Questions tagged [cadence]

A melodic and/or harmonic configuration at the end of a phrase, section, or piece of music.

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Is coda the same thing as a cadence?

So a coda is "the concluding passage of a piece or movement, typically forming an addition to the basic structure" (Oxford Languages). A cadence, according to Britannica, is the ending of a ...
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Is the I-IV-viio-I progression never usable?

This question arose while studying the circle of fifths. Along with the cadence, I learned the progressions below. viio - iii - vi - ii - V - I I - IV - I I - V - I I - IV - V - I But if 'I - IV - V ...
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Can an evaded cadence end the antecedent of a period?

I would especially like an answer in the context of the theory of formal functions, although input from other perspectives is also welcomed. The question arised when I was analyzing the main theme (or ...
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Seems to fit all 3 PAC criteria and yet I'm told it's a root position IAC?

So, as I have been looking for examples of the 3 different types of IAC(Imperfect Authentic Cadence), I run into this: A cadence that looks like a PAC(Perfect Authentic Cadence) on paper, but which I'...
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How to avoid Battuta in this case of first species counterpoint

In this exercise on first species counterpoint, the top melody is the cantus firmus and the bottom one my counterpoint. I am not a musician and just learned the rules. This is the second exercise from ...
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Is this phrase ending a half cadence, imperfect authentic cadence, or neither?

I'm working on this for a music theory class. By my analysis: Song is in key of A major The chord for measure three uses the 4th scale degree, or IV The chord for measure four is the tonic, or I I'...
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Is this diminished II7 or VII in harmonic minor?

1: [] Hi, I have some problems to analyze 2nd and 4th bar chords in this example in A minor (harmonic). For my understanding, 2nd bar chord can be either diminished chord in ii or vii. What about the ...
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What is the function of this diminished 7th chord in KV 332? [duplicate]

Consider the following cadence from the 3rd movement of Mozart's piano sonata KV 332: What is the function of the diminished 7th chord B D F Ab?
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Name for second last note before resolution?

If I have a phrase and there is no chords, just single tones. The phrase ends on the tonic. Is there a term for the second last note if its always +/- 1 step (in the scale) away from tonic? Can I call ...
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Can someone explain what an imperfect authentic cadence is? What are the requirements to make this?

I don't really fully understand what an imperfect authentic cadence is. I was told that if the chords are inverted, then it's considered an IAC. Or maybe the melody can be 4–3, etc. I just need an ...
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Is a phrygian cadence iv6 - V or can it also be VI - V?

I have always thought that a phrygian cadence was VI - V but I now read that it is actually iv6 - V. Can both be used?
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What are some useful resources for modal study? [closed]

I'm looking for some useful historical references for modal study. Specifically, great books or texts on how modes evolved, progressed and became the elusive subject they are today. What resources ...
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Were Plagal Cadences always used with an Authentic Cadence preceding it?

In typical 19th-century harmony, was a Plagal Cadence always used with an Authentic Cadence preceding it? To put it another way, was it typically ever used out of its "Amen" context?
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Do accidentals apply to notes in the same measure but in different octaves? [duplicate]

In a work by Leonarda (1693) I find that there are octave leaps at a cadence with an accidental sharp on the first note but no explicit accidental on the lower note. Surely the lower note should also ...
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Why does this website include ii-I as a plagal cadence?

Has ii-I ever been a plagal cadence or is this site incorrect? https://www.simplifyingtheory.com/perfect-imperfect-plagal-deceptive-half-cadence/
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Why does an imperfect cadence not include IV-I?

I am learning that an imperfect cadence only involves inverted chords with the V-I. Why is IV not included? Should an 'imperfect' plagal cadence be avoided?
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Why is there no name for the ii-I cadence (Only the V-I and IV-I)?

Is the ii-I cadence considered bad practice since it doesn't have enough movement or resolution? Example - the chord progression (I-vi-IV-ii) (I-vi-IV-I) There is no name for cadences other than V-I ...
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Can a cadence happen only at the end of a measure?

In this chord progression, | I vi IV V | I vi IV V | I |, there seems to be a perfect cadence that occurs at the end of one chord progression/measure (V) and the beginning of the next chord ...
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What are the cadences in minor keys?

There are four basic cadences - perfect, plagal, imperfect and interrupted - in U.K. terms. In major keys, they are, simply put, V>I, IV>I, I>V, and V>vi (often) respectively. I'm looking ...
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Help identifying cadences and modes in iidim7 - i - vidim - vsus4

I'm a beginner when it comes to modes and cadences, and I want to understand them better to improve my song-writing as a metal guitarist. While fiddling with my guitar today, I "wrote" this ...
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2 atypical cadences, are they half cadences?

So, I analyzed the harmony and structure of Grande Valse Brilliante op. 18, and most of the cadences make perfect sense to me, but there are 2 cadences that don't really, one on the tonic, which I can ...
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Can someone explain the resolutions in Rachmaninoff Prelude in C# Minor?

I started to learn the Rachmaninoff Prelude in C# Minor (Op. 3 No. 2). Until recently I have had not much experience with music theory, except for the very basic things. In order to remember the piece ...
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6 answers
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Chromatic approaching dominant

I'm having a little trouble analyzing this blues-y cadence. I've called the dominant chord a G9 even though there is no third (B) at the end of the bar. I think this makes sense, since it is ...
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What is the significance of learning ''cadences" in music composition?

What is the significance in understanding this concept if I wanted to write music? If I understood cadences, then would that mean I would be able to structure my compositions?
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Help with the last chord in progression

I have following progression: G-Em-Bm-C G-Em-Bm-C G-Bm-F#m-A D-Bm-F#m-??? G-Em-Bm-C... I am happy with the progression and it works well, but struggling with the last chord. Any suggestions? Thanks!
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Why does the V-I cadence sound tonal rather than modal?

I have heard that the V-I cadence is to be avoided when playing chant accompaniment: e.g., Gregorian chant. It seems to me that the leading tone going to the tonic makes it sound like a tonal cadence ...
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How is Db major functioning here? Subdominant Prolongation? Some kind of Dominant?

While improvising for a piece in Eb major, I came across an interesting progression. Eb -> Ab -> Db -> Eb But something that I couldn't figure out was the function of the Db. Here is the ...
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Soprano melody in PAC

When it comes to part-writing in a V7-I cadence, I understand that the leading tone in an outer voice must resolve to the tonic (^7->^1) and that the chordal 7th of the V7 (^4) should resolve down by ...
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Dorian mode cadences

From this question I read that modal cadences are different from tonic cadences. I'm trying to learn Dorian mode and I noted that in the answer they offer the suggestion of the second chord, first ...
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8 answers
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Going from ♭VI to I

I have seen and heard a bVI -> I progression in quite a few scores to create an inspiring feeling (for example, from an F major chord to an A major chord) and was wondering how this could be ...
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Why does Bach sometimes end with flat 7ths?

I've been studying the Bach inventions, and I see a common patterns in the first 3 inventions: They tend to include the flat 7ths in the very end. Examples: C major: D major: E♭ major: From a ...
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Backdoor cadences - what would be the ♭VII chord in A major?

So I'm currently learning about using resolution in guitar chord progressions, and so far I have learned about tension chords which is usually, but not limited to, the fifth chord in the scale that ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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How do I write a cadence without any context?

I am studying for my online RCM theory exam, and since I have no contact with my piano teacher I’ve been correcting with the answer book. My answers and the answers in the book are very different. I ...
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Have I identified my cadences correctly?

I am having so much trouble with cadence identification. After hours of Youtube video explanations I think that I have this correctly. Have I? How can I make this process easier? a. Perfect b. ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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How is a clausula tertiaria/medians distinguished from a modulation to the relative major?

How is a clausula tertiaria/medians distinguished from a modulation to the relative major? Clausula tertiaria came up in the answer to one of my earlier questions. Some of the definitions I have ...
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5 votes
3 answers
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Roman Numerals and VII#

The following is an excerpt from this Wikipedia article: [The Lydian cadence] is so-called because it evokes the Lydian mode based on its final chord as a tonic, and may be construed with the ...
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In a minor key can a cadence on the relative major be considered a type of quasi half cadence?

My question is not: what is the textbook definition of a half cadence? What I am trying to get at is the perception of an incomplete, sort of antecedent phrase ending. When playing the following ...
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3 votes
4 answers
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Diminished seventh cadence, is this an IAC or a PAC?

I have seen a few cadences where the only dominant function chord used cadentially is a diminished seventh, mainly resolving to root position tonic, though I have seen a few resolve to an inverted ...
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3 votes
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Genesis' bVII-V-I cadence

In the verse part of Genesis' "Behind the Lines", the last line of the chord progression goes: F C Dm Bb G -> C (resolution) What is that cadence? What is the theory for that bVII - V - I? I'...
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cadences with triads with two different notes

Can a cadence consist of a triad with only 2 different notes? Let's say I'm in Fmaj and want to include an imperfect cadence (ii - V): G - D - G followed by C - E - G. The first triad has only two ...
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Is this an example of Modal interchange? [duplicate]

The section I'm referring to is circled in red. The piece is in D♭ major. And I think here it's in F mixolydian, as both Cmin7 and F7 are in F mixolydian. Also, this part is the end of a phrase and ...
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4 votes
6 answers
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How to make a plagal cadence sound convincing as an ending?

I am nearing the end of composing the first movement of my suite. And I plan to end the movement using a plagal cadence. But I know that a plagal cadence can be hard to make sound convincing. I mean ...
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(Conflict) Kostka/Payne Cadence Chart vs. Authentic Cadence in Natural Minor [duplicate]

According to Is this generic cadence chart from Kostka/Payne generally accepted?, However, the authentic cadence in natural minor, which is v-i, does not meet the definition by Kostka/Payne here. ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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♭VII-I Cadence, ♭III-I Cadence: Name?

I've gone through a bunch of ♭VII-I and ♭III-I cadences in rock music. In C major, they are B♭-C and E♭-C. Is there a specific name for the two cadences? So far, I've been calling them authentic ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Is there a standard set of cadences designed for the seven modes?

On Cadences for Modes and Modal Cadence Options, Dom, Richard, and I came up with a group of modal cadences. Specifically (correct order from Ionian to Locrian): Dom: ii-I, VII-i, II-i, II-I, VII-I, ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Why do plagal cadences in minor keys often use a Picardy 3rd?

In major keys, plagal cadences often occur as IV-I - as it is supposed to be. In minor keys, plagal cadences are originally supposed to be iv-i, but composers would often use a Picardy 3rd, making it ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
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Ger.6-I cadence - Name?

I was looking at some Romantic era works, and I have found an unusual cadence of: Is there a name for this cadence? I'm tempted to say it is a variant plagal cadence - A plagal cadence is normally a ...
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-2 votes
2 answers
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♭II6-I Cadence: Plagal or Authentic?

Chopin's Etude No. 16 in A minor, Op. 25 No. 4, ends with a cadence like this: B♭/D - A In Roman numerals, we write as: ♭II6 - I Is this cadence viewed as Plagal (N6 - I), or Authentic (tt - ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Does the II chord in the Phrygian II-i cadence count as tritone substitution?

In Phrygian modal music, the II-i cadence is pretty common. Does the II chord here count as a tritone substitute chord that is substituting for vo?
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1 vote
1 answer
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Is there a name for this cadence - [Tritone Sub of V] - I

Sometimes I've been going through [Tritone Sub of V] - I cadences. Is there a specific name for this?
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