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Questions tagged [chord-theory]

For questions about the theory behind building and naming chords.

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Is a root, an octave, followed by a 5th a EsusAdd5

If you have a Root - Octave - 5th, does this become a EsusAdd5 even though you don't play the first 5th in the scale or is just a different voicing/shape for Esus?
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Playing complex chords on a 6-string guitar

Forgive my ignorance, I lately got a little bit into music theory and I realize that on a 6 string guitar there are a good bunch of chords that can't be played correctly/completely. Now, if you ...
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323 views

Songs that don't end with key chord? [closed]

I'm quite new to music theory, I think the fact that I've just found out that songs most of the time end with the key chords would prove it :D. To be able to understand this better I'm looking for ...
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421 views

How to go about naming a chord

I'm transcribing something in C. The chord notes in a particular bar are, in rising order, C#, G, B, E. As I see it, there are three choices - Em6, A9 (no A), and C#m7b5. None of them seems to be a ...
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What is the name of a circular clock-like diagram in which you can place a triad shape and rotate it to get the notes in a chord of a particular type?

Not sure where I got this idea, but if you take your chromatic scale and wrap it in a circle, then draw a triangle, for example from A to C to E back to A, and rotate that triangle, it will show you ...
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132 views

Can an F# replace an A?

I play the bass in a band. We are playing Ray LaMontagne's "A Falling Through." The chords for the intro and verses are C/G and F, but our guitarist prefers playing C Cmaj7 Am and F. The problem ...
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364 views

What is an Italian sixth?

I've done some jazz rehearsals and while other members were discussing chords I overheard them talking about an 'Italian sixth', 'German sixth' and a 'French sixth.' I have no idea what they are ...
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Dominant seventh

I just watched a video about music theory and the guy in the video sounded as if there is a difference between AMaj7 which would A C# E G And something he called an "A major dominant seven" Is ...
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294 views

Eleventh Chord in Major and Dominant

In 11th chords we're adding an 11th (which is a 4th above the octave) to a given chord: Cmin7: 1 b3 5 b7 Cmin11: 1 b3 5 b7 11 Cmin7b5: 1 b3 b5 b7 Cmin7b5/11: 1 b3 b5 b7 11 I've learned that I ...
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65 views

Key analysis of piece with roots in A and later on G

So I have a piece written in C, with very few accidentals. However the bass resides mainly on A. Am I correct in assuming that most probably it means the piece is actually in A minor? Later on I use ...
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Chord spelling help for piano arrangement

I'm working on an arrangement of a song and my theory knowledge is mainly as a vocalist, so I'm a bit stuck on what would be the best option for a pianist to read/play on this certain bit of music: ...
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239 views

What chord is made of the following notes: F♯/G♭3, B3, D4, F4?

I have a chord with the following notes: F♯/G♭3, (G3,) B3, D4, F4 This chord sounds to me like a harmonically dense G dominant seventh. However, I only tentatively added the note G to this in hopes ...
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What's the logic behind chords building patterns that are in key?

I've found multiple resources on the internet that give you this pattern for building chords in a key, i.e. for the Major Scale: 1st Major, 2nd minor, 3rd minor, 4th Major, 5th Major, 6th minor, 7th ...
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Eight numerals vs. twelve half-steps

I see a lot to piano tutorials (like Laura Palmer's Theme) that use roman numerals to indicate chord progression. In Laura Palmer's Theme, it's: i - I - III - iv - I - vi - IV - i In the key of C ...
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Why do IV and V chords in a scale not start on their root?

When discussing chord construction, my piano instructor couldn't offer much other than "that's the way it is", so I want to see if anyone can offer insight. Why are the IV and V chords of a scale (...
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336 views

Name for the 1-2-4 chord

Is there a name for the chord 1-2-4? For instance, it's appearing in Schubert's Sonata D959 in the second bar: A-B-D.
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Modal Chord Families

Lately I came here with a question about modal II-V patterns and my answers were varied. I'm very confused about modal chord families and I can't find a single book or page on the internet anywhere. I'...
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Why is a 2-5-1 progression so often associated with JAZZ?

Why is a 2-5-1 progression so often associated with JAZZ?? Is there something inherent in this progression that makes it sound jazzy? Or rather, is it just that jazz people started to use it, ...
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4answers
149 views

Name for major/minor ambiguity in cadence

Is there a name for a cadence which ends on I or i, but with the third intentionally omitted, so as to leave the final chord ambiguous between major and minor? Or a general term for using the tonic ...
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2answers
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Do i need my Root note, 3rd or 5ft note to be at down beat to be in Chord?

Do i need my Root note, 3rd or 5ft note to be at down beat to be in Chord ?
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310 views

Modal II-V Patterns

So II-V7 patterns occur when a minor seventh and a dominant seventh are a fourth apart or when a minor seventh moves to a dominant seventh with root motion that moves down by half step. This all being ...
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Jazz Theory: in progression IM7-VIm7-IIm7-V7, why can the VIm7 be subsituted by VImMaj7?

The book i'm reading says that: in progression I-VIm-IIm-V7 (for example Bb- Gm7-Cm7-F7 ). The Gm7 can be subsituted by G7 because it's a V/II - IIm, yes. and the G7 is also the Eb7(nop, its Db7) ...
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3answers
178 views

Building the chords for C#m(b6)

Hello i'm new to music theory and im trying to apply basic scale theory to form the chord mentioned above but it im not getting the notes required to form the chord. This is what i did. C#m is the ...
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5answers
238 views

What is the theory behind these minor chords becoming major?

Please tell what the theory is behind A minor chord becoming a major in a major scale, like now I am playing a Bollywood song called Senorita which is in the key of A major, but in the song there are ...
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234 views

How do I go about naming/understanding the second chord in corcovado

I'm in the habit of writing lead sheets down for songs I learn, and the second chord of this stumped me. The notes are, starting at the bottom, G#, F, B E. The context is | Am6 | % | ...
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2-5-1 Jazz progression and modes

I am classically trained and just started looking into jazz theory. I understand that the 2-5-1 progression is a good place to start. My basic understanding is to play the above progression with ...
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4answers
376 views

Locrian mode and power chords

I'm studying in an online game music course, and I'm experimenting Modes to add unusual sound to the music. I'm a complete newbie in music. So let's have the Locrian mode, the root chord is a dimished ...
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Dm6 Chord, why is it B and not Bb?

I'm a folkie guitar player, I have only a very basic knowledge of music theory. As I understand it a Dm scale would contain D E F G A Bb C And indeed I play songs us Dm, F, Bb and C chords and ...
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158 views

Chords names when playing guitar with some open strings

How do you call these chords in letter notation correctly? First: supposedly Asus2? -0- -0- -2- -2- -0- -x- Second: like B or Bm with open 1st and 2nd strings -0- -0- -4- -4- -2- -x- ...
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Jazz theory: In progression II7-V7-I, can I make tritone substitute with different kind of Altered V7?

Like F7b9 to B7+5 ; F7alt to B7+11? I meant any kind of different altered dominant seven, not only some particular ones like F7alt to B7 , F7b9 to B7b9, etc
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What is this chord?

We have the successive notes : B-E-A-D#-F# I know that it is not B11. I have no idea of the name.
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328 views

Key Changes Using the Chord Numbering (Nashville) System

Hi and thank you to all who use this site to talk about music. My question which I have not been able to find anywhere is when using the chord numbering system or the Nashville system, How do you ...
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Chord notation: a minor chord with a minor 6th

This might be sort of a basic question, but I've been searching the internet for long enough and I thought I'd just ask: I'm a guitarist, trying to create a tab on ultimate-guitar.com. In this tab, ...
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Piano intro dissection of Ella and Louie's I Won't Dance

so I'm learning this song for a duet performance. I can play the walking bass line and even the chord progressions on bass, i can even tap out the intro chords when the lyrics start in a Stu Hamm or ...
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309 views

what is the root note of D/A [duplicate]

i came across a weird chord, D/A. but is the root note of this chord D or A? A is being played as a bass and is lower.
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388 views

Chord progression, how to add the bass properly

I'm really a newbie and self-taught, so I beg your excuses in advance for a poor question. I'm following a course in game programming, and I come out with this progression that IMO should work as a ...
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233 views

About slash and 7th chord's meaning and their history

In today’s music, there are certain musical features that makes music jazzy and good and I think those are the use of 7th chords and tensions. And of course there are Slash chords(along with them, if ...
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201 views

What chord is E7+(#9)?

Came across this on a jazz lead sheet and I have no idea what they meant by the plus. Is it an E7 with an augmented 5th? Is the 7th augmented?
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Notable musical features of Ragtimes?

I've been into playing ragtimes recently, especially of Scott Joplin. I've read in several books where they vaguely relate ragtimes as one of the early forms of Jazz. What aspects of ragtimes make ...
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how many interpretations can a chord have?

Given for example a triad how many interpretations can there be? Does the number of interpretations depend on the notes or is there a general rule? How does this change when we add another note? etc. ...
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Augmented dominant seventh chord = what scale?

An easy example: C+7 = C E G# Bb What scale would this thing come from? When playing it it sounds lydian to me, not so much dominant. Same notes rewritten: E+7#11 = E G# B# A# my best guess ...
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Is it a good idea to create fomulas for chords and secondary dominants?

For example say I'm analyzing the piece and I'm using C major as a reference and I realize that the composer plays a dominant chord 3rd inversion Can I think of the dominant is 5-7-2-4 as well as ...
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79 views

Programme for box chord charts [closed]

I'm using Guitar Pro and Word for writing scores and tabs for my lessons, however does anyone know of a programme that is specifically used for box chords? I've saved a picture of an empty box chord ...
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2answers
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Available Tensions for Modal Scale Degrees

I have a bit of a tricky topic here. I've been getting into bebop progressions, and I'm really enjoying myself. However the one thing I was missing was those nice lush chords you come by every so ...
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337 views

Paul Hindemith & Omitted Fifths

Three note voicings of seventh chords where the perfect fifth above the root has been omitted are common in jazz piano because the ear does a good job interpreting the function of the chord with or ...
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4answers
309 views

Learning to master keys by using association with music

I asked my teacher how I can memorize every scale degrees and inversions of chords and he told me that I should not just sit down and memorize them one by one because I'll forget them easily. instead ...
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137 views

Function of G7#11 in the Key of D

I've been working on a Jazz chord melody arrangement for guitar in D major and in the arrangement the final chord in the piece is a G7#11. It's my understanding the G7#11 would function as something ...
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2answers
257 views

Need help analyzing unusual chord [closed]

In the Kool & The Gang song "Fresh", there's an unusual yet intriguing chord at 2:11 in the song -- this particular chord has had me stumped trying to identify it ever since the song's release in ...
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1answer
304 views

Chord inversion (and voicing) naming

I'm studying chord inversions and have bumped into naming problems. As an example I'll be using the C# minor (tri)chord and its pitch classes ordered in a list like [1, 4, 8], where a lower index ...
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186 views

Analysis of J.s.Bach' s harpsichord concerto in A Major?

When I was analyzing Bach's harpsichord concerto in A Major (1st movement),I came to a part that has a certain harmonic property, which is used frequently in the baroque period especially by Bach. ...