Questions tagged [chords]

For general questions about chords like how to play them, construct them, or what symbols represent them. For more in depth analysis of the ideas behind chords themselves, please use the chord-theory tag.

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1 answer
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How to invert Em7 to A7+5 on the piano without a muddled sound

I'm learning to play Quiet Nights of Quiet Stars (Jobim) on the piano. On the 11th and 12th measure the left hand plays a chord progression of Em7 to A7+5. If those were not inverted, I would be ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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Can't really find some chords in this song, are they that hard or i'm the noob? [closed]

Every time i hear a song or a version of a particular song i like i try to get it by ear but there is something here that is odd, i really can't get to sound like the girl in the following video.
6 votes
1 answer
448 views

How Can The Leading Tone Resolve Up and The 7th Go Down?

I'm struggling and my professor suggested I try Artusi. This isn't homework. I'm trying to learn about 7th chords and I'm stuck on this problem in Artusi: From the picture above, I'm thinking both ...
1 vote
0 answers
27 views

How do you treat add6 on a minor chord? [duplicate]

So would a Dm(add6) chord have a major or minor 6 on top? Are they just always major by convention? Would a Dm chord with a Bb on top be a Dm(addb6)?
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5 votes
3 answers
562 views

How can I find a reference pitch when I practice singing a song by ear?

If I listened to a song for enough time, memorized the melody and the vocals of the original singer removed and now I am left with just the accompaniments playing in the background and I am going to ...
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6 votes
3 answers
871 views

Learning to sing a song: sheet music vs. by ear

Every time I want to learn to sing a new song, I get sheet music of the song and practice playing the melody on the piano before practicing singing it to match the pitch from the piano, memorize the ...
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0 votes
3 answers
93 views

What is a "minor-minor" seventh chord?

In the question "difficulty with chord spelling and voicing in Neumeyer's Hindemith analysis", reference is made to a "minor-minor" seventh chord. Note that the 'VI-with-upward-...
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5 votes
5 answers
306 views

Describing minor triads as 1, b3, 5: convoluted, misleading, or am I missing something?

I've found myriad sources describing “Minor Triads” as “1, b3, 5” with emphasis on the b3. Following an embarrassing amount of head scratching and research, the implication seems to be that b3 in ...
2 votes
4 answers
358 views

Playing a chord then a note

If I played a chord (c major for example) then a note (B for example), will I hear the note B relative to C as major seventh or relative to E as perfect fifth or relative to G as major third or ...
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2 votes
4 answers
179 views

Formal definition of an inverted chord

Question: Is there a formal definition that would apply to all chords / genres of what an inverted chord is? Given a chord, I want to formally prove on paper (so not using my ears) that the chord is ...
1 vote
1 answer
133 views

Constructing a database of complete music theory?

I would like to write a python program which is connected to a freely downloadable music theory database / data-structure to run the following query: Return all chords within the E major scale ...
9 votes
3 answers
664 views

How would you identify the root of a non-standard chord / cluster?

What are some ways to identify the root of a chord? I know Hindemith has a treatise on this, but are there any other convincing ones? For instance, what would be the root of these chords? FBC CDE BCD ...
6 votes
4 answers
697 views

Can I play triads with fingers 1-2-4, leaving my pinky free to enhance the chord or play melodic riffs?

From playing the guitar (for fun), I would always try to make a chord leaving my pinky free to either add flavor to the chord or play other melodic "riff" notes. Question - Would I be doing ...
10 votes
5 answers
2k views

Do pianos have a generally recognized "bass register"?

Playing the piano, I've noticed the notes under a certain note seem to be voiced more for heavy chords instead of melodies/countermelodies. If you try to play complicated lines under that note, They ...
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5 votes
4 answers
333 views

Piano chords with an octave in them

I rarely see people playing chords on the piano the way I learned in school, but they more often play chords with an octave in them. For example, instead of playing C major as C E G, they play it ...
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9 votes
8 answers
2k views

Notating accidentals in C major

I'm writing a piece in the key of C major. One of the chords is a C♯dim7. The question is, do I notate that diminished 7th as A♯ or B♭? The context is a chord sequence Cmay7 - C#dim7 - Dm7 - Dm/B; the ...
4 votes
3 answers
500 views

Why is a soloist using an E major triad over a G major 7 chord?

I've just transcribed the trumpet solo in the following recording: http://www.sierramusicmp3.com/mp3/newmp3s/Heat%20of%20the%20Day,%20The%20(UNT).mp3 At around 5:20 the soloist plays an E major triad ...
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7 votes
1 answer
89 views

Chord Notation: Superscript number in brackets

I'm a beginner piano student and have come across a type of chord notation I'm not familiar with, and can't find anything on the internet. Below is a photo of part of the chord chart for the worship ...
6 votes
6 answers
638 views

Does anyone have tips or tricks for remembering the function of mode harmony?

When I mean by that, I understand how the 7 modes are constructed: Ionian: Major scale with no alterations Dorian: natural minor scale with 1 alteration: #6 Phrygian: natural minor scale with 1 ...
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16 votes
1 answer
2k views

What does "j" mean in a chord symbol?

In a book of jazz trumpet duets (for Bb trumpets), I keep seeing chord symbols like "Fj" (shown below). I'm familiar with the various kinds of chord symbols (the various seventh chords, ...
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0 votes
1 answer
53 views

Oscar Peterson I've got it bad and that ain't good bar 10: Dm7 flat 5 flat 11? [closed]

This chord is played over a bass player on a d, it's coming right after a dm7. From the bottom up F# Ab C F Ab Is that F# a flat 11? Is the Ab a flat 5 or a sharp 11? Or is this a passing chord that ...
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1 vote
4 answers
93 views

bVI Root Substitution [closed]

Curious as to why this substitution of the root for a ♭VI chord works. It's pretty standard but I don't get the theory of it. I recently saw it being used in the context of a ii - V - I to delay the ...
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-1 votes
2 answers
81 views

What's the name of the chord when I do the Am shape but with the 2nd and 3rd finger on the 4th and the first on the 3rd fret [closed]

What's the name of the Chord that I play when I do the Am shape but with the 2nd and 3rd finger on the 4th and the first on the 3rd fret?
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3 votes
2 answers
69 views

How can I write a 5add9 chord in lilypond?

When I write g:5.9 or g:9^7.3 in a Notes block, the chord is correct. But when I write it in a ChordNames block, it produces G9 rather than G5add9. Is this a missing feature, is there a workaround, or ...
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2 votes
2 answers
120 views

What is the difference between an auxiliary chord and a chromatic chord?

I've become confused about what actually an auxiliary chord is. Is it a chord which doesn't belong to the key the piece is written in? Is a chromatic chord an auxiliary chord which is achieved by ...
2 votes
0 answers
20 views

Notating Microtonal Chords [duplicate]

Normally, when notating chords, I would use the sharp and flat symbols, and it stands to reason that for chords with quarter tones, I would use demisharp, demiflat, and whatnot. However, if I want to ...
2 votes
2 answers
215 views

What is the function of C#7 in the key of D?

I'm trying to understand function of a chord in Miguel Llobet's arrangement of Canço del Lladre. I marked my interpretation of the chords in the excerpt below. The chord symbols in parenthesis are ...
0 votes
0 answers
36 views

Help with different modes of chords in a scale [duplicate]

I've recently been starting to learn music theory and I'm starting to get somewhere, but I've been confused on numbers and modes. I know that each number is a different mode in a scale, that there are ...
0 votes
3 answers
93 views

Can there be a chord with two inversions represented by the same figure?

When figures are used to describe chords, they represent the intervals above the lowest pitch, and these seem to be treated as unique. For example, basic triads come in 5-3, 6-3, and 6-4 forms; and ...
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1 vote
2 answers
134 views

How do you play these parts?

I don't know much about music theory but this part seems to require you to improvise or something (1st & 2nd link) , if so how do you learn to improvise something like this, where to start and ...
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6 votes
2 answers
217 views

What is the musical function of broken chords?

I'm new to musical theory and interested in playing guitar. It seems to me that the broken chords are very often used in the music sheets arranged for guitar. I wonder if they are also usually used in ...
4 votes
5 answers
786 views

Dm in the key of Em

I am trying to analyze the song 505 by Arctic Monkeys. And as many do, I went to Ultimate Guitar (UG) to look the chord progressions for the song. The song has only two chords, Dm and Em and UG ...
1 vote
1 answer
57 views

resolution of vii 7th chord 3rd inversion

The image above (from Korean composer Byung Dong Paik's Theory of Harmonics, page 130) shows progressions diminished and half-diminished 7th chords 3rd inversion But there seems to be another solution,...
3 votes
2 answers
204 views

Chopin - Waltz in C Sharp Minor (Op. 64 No. 2) analysis

This is the piece I want to discuss: Waltz in C♯ minor. You can listen to it on YouTube here (played by Arthur Rubinstein) with added music score, or on musescore.com here (played as MIDI) also with ...
8 votes
4 answers
862 views

What do we call a chord progression that consists of descending by one semitone? Is there any notation for jazz grid?

I was wondering if there was either a name or a notation for a chord progression that consists of the same chord played one semitone lower each time. Here are some examples to clarify my question: ...
1 vote
2 answers
127 views

Music theory question about finding keys

If I have chords Dm, F Maj, Am and no other melodic context is provided, I just have these three chords as an information, how do I know what key is it? From my understanding , it can be either Am or ...
3 votes
2 answers
437 views

Is the Chorus Key of Toto - “Africa" ​major or minor?

How do you distinguish between major and minor keys? Please tell me which chord progression is correct for the chorus of “Africa” by Toto. For A Major → 6-4-1-5 ? For F♯ Minor → 1-6-3-7 ?
1 vote
2 answers
55 views

Is this chord progression correct for "false ending" (Ⅴ-Ⅵ)?

Maroon 5 - She Will Be Loved Chords key:E♭m [Cm→A♯]←I want to check this chord progression. link ; https://tabs.ultimate-guitar.com/tab/maroon-5/she-will-be-loved-chords-995857
1 vote
6 answers
129 views

Is there a name for the progression Ⅰ-Ⅶ?

Taylor Swift - willow This chord progression is used in the song VERSE1. https://tabs.ultimate-guitar.com/tab/taylor-swift/willow-chords-3461768
0 votes
3 answers
84 views

What is the function of the last chord in Final Fantasy VIII's "Liberi fatali"?

For over twenty years now I've been confused by the final chord in one of the most famous video-game openings of all time. For a piece that bounces around between A and D with a bit of E♭ and D♭ ...
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7 votes
3 answers
143 views

Is there an alternative notation for polychords that won't be confused with slash notation?

We have a terrific guide on slash notation, a notational practice in which, for example, Gm/D means a G-minor triad with a D in the bass (i.e., in second inversion). A polychord, though, is indicated ...
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0 votes
2 answers
98 views

Noob Chord Progression Question

I make music in FL Studio and I have this chord progression which goes: VI - i - VII - i - iv - i - VII - i I guess my question is what is the decision behind putting the tonic (i) in the 2nd, 4th and ...
2 votes
3 answers
105 views

What do those diagonal lines mean on lead sheets? [duplicate]

Here's an example I just found online and there are many more in jazz lead sheets I found, etc. I was also wondering, when I'm writing a lead sheet and there are sections that are just instrumentals, ...
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1 vote
1 answer
61 views

How to write a bass line in classical style?

Folks: I am trying to add bass to this melody. A good style of doing bass is the following link - Ennio Morricone’s Once Upon A Time In The West. The first 60 seconds should give a clear demonstration ...
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0 votes
2 answers
166 views

Use of natural and/or flattened/sharpened extensions

Im studying Paco de lucia at the moment and trying to dissect his songs and see what I can soak up and add to my wisdom of the guitar. I notice there are flattened and sharpened extensions literally ...
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5 votes
3 answers
575 views

what is the oldest use of 9th chords in western music and when did they become popular

From page 752, of Laitz's The Complete Musician 4th edit. ''(...) By continuing the process of stacking thirds, these composers added another third above the seventh, creating a ninth chord; by adding ...
-1 votes
1 answer
179 views

How to transpose from guitar scores to clarinet?

Guitar in standard tuning B♭ clarinet I have the chords for a song in guitar. I need to join the guitar on clarinet, but I cannot find the partiture to play. How can I join the guitar (rhythmic ...
0 votes
1 answer
77 views

What chord completes this chord progression? [closed]

Not sure how to complete this chord progression in guitar tab. I think the chord on the left is CaddG followed by a Cadd9. What comes after that? 3 3 3 3 0 0 0 2 2 3 3 x I ...
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4 votes
4 answers
82 views

Use of Drop 2 or 3 for Polychord like A13th

Using Drop 2 or 3 on guitar offers the guitarist a variety of ways to use 4 adjacent strings for the comfortable, if not faster, way to play chords. Yes the chords are inverted. ...
1 vote
1 answer
50 views

Help identify the chords in bar 1,5,6 of schubert waltz op9 no31 [closed]

Please help identity the chords. I couldn’t form a chord! I
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