Questions tagged [chord-theory]

For questions about the theory behind building and naming chords.

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2
votes
2answers
38 views

Where to get the chords of a song in roman numerals instead of regular chords

In web pages like https://www.ultimate-guitar.com/ you get the chords of a song (see this for an example). And that's enough if you are aiming to be a campfire guitar player. But when looking for ...
4
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3answers
230 views

Are extended chords assumed to have each extended interval below it and a 7th? [duplicate]

For instance, is a 13th chord assumed to have an 11th, 9th, 7th, 5th and 3rd along with it unless otherwise noted? And a 9th is assumed to have a 7th along with the triad, an 11th is assumed to have a ...
1
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1answer
49 views

Analysing harmony in music [on hold]

I've read books like Theory of Harmony, Tonal Harmony, The Complete Musician, and just started reading structural functions of harmony. But I still find myself confused on those weird out-of-key ...
5
votes
1answer
126 views

Are there J.S. Bach pieces that do not start with the tonic chord?

I know some simple pieces where the initial phrase starts in the IV chord or the V chord, but I'm wondering if Bach used to do that.
4
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2answers
44 views

Use of sharps and flats when writing altered notes to chords in key

A quick question about the conventions of writing music. I have a song I am working on where I am going from a G major to a F#-b9. The song is in G major for most of it before going into a middle ...
1
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1answer
122 views

♭VII-I Cadence, ♭III-I Cadence: Name?

I've gone through a bunch of ♭VII-I and ♭III-I cadences in rock music. In C major, they are B♭-C and E♭-C. Is there a specific name for the two cadences? So far, I've been calling them authentic ...
6
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2answers
122 views

Letters m, n and v above roman numerals in functional harmony notation

I'm reading a functional harmony textbook and found the notation in the following passage confusing: Consecutive VI and VII degrees in melody are harmonised with chords IV-VII6 (in minor: IVm-VII6) ...
5
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5answers
555 views

Are all diatonic chords in the diminished scale diminished?

I think there's some confusion about the definition of the word 'diatonic'. I'm not using it here to refer to the the prominent primal pattern of the heptatonic scale that has a group of two and three ...
0
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2answers
85 views

How do certain chords get such prominent names?

A musician friend just mentioned that "F major is my favourite chord (or tonality)". Regardless whether it makes sense to have a "favourite" chord, this got me thinking. There must be many, many ...
0
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3answers
103 views

Choosing appropriate accompaniment chords for a waltz melody

I wanted to write a simple 'classical sounding piece' of music and I find that waltz is the easiest as I have trouble finding chords. I wrote this simple meoldy in A melodic minor but I can't seem to ...
2
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1answer
40 views

Pivot chord but different scale. ( Ex. G; C and C; C ) is it possible to use them as a pivot chord to one another?

Even though the scales are different, G; C - lydian , C; C - Ionian . Is it possible to use this as a pivot chord to modulate to one another ? If it is possible, how ?
3
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3answers
89 views

Is there a way to notate octaves for chords?

Say I wanted someone to play a C major triad in the 4th octave at one point in a song I've written, while I wanted them to play the same chord (a C major triad) in the 5th octave instead of the 4th at ...
3
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3answers
276 views

What is meant by perfect, imperfect consonance and dissonance?

I'm assuming that perfect consonance to imperfect consonance to dissonance, would be the measurement of consonance to dissonance within an octave? Or is there more than meets the eye within this ...
4
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5answers
2k views

13th chords on guitar

I am learning how to build chords. As I understand the 13th chord contains 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13 interval. For Cmaj13 for example its gonna be C, E, G, B, D, F, A notes. I see many 13th chord ...
2
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3answers
109 views

Are there add#5 chords?

For example, if I play D, E, G#, B and C, should I call this chord Eadd#5/D?
6
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2answers
1k views

Chords behaving as a melody

I've been learning some Christmas carols on the guitar and I noticed that the chord structure they have is very different from what I can usually see in popular/rock music. I noticed that the ...
1
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1answer
76 views

Diminished chord sounds great in the song song but terrible when I play it

I'm trying to play A Cruel Angel's Thesis on the guitar (just the chords for now) and the whole pre-chorus uses lots of 7th chords, and a Ddim7 right before the end. That chord sounds just terrible ...
1
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0answers
35 views

Eighth Slash Notes for a Simile

I know that if you want to make a SIMILE part, you can put as my picture, quarter notes then convert in Sibelius to SLASH NOTATION and enter the text that says SIMILE. Here is the photo: https://ibb....
20
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5answers
2k views

Is there any set of 2-6 notes that doesn't have a chord name?

Is there any combination of up to six notes in the chromatic scale that could not be classified and named as a chord? Can anyone give me an example and explanation if so?
7
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8answers
1k views

Music theory behind A chord in the key of G

I'm fairly new to music theory and i want to know the rule/principle/theory behind why for example you're in the Key of G playing an A Chord is acceptable. Can someone point me to what i can read to ...
1
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3answers
85 views

How to tell what the chord “functions” are in a progression?

I have an easy time telling the tonic in the chord progression but sometimes I am not sure of the other chords and what their "function" is in the progression and am trying to learn more about this. I ...
4
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3answers
75 views

Using V and v chord when melody alternates between harmonic and natural minor

When using the harmonic (or melodic) minor scale for a melody, it is often combined with the natural minor, depending on whether the seventh is a leading tone going up to the tonic (in which case you'...
3
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1answer
102 views

Is there a name of “I - bVI - bIII - bVII” progression?

I heard a song with "I - bVI - bIII - bVII" and It's one of my favorite progression. So I want to know about that progression.
4
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2answers
680 views

Does a minor major 6th chord exist? [duplicate]

I'm playing some chords from a song that goes Fm (F, A♭, C, F on guitar), Fmin7 (E♭, A♭, C, F), and a chord I don't know what to call that uses D, A♭, C, F. This appears to be similar to an Fmin/maj7 ...
0
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1answer
93 views

How do you construct triad superimpositions in the style of Steve Khan? [closed]

Steve Khan had a theory of triad superimposition and substitution he called Contemporary Chord Khancepts. How do you construct triad superimpositions in the style of Steve Khan?
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1answer
106 views

What is Pat Martino's Diminished Concept? [closed]

Is the basic principle of Pat Martino's Diminished Concept for chord construction anything more than simply altering diminished chords?
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5answers
952 views

Bb13b9 confusion

Sorry simple question but how do you avoid confusion when writing a chord like Bb13b9? It can be read as either B with a b13 and a b9 or Bb with a 13 and a b9. I suppose context but I am wondering if ...
8
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3answers
402 views

Interval of parallel 5ths in the resolution of a German 6th chord

In a music theory workbook, there was an example of a German 6th chord, which resolves to chord V. However, there is an interval of parallel 5ths in this (A♭ & E♭ going to G & D). How are ...
7
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3answers
632 views

Writing an augmented sixth chord on the flattened supertonic

I have recently learnt about Augmented 6th chords. The examples in a music theory workbook had this chord written on the flattened submediant (6th degree of the scale). There was a small note in the ...
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2answers
34 views

Major Mediant of F Major Scale [duplicate]

I'm writing a solo over a progression in F Major. However, the progression uses a major mediant instead of the usual minor. Therefore, my progression in F major is IV-III-vi-ii-I (Bbmaj-Amaj-Dmin-Gmin-...
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4answers
87 views

Notes in minor chords

I recently read that the 5-note 7th degree chord of the C-minor melodic scale is Bm7b5b9. By the 'rule of thirds' the notes in this chord by my deduction would be B-D-F-A-C, but this only works if ...
3
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5answers
175 views

Question about IV chord in minor key

Key of A minor: Am - Em/G - F - D - Dm - Am/C - B - E How would you describe the D chord? I'm not sure. Is it from a melodic minor? Is there any specific reason why this progression works well? ...
3
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2answers
96 views

Chord symbol and Roman numeral for naming an Augmented 6th chord

While there are chord symbols & Roman numerals used to name a Neapolitan 6th chord, I haven't come across either of these for naming an Augmented 6th chord. The only names written were Italian 6th,...
5
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1answer
254 views

What should one keep in mind when writing the Neapolitan 6th chord in a chord progression?

So I have just started reading about the Neapolitan 6th, & I'm new to this topic. I know that it is generally used in its first inversion, & is often followed by chord V. Thus it is used in ...
0
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5answers
217 views

Labeling half-diminished seventh chords - [X]m7♭5 or [Y]m6?

On my older question Are the diminished chords not that common in modern popular music?, I got this answer: "The half-diminished (or m7♭5) is usually suggested as the diatonic chord on the 7th ...
3
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0answers
53 views

What is a good app, software or other efficient method to type out staff notations? [closed]

I’m asking for suggestions and recommendations from music theory educators who often need to prepare music lesson notes and set tests that will require a lot of staff notation images, for e.g. an ...
3
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4answers
348 views

Melodic minor Major 9 chords

While researching melodic minor chords I came across Am(M9). If this is a true chord what notes are in it? My guess is A-C-E-G#-B. Not sure if one plays this on a piano… probably something for a ...
4
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3answers
170 views

What is a Bm chord with a G in it?

I am writing a song with G > Bm > Em as the main chord progression but I found a lot of nice fingerings on the guitar for the Bm chord with an added G in it. Does this make the chord a B minor 6 ...
1
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3answers
129 views

Is the ♭VII chord still a dominant chord in the natural minor scale? [duplicate]

If I have the progression Cm > Ab > Bb > Cm from the C natural minor scale, does the Bb chord still work as a dominant chord as it would in Eb major? I know that in the minor scale, ...
8
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7answers
2k views

Using chord iii in a chord progression (major key)

I haven't come across music as yet where chord iii is used in a chord progression. I read somewhere that generally chord iii is not used, or very rarely used. Is this correct? If chord iii is used, ...
1
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1answer
58 views

Is it ok to write a note of the same register in two voices (SATB)?

I want to know if this is allowed when writing for SATB. The chord is D/F#. The note D is of the same register, but repeated in the Alto & Tenor voices. Is this allowed in a music theory exam?
0
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0answers
45 views

Writing characteristic chord progressions in inversion, & doubling notes other than the root

There are characteristic chord progressions taught in music theory, for example, the cadential 6-4, which is Ic - V - I. Then there's Ib - ii7b - V - I, & so on. I want to know if these cadences ...
0
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2answers
80 views

Chord in Bach's chorale

This is a part of Bach's chorale R.311. I am unsure of the starred chord. It uses a passing note in it as well. According to me, I think this chord is A°/C, with the D as an accented passing note. ...
1
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2answers
66 views

Identifying unusual chord progression & chord [closed]

I have come across this short piece. I am unsure about the key (even though it uses 2 flats as its key signature - so I am assuming it mostly is Bb major). I could not identify one of the chords (...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

How are the chords in this progression functioning together?

I wrote a song that has a pretty simple verse that's in D minor. I can understand all of the chords in that progression. However, I can't figure out what's going on in the chorus. I'm curious why it ...
3
votes
5answers
123 views

Why don't diminished 7 passing chords work going downhill?

It seems that one is able to add a passing diminished 7 chord in between most diatonic chords going upwards, but going down, it doesn't always work. For example, G > D > D#dim7 > Em sounds great, ...
7
votes
6answers
2k views

What chord could the notes 'F A♭ E♭' form?

Can someone please help me understand this chord progression that actually takes the listener from E♭ to B♭. There is a chord at the end of the phrase and I can't understand what chord it ...
8
votes
3answers
268 views

chromatic descent on minor chord

In popular music I often hear a chromatic descent on some minor chords where the root note of the chord descends downward. So in C major if you take the A minor chord and descend the bass note ...
9
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5answers
579 views

Should one double the thirds or the fifth in chords?

Generally, theory books mention that one should double the root of the chord. This is followed most of the time, except by some composers who choose to double the 3rd or the 5th of the chord. When ...
0
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1answer
80 views

Labelling chords in Bach's chorale

The image is a part of Bach's chorale BWV 94.8 or R. 291 (image taken from www.bach-chorales.com). I want to confirm the harmony of the 2 chords marked with a star. Is the chord with a blue star A7/C# ...