Questions tagged [cadence]

A melodic and/or harmonic configuration at the end of a phrase, section, or piece of music.

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What is the significance of learning ''cadences" in music composition?

What is the significance in understanding this concept if I wanted to write music? If I understood cadences, then would that mean I would be able to structure my compositions?
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Help with the last chord in progression

I have following progression: G-Em-Bm-C G-Em-Bm-C G-Bm-F#m-A D-Bm-F#m-??? G-Em-Bm-C... I am happy with the progression and it works well, but struggling with the last chord. Any suggestions? Thanks!
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How is Db major functioning here? Subdominant Prolongation? Some kind of Dominant?

While improvising for a piece in Eb major, I came across an interesting progression. Eb -> Ab -> Db -> Eb But something that I couldn't figure out was the function of the Db. Here is the ...
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Soprano melody in PAC

When it comes to part-writing in a V7-I cadence, I understand that the leading tone in an outer voice must resolve to the tonic (^7->^1) and that the chordal 7th of the V7 (^4) should resolve down by ...
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Dorian mode cadences

From this question I read that modal cadences are different from tonic cadences. I'm trying to learn Dorian mode and I noted that in the answer they offer the suggestion of the second chord, first ...
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Going from ♭VI to I

I have seen and heard a bVI -> I progression in quite a few scores to create an inspiring feeling (for example, from an F major chord to an A major chord) and was wondering how this could be ...
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Why does Bach sometimes end with flat 7ths?

I've been studying the Bach inventions, and I see a common patterns in the first 3 inventions: They tend to include the flat 7ths in the very end. Examples: C major: D major: E♭ major: From a ...
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Backdoor cadences - what would be the ♭VII chord in A major?

So I'm currently learning about using resolution in guitar chord progressions, and so far I have learned about tension chords which is usually, but not limited to, the fifth chord in the scale that ...
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How do I write a cadence without any context?

I am studying for my online RCM theory exam, and since I have no contact with my piano teacher I’ve been correcting with the answer book. My answers and the answers in the book are very different. I ...
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1answer
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Have I identified my cadences correctly?

I am having so much trouble with cadence identification. After hours of Youtube video explanations I think that I have this correctly. Have I? How can I make this process easier? a. Perfect b. ...
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How is a clausula tertiaria/medians distinguished from a modulation to the relative major?

How is a clausula tertiaria/medians distinguished from a modulation to the relative major? Clausula tertiaria came up in the answer to one of my earlier questions. Some of the definitions I have ...
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Roman Numerals and VII#

The following is an excerpt from this Wikipedia article: [The Lydian cadence] is so-called because it evokes the Lydian mode based on its final chord as a tonic, and may be construed with the ...
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In a minor key can a cadence on the relative major be considered a type of quasi half cadence?

My question is not: what is the textbook definition of a half cadence? What I am trying to get at is the perception of an incomplete, sort of antecedent phrase ending. When playing the following ...
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Diminished seventh cadence, is this an IAC or a PAC?

I have seen a few cadences where the only dominant function chord used cadentially is a diminished seventh, mainly resolving to root position tonic, though I have seen a few resolve to an inverted ...
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Genesis' bVII-V-I cadence

In the verse part of Genesis' "Behind the Lines", the last line of the chord progression goes: F C Dm Bb G -> C (resolution) What is that cadence? What is the theory for that bVII - V - I? I'...
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cadences with triads with two different notes

Can a cadence consist of a triad with only 2 different notes? Let's say I'm in Fmaj and want to include an imperfect cadence (ii - V): G - D - G followed by C - E - G. The first triad has only two ...
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Is this an example of Modal interchange? [duplicate]

The section I'm referring to is circled in red. The piece is in D♭ major. And I think here it's in F mixolydian, as both Cmin7 and F7 are in F mixolydian. Also, this part is the end of a phrase and ...
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How to make a plagal cadence sound convincing as an ending?

I am nearing the end of composing the first movement of my suite. And I plan to end the movement using a plagal cadence. But I know that a plagal cadence can be hard to make sound convincing. I mean ...
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(Conflict) Kostka/Payne Cadence Chart vs. Authentic Cadence in Natural Minor [duplicate]

According to Is this generic cadence chart from Kostka/Payne generally accepted?, However, the authentic cadence in natural minor, which is v-i, does not meet the definition by Kostka/Payne here. ...
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Variant Cadences

I've gone through many unusual cadences so far - conclusive cadences that are not V-I, V-i, v-i (rare), viio-I, #viio-i, IV-I, or iv-i, and progressive cadences that are not V, v (rare), V-vi, V-VI, ...
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♭VII-I Cadence, ♭III-I Cadence: Name?

I've gone through a bunch of ♭VII-I and ♭III-I cadences in rock music. In C major, they are B♭-C and E♭-C. Is there a specific name for the two cadences? So far, I've been calling them authentic ...
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Is there a standard set of cadences designed for the seven modes?

On Cadences for Modes and Modal Cadence Options, Dom, Richard, and I came up with a group of modal cadences. Specifically (correct order from Ionian to Locrian): Dom: ii-I, VII-i, II-i, II-I, VII-I, ...
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Why do plagal cadences in minor keys often use a Picardy 3rd?

In major keys, plagal cadences often occur as IV-I - as it is supposed to be. In minor keys, plagal cadences are originally supposed to be iv-i, but composers would often use a Picardy 3rd, making it ...
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Ger.6-I cadence - Name?

I was looking at some Romantic era works, and I have found an unusual cadence of: Is there a name for this cadence? I'm tempted to say it is a variant plagal cadence - A plagal cadence is normally a ...
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♭II6-I Cadence: Plagal or Authentic?

Chopin's Etude No. 16 in A minor, Op. 25 No. 4, ends with a cadence like this: B♭/D - A In Roman numerals, we write as: ♭II6 - I Is this cadence viewed as Plagal (N6 - I), or Authentic (tt - ...
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Does the II chord in the Phrygian II-i cadence count as tritone substitution?

In Phrygian modal music, the II-i cadence is pretty common. Does the II chord here count as a tritone substitute chord that is substituting for vo?
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Is there a name for this cadence - [Tritone Sub of V] - I

Sometimes I've been going through [Tritone Sub of V] - I cadences. Is there a specific name for this?
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Resolving to minmaj7

Looking for possible resolutions to a imaj7. Theoretical or not - shoot! Out-of-the-ordinary resolutions are needed (I already know the theory behind it, using possible modes and all ). Looking ...
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How can I analyze some parts of this excerpt?

I have two questions about this excerpt. In measure 1 (don't include the pickup note as a measure), there is an Eb tonic chord in the bass staff. How would the F in the melody line be analyzed as a ...
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Is a v-VI♭ progression in a minor key still a deceptive cadence?

I was just listening to a rock song that is in a minor key, and the phrase ends with a v moving to a VI♭ chord. Since the dominant chord is taken from the natural minor and doesn't contain the ...
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Can this chord progression be viewed as a cadence?

I was wondering if this ending chord progression to Led Zeppelin's "The Rain Song" could be viewed as a cadence. "The Rain Song" uses a very interesting guitar tuning (D-G-C-G-C-D). The notes also ...
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Is there a name for this cadence? (bVI bVII I) [duplicate]

I hear this chord progression (bVI bVII I) occur a lot in popular music. Is there a name for this progression or cadence? If I heard this at the end of a song or piece, how would I describe it? My ...
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Can a cadence end with a secondary dominant?

If I ended a 4 measure phrase with a V resolving to a V7/IV chord, would this still be considered a cadence since it concludes the phrase? When listening to this, it almost feels like an authentic ...
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Different harmonic changes implied by a simple descending scale

This is a question that readers may find confusing. It is a bit confusing to me too, but I'll try to explain and illustrate it as best as I can. What are the harmonic functions (in terms of Roman-...
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Can we have a perfect cadence in a minor key?

I understand that, at least in the context of using a major scale, a perfect cadence is V-I. That is, if I were playing a piece in C major, I could play a chord similiar to the G major triad followed ...
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What constitutes a Cadence?

I've always considered a cadence to be the last two harmonies or chords in a phrase or line of music. Reading about the Andalusian cadence, it looks like it needs all four chords to qualify. I prefer ...
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Final cadence appears as Em7 - Am (v7 - i in A minor). Name?

I see an unusual cadence in the end of Debussy's Prelude of Pour le Piano. It is v7 - i in A minor. Is there an actual name for this? (Chord Progression: Fmaj7 - Abaug7 - Gaug7 - C9 - Em7 - Am)
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Why is this not a modulation?

Bars three and four look to me like a modulation to the subdominant with an imperfect cadence in Eb (especially with the Ab auxiliary note in bar three). The answers, however, mark bars three and four ...
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What types of cadences work well in natural minor?

I am currently interested in writing a piece in natural minor, and it seems like "v - i" cadence does not quite work as well as compared to harmonic and melodic minors, which use "V - i". How can I ...
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When was the Imperfect Authentic Cadence invented?

Inverted IAC (1st example) : Either one, or both chords, are not in the root position. Root position IAC (2nd example) : Both chords are in root position, but the highest voice of the final chord is ...
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What is a “Slovenian Cadence”?

I recently acquired a large collection of music theory review materials. In it, I came across the term "Slovenian cadence." Does anyone know what this might be? Unfortunately, the review materials ...
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What type of cadence is this?

What type of cadence is this at the end of Dvorak's 9th symphony (Dvorak's 9th Symphony, 4th movement, Finale - Allegro con fuoco (Meaning: "Fast and Spirited"))? Is it an imperfect authentic cadence ...
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When was the “Picardy 3rd” invented?

When was the Picardy 3rd, the final tonic borrowed chord, invented?
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Leading-tone IAC?

Why did Beethoven write a leading-tone IAC here? It appears as viio 6/5 - I. Also, why does the leading tone IAC exist?
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Is it okay to end a period with an IAC? [closed]

So I started writing a waltz. I have been mainly focusing on the bass line because I got advice from someone that if I focus on the bass progression, the basic melody will just come to me. And once I ...
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Understanding the concept of a “Cadence”

According to the Wikipedia article on Cadences, they create "a sense of resolution [finality or pause]." This got me wondering about a more modern and pop context, where simple chord progressions ...
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Is this generic cadence chart from Kostka/Payne generally accepted?

I was perusing my Kostka/Payne book for something when I noticed this chart which I either never paid attention to or forgot :-) I understand its meaning, but it leads to some interesting ...
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Are these inversions in a cadence correct?

I would greatly appreciate it if someone could help me. Currently, I am learning about Authentic, Half, and Plagal Cadences. And I have to find them in composition, then tell the name. At first it ...
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The function of Gm G♭ B♭ chord progression in “Shine On You Crazy Diamond”

Over the Christmas break I heard this programme on BBC radio: Shine On You Crazy Diamond David Gilmour discusses his famous four-note motif B♭ F G E but what wasn't discussed and I wished had ...
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How to write extended perfect authentic cadences

I am currently writing a Berceuse in the style of Chopin and I noticed in a lot of his music and that of other romantic composers in the final perfect authentic cadences they repeat it multiple times ...