Questions tagged [articulation]

The technique which affects the transition or continuity on a single note or between multiple notes.

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16
votes
1answer
20k views

What do the terms “arco” and “ten.” mean?

I am following along with a score of Beethoven's first symphony. I came across two abbreviations, arco. and ten. What do those stand for?
15
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4answers
5k views

How long is Staccato?

Question for skimmers: how do we know when to play portamento/portato or a dry staccato? Is it based on a date or composer? Or is a half-staccato still common practice? Sometime in college I played a ...
13
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3answers
6k views

How to play same note legato?

This question is about this arrangement for a beginner: http://makingmusicfun.net/htm/f_printit_free_printable_sheet_music/marriage-of-figaro-piano.htm There is one big slur over the first several ...
12
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3answers
1k views

Articulation between staccato and full note length?

I'm transcribing liturgical choir music. I want to know is there an articulation that's longer then staccato but shorter then a note without an articulation. I have half notes that needs to be sung ...
12
votes
1answer
13k views

Is there a difference between a slur and legato?

Are legato and slur one and the same? If the two are different, how do I tell which the piece is using? I know the gist of them (as opposed to staccato) but I need to know the specifics. They are ...
11
votes
1answer
2k views

Soft note marking

There is the accent symbol > to mark loud note (relatively neighboring), but how should I mark soft note? (It's sems logically to mark it with <, but I never seen this in real sheets.)
10
votes
2answers
2k views

Meaning of dots below note heads

I’m learning music theory and I found a music sheet that I attach one part in a picture. If you see in the Treble Cleff, there are 8 eighth dotted notes and is a 4/4 signature. Like is a 4/4 is not ...
10
votes
4answers
5k views

What is the proper name of the dash symbol over a note and how to play it

Can anyone specify the name of the particular symbol above the crotchet? According to Wikipedia it's called a Tenuto but my teacher said it's called a "dash". Which one is correct? Or are both names ...
10
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2answers
1k views

What is this articulation mark that looks like a short upside-down slur?

From Jamey Aebersold's "Cantaloupe Island," Maiden Voyage, vol. 54.
9
votes
4answers
1k views

How would you notate a non-accent?

There's a variety of notations that indicate various types of accent - tenuto, staccato, martellato and the like. But what notation would I use to indicate that I want notes to be deliberately ...
9
votes
4answers
24k views

What does an arc mean above the notes in a piano sheet music? How do I play it?

See the picture above. Is there a website where these (perhaps not so basic) notations are collected? UPDATE: I see Wikipedia has a nice collection of musical notations. How do I play the slur on ...
7
votes
3answers
907 views

Isn't a tenuto marking redundant?

If a tenuto mark means to "hold for the entire value of the note" as it's often defined, isn't this redundant? Aren't we expected to hold notes for their entire value anyway? So what is a tenuto ...
7
votes
3answers
3k views

Duration of staccato

Is there such a thing as a duration of a staccato note? I mean if you play a whole note staccato and an eighth note staccato, should the duration be the same? What if somebody needs an extra short ...
7
votes
2answers
209 views

What do these triangles above and below the staff mean?

The image above is taken from sheet music of The Dreamy Fish by Erik Satie, I'm not completely sure what those triangles mean. Looking them up, they look closest to sforzando symbol, but that one ...
7
votes
1answer
732 views

What is the mark that looks like a slur but with straight lines, not curved

In "Curtain Call" by John Wasson, the oboe part (and others) includes an articulation mark that I'm not familiar with. It looks like a slur, but the up and down are straight lines, instead of curved. ...
6
votes
3answers
122 views

What is this notation in Debussy's “Engulfed Cathedral”?

In light of the recent portato question at What do the dots and lines underneath these chords mean?, what did Debussy mean by the tied portato on the third quarter note of the second measure of ...
5
votes
2answers
897 views

Deciding how to articulate Baroque semiquavers

I'm playing a movement (from a Quantz flute concerto) in 2/4 time. There are reasonably lengthy passages of semiquavers with no slurs marked. I appreciate I want to vary my articulation to make it ...
5
votes
3answers
371 views

Attack on first notes on trumpet

I realized that when starting a note on trumpet, It always, especially with lower notes like low C (Bb) to start making the sound it comes a stream of air first. I wonder how I can do to start the ...
5
votes
1answer
829 views

How is the mordent played in the given piece from Petzold

Here is an excerpt of Petzold's Menuett in G major and I stumbled upon a mordent which I don't know how to play. The fun fact is: The excerpt is from a beginner book where there is an explanation of ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

What does an apostrophe on top of a note mean?

In my music (Trombone/Baritone), I see an apostrophe on top of a few notes. What does this mean?
4
votes
1answer
69 views

How to transition between notes in Bansuri

Ok, at this point, I am teaching myself Bansuri (A Scale) by playing simple tunes 10-15 min a day (totally swamped nowadays) Playing Om Jai Jagdish Hare it quite straightforward (plus I am familiar ...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

How to play a note while the same note is being held?

I'm trying to learn "Can't take my eyes off you" on piano, but the sheet music is confusing me. In the third and fourth measures, it starts with a chord composed of B♭+G, then you hit a bunch of ...
3
votes
1answer
253 views

How to articulate on a Saxophone with the mouthpiece upside down?

I'm trying to learn to play the saxophone with the mouthpiece upside down because of nerve damage in my lower lip and roots of my lower teeth. Tonguing is difficult. What are some suggestions? Are ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Should slurs encompass tied notes from before and/or after?

What are the rules when it comes to how a slur handles tied notes set at the start or end of the legato passage? I think it looks nicer when the tied notes are included in the slur, but I don’t know ...
3
votes
1answer
438 views

Music Notation: “Wave” below a note

So recently I stumbled upon this symbol in one of Chopin's works, to be precise in "4 Mazurkas" (Op. 33 No. 1) in bars 14, 16 and 17. Here's a link to the edition I'm talking about, and below is a ...
3
votes
2answers
567 views

Pros and cons of Urtext edition

An Urtext edition is one that adheres as much as possible to the original composer's manuscript (or when that is lost, early editions). Of course, it is a good thing to know the score not yet ...
3
votes
1answer
48 views

Double and Triple Tonguing Syllables?

Brass and Woodwind players use specific syllables like ta-ka-ta for triple tonguing... I would like to know: What are the most common used syllables for double and triple tonguing? Are they ...
3
votes
1answer
400 views

Who was the first composer to notate a trombone smear?

I've been listening to Henry Fillmore's "Trombone Family". It brought me to thinking, how long have trombone smears been around in written sheet music? Was Fillmore, a.k.a. "Father of the Trombone ...
3
votes
1answer
101 views

Random articulation in sheet music

I have played a few Hal Leonard charts recently and I have noticed on some of them a random articulation mark somewhere in the piece where it would be of no consequence and doesn't seem to make sense. ...
3
votes
3answers
101 views

Are the markings for piano pedals in a piece of music articulation marks?

I'm making a presentation for the my music project and I need to write a section on articulation markings. But I'm not really sure about what counts as articulation markings. For example, are the ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

Saxophone articulation - interpreting symbols

I have a number of pieces that feature the following articulation symbols (highlighted in red; last bar of Andy Firth's "The Bullfrog Bounce"): I've asked my teacher how to play them, but his ...
2
votes
1answer
165 views

Errors with slashed grace notes in LilyPond

Here's a strange issue with typesetting (in LilyPond) a work that begins with slashed grace notes (acciaccatura). First of all, I get the following error message in my console when I run lilypond (...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Where to start when learning legato?

I've been playing guitar for 5/6 years, and next year I'm hoping to play for an awesome Big Band, who are auditioning soon for the guitar spot. I've seen big band guitarists before, and in their, ...
2
votes
2answers
93 views

What is the name of the default articulation?

Is there a term for the "default" articulation that is played when no articulation symbols are present? When the note is played for nearly its full duration value, but with just a tiny rest to ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the difference between (guitar) articulation and dynamics, and how do they relate?

I have been looking into articulation and dynamics over the past week, primarily focused on guitar (but I'm sure any learning musician can benefit from this regardless of your instrument). I believe I ...
2
votes
2answers
195 views

Determining dynamics of individual parts in music group

I have been lately wondering how to determine dynamics of individual parts in music group. As we all know sheet music many times doesn't provide all dynamics and phrasing. It seems obvious to me, ...
2
votes
1answer
788 views

What is the difference between with or without legato in singing?

In singing specially classic music, what is the difference between when the legato is written and when it's not they all sound the same connected line?
2
votes
1answer
183 views

Spitty Tone On Clarinet From Tonguing

I've been playing clarinet for a couple years, and since I switched from Rico to Vandoren reeds, I've been plagued with a spitty/fuzzy tone while tonguing. I realized that somehow spit is accumulating ...
2
votes
2answers
581 views

What is the name of and how to notate a “tremolo in random order”?

Given a chord, I can play its notes in random order (usually fast) for full note's duration. It's not an arpeggio, because arpeggios have ascending or descending order; and arpeggio ends when all its ...
1
vote
3answers
842 views

Baroque keyboard music

I'm playing Bach French suite no.5 in G major BWV 816 for ATCL diploma exam. This suite was composed in Baroque period, so should I play staccato on each notes? Should I use a bit pedal? Because the ...
1
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4answers
443 views

Should articulations on a tied note be placed on the first or last note?

Which one of these would be correct?
1
vote
2answers
112 views

Daylight between each note

Pat Cloud's "Key to Five-String Banjo" is a book of scale exercises. Before the first exercise, Mr. Cloud writes (emphasis mine): Always start slowly and increase speed on each exercise only when ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

Articulations and Ornaments

I am currently studying some music scores, and I see some somethings that I don't know. I saw a French horn part that had a Plus (+) sign above it and it said "Stopped". I also saw a Harp Gliss. that ...
1
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2answers
750 views

So, what does this tenuto mark mean in Bernstein's piano music?

This is a bar from the fifth of Bernstein's Five Anniversaries, "For Susanna Kyle". It's a nice and easy tune that sounds vaguely like what Satie would have composed in his youth were he not wasted ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

String instrument response vs. a nice ring [closed]

I've been hunting for a violin, and am wondering: do you find that response (how easy it is to articulate) is inversely proportionate to how well it rings? Does this difference somewhat go down as ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

How to notate a slide in vocal singing

I am transcribing Capella music. I came across singing from D# to B like a slide transcending without steps. How do I notate such a occurrence? Do I draw a line like a guitar slide? Or is there ...
1
vote
2answers
141 views

What terms are there for changes in tempo?

I know that there are many terms that can be used to talk about the tempo of a piece of music but what words are there for change in tempo? The only ones that I can think of are: Accelerando ...
0
votes
3answers
807 views

How to play the turns in Muzio Clementi's Sonatina Op. 36 No. 4

I'm learning Muzio Clementi's Sonatina Opus 36, Number 4. In Andante con espressione, there are a number of turns as played in this video (it will take you to the correct time in the video). I had ...
0
votes
1answer
659 views

Explanation of Phrasing, Accidentals, articulation, modulation for a piano player

A year ago I have started practicing piano. I attend a music school and the pieces now are becoming quite advanced. There are four terms I don't fully understand which are mentioned a lot when I read ...
0
votes
2answers
89 views

Is there a minimum time like 1/4 second or 1/2 second , a pitch should stay? [duplicate]

If we have to create a computer software which produces different pitches of a musical instrument, then, according to musicians is there a minimum time (in seconds or milliseconds) sound of that pitch ...