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Questions tagged [chord-theory]

For questions about the theory behind building and naming chords.

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3answers
74 views

How to tell what the chord “functions” are in a progression?

I have an easy time telling the tonic in the chord progression but sometimes I am not sure of the other chords and what their "function" is in the progression and am trying to learn more about this. I ...
3
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3answers
66 views

Using V and v chord when melody alternates between harmonic and natural minor

When using the harmonic (or melodic) minor scale for a melody, it is often combined with the natural minor, depending on whether the seventh is a leading tone going up to the tonic (in which case you'...
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8answers
14k views

A chord is three notes? What do you call just two notes?

Until very recently I'd though a chord was any group of notes played together. However, I just heard a chord defined as "three or more notes played together." If this is the case, what should I ...
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1answer
87 views

How do you construct triad superimpositions in the style of Steve Khan? [on hold]

Steve Khan had a theory of triad superimposition and substitution he called Contemporary Chord Khancepts. How do you construct triad superimpositions in the style of Steve Khan?
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1answer
89 views

What is Pat Martino's Diminished Concept? [closed]

What is the basic principle of Pat Martino's Diminished Concept for chord construction? Is there anything more to it than simply altering diminished chords?
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1answer
78 views

Is there a name of “I - bVI - bIII - bVII” progression?

I heard a song with "I - bVI - bIII - bVII" and It's one of my favorite progression. So I want to know about that progression.
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2answers
657 views

Does a minor major 6th chord exist? [duplicate]

I'm playing some chords from a song that goes Fm (F, A♭, C, F on guitar), Fmin7 (E♭, A♭, C, F), and a chord I don't know what to call that uses D, A♭, C, F. This appears to be similar to an Fmin/maj7 ...
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3answers
397 views

Interval of parallel 5ths in the resolution of a German 6th chord

In a music theory workbook, there was an example of a German 6th chord, which resolves to chord V. However, there is an interval of parallel 5ths in this (A♭ & E♭ going to G & D). How are ...
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5answers
943 views

Bb13b9 confusion

Sorry simple question but how do you avoid confusion when writing a chord like Bb13b9? It can be read as either B with a b13 and a b9 or Bb with a 13 and a b9. I suppose context but I am wondering if ...
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3answers
625 views

Writing an augmented sixth chord on the flattened supertonic

I have recently learnt about Augmented 6th chords. The examples in a music theory workbook had this chord written on the flattened submediant (6th degree of the scale). There was a small note in the ...
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2answers
31 views

Major Mediant of F Major Scale [duplicate]

I'm writing a solo over a progression in F Major. However, the progression uses a major mediant instead of the usual minor. Therefore, my progression in F major is IV-III-vi-ii-I (Bbmaj-Amaj-Dmin-Gmin-...
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4answers
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Notes in minor chords

I recently read that the 5-note 7th degree chord of the C-minor melodic scale is Bm7b5b9. By the 'rule of thirds' the notes in this chord by my deduction would be B-D-F-A-C, but this only works if ...
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5answers
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How would this chord from “Rocket Man” be analyzed?

[Chorus:] Bb Eb And I think it's gonna be a long, long time Bb 'Till touch down brings me roung again to find ...
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5answers
170 views

Question about IV chord in minor key

Key of A minor: Am - Em/G - F - D - Dm - Am/C - B - E How would you describe the D chord? I'm not sure. Is it from a melodic minor? Is there any specific reason why this progression works well? ...
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2answers
261 views

How to tell when chords are separate entities and not part of one prevailing chord?

I have a question about Michael Jackson's song - Another Part Of Me. Considering just the first two measures (counting from drums), we have E♭ in the bass with the vamp playing chords composed of (to ...
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2answers
92 views

Chord symbol and Roman numeral for naming an Augmented 6th chord

While there are chord symbols & Roman numerals used to name a Neapolitan 6th chord, I haven't come across either of these for naming an Augmented 6th chord. The only names written were Italian 6th,...
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1answer
249 views

What should one keep in mind when writing the Neapolitan 6th chord in a chord progression?

So I have just started reading about the Neapolitan 6th, & I'm new to this topic. I know that it is generally used in its first inversion, & is often followed by chord V. Thus it is used in ...
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3answers
138 views

Labeling half-diminished seventh chords - m7b5 or m6?

On my older question Are the diminished chords not that common in modern popular music?, I got this answer: The half-diminished (or m7b5) is usually suggested as the diatonic chord on the 7th ...
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4answers
346 views

Melodic minor Major 9 chords

While researching melodic minor chords I came across Am(M9). If this is a true chord what notes are in it? My guess is A-C-E-G#-B. Not sure if one plays this on a piano… probably something for a ...
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0answers
51 views

What is a good app, software or other efficient method to type out staff notations? [closed]

I’m asking for suggestions and recommendations from music theory educators who often need to prepare music lesson notes and set tests that will require a lot of staff notation images, for e.g. an ...
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3answers
156 views

What is a Bm chord with a G in it?

I am writing a song with G > Bm > Em as the main chord progression but I found a lot of nice fingerings on the guitar for the Bm chord with an added G in it. Does this make the chord a B minor 6 ...
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4answers
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Confused about diminished chords

I came across several guitar chords which seem to be 'diminished' chords: X° X°7 Xø Xø7 I read some articles which might provide useful informating, including the Dutch Wiki article Chord (music), ...
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2answers
106 views

Analyzing Hisaishi Joe's “The Bygone Days”

( Play it from 1:12 to start from the [B] part ) what is that D#m7(11) ? how does that leads to Gmaj7 ?
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7answers
2k views

Using chord iii in a chord progression (major key) [closed]

I haven't come across music as yet where chord iii is used in a chord progression. I read somewhere that generally chord iii is not used, or very rarely used. Is this correct? If chord iii is used, ...
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3answers
125 views

Is the ♭VII chord still a dominant chord in the natural minor scale? [duplicate]

If I have the progression Cm > Ab > Bb > Cm from the C natural minor scale, does the Bb chord still work as a dominant chord as it would in Eb major? I know that in the minor scale, ...
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1answer
55 views

Is it ok to write a note of the same register in two voices (SATB)?

I want to know if this is allowed when writing for SATB. The chord is D/F#. The note D is of the same register, but repeated in the Alto & Tenor voices. Is this allowed in a music theory exam?
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0answers
38 views

Writing characteristic chord progressions in inversion, & doubling notes other than the root

There are characteristic chord progressions taught in music theory, for example, the cadential 6-4, which is Ic - V - I. Then there's Ib - ii7b - V - I, & so on. I want to know if these cadences ...
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2answers
64 views

Identifying unusual chord progression & chord [closed]

I have come across this short piece. I am unsure about the key (even though it uses 2 flats as its key signature - so I am assuming it mostly is Bb major). I could not identify one of the chords (...
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2answers
77 views

Chord in Bach's chorale

This is a part of Bach's chorale R.311. I am unsure of the starred chord. It uses a passing note in it as well. According to me, I think this chord is A°/C, with the D as an accented passing note. ...
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7answers
3k views

Why is a ♭5 chord not a “triad”?

If you look at the kinds of thirds and fifths, you immediately see six obvious combinations: minor third/diminished fifth minor third/perfect fifth minor third/augmented fifth major third/diminished ...
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5answers
788 views

Notation and construction of 13th chords

Firstly, I would like to ask whether 13th chords by default have a minor, major or diatonic 13th or is it contextual to the 3rd used. E.g. Am13 in the Aeolian mode: Is the 13th F or F# (F being ...
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4answers
369 views

Are the names for these chords valid?

I came up with these chord names, but I don't know if they are right: 1st chord c d# F# G# B = cmM7add-13b5 --- cmm7 = c d# B... add-13 = g#<< min 6 without 11th.... b5 = actual 5th lowered ...
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7answers
338 views

When a major 6th (or an octave thereof) is in a chord, when is the chord symbol written as a 6th vs. a 13th?

I'm not asking about obvious cases like regular 6th chords or extended chords with 13ths. For example, I'm clear that C E G A is a C6 chord. I'm also clear that C E G B♭ D F A is a C13 chord. (And yes,...
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6answers
23k views

Chord naming conventions: add2 versus add9

I'm confused about the chord naming convention for the chord C-D-E-G. Is it Cadd2 or Cadd9? Similarly, I'm confused about the chord C-E-F-G. Is it Cadd4 or Cadd11? EDIT: I understand what is the ...
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3answers
267 views

How are 13th chords with alterations “shorthand” written?

My question is a general curiosity because on StackExchange and other sites I haven't found a complete answer that I can get my head around. I've read through the existing 13th discussions and am ...
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5answers
121 views

Why don't diminished 7 passing chords work going downhill?

It seems that one is able to add a passing diminished 7 chord in between most diatonic chords going upwards, but going down, it doesn't always work. For example, G > D > D#dim7 > Em sounds great, ...
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6answers
179 views

How to choose between Cdim and C#dim?

I have noticed that there is a common chord progression that exists in a few variants: C, C#dim, Dm, G7. It's often changed by changing Dm to D to give the progression a little bit more spark. However,...
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1answer
76 views

How are the chords in this progression functioning together?

I wrote a song that has a pretty simple verse that's in D minor. I can understand all of the chords in that progression. However, I can't figure out what's going on in the chorus. I'm curious why it ...
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2answers
385 views

Ranking dominant chord alterations by dissonance

In a jazz chord progression, there are many ways to alter the extensions and notes in a dominant chord. Reasons for altering dominant chords are to add harmonic variety, to construct elegant and ...
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6answers
2k views

What chord could the notes 'F A♭ E♭' form?

Can someone please help me understand this chord progression that actually takes the listener from E♭ to B♭. There is a chord at the end of the phrase and I can't understand what chord it ...
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3answers
424 views

How many times am i allowed to repeat Chord progressions within a 6 song catalogue?

Ι am attempting to write 6 songs for a live performance of about 22 minutes. But I keep beating myself up over my "artistic integrity" when I repeat progressions that I enjoy. For example, say I go ...
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7answers
2k views

“slash” chords, e.g. B/F♯ - are these only for inversions, or can any note be the bass note?

I'm trying to work out whether it is technically correct to have a "slash" chord where the bass note is not one of the notes in the chord. I thought the main reason for slash chords is to show which ...
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3answers
255 views

chromatic descent on minor chord

In popular music I often hear a chromatic descent on some minor chords where the root note of the chord descends downward. So in C major if you take the A minor chord and descend the bass note ...
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3answers
2k views

What scale are the chords Em A C D in?

I've been trying to work out what scale a song with chords Em A C D is in. The major chords A, C, D are never together in any scale. If C and D are there it would suggest the key is G but then the A ...
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4answers
115 views

Are chord resolutions objective?

Im looking into chord resolution at the moment and i wonder from then way people in online tutorials talk about them if a certain chord always resolves to the same chord. Or does it depend on its role ...
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4answers
1k views

Naming convention for augmented 6th chords

There are three types of Augmented 6th chord the German, the Italian, and the French. Most chords are named for the intervals they contain or their function, but these seem like just arbitrary names ...
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7answers
2k views

Augmented dominant seventh chord = what scale?

An easy example: C+7 = C E G# Bb What scale would this thing come from? When playing it it sounds lydian to me, not so much dominant. Same notes rewritten: E+7#11 = E G# B# A# my best guess ...
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5answers
2k views

Chord construction using the minor scale

Background information (leads onto my question) Here is a table of the A minor scale + the suggested chord qualities (the qualities were copied from the Wikipedia page on Roman Numeral Analysis where ...
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4answers
87 views

Labeling suspension chords

I have an idea of what suspension chords are (in theory). However, I have a problem in labeling the chords correctly. Could anyone explain with an example on how to correctly label suspension chords ...
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1answer
71 views

Goodbye Porkpie Hat - solo harmonic analysis

I have been untangling Goodbye Porkpie Hat, the original on Mingus Ah Um. The solo section has different chords to the head on this version. I have listened to the sax solo, and I am making notes, but ...