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Questions tagged [cadence]

A melodic and/or harmonic configuration at the end of a phrase, section, or piece of music.

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What constitutes a Cadence?

I've always considered a cadence to be the last two harmonies or chords in a phrase or line of music. Reading about the Andalusian cadence, it looks like it needs all four chords to qualify. I prefer ...
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Final cadence appears as Em7 - Am (v7 - i in A minor). Name?

I see an unusual cadence in the end of Debussy's Prelude of Pour le Piano. It is v7 - i in A minor. Is there an actual name for this? (Chord Progression: Fmaj7 - Abaug7 - Gaug7 - C9 - Em7 - Am)
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Why is this not a modulation?

Bars three and four look to me like a modulation to the subdominant with an imperfect cadence in Eb (especially with the Ab auxiliary note in bar three). The answers, however, mark bars three and four ...
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What types of cadences work well in natural minor mode?

I am currently interested in writing a piece in the natural minor mode, and it seems like "v - i" cadence does not quite work as well as compared to the harmonic / melodic minor modes, which use "V - ...
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When was the Imperfect Authentic Cadence invented?

Inverted IAC (1st example) : Either one, or both chords, are not in the root position. Root position IAC (2nd example) : Both chords are in root position, but the highest voice of the final chord is ...
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What is a “Slovenian Cadence”?

I recently acquired a large collection of music theory review materials. In it, I came across the term "Slovenian cadence." Does anyone know what this might be? Unfortunately, the review materials ...
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What type of cadence is this?

What type of cadence is this at the end of Dvorak's 9th symphony (Dvorak's 9th Symphony, 4th movement, Finale - Allegro con fuoco (Meaning: "Fast and Spirited"))? Is it an imperfect authentic cadence ...
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When was the “Picardy 3rd” invented?

When was the Picardy 3rd, the final tonic borrowed chord, invented?
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Leading-tone IAC?

Why did Beethoven write a leading-tone IAC here? It appears as viio 6/5 - I. Also, why does the leading tone IAC exist?
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Is it okay to end a period with an IAC? [closed]

So I started writing a waltz. I have been mainly focusing on the bass line because I got advice from someone that if I focus on the bass progression, the basic melody will just come to me. And once I ...
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Understanding the concept of a “Cadence”

According to the Wikipedia article on Cadences, they create "a sense of resolution [finality or pause]." This got me wondering about a more modern and pop context, where simple chord progressions ...
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Is this generic cadence chart from Kosta/Payne generally accepted?

I was perusing my Kostka/Payne book for something when I noticed this chart which I either never paid attention to or forgot :-) I understand its meaning, but it leads to some interesting ...
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Are these inversions in a cadence correct?

I would greatly appreciate it if someone could help me. Currently, I am learning about Authentic, Half, and Plagal Cadences. And I have to find them in composition, then tell the name. At first it ...
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The function of Gm G♭ B♭ chord progression in “Shine On You Crazy Diamond”

Over the Christmas break I heard this programme on BBC radio: Shine On You Crazy Diamond David Gilmour discusses his famous four-note motif B♭ F G E but what wasn't discussed and I wished had ...
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How to write extended perfect authentic cadences

I am currently writing a Berceuse in the style of Chopin and I noticed in a lot of his music and that of other romantic composers in the final perfect authentic cadences they repeat it multiple times ...
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Is the typical use of the N6 Neapolitan chord to lead to a perfect cadence rather than a half cadence?

The basic N6 description is that it leads to the dominant chord, but this doesn't fully explain its use in cadences. A survey of my harmony texts - Piston, Seigmeister, and Kostka - show N6 going to ...
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What makes some intervals consonant while others dissonant?

Why does an authentic cadence sound pleasing to the ear? What makes an interval "Consonant" or "Dissonant" and why are there only two categories for intervals?
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Is the sense of resolution of a harmonic cadence psychologically “intrinsic”, or is it created through conditioning?

If we took someone who had never heard western music before and played a piece of music with, say, a deceptive cadence and a perfect cadence in it, would they understand it? I.e., would they feel that ...
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What are examples of non-Classical cadences?

Perfect/imperfect authentic cadences, half cadences, deceptive cadences, and plagal cadences have been around since at least Mozart. What are some either specific cadences or approaches to cadences ...
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How do I write “piano style” cadences?

I'm currently undertaking the AMEB theory grades. I'm up to grade 4 and am working on different types of cadences but I STILL don't understand how "piano style" (the one with the bass note in the bass ...
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Is there a specific name for the use of IV chord over the V in the bass, e.g. F/G in the key of C

You see this chord a fair amount, usually leading to the tonic as a sort of souped-up plagal cadence (plagal in the treble, perfect in the bass). Is there a specific name for this, other than "4 over ...
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Plagal and perfect cadences and chords and PIANO STYLE in music theory!

I'm working on AMEB Grade 3 Theory and in the "piano style" chapter, it asks to follow the chords and then write a plagal cadence in piano style. The thing is, I'm getting them wrong according to the ...
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identifying chord in guitar study

I am unsure about which chords I am playing in the guitar study I below Especially I'd loke to know: is the chord in the 3rd bar on beat 3 and 4 a dm7b5 or rather an inversion of an Fm6 or something ...
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Does every phrase in music end with a cadence?

I'm just wondering if every phrase in music ends on a Cadence? Much like every sentence in English ends with a period? I am mainly talking about common music such as pop, rock, classical, traditional,...
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What kind of cadence is this?

I'm currently learning about periods and there is a question in the book, asking for the closure in m. 4. The book says it's a half cadence, but it ends on a I (or I64). The only half cadence I see ...
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Counterpoint (Fux): 3rd species, 3 voices, closing formulas

I am working my way through Gradus ad Parnassum (Mann translation). The chapter is: third species in three voices. At page 92, I see an example (Fig. 130) that ends like this: I cannot understand the ...
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What are the chords in this bridge's cadence? [closed]

The music is this one (already at the point of the bridge), and the (almost) full chords sheet is here (it doesn't have the bridge). I wasn't able to identify the chords they used in the bridge, so I'...
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How do I analyze this altered dominant chord?

In the key of C, what type of cadence and Roman numeral analysis would G B D# to C E G be? It's in John Thompson, "Hop O' My Thumb" measures 3 and 4.
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1answer
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Is this an imperfect authentic cadence in a minor key?

In the case where the chords ending a phrase (in B minor) are: | D | A | A#m | Bm | in B minor it would be III V/III(VII) #vii i In my opinion the A#m is a passing chord, which leaves me with D A ...
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Cadence in Haydn's String Quartet in G, Op. 54, No 1, i, 1-13

I'm studying with a book called "Analyzing Classical Form" and it says that the cadence in this piece starts it's cadence on the 2nd half of m 10 but that's a III(5) and I'm so confused. Download the ...
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Is this cadence correctly written?

Sorry for the vague question title, I'm not sure how to phrase it more descriptively. In the following image, I've written in an imperfect I-V cadence for a melody in D major. I've tried to follow ...
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Name for major/minor ambiguity in cadence

Is there a name for a cadence which ends on I or i, but with the third intentionally omitted, so as to leave the final chord ambiguous between major and minor? Or a general term for using the tonic ...
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What is the name of the chord in this cadence?

I am working through the Augmented Sixth Chords chapter of Piston's Harmony (5th Edition). The last figured bass exercise, 1g ends with the following cadence. I've worked out what the figured bass ...
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Cadences: Voicing and Roman numerals

In a cadence (2 part) will the upper note always be the last note? For example, I have to write GBD for chord V (C major). So the bass will have G but will the top part have a B or a D? Also, when ...
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Voice leading a plagal cadence

I was wondering if the above plagal cadence in Eb major was correct or not. Also, are the stem directions right? And am I right to assume that I had to write it in only 2 part? or is it actually 4 ...
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Is contrary motion a requirement when approaching a cadence?

Do the upper parts in all cadences move in contrary motion to the bass.if I write it like that, am I wrong? Or is it only for adjacent chords?
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Modal Cadence Options

I understand that when playing in a mode, the cadences are quite different from tonal cadences. For example, in the Phrygian mode a cadence would be IV - iii (or II - i if we're renumbering the chords)...
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Why is a Cadence important in music?

I'm confused as to what a cadence does. The only thing I understand is that like English it's a period in a sentence. Is that its primary purpose to separate pieces of thought? And how important is it?...
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Can you change chord progressions from chorus to verses or would that sound disjointed?

I know it sounds like a stupid question, but can you change the chord progression from the chorus to the verse to allow for a perfect cadence, or for example if you choose I-IV-V-I chord progression ...
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Figuring out a modulation

I am currently working on a piano piece and am at the same time trying to analyze its harmony. I am puzzled by a small section where it seems to modulate from C major to C minor, but everything doesn'...
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375 views

Plagal cadence or Imperfect cadence

I am told a plagal cadence is IV - I and an imperfect cadence is (any chord) - V. So suppose I have the cadence CEG - GBD. This could be I - V, which is an imperfect cadence, but it could also be IV - ...
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cadence naming confusion

Checking out cadences for a student, I thought that 'perfect' was the U.K. version of the U.S. 'authentic'. Then went on to find 'perfect authentic' cadence. It seemed like tautology, but it appears ...
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Is this a form of cadence?

I had to harmonize a piece in E major with a given melody. The image below shows the end of the piece, with my harmonization. Normally, I would write the first beat of the second-to-last bar as B in ...
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Is there a name for each of the two chords that form a cadence?

Let's say we're in the key of C major (for simplicity). A typical cadence would be V-I, which is G major to C major. Is there are name given for the role each chord play within a cadence? The reason ...
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Can 2 single notes be considered as cadence?

I was studying a tutorial about phrases and cadences. I faced following image : Here [I] means first chord of F Major scale so it's F Major Chord. So is the next note (A) also considered as [I] or ...
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bV substitution in ii V I

So I have been playing around with the good'ol ii V I standard and I have found, just by playing around, that instead of going to the V, it sounds odd, but you can substitute it for a bV. Key: D ...
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Does this cadence have a name?

The cadence on the fermata in this (simplified) example sounds familiar to me (in blue): Since it does, I suppose it possibly has a name. My best guesses trying to analyze it so far are: half ...
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Does a dominant seventh chord always have to function as a secondary dominant/cadence?

Does a dominant seventh chord always have to function as a secondary dominant/cadence? In "I Wanna Hold Your Hand" they play a B7-C and a B7-G instead of resolving to an E. Does this just work as a ...
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Why aren't unusual leading tone cadences more common?

As far as I understand, the main reason why an authentic cadence (i.e. V–I) works well and is so common, is that the dominant chord contains the leading tone, which resolves very strongly to the tonic....
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How common is it to omit the I in II V I cadences in Jazz?

I was studying the song 'Satin Doll' by Duke Ellington: And basically, there many II V in different tonalities. The same happens in Charles Mingus's 'Nostalgia in Times Square' (bars 9-11): In both ...