Questions tagged [cadence]

A melodic and/or harmonic configuration at the end of a phrase, section, or piece of music.

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What are some useful resources for modal study? [closed]

I'm looking for some useful historical references for modal study. Specifically, great books or texts on how modes evolved, progressed and became the elusive subject they are today. What resources ...
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Were Plagal Cadences always used with an Authentic Cadence preceding it?

In typical 19th-century harmony, was a Plagal Cadence always used with an Authentic Cadence preceding it? To put it another way, was it typically ever used out of its "Amen" context?
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Do accidentals apply to notes in the same measure but in different octaves? [duplicate]

In a work by Leonarda (1693) I find that there are octave leaps at a cadence with an accidental sharp on the first note but no explicit accidental on the lower note. Surely the lower note should also ...
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Why does this website include ii-I as a plagal cadence?

Has ii-I ever been a plagal cadence or is this site incorrect? https://www.simplifyingtheory.com/perfect-imperfect-plagal-deceptive-half-cadence/
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Why does an imperfect cadence not include IV-I?

I am learning that an imperfect cadence only involves inverted chords with the V-I. Why is IV not included? Should an 'imperfect' plagal cadence be avoided?
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Why is there no name for the ii-I cadence (Only the V-I and IV-I)?

Is the ii-I cadence considered bad practice since it doesn't have enough movement or resolution? Example - the chord progression (I-vi-IV-ii) (I-vi-IV-I) There is no name for cadences other than V-I ...
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3answers
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Can a cadence happen only at the end of a measure?

In this chord progression, | I vi IV V | I vi IV V | I |, there seems to be a perfect cadence that occurs at the end of one chord progression/measure (V) and the beginning of the next chord ...
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504 views

What are the cadences in minor keys?

There are four basic cadences - perfect, plagal, imperfect and interrupted - in U.K. terms. In major keys, they are, simply put, V>I, IV>I, I>V, and V>vi (often) respectively. I'm looking ...
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Help identifying cadences and modes in iidim7 - i - vidim - vsus4

I'm a beginner when it comes to modes and cadences, and I want to understand them better to improve my song-writing as a metal guitarist. While fiddling with my guitar today, I "wrote" this ...
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2 atypical cadences, are they half cadences?

So, I analyzed the harmony and structure of Grande Valse Brilliante op. 18, and most of the cadences make perfect sense to me, but there are 2 cadences that don't really, one on the tonic, which I can ...
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Can someone explain the resolutions in Rachmaninoff Prelude in C# Minor?

I started to learn the Rachmaninoff Prelude in C# Minor (Op. 3 No. 2). Until recently I have had not much experience with music theory, except for the very basic things. In order to remember the piece ...
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5answers
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Chromatic approaching dominant

I'm having a little trouble analyzing this blues-y cadence. I've called the dominant chord a G9 even though there is no third (B) at the end of the bar. I think this makes sense, since it is ...
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4answers
313 views

What is the significance of learning ''cadences" in music composition?

What is the significance in understanding this concept if I wanted to write music? If I understood cadences, then would that mean I would be able to structure my compositions?
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Help with the last chord in progression

I have following progression: G-Em-Bm-C G-Em-Bm-C G-Bm-F#m-A D-Bm-F#m-??? G-Em-Bm-C... I am happy with the progression and it works well, but struggling with the last chord. Any suggestions? Thanks!
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How is Db major functioning here? Subdominant Prolongation? Some kind of Dominant?

While improvising for a piece in Eb major, I came across an interesting progression. Eb -> Ab -> Db -> Eb But something that I couldn't figure out was the function of the Db. Here is the ...
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1answer
89 views

Soprano melody in PAC

When it comes to part-writing in a V7-I cadence, I understand that the leading tone in an outer voice must resolve to the tonic (^7->^1) and that the chordal 7th of the V7 (^4) should resolve down by ...
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343 views

Dorian mode cadences

From this question I read that modal cadences are different from tonic cadences. I'm trying to learn Dorian mode and I noted that in the answer they offer the suggestion of the second chord, first ...
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8answers
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Going from ♭VI to I

I have seen and heard a bVI -> I progression in quite a few scores to create an inspiring feeling (for example, from an F major chord to an A major chord) and was wondering how this could be ...
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Why does Bach sometimes end with flat 7ths?

I've been studying the Bach inventions, and I see a common patterns in the first 3 inventions: They tend to include the flat 7ths in the very end. Examples: C major: D major: E♭ major: From a ...
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Backdoor cadences - what would be the ♭VII chord in A major?

So I'm currently learning about using resolution in guitar chord progressions, and so far I have learned about tension chords which is usually, but not limited to, the fifth chord in the scale that ...
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How do I write a cadence without any context?

I am studying for my online RCM theory exam, and since I have no contact with my piano teacher I’ve been correcting with the answer book. My answers and the answers in the book are very different. I ...
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1answer
84 views

Have I identified my cadences correctly?

I am having so much trouble with cadence identification. After hours of Youtube video explanations I think that I have this correctly. Have I? How can I make this process easier? a. Perfect b. ...
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How is a clausula tertiaria/medians distinguished from a modulation to the relative major?

How is a clausula tertiaria/medians distinguished from a modulation to the relative major? Clausula tertiaria came up in the answer to one of my earlier questions. Some of the definitions I have ...
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Roman Numerals and VII#

The following is an excerpt from this Wikipedia article: [The Lydian cadence] is so-called because it evokes the Lydian mode based on its final chord as a tonic, and may be construed with the ...
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In a minor key can a cadence on the relative major be considered a type of quasi half cadence?

My question is not: what is the textbook definition of a half cadence? What I am trying to get at is the perception of an incomplete, sort of antecedent phrase ending. When playing the following ...
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4answers
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Diminished seventh cadence, is this an IAC or a PAC?

I have seen a few cadences where the only dominant function chord used cadentially is a diminished seventh, mainly resolving to root position tonic, though I have seen a few resolve to an inverted ...
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Genesis' bVII-V-I cadence

In the verse part of Genesis' "Behind the Lines", the last line of the chord progression goes: F C Dm Bb G -> C (resolution) What is that cadence? What is the theory for that bVII - V - I? I'...
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cadences with triads with two different notes

Can a cadence consist of a triad with only 2 different notes? Let's say I'm in Fmaj and want to include an imperfect cadence (ii - V): G - D - G followed by C - E - G. The first triad has only two ...
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Is this an example of Modal interchange? [duplicate]

The section I'm referring to is circled in red. The piece is in D♭ major. And I think here it's in F mixolydian, as both Cmin7 and F7 are in F mixolydian. Also, this part is the end of a phrase and ...
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How to make a plagal cadence sound convincing as an ending?

I am nearing the end of composing the first movement of my suite. And I plan to end the movement using a plagal cadence. But I know that a plagal cadence can be hard to make sound convincing. I mean ...
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(Conflict) Kostka/Payne Cadence Chart vs. Authentic Cadence in Natural Minor [duplicate]

According to Is this generic cadence chart from Kostka/Payne generally accepted?, However, the authentic cadence in natural minor, which is v-i, does not meet the definition by Kostka/Payne here. ...
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Variant Cadences

I've gone through many unusual cadences so far - conclusive cadences that are not V-I, V-i, v-i (rare), viio-I, #viio-i, IV-I, or iv-i, and progressive cadences that are not V, v (rare), V-vi, V-VI, ...
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♭VII-I Cadence, ♭III-I Cadence: Name?

I've gone through a bunch of ♭VII-I and ♭III-I cadences in rock music. In C major, they are B♭-C and E♭-C. Is there a specific name for the two cadences? So far, I've been calling them authentic ...
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1answer
196 views

Is there a standard set of cadences designed for the seven modes?

On Cadences for Modes and Modal Cadence Options, Dom, Richard, and I came up with a group of modal cadences. Specifically (correct order from Ionian to Locrian): Dom: ii-I, VII-i, II-i, II-I, VII-I, ...
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217 views

Why do plagal cadences in minor keys often use a Picardy 3rd?

In major keys, plagal cadences often occur as IV-I - as it is supposed to be. In minor keys, plagal cadences are originally supposed to be iv-i, but composers would often use a Picardy 3rd, making it ...
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Ger.6-I cadence - Name?

I was looking at some Romantic era works, and I have found an unusual cadence of: Is there a name for this cadence? I'm tempted to say it is a variant plagal cadence - A plagal cadence is normally a ...
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♭II6-I Cadence: Plagal or Authentic?

Chopin's Etude No. 16 in A minor, Op. 25 No. 4, ends with a cadence like this: B♭/D - A In Roman numerals, we write as: ♭II6 - I Is this cadence viewed as Plagal (N6 - I), or Authentic (tt - ...
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Does the II chord in the Phrygian II-i cadence count as tritone substitution?

In Phrygian modal music, the II-i cadence is pretty common. Does the II chord here count as a tritone substitute chord that is substituting for vo?
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Is there a name for this cadence - [Tritone Sub of V] - I

Sometimes I've been going through [Tritone Sub of V] - I cadences. Is there a specific name for this?
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Resolving to minmaj7

Looking for possible resolutions to a imaj7. Theoretical or not - shoot! Out-of-the-ordinary resolutions are needed (I already know the theory behind it, using possible modes and all ). Looking ...
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How can I analyze some parts of this excerpt?

I have two questions about this excerpt. In measure 1 (don't include the pickup note as a measure), there is an Eb tonic chord in the bass staff. How would the F in the melody line be analyzed as a ...
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1answer
502 views

Is a v-VI♭ progression in a minor key still a deceptive cadence?

I was just listening to a rock song that is in a minor key, and the phrase ends with a v moving to a VI♭ chord. Since the dominant chord is taken from the natural minor and doesn't contain the ...
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165 views

Can this chord progression be viewed as a cadence?

I was wondering if this ending chord progression to Led Zeppelin's "The Rain Song" could be viewed as a cadence. "The Rain Song" uses a very interesting guitar tuning (D-G-C-G-C-D). The notes also ...
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Is there a name for this cadence? (bVI bVII I) [duplicate]

I hear this chord progression (bVI bVII I) occur a lot in popular music. Is there a name for this progression or cadence? If I heard this at the end of a song or piece, how would I describe it? My ...
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450 views

Can a cadence end with a secondary dominant?

If I ended a 4 measure phrase with a V resolving to a V7/IV chord, would this still be considered a cadence since it concludes the phrase? When listening to this, it almost feels like an authentic ...
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Different harmonic changes implied by a simple descending scale

This is a question that readers may find confusing. It is a bit confusing to me too, but I'll try to explain and illustrate it as best as I can. What are the harmonic functions (in terms of Roman-...
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3answers
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Can we have a perfect cadence in a minor key?

I understand that, at least in the context of using a major scale, a perfect cadence is V-I. That is, if I were playing a piece in C major, I could play a chord similiar to the G major triad followed ...
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2answers
191 views

What constitutes a Cadence?

I've always considered a cadence to be the last two harmonies or chords in a phrase or line of music. Reading about the Andalusian cadence, it looks like it needs all four chords to qualify. I prefer ...
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Final cadence appears as Em7 - Am (v7 - i in A minor). Name?

I see an unusual cadence in the end of Debussy's Prelude of Pour le Piano. It is v7 - i in A minor. Is there an actual name for this? (Chord Progression: Fmaj7 - Abaug7 - Gaug7 - C9 - Em7 - Am)
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Why is this not a modulation?

Bars three and four look to me like a modulation to the subdominant with an imperfect cadence in Eb (especially with the Ab auxiliary note in bar three). The answers, however, mark bars three and four ...