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Questions tagged [cadence]

A melodic and/or harmonic configuration at the end of a phrase, section, or piece of music.

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23
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6answers
4k views

The function of Gm G♭ B♭ chord progression in “Shine On You Crazy Diamond”

Over the Christmas break I heard this programme on BBC radio: Shine On You Crazy Diamond David Gilmour discusses his famous four-note motif B♭ F G E but what wasn't discussed and I wished had ...
14
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4answers
254 views

Is the sense of resolution of a harmonic cadence psychologically “intrinsic”, or is it created through conditioning?

If we took someone who had never heard western music before and played a piece of music with, say, a deceptive cadence and a perfect cadence in it, would they understand it? I.e., would they feel that ...
14
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5answers
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Do different modes have the same cadence structure?

In major and minor keys, the perfect cadence is V to I Will this structure remain the same in a different mode? I.e. E Phrygian Mode in the key of C (E F G A B C D), the tonic chord is the iii of ...
10
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1answer
558 views

When was the deceptive cadence introduced?

Bach used the Deceptive Cadence as early as his Passacaglia and Fugue in C minor, BWV 582, which dates to the early 18th century. Are there earlier uses? A definitive answer may be impossible, but I ...
9
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3answers
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When to use inversions in harmonizing a bass line

What exactly is the procedure for harmonizing a bass line? In my class, the teacher introduced inversions of chords, which are not hard to understand per se, but I can't wrap my head around how can I ...
9
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6answers
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Why aren't unusual leading tone cadences more common?

As far as I understand, the main reason why an authentic cadence (i.e. V–I) works well and is so common, is that the dominant chord contains the leading tone, which resolves very strongly to the tonic....
9
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4answers
598 views

Understanding the concept of a “Cadence”

According to the Wikipedia article on Cadences, they create "a sense of resolution [finality or pause]." This got me wondering about a more modern and pop context, where simple chord progressions ...
9
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3answers
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Cadences for Modes

For each of the modes, is there a certain chord that goes before the targeted I or i chord? For instance, it seems in the Phrygian mode that II to i is a quite strong progression. In Ionian, obviously ...
8
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3answers
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cadence naming confusion

Checking out cadences for a student, I thought that 'perfect' was the U.K. version of the U.S. 'authentic'. Then went on to find 'perfect authentic' cadence. It seemed like tautology, but it appears ...
8
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2answers
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Ic-V-I perfect cadence progression SATB part writing rules

I am studying Music at AS-level - we have to harmonise a soprano line (in any style we wish I believe) with the alto, tenor and bass parts. One possible perfect cadence I have been taught is the Ic-V-...
7
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2answers
207 views

How do I analyze this altered dominant chord?

In the key of C, what type of cadence and Roman numeral analysis would G B D# to C E G be? It's in John Thompson, "Hop O' My Thumb" measures 3 and 4.
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3answers
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Why is a Cadence important in music?

I'm confused as to what a cadence does. The only thing I understand is that like English it's a period in a sentence. Is that its primary purpose to separate pieces of thought? And how important is it?...
6
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4answers
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How common is it to omit the I in II V I cadences in Jazz?

I was studying the song 'Satin Doll' by Duke Ellington: And basically, there many II V in different tonalities. The same happens in Charles Mingus's 'Nostalgia in Times Square' (bars 9-11): In both ...
6
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4answers
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Why does a melodic half step resolve on the higher note?

What is so special about a melodic half step that makes it "want" to go up (As in the leading tone to the tonic). Why isn't there as much resolution in a melodic half-step downwards?
6
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4answers
534 views

Is there a specific name for the use of IV chord over the V in the bass, e.g. F/G in the key of C

You see this chord a fair amount, usually leading to the tonic as a sort of souped-up plagal cadence (plagal in the treble, perfect in the bass). Is there a specific name for this, other than "4 over ...
6
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4answers
495 views

Is contrary motion a requirement when approaching a cadence?

Do the upper parts in all cadences move in contrary motion to the bass.if I write it like that, am I wrong? Or is it only for adjacent chords?
6
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5answers
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Does a phrase ending in V7/V - V end in an authentic cadence or a half cadence?

Does a phrase ending in V7/V - V end in an authentic cadence or a half cadence?
6
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3answers
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What do multiple l's and r's beneath a note mean?

I do a tad of drumming, but not enough at all to call myself a drummer (or anything close). I understand what a R or a L means under a note, but i'm not sure what two or three under each note means. I ...
6
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4answers
190 views

Name for major/minor ambiguity in cadence

Is there a name for a cadence which ends on I or i, but with the third intentionally omitted, so as to leave the final chord ambiguous between major and minor? Or a general term for using the tonic ...
6
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2answers
301 views

Need help about Harmonizing Cadences

Using the given soprano notes, how can I plot the tonal journey that will start and end in G minor. This exercise wants me to use middle two cadences to move to a related chord and have one authentic ...
5
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3answers
386 views

Resolving to minmaj7

Looking for possible resolutions to a imaj7. Theoretical or not - shoot! Out-of-the-ordinary resolutions are needed (I already know the theory behind it, using possible modes and all ). Looking ...
5
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3answers
362 views

Different harmonic changes implied by a simple descending scale

This is a question that readers may find confusing. It is a bit confusing to me too, but I'll try to explain and illustrate it as best as I can. What are the harmonic functions (in terms of Roman-...
5
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3answers
247 views

Does this cadence have a name?

The cadence on the fermata in this (simplified) example sounds familiar to me (in blue): Since it does, I suppose it possibly has a name. My best guesses trying to analyze it so far are: half ...
5
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2answers
629 views

Modal Cadence Options

I understand that when playing in a mode, the cadences are quite different from tonal cadences. For example, in the Phrygian mode a cadence would be IV - iii (or II - i if we're renumbering the chords)...
5
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1answer
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Counterpoint (Fux): 3rd species, 3 voices, closing formulas

I am working my way through Gradus ad Parnassum (Mann translation). The chapter is: third species in three voices. At page 92, I see an example (Fig. 130) that ends like this: I cannot understand the ...
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6answers
876 views

How to make a plagal cadence sound convincing as an ending?

I am nearing the end of composing the first movement of my suite. And I plan to end the movement using a plagal cadence. But I know that a plagal cadence can be hard to make sound convincing. I mean ...
4
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3answers
930 views

Can we have a perfect cadence in a minor key?

I understand that, at least in the context of using a major scale, a perfect cadence is V-I. That is, if I were playing a piece in C major, I could play a chord similiar to the G major triad followed ...
4
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3answers
399 views

What is the name of the chord in this cadence?

I am working through the Augmented Sixth Chords chapter of Piston's Harmony (5th Edition). The last figured bass exercise, 1g ends with the following cadence. I've worked out what the figured bass ...
4
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3answers
256 views

Figuring out a modulation

I am currently working on a piano piece and am at the same time trying to analyze its harmony. I am puzzled by a small section where it seems to modulate from C major to C minor, but everything doesn'...
4
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3answers
237 views

Is this a form of cadence?

I had to harmonize a piece in E major with a given melody. The image below shows the end of the piece, with my harmonization. Normally, I would write the first beat of the second-to-last bar as B in ...
4
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2answers
108 views

Are these inversions in a cadence correct?

I would greatly appreciate it if someone could help me. Currently, I am learning about Authentic, Half, and Plagal Cadences. And I have to find them in composition, then tell the name. At first it ...
4
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2answers
598 views

Is this an imperfect authentic cadence in a minor key?

In the case where the chords ending a phrase (in B minor) are: | D | A | A#m | Bm | in B minor it would be III V/III(VII) #vii i In my opinion the A#m is a passing chord, which leaves me with D A ...
4
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2answers
111 views

What constitutes a Cadence?

I've always considered a cadence to be the last two harmonies or chords in a phrase or line of music. Reading about the Andalusian cadence, it looks like it needs all four chords to qualify. I prefer ...
4
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3answers
322 views

I don't understand dominant 7ths in cadences

I am confused with the following passage: Dominants are associated with a strong urge to resolve to their next chord in the circle of fifths. This particular sequence, E7 A7 Dm (or V7/V-V7-i) ...
4
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1answer
112 views

What is a “Slovenian Cadence”?

I recently acquired a large collection of music theory review materials. In it, I came across the term "Slovenian cadence." Does anyone know what this might be? Unfortunately, the review materials ...
4
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1answer
114 views

Is this generic cadence chart from Kostka/Payne generally accepted?

I was perusing my Kostka/Payne book for something when I noticed this chart which I either never paid attention to or forgot :-) I understand its meaning, but it leads to some interesting ...
4
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3answers
1k views

bV substitution in ii V I

So I have been playing around with the good'ol ii V I standard and I have found, just by playing around, that instead of going to the V, it sounds odd, but you can substitute it for a bV. Key: D ...
3
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3answers
446 views

Plagal cadence or Imperfect cadence

I am told a plagal cadence is IV - I and an imperfect cadence is (any chord) - V. So suppose I have the cadence CEG - GBD. This could be I - V, which is an imperfect cadence, but it could also be IV - ...
3
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2answers
63 views

Why do plagal cadences in minor keys often use a Picardy 3rd?

In major keys, plagal cadences often occur as IV-I - as it is supposed to be. In minor keys, plagal cadences are originally supposed to be iv-i, but composers would often use a Picardy 3rd, making it ...
3
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3answers
579 views

Does a dominant seventh chord always have to function as a secondary dominant/cadence?

Does a dominant seventh chord always have to function as a secondary dominant/cadence? In "I Wanna Hold Your Hand" they play a B7-C and a B7-G instead of resolving to an E. Does this just work as a ...
3
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2answers
93 views

Does the II chord in the Phrygian II-i cadence count as tritone substitution?

In Phrygian modal music, the II-i cadence is pretty common. Does the II chord here count as a tritone substitute chord that is substituting for vo?
3
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2answers
394 views

What kind of cadence is this?

I'm currently learning about periods and there is a question in the book, asking for the closure in m. 4. The book says it's a half cadence, but it ends on a I (or I64). The only half cadence I see ...
3
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2answers
496 views

Is there a name for this cadence? (bVI bVII I) [duplicate]

I hear this chord progression (bVI bVII I) occur a lot in popular music. Is there a name for this progression or cadence? If I heard this at the end of a song or piece, how would I describe it? My ...
3
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1answer
95 views

Is the typical use of the N6 Neapolitan chord to lead to a perfect cadence rather than a half cadence?

The basic N6 description is that it leads to the dominant chord, but this doesn't fully explain its use in cadences. A survey of my harmony texts - Piston, Seigmeister, and Kostka - show N6 going to ...
3
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1answer
132 views

What types of cadences work well in natural minor?

I am currently interested in writing a piece in natural minor, and it seems like "v - i" cadence does not quite work as well as compared to harmonic and melodic minors, which use "V - i". How can I ...
3
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2answers
475 views

Is there a name for each of the two chords that form a cadence?

Let's say we're in the key of C major (for simplicity). A typical cadence would be V-I, which is G major to C major. Is there are name given for the role each chord play within a cadence? The reason ...
3
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1answer
113 views

What are examples of non-Classical cadences?

Perfect/imperfect authentic cadences, half cadences, deceptive cadences, and plagal cadences have been around since at least Mozart. What are some either specific cadences or approaches to cadences ...
2
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6answers
117 views

Why is this not a modulation?

Bars three and four look to me like a modulation to the subdominant with an imperfect cadence in Eb (especially with the Ab auxiliary note in bar three). The answers, however, mark bars three and four ...
2
votes
1answer
186 views

♭VII-I Cadence, ♭III-I Cadence: Name?

I've gone through a bunch of ♭VII-I and ♭III-I cadences in rock music. In C major, they are B♭-C and E♭-C. Is there a specific name for the two cadences? So far, I've been calling them authentic ...
2
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2answers
384 views

Voice leading a plagal cadence

I was wondering if the above plagal cadence in Eb major was correct or not. Also, are the stem directions right? And am I right to assume that I had to write it in only 2 part? or is it actually 4 ...