# Questions tagged [chords]

For general questions about chords like how to play them, construct them, or what symbols represent them. For more in depth analysis of the ideas behind chords themselves, please use the chord-theory tag.

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### In major keys, since the 7th scale degree resolves up to the 8th, does descending through the scale degrees 8-7-6 violate the leading tone rule?

I need to understand how the leading tone (7th scale degree) functions in major keys. I see that the 7th scale degree (leading tone) resolves up to the 8th (the tonic) because the leading tone is a ...
119 views

### Inversions of diminished 7th chords

I have the following passage in D minor which features two diminished 7th chords: I have labelled most of the chords, but I am at a loss of how to label these two diminished 7th chords. If I could ...
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### Can dominant chords be specified independently of a tonic (of a key)? [duplicate]

The dominant chord is defined in relation to the (5th) scale degree on which it is built. This definition can often be found alongside other chord types, such as the major triad, whose definition ...
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### Roman Numeral Analysis - Tonicization of relative major key in minor key

I have a passage that I am trying to analyse with roman numerals: The passage is in B minor, but the section in question briefly tonicizes D major - the relative major key. My question is, how can ...
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### How is this C chord constructed on guitar?

I am following a tutorial on Black Magic Woman from Justin Guitar and at 6:18 he plays the C Chord in the following way. Since the C Chord consists of notes C, E, and G I notice that his index finger ...
169 views

### If you add a 9th to a subdominant IV chord does it make it a dominant chord?

For example, if you have a progression in D major that ends on G, would adding an A to the G chord and losing the 3rd make the chord dominant? You would have the notes G A and D. It certainly sounds ...
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### Does this song use chromatic mediant in G major? and what other music theory concepts this song's verse utilize

I'm currently learning basic music theory and along the way I review old songs on my playlist then analyze what key, chord progression and somehow discover the composer's way of creating music. The ...
126 views

### How to identify notes in a key that sound better while improvising?

I learned all the chords and their inversions. I'm pretty slow with inversions yet but I'm trying as hard as I can! Now I started to improvise with my right hand a little bit (omg this is so fun!). So ...
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### What is it called when the melody note is held, but the chord changes to resolve to the final harmony?

I noticed a pattern that I would love to have a name for: The second to last note in the melody of a phrase occurs together with a chord. The melody note is held, but the chord changes. Now the melody'...
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### How does Eb connect musically to C major chord progression like in this song?

Im learning basic music theory and chord progression then I stumbled upon this song (You are my song by Martin Nievera) : From my understanding, the first 2 lines are simply C major chord ...
1 vote
270 views

### Doubling notes in orchestration - inversions and extensions

Just a very quick question, because I've found similar answers about doubling notes (for instance, when arranging for four- or five-part harmony), but nothing specifically involving inversions. So, ...
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### Who decides chord details in published songs?

I like to make lead sheets of songs like this to learn to improvise from, condensing the published sheet music down to a single page with no turns. In working from my two copies of It's Only A Paper ...
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### Does the chord-symbol spelling of a polychord have musical meaning?

The chord C Eb G Bb D F A would typically be notated Cm13. However, it makes a convenient example for this question. Suppose I want to write that same Cm13 chord as a polychord. I have two choices: ...
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1 vote
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### Notes in C13#11

I'm playing an Jazz improv for the song Summertime and I'm seeing chords that say A-11, Ab13#11, and I just want to make sure I understand the 13#11 chord. So, In the key of C, a C13#11 chord would be:...
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### When using Functional Chord symbols, how can we distinguish between a Dominant 7th chord and a Major 7th chord? [duplicate]

In the key of F major (for example), we can have the chords C7 and Cmaj7. C7 = C-E-G-Bb and Cmaj7 = C-E-G-B Using Functional Chord symbols, the basic tonic chord is "I", and the basic ...
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### What is the function of this chord progression in Schubert's "Winterreise"?

I'm having a hard time figuring out how the chord progression from Schubert's Winterreise (D911), No. 11 "Frühlingstraum", measures 15–26 works (from the section marked "Schnell" ...
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### Is it a G flat or a G natural?

I've got a doubt here. Do I play G flat or G natural?? The accidental doesn't come in till the 3rd beat while the key signature does not have G flat, while the lyric has an accidental but at the ...
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1 vote
59 views

### Find a chord progression [closed]

I am looking for the chord progression that appears in this audio file. There should be : G/D - Bm/F# - F#m, but I am missing one. Thanks in advance !
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### Cb/B problem while creating lead sheet

I'm making a lead sheet of the song "One" by Esperanza Spalding. I chose the key of Bb because the song feels the most "at home" when the progression lands there at the guitar solo ...
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### Four part writing: How to voice augmented 6th chords?

I have recently started adding augmented 6th chords to my part writing. As far as I can tell, I have not broken any harmonic rules in the displayed voicing, yet it does not sound right to me. Just ...
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1 vote
175 views

### Lowering the key of the song Drive by Incubus

I don't have a lot of knowledge of music theory and I am trying to learn all by myself online. I am trying to play and sing the song Drive by Incubus on my guitar. The original song seems to be in the ...
550 views

### Display chord chart (just symbols) like lyrics for music files (mp3 etc)?

Summary: Is there a way to display chord symbols in music players (software apps) ? Like .srt files for movie subtitles or .lrc for music lyrics, isn't there a format or alternative for chords ? ...
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### Four part writing: How to voice diminished 7th chords?

I am currently doing part writing, and have come into a bit of a conundrum. I want to use a sharp 4 dim 7 (Fsharpdim7), to link up my IV chord (FM) to my V7 chord (G7). I know that 7ths should usually ...
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### Four part writing problem: tripled root solution. what is best practice here?

I have hit a problem with this chord change in my four part writing. We are in A minor. The VI chord is in first inversion, so A must be in the bass. (I have made a mistake in the figure. the VI ...
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### A: PS 4: S 1: Q 2: Why does my answer continue to be "Partially Correct"?

It is Question 2 under Section 1 on "Connecting Root Position Tonic and Dominant Chords" from Problem Set 4 of Artusi, which my Music Theory II class uses. The only feedback I get from ...
1 vote
223 views

### Why Should I always follow the rules of functional harmony? [closed]

I have used functional harmony many times in my compositions to write chord progressions with success, however there are times when using functional harmony doesn't sound good to me and others when I ...
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### What is a name of a major scale with raised 2nd degree?

Assuming a major scale that has a raised 2nd degree and no other alterations: 1 ♯2 3 4 5 6 7 (8) (for example, in C it will be C D♯ E F G A B (C)). This is a bit unusual due to 2 consecutive semitones ...
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### Naming/understanding this dominant chord with quartal upper structure

I'm trying to understand an interesting non-diatonic chord in the chord progression at 0:30-0:45 of this video; my rough transcription of the chords is as follows. As far as I can tell, the non-...
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### Notes in a Chord

I'm trying to work my way through the Mark Levine Jazz Theory book but I'm scratching my head at the start of chapter 2 (Pg15). Maybe this book is too advanced for me and I need to pick something less ...
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### Chord-Scale Theory: Determine chord qualities

I started to learn about the chord-scale theory lately which i find quite interesting. I came across this table of modes (scales) and their corresponding chords: Chord-Scales of the Major Modes: ...
614 views

### Interpolated chords: How do they work?

Recently, I studied the tune 'Misty' by Eroll Garner. I was slightly confused as to the middle section of the piece, as it involves a passage with some delayed resolutions. I have come across three ...
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### The ambiguity of certain chord qualities in Roman numeral Analysis

Roman numeral analysis uses capitalization to disambiguate Major from minor, so the paradigm is not entirely based on inference. There seems to be a double standard as to what is explicit and what isn'...
2k views

### Do I have to use exact chord when playing a song

Sometimes it's easy for me to find out the chords in a song (by ear and try), but if the songs is complicated, I can't figure out the chords. Existing software and platforms also cannot find the ...
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### What does it mean to have a 'slash chord' with more than one note after the slash? [duplicate]

I'm used to slash chords like D/F# or Am/G where the second part after the slash informs you of the bass note. I just saw a video with someone talking about chords like C+/Db+. I didn't even know ...
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### What are the formulas for chord qualities relative to natural minor?

Every chord formula chart I've found (over three dozen so far through Google search or Google images) gives chord formulas relative to a major scale. For example the major formula is 1-3-5 and the ...
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### Chord naming conventions: When is a 6 a 13? [duplicate]

I have seen/ heard people say that you only write a 6 when there are no other upper extensions used (meaning no inclusion of 7 and above). I have also heard people say that you only write a 6 when ...
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1 vote
358 views

### In the Key of C minor what would a D major chord be?

In the Key of C minor what would a D major chord be? The D major is part of a three chord progression. It's preceded by C minor and followed by G major (2nd inversion).
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### Is there such a thing as a stable or unstable tone in scales?

I'm writing a song in 4/4 in A major, and my melody ends first on the 7th degree leading tone (G#) and then the second time on the 6th degree (F#). These are supposed to be unstable tones, yet if I ...
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676 views

### Why do some composers/songwriters choose inverted chords over root position chords?

I know that if you want to go from one chord to another, using an inverted chord might make the bassline smoother and more melodic without big jumps but are there other reasons why root position ...
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### Good way to play rapid consecutive fifths and sixths spanning more than an octave

I can't figure out how to properly finger and play the following section of a piece I'm trying to play. I've tried multiple things, but the difference in distance between the first notes and the ...
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### What piano chords should I memorize?

Seems that there were similar questions, probably clear to most of forum folks, but still not to me as a piano beginner. I found chords theory rather straightforward, however practicing seems a bit ...
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### Which one makes a melody more noticeable, playing it an octave above the chords or below the chords?

On a midi keyboard/piano, if I play both the chords and the vocal melody at the same time. How do you make the melody sound more prominent than the chords? In general, which makes the melody more ...
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### If I play C1, F1, G1 - will F1 and G1 together cause dissonance or sound bad(to most people)?

If i play C1, F1, G1 at the same time: • C1 & F1 = Perfect 4th • C1 & G1 = Perfect 5th ● What about F1 & G1 at the same time? Would these sound bad together? (to most people) What is ...
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### I want to be able to cover and loop any song I want [closed]

Justice Der is a guitarist on YouTube that inspired me to starting playing. He does these loop covers of hip-hop/r&b songs. The loops usually have the following layers: percussion -> chords -&...
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### Why No Augmented Minor Chord?

The recently posted question "What chord is Dm7 with a Bb?” asks: If I have a Dm7 chord played on the 5th fret of a guitar as a barre chord and move my pinky to play the Bb note next to the A on ...
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### Do 11th chords change depending on genre?

In my training, I've always learned (and I still teach) that 11th chords don't have the chordal third; the dissonance between the 3rd and 11th (an octave-displaced fourth) seems to weaken the chord, ...
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### What chord is Dm7 with a Bb?

If I have a Dm7 chord played on the 5th fret of a guitar as a barre chord and move my pinky to play the Bb note next to the A on the 4th string I have the notes D Bb C F A so basically a Dm7 with an ...
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### What makes a chord a sus chord?

In light of some recent answers to questions I have asked on Stack Exchange with regards to naming chords, I have decided to refine things a little further, focusing on sus chords. If a chord contains ...
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### what is the method behind naming jazz chords? [closed]

I have recently become confused about how to name chords in jazz. This is my current understanding: Add chords (without 7th)- chord that contains the root, third, (optional 5th) and one or more ...
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