Questions tagged [chords]

For general questions about chords like how to play them, construct them, or what symbols represent them. For more in depth analysis of the ideas behind chords themselves, please use the chord-theory tag.

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3
votes
5answers
826 views

Is there such a thing as an Add#9 chord?

I understand that the chord formed by the intervals 1-3-5-b7-9 is a 9th chord and that the intervals 1-3-5-9 (omitting the 7) create an add9 chord, but how do you properly define the chord created by ...
5
votes
2answers
606 views

Help me understand the chord progression in Tatsuro Yamashita's 'Sparkle'

I'm trying to understand/analyze 'Sparkle' (1982) by Tatsuro Yamashita. Funky stuff begins at 0:50. The song is in Emaj (I think), and here's the chord progression I'm looking at (take it easy with my ...
4
votes
2answers
155 views

How do I play the last chord of Wieniawksi's Scherzo-Tarantelle, Op. 16?

At the end of Scherzo-Tarantelle (and also at the end of the first presto), there is a chord with three normal notes, and the fourth is an artificial harmonic. I know the harmonic works, because I ...
5
votes
2answers
184 views

How can I tell whether the bass note I heard is the right one?

I have been playing guitar for a while and I realized I should develop my skill for finding the chords by ear. However, in some songs like Driver's License - Olivia Rodrigo, I realized what I am ...
2
votes
3answers
112 views

Usage of Melodic Minor instead of Harmonic Minor on Secondary Dominant

Recently I watched this video which discusses secondary dominants and specifically for the case of A II - V - I in the key of C. They play a secondary dominant for the II chord, so they are playing an ...
2
votes
2answers
260 views

A Dorian scale/chord progressions

I'm currently jamming a song in G Major with focus on the A Minor. The chord progression goes Am C D. I know that the A Minor Blues Scale sounds pretty sleek, but I just have the feeling that A Dorian ...
9
votes
7answers
1k views

What do you mean by the tonic chord feels as 'home'?

I am new to the world of music theory and have some basic knowledge of the different modes of the major scale. As per my knowledge, every scale has a tonic chord which is essentially the one all other ...
3
votes
1answer
57 views

F#m (b6, add9) OR DΔ (#11)/F#? To use b6 chords or not

I have encountered the claim that b6 chords are often a misinterpretation of a Maj7th chord with the third in the bass... It seems fairly reasonable but my head wants to revert to the b6 (or b13 maybe)...
8
votes
6answers
1k views

What is the difference between the bIII and III chord in a minor scale?

Wrting a chord as III in conventional notation gives you, as far as I can tell, two pieces of information: The uppercase numerals mean it's a major chord, i.e., built by stacking a major third and a ...
1
vote
3answers
61 views

How many fully diminished 7 chords do you get out of the harmonic minor scale?

It is supposed to be only the 7th degree that gives us the fully diminished 7th chord but when I took a closer look today at the 2nd degree of the harmonic minor scale (Locrian 6) it seems to have an ...
1
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3answers
144 views

Homophony vs Polyphony

Would I be correct if I were to define homophony vs polyphony as chords vs lines? If homophony is defined as a single melody with chordal accompaniment, and polyphony as several melodies with equal ...
3
votes
1answer
290 views

Simplify chords

I'm currently working on a website and I would like to find a way to simplify chords by removing the non essential parts (to make it easier for beginners). For example: Am7/C => Am. Removing the ...
21
votes
5answers
3k views

Beatles - Because: Chord progression

I am currently looking at this tune but I'm a bit confused by a part of the progression. It seems to be using chords built mostly from the C# harmonic minor scale. So, my current understanding ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Not following Hindemith-type analysis

I am having trouble following the analytical methods applied in David Neumeyer's The Music of Paul Hindemith. Please refer to example 3.12: I would like to use one of the chord changes to put my ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

difficulty with chord spelling and voicing in Neumeyer's Hindemith analysis

This post is in reference to David Neumeyer's The Music of Paul Hindemith. Please refer to the third chord of m.1 in example 3.12 (below). I see this chord spelled as C E E Bb. Having said that, I ...
4
votes
4answers
204 views

How to characterize voicings of "cowboy chords" on guitar?

As set forth in the title, how might might one characterize voicings of "cowboy chords" on guitar? And is there a systematic way to characterize the voicing of these and other chords? In the ...
12
votes
7answers
7k views

Sharp 5 or flat 13? Sharp 9 or flat 10?

Let's say I'm in C major. I have a dominant altered chord built on G. This very popular voicing has the following tones (I'm including both enharmonic spellings for the accidentals): G B (D# or Eb) F ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

I chord interpretation and broken chord interpretation blocking broken chords

I'm having trouble interpreting this chord. It is labeled as a I chord, and from seeing that there is no key signature, I'm assuming it's in Cmaj or Amin. But what I'm not getting is, to my knowledge, ...
2
votes
4answers
163 views

Do I understand correctly this relationship between m6, m7, and m7b5 chords?

While reading the Jazz Guitar Chord Mastery book by Joseph Alexander, I've encountered a passage that is not 100% clear to me. I would be very thankful if you might help. Playing a m7b5 chord on the ...
4
votes
3answers
89 views

Does tempo affect use of non-harmony notes?

Writing a four part piece for strings at a very slow tempo (55 bpm). On paper, it seems as though the non-chord notes I have selected should work, but I am finding some of them jarring. I am unsure if ...
9
votes
2answers
126 views

When was the concept of a "triad chord" first introduced?

Chiara Bertoglio, “A Perfect Chord: Trinity in Music, Music in the Trinity,” Religions 4, no. 4 (December 2013): 485–501, §6. A “Harmonious” God, p. 493, claims: It was not before the 16th century, ...
8
votes
5answers
1k views

E7 chord at 5th fret missing a B note

the E7 chord includes E G# B D. If we play E7 on the 5th fret, it is missing a B note. Could anyone please explain that?
3
votes
6answers
139 views

If you add a 9th to a subdominant IV chord does it make it a dominant chord?

For example, if you have a progression in D major that ends on G, would adding an A to the G chord and losing the 3rd make the chord dominant? You would have the notes G A and D. It certainly sounds ...
7
votes
2answers
503 views

Creating chord-melody from The Real Book (or other fake book)

I practice songs from The Real Book, and I am quite new to the chord-melody concept. I have knowledge of scales and chords, and I can play melodically these standards. Now I want to play them as chord-...
3
votes
4answers
352 views

Chord progression versions and categories

I'm having trouble interpreting this chord progression. For example, the three different iv chords shown: does the bass note not affect the right hand? I can see that they are only using "A-E-C&...
4
votes
6answers
115 views

In major keys, since the 7th scale degree resolves up to the 8th, does descending through the scale degrees 8-7-6 violate the leading tone rule?

I need to understand how the leading tone (7th scale degree) functions in major keys. I see that the 7th scale degree (leading tone) resolves up to the 8th (the tonic) because the leading tone is a ...
2
votes
2answers
106 views

Can dominant chords be specified independently of a tonic (of a key)? [duplicate]

The dominant chord is defined in relation to the (5th) scale degree on which it is built. This definition can often be found alongside other chord types, such as the major triad, whose definition ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

Inversions of diminished 7th chords

I have the following passage in D minor which features two diminished 7th chords: I have labelled most of the chords, but I am at a loss of how to label these two diminished 7th chords. If I could ...
5
votes
3answers
212 views

Roman Numeral Analysis - Tonicization of relative major key in minor key

I have a passage that I am trying to analyse with roman numerals: The passage is in B minor, but the section in question briefly tonicizes D major - the relative major key. My question is, how can ...
3
votes
1answer
114 views

How is this C chord constructed on guitar?

I am following a tutorial on Black Magic Woman from Justin Guitar and at 6:18 he plays the C Chord in the following way. Since the C Chord consists of notes C, E, and G I notice that his index finger ...
4
votes
3answers
167 views

How does this Bdim7 resolve to F/C?

( The song, the score I posted starts at 2:39 ) At the 4th measure, Bdim7 appears. It resolves to F/C. But I can't understand how this works. Can someone explain what is going on ?
0
votes
1answer
88 views

Does this song use chromatic mediant in G major? and what other music theory concepts this song's verse utilize

I'm currently learning basic music theory and along the way I review old songs on my playlist then analyze what key, chord progression and somehow discover the composer's way of creating music. The ...
28
votes
18answers
21k views

Why does the dominant chord contain a flattened 7th?

Why does the dominant chord contain a flattened 7th while this tone is not even in the scale? Let's take, for example, a C7 chord. It is a 1-3-5-b7 of a C scale (C-E-G-B♭). But the C-major scale ...
2
votes
2answers
108 views

How to identify notes in a key that sound better while improvising?

I learned all the chords and their inversions. I'm pretty slow with inversions yet but I'm trying as hard as I can! Now I started to improvise with my right hand a little bit (omg this is so fun!). So ...
10
votes
3answers
1k views

How does Eb connect musically to C major chord progression like in this song?

Im learning basic music theory and chord progression then I stumbled upon this song (You are my song by Martin Nievera) : From my understanding, the first 2 lines are simply C major chord ...
4
votes
2answers
114 views

What is it called when the melody note is held, but the chord changes to resolve to the final harmony?

I noticed a pattern that I would love to have a name for: The second to last note in the melody of a phrase occurs together with a chord. The melody note is held, but the chord changes. Now the melody'...
13
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the best way to play a chord larger than your hand?

I've seen and attempted to play multiple songs on the piano that include chords that are tenths or sometimes even elevenths or twelfths (rarely), and these chords have four or five notes. If I were to ...
2
votes
6answers
5k views

What is the name of a chord with the root note played twice?

Is there a name for a chord where the root note is played twice? For example, if I play a C major chord and hit the C one octave above as well: C-E-G-C Note: I'm not talking about inverted chords, ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Minor Key (and other key?) Roman Numeral Analysis

What is the general standard in RNA for the natural minor key, as well as keys that are neither major nor nat. minor? So in studying RNA, I found the major key pretty straightforward: I ii iii IV V ...
1
vote
3answers
134 views

Doubling notes in orchestration - inversions and extensions

Just a very quick question, because I've found similar answers about doubling notes (for instance, when arranging for four- or five-part harmony), but nothing specifically involving inversions. So, ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Who decides chord details in published songs?

I like to make lead sheets of songs like this to learn to improvise from, condensing the published sheet music down to a single page with no turns. In working from my two copies of It's Only A Paper ...
10
votes
7answers
3k views

Does anyone play 11th chords?

When I try to construct 11th chords, they always sound horrible and muddy. I also rarely come across them in chord charts unless it's a #11. The only extensions that sound good are 9ths and 13ths. Is ...
3
votes
1answer
476 views

Composing on guitar - Fingerstyle vs Classical

I'm wondering about the difference in the process of composing a song for a Fingerstyle Guitar vs what would be considered a Classical guitar piece. Note: I'm an amature hobbiest, so please excuse my ...
1
vote
2answers
71 views

Notes in C13#11

I'm playing an Jazz improv for the song Summertime and I'm seeing chords that say A-11, Ab13#11, and I just want to make sure I understand the 13#11 chord. So, In the key of C, a C13#11 chord would be:...
6
votes
3answers
327 views

Does the chord-symbol spelling of a polychord have musical meaning?

The chord C Eb G Bb D F A would typically be notated Cm13. However, it makes a convenient example for this question. Suppose I want to write that same Cm13 chord as a polychord. I have two choices: ...
3
votes
3answers
125 views

Four part writing: How to voice diminished 7th chords?

I am currently doing part writing, and have come into a bit of a conundrum. I want to use a sharp 4 dim 7 (Fsharpdim7), to link up my IV chord (FM) to my V7 chord (G7). I know that 7ths should usually ...
5
votes
2answers
132 views

Do 11th chords change depending on genre?

In my training, I've always learned (and I still teach) that 11th chords don't have the chordal third; the dissonance between the 3rd and 11th (an octave-displaced fourth) seems to weaken the chord, ...
6
votes
2answers
265 views

Four part writing problem: tripled root solution. what is best practice here?

I have hit a problem with this chord change in my four part writing. We are in A minor. The VI chord is in first inversion, so A must be in the bass. (I have made a mistake in the figure. the VI ...
2
votes
2answers
87 views

Four part writing: How to voice augmented 6th chords?

I have recently started adding augmented 6th chords to my part writing. As far as I can tell, I have not broken any harmonic rules in the displayed voicing, yet it does not sound right to me. Just ...
1
vote
3answers
145 views

When using Functional Chord symbols, how can we distinguish between a Dominant 7th chord and a Major 7th chord? [duplicate]

In the key of F major (for example), we can have the chords C7 and Cmaj7. C7 = C-E-G-Bb and Cmaj7 = C-E-G-B Using Functional Chord symbols, the basic tonic chord is "I", and the basic ...

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