interesting and I hope you can help me with some questions: I understand that doing chord analysis is good but what is the reason for ...
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7 votes
1 answer
2k views

Harmonic analysis of arpeggios in Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy

I've always liked the arpeggio section in dance of the sugar plum fairy, it sounds so sweet and mysterious. I was trying to figure out the idea behind them. Here's the section in Synthesia. From ...
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5 votes
2 answers
596 views

Functional analysis of chorale 'Wie wunderbarlich ist doch diese Strafe' BWV 244/46

I did some analysis of the chorale 'Wie wunderbarlich ist doch diese Strafe' (from Matthew Passion BWV 244 no.46), see below. But how would I analyse the first chord in measure 2? Obviously, it's an E ...
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4 votes
5 answers
267 views

What makes a chord a sus chord?

In light of some recent answers to questions I have asked on Stack Exchange with regards to naming chords, I have decided to refine things a little further, focusing on sus chords. If a chord contains ...
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3 votes
2 answers
2k views

Analyzing Ryuichi Sakamoto "Merry Christmas, Mr. Laurence"

The original song is not in C Maj key but the sheet I Have is in C Maj so let just see as the key is in C maj (The [B] part starts 1:50) How does the Gm (Vm) come ...
2 votes
2 answers
366 views

How would these chords from "Christmas Time Is Here" be analyzed?

I'm wondering how to go about analyzing some of the chords from this piece. I have a lot of tonal harmony knowledge, but am a little limited in my knowledge of jazz theory. However, I'd love to hear ...
2 votes
1 answer
154 views

what is the method behind naming jazz chords? [closed]

I have recently become confused about how to name chords in jazz. This is my current understanding: Add chords (without 7th)- chord that contains the root, third, (optional 5th) and one or more ...
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2 votes
3 answers
860 views

Analysis: How to determine what scale/mode a score uses

I'm learning music theory with the hopes of being able to analyze sheet music. My question is -- What if the piece I am analyzing is in some other mode than major or minor? Or even stranger, like ...
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27 votes
7 answers
7k views

The function of Gm G♭ B♭ chord progression in "Shine On You Crazy Diamond"

Over the Christmas break I heard this programme on BBC radio: Shine On You Crazy Diamond David Gilmour discusses his famous four-note motif B♭ F G E but what wasn't discussed and I wished had ...
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16 votes
5 answers
3k views

What makes a piece sound like Beethoven?

I can't seem to find non-harmonic analyses of Beethoven's sonatas. And I'm not a classical music analyzer. That makes it hard to write a sonata in the style of Beethoven when I don't know what ...
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12 votes
5 answers
30k views

What is and what is not syncopation

I'll often hear tunes in which the first note is upbeat and the second is downbeat. When is it syncopation and when is it not? For one of many examples, take "Amazing Grace." The "A-" is a weak ...
10 votes
3 answers
1k views

Origin of Roman Numeral Analysis

Out of curiosity, I was searching for the origin of Roman Numeral analysis and the only online source I could find was this passage in Wikipedia: Gottfried Weber's Versuch einer geordneten Theorie ...
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9 votes
3 answers
4k views

Harmony analysis program

Is there any computer program that automatically analyzes harmony given the score? I refer specifically to roman numeral analysis and functional harmony.
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9 votes
2 answers
6k views

Differentiating between II and II7 (secondary dominant V of V)

I'm studying harmony and start to make roman numeral analysis on Bach pieces. I often mistake a II (second degree) for a secondary dominant on the 2nd degree(V7 of V). I guess there are some notes ...
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9 votes
3 answers
6k views

Why is Mozart's Turkish March considered a rondo?

I read on Wikipedia Mozart's Turkish March has the form A-B-C-D-E-C-A-B-C But I read in my textbook Listening to Music by Craig Wright that a rondo form is supposed to have more "symmetrical ...
9 votes
3 answers
1k views

What is the Hanson system used for?

Recently I've been learning about alternate analysis techniques used for modern compositions and one that I've recently learned about the Hanson system partiality described below: Now as shown in the ...
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8 votes
3 answers
17k views

How do I determine the chord progression Roman numerals?

Let's say I'm playing the chords D, G, A and Bm. I know that D is my key, which would be Roman numeral I. How do I associate the other chords with their proper roman numerals? How would I determine ...
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7 votes
5 answers
5k views

Why are pure tones depicted as sine waves?

This is pretty much the only thing in music theory (that i've covered so far) that I cannot understand. What I would expect to hear is what you get from LFO, or Low Frequency Oscillator represented by ...
7 votes
5 answers
11k views

Analysis of Scarborough Fair

I'm attempting to figure out what is going on in terms of harmony with this song. This is the best I have managed so far (supposing a tonal center of A): Chords are: Am Em G ...
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6 votes
4 answers
5k views

What is an altered chord?

A chord can be altered in many ways, but not all alterations make a chord an "altered" chord. Which alterations actually make a chord an altered chord? Do altered chords have special notation?
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6 votes
2 answers
685 views

What is the clearest way to signify the harmonic function of a polychord?

Chords can be analyzed with roman numerals to indicate function: C, Am, Dm, G I, vi, ii, V (or I, VI-, II-, V in jazz theory) And inversions may be analyzed by adding an arabic numeral indicating ...
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6 votes
2 answers
1k views

Are these "power chords" in a classical composition?

I've been trying to figure out the chord progression from the beginning of this Mussorgsky piece (orchestrated by Shostakovich, link below) and I'm just curious if I'm getting things right. The chords ...
6 votes
2 answers
2k views

Harmonic analysis of "Walk this Way" by Aerosmith

I'm trying to do harmonic analysis of "Walk this Way" by Aerosmith. Verses and choruses uses I to IV progression, but I wonder about the riff in the bridge. It seem to be played in the E key. Joe ...
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4 votes
3 answers
123 views

On Schumann posthumous variation V's note on a natural G or a flat G

This shows the first two bars of Schumann posthumous variations V. Look at this music note (red-squared), I am curious to know why Schumann chose a natural G instead of the original flat G in this ...
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4 votes
3 answers
295 views

Taxonomy of themes in classical music

I am reading Dr. B.-G. Cohrs's note [C] on the (fascinating) history of the Symphonisches Präludium, now commonly attributed to Anton Bruckner. I was a little mystified by the following remark: The ...
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3 votes
1 answer
67 views

What interval sequences "defined" Fux's counterpoint?

Motivation When Fux laid out his rules for counterpoint, he did so primarily in terms of melodic (horizontal) movements within each voice and secondarily in terms of harmonic (vertical) relationships ...
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3 votes
2 answers
3k views

How to find an analysis of a classical piece in the internet

I'm a passionate non-professional musician and I find it extremely helpful to know something more about the pieces I practice. I tried to find musical analyses (formal, rhythmical, melodical) in the ...
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3 votes
1 answer
514 views

Software support for roman numerals and functions

I have seen how someone used Musescore, lyrics and a special font to attach roman numerals to a score. I have also seen examples of roman numerals in Sibelius. I have no idea how that was done. I ...
3 votes
1 answer
310 views

Roman numeral analysis: Bridge over Troubled Water

I'm trying to create a "universal key" to learn more about the harmony and to be able to practice it easily in every key. Below is the intro for 'Bridge over Troubled Water'. Generally, I ...
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1 vote
1 answer
174 views

Help with analyzing sus and add chords in this progression

I have been trying to analyze a score (the first one that I have attempted) and I'm a bit confused about how to analyze these chords. Here's the part (and here's the full piece for context): Take the ...
1 vote
2 answers
352 views

Pandiatonicism in “She’s leaving home” (Beatles)?

In a documentary about the Beatles it was said She’s leaving home is in aeolian mode. I thought this would be rather dorian as we have a major 6th in the scale passage of the cello after the first ...
0 votes
2 answers
391 views

Interval analysis, augmented 5th or a 6th?

I am doing interval analysis as I am writing a countersubject(working on the harmony for it right now). But I have a bit of trouble here. I have 3 note choices for any given quarter note. The spot I ...
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