Questions tagged [baroque-period]

A time period in Western art music spanning between 1600-1760 CE, approximately.

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3answers
801 views

What is the motif used in many chaconnes in the 17th century?

Wikipedia says that a chaconne is a musical composition involving variations on a harmonic progression or melody (motif), similar to the passacaglia. In essence, it is a musical form. The motif is ...
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1answer
112 views

In the partimento tradition, what strategies were used to harmonize non-bass melodies?

In my readings on partimento theory (mainly the books by Sanguinetti and IJzerman) I have so far only encountered rules for harmonizing a bass melody. This is to be expected of course, because ...
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3answers
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What are some nice/clever ways to introduce the tonic's dominant seventh chord?

I'm in C minor and want to modulate to its subdominant key of F minor. One way to do this is to introduce the tonic flat seventh chord C-E-G-B♭, which is the dominant seventh chord of F minor. ...
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5/7b in figured bass

What does 5/7b mean in figured bass? If it is just a 7th chord in root position, then why is it not just 7b? In other places in the same score, 7 or 7b are used to denote a 7th chord. Here is the ...
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3answers
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Difference between a baroque violin bow and a normal violin bow

I just came across a baroque violin bow while browsing for strings, which looks like this: Is there any real difference between this and a normal violin bow, or is it just cosmetic? After a quick ...
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2answers
387 views

Name of baroque formation with five musicians (soprano, recorder, violin, viola da gamba, lute)?

I attended a (old) baroque music performance with an ensemble as follows: soprano, recorder, violin, viol (viola da gamba), and lute. The singer stood at the apex of a narrow triangle, furthest away ...
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4answers
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What are the characteristics of a Sarabande?

I am playing Bach's English Suite in a minor, and am currently working on the Sarabande. I know it is a slow dance of Spanish origin, but not much else. What are some characteristics of the Sarabande?
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How did Baroque music come to be associated with Christmas?

I was introducing Baroque music to a friend, and trying to make it less intimidating, I jokingly said, "You've heard this before, Christmas shopping at Macy's." My friend laughed, but I started to ...
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2answers
156 views

Which type of trumpet is typically used to perform Bach Brandenburg 2

Could anyone explain how to choose what design of trumpet to perform Brandenburg 2 on? I'd expect it to be performed on a Bb piccolo trumpet - but there are three-valve and four-valve piccolos, and ...
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1answer
97 views

What was the shortest note length commonly used during baroque period?

Eighth and sixteenth notes were obviously common enough. I've also seen some examples of 1/32 and 1/64 (link). Were 1/32 and 1/64 used frequently? And what was the shortest note length commonly used ...
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1answer
357 views

Are repeated octaves permissable in four-part SATB?

I am writing a four-part SATB (soprano, alto, tenor, bass) and wanted to know if repeated (that is, successive) octaves are permissible? I know that parallel fifths/octaves are not allowed, but what ...
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How to realize the figured bass of the second movement of BWV 1014?

I am planning a performance of the second movement of Bach's violin sonata BWV 1014 in B Minor. The beginning of second mvt, Allegro is shown below. As you can see there are some figured bass below ...
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3answers
395 views

What is Sanz's tablature for the baroque guitar?

Gaspar Sanz had a tablature system for the baroque guitar which features a mapping between alphabetical letters and chords. From the linked page: Sanz's tablature is remarkable in that it is ...
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2answers
159 views

Breaking doublestops for Baroque music

As a baroque violinist, I encounter double, triple and quadruple stops, like in Bach, Telemann, and Biber, and I want to articulate them correctly. I am looking for advice on how to break them, and ...
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186 views

Different approaches to Latin pronunciation in Early Music

I know there are several different ways to pronounce Latin. I think no one sings classical music using Classical Latin pronunciation in which, for instance, "c" is pronounced as /k/. I believe the ...
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4answers
429 views

Does anyone have any sources I could use to talk about who influenced Bach?

I am writing an essay about the synthesis of music theory Bach used to create his own music theory, especially in his fugal works. Any help would be appreciated, but if people could provide sources ...
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607 views

Counterpoint without a leading tone?

In minuet in A minor by Johann Krieger, it doesn't have a major 7th going to the octave, but it has the fifth going to the tonic and the tonic playing an octave above on both notes. Is this a common ...
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2answers
65 views

Figured bass and ties

How does one play figured bass when the bass line contains ties? For example, here are the first three measures of Vivaldi's "Filiae maestae Jerusalem" (sheet music source). Do I understand ...
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2answers
253 views

Are Baroque Bassoons more difficult to play?

In an article introducing The Breaking Winds Bassoon Quartet, it mentions that The muffled, dark-sounding bassoon of the baroque era was so hard to play in tune that composers didn't write solos ...
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238 views

Combining forms to make a new musical form

Has there ever been a composer between Baroque and early Romantic periods (within piano literature) who created a new form based on a combination of previously separate forms into a new iteration or ...
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1answer
171 views

Is there a standard non-Fux counterpoint method?

The OP for this question refers to a rule for second-species counterpoint which isn't mentioned in Fux's Gradus ad Parnassum. The answer confirms it, and adds yet another rule, referring to "strict ...
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0answers
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Difference between baroque and classical keyboard concertos

I'm trying to compare a Baroque Harpsichord Concerto with a Classical Piano Concerto. But I'm just wondering in what aspects that the Baroque Concertos influenced the Classical Piano Concerto. I am ...
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How do I tune my cello to play the second Bach suite(prelude)?

None of the videos on youtube are is concert pitch.
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1answer
397 views

Good books for learning how to play the Baroque flute?

I'm looking for good books on learning the Baroque flute, and I already play the modern Boehm flute. I already have Method for the One-Keyed Flute, are there other recommended books? Edit: Modern ...
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1answer
70 views

Does basso continuo make it unnecessary to have a Director?

I was watching a baroque violin concert on Youtube and there was one person in the comments section talking about the uselessness of having a Director, since the concert included a basso continuo. ...
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1answer
5k views

What's so important about Venice in the Baroque period?

Many famous Baroque musicians and composers, for example Vivaldi, were children of Venice and did their work there. What other reasons are there for Venice being a great spawning ground for Baroque ...
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1answer
536 views

What does “I Solisti Veneti” mean?

What does Vivaldi mean by "I Solisti Veneti"? What does the title mean? There doesn't seem to be a translation I could find of.
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1answer
160 views

Baroque mordent with leading “slur”?

I'm currently studying Bach's Harpsichord Concerto BWV 1052 on the piano and arrived at the second movement. In there, I noticed a mordent that I'm not all too sure how to play. Here's a picture, it's ...
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3answers
676 views

Important composers in transitional eras

I understand Beethoven (and Schubert) to be very important composers in the transition from the Classical Era to the Romantic, such that they could be considered the first Romantic composers. Are ...
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2answers
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Orchestra recordings only in piano concertos [duplicate]

I have been thinking about doing a piano recital on my party in July and planned on doing Bach harpsichord concerto no.1, but there aren't any recordings of the orchestra only. Do any of you know how ...
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1answer
56 views

Where to get a feedback on composed baroque music? [closed]

I am trying to write music in baroque style. Are there places (on Internet) where I could get feedback on my compositions?
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1answer
100 views

Two different approaches to the mordent in one piece in baroque? [duplicate]

I've got a question regarding the mordent over the two different notes with different realization in Bach's Partita No.4 Aria (as in the image). The first one starts from a note above while the second ...
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2answers
232 views

In the baroque period, did soloists play all the way through concertos?

In most recordings of baroque concertos that I've heard, the soloist plays straight through without stopping, especially in the first movement. While there are marked solo sections where the soloist ...
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2answers
195 views

Determining dynamics of individual parts in music group

I have been lately wondering how to determine dynamics of individual parts in music group. As we all know sheet music many times doesn't provide all dynamics and phrasing. It seems obvious to me, ...
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2answers
312 views

Recorder type for Telemann's music piece

I notice there are some compositions from GP Telemann for recorder. I just want to know what type of recorder(alto or soprano) for playing Telemann's pieces for recorder. Thanks
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2answers
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Where can I read more about Monteverdi's role in the evolution of the orchestra?

I have seen it mentioned here and there that Claudio Monteverdi was the first composer to score for a specific set of instruments, for his opera Orfeo in 1607, and that this had a significant impact ...
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1answer
120 views

“Row, row, row your boat” and Telemann's Concerto in B Flat TWV44:43

Does the same rhythm from "Row, row, row your boat" copy the ending of Telemann's Concerto? It appears lots of music copied the style of the Baroque era.
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Bach's keyboard concertos on fortepiano?

It is known that J.S.Bach was acquainted with the fortepiano at least twice in his life, in 1726 when he played one of Silbermann's experimental models (and mildly criticized it), and toward the end ...
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4answers
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MIDI keyboard action for harpsichord practice

I'm a former pianist who would like to own and play an acoustic grand harpsichord one day, but until i finish school and have a more permanent living situation that will be neither practical nor ...
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3answers
861 views

Baroque keyboard music

I'm playing Bach French suite no.5 in G major BWV 816 for ATCL diploma exam. This suite was composed in Baroque period, so should I play staccato on each notes? Should I use a bit pedal? Because the ...
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1answer
58 views

What makes two dances that share the same meter and a similar tempo different?

Common practice music employs only a small handful of time signatures, but there is a multitude of different dances. The steps are different. But is there something other than meter and tempo that ...
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3answers
707 views

Should I practice some J.S. Bach for piano technique and where should I start?

I want to know if playing J.S. Bach would improve my overall piano technique. I look for pieces that help me to become better. I usually play romantic composers. I have played pieces such as Chopin'...
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2answers
63 views

Define Apoggiato

I came across this term, Apoggiato. In baroque music, is understand that this means the notes of a piece marked thus should be quite smoothly connected, almost portato. The Online Musical Dictionary ...
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1answer
76 views

What was the purpose of Jean Adam Guilain's Organ Suites?

I'm looking for context for these pieces, as I am about to play the Suite of the Second Tone in recital. Guilain wrote these Suites, and whenever I hear recordings of them, each movement begins with a ...
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1answer
58 views

A question regarding transposition and fugal answers

Is it compulsory to introduce the answer of a fugue at +5 or -4 scale degrees relative to the home key? I'm not asking whether it's necessary to transpose the answer; my question is whether ...
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1answer
378 views

Piano: how to play (arpeggios in) music written for harpsichord

I'm playing Bach's Partita for harpsichord BWV 830 on piano (I don't play harpsichord), but this is a more general question really for other Bach keyboard music and also any keyboard music that was ...
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1answer
170 views

Bach Double Variation from Partita 1 for Solo Violin

Has any credible musicologist explained that the double variations in Bach's Partita 1 for solo violin are a variation on the entire harmonic progression from the last movement and not just the bass ...
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0answers
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Confusing passage from The Study of Counterpoint [duplicate]

Here is the passage: Joseph: I wanted to write a sixth here. But when I studied singing, I learned that fa leads down and mi leads up. Since the progression moves upward from the sixth into a third I ...
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2answers
1k views

How much dynamics, tempo fluctuation is acceptable in Baroque music on piano? How to achieve expressivity?

I'm not talking about exaggerated rubato and a deliberate Liberace-style soup of genres, but is it acceptable to add some dynamics and some tiny tempo fluctuations when playing Baroque on piano to ...
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1answer
75 views

Are there parallel octaves in L. Couperin's prelude, Suite in A minor?

Are there doublings or parallel octaves, especially with regard to the first several measures, in Louis Couperin's prelude "à l'imitation de Mr. Froberger", from the Suite in A minor? I would also ...