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Questions tagged [dynamics]

For questions related to the intensity, or loudness, of sound.

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Is there a way to put a "niente" into Sibelius?

“Niente” (“Nothing”, usually written as an n or ø) is pretty much silence. In the piece I’m writing, I would like for the player to fade in and out of silence, using Niente. However, I can’t type the ...
Blue Skin and Glowing Red Eyes's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
143 views

how to play sf/sfp? [duplicate]

I'm a bit confused what sf and sfp mean. do they mean to suddenly play forte/loud, or to simply play an accent, or both? and are all the following notes after sf supposed to be played forte? for ...
jackseven's user avatar
  • 131
6 votes
3 answers
486 views

How can I dampen the sound of maracas?

I bought these Meinl PM1BK Studio Maracas. They are way too loud for me. Just way too loud. I kinda need to wear ear protection to use them. Now… is there a way to easily dampen the sound of the ...
Toskan's user avatar
  • 160
2 votes
1 answer
91 views

questions about some direction markings in Chopin's op 28 no 6, prelude in B minor

in bar 1, there is 'sotto voce' written between the right and left hand. what does it mean in this context? does it simply means to play softly or is it asking to play the right hand softly?(since ...
jackseven's user avatar
  • 131
6 votes
3 answers
2k views

Are different dynamics for different hands on piano permissible?

Is it a normal practice for a piano part to have different dynamics for the left and for the right hand? And if it's not common, what will happen if I specify different dynamics for the left and for ...
brilliant's user avatar
  • 1,197
7 votes
4 answers
1k views

How to know which areas of a new song to sing softly and which areas to sing loudly?

I can sing with dynamics, but the problem is I dont know how to effectively apply it. Can someone tell me how do I know which areas of the song to sing softly and which areas to sing loudly while ...
Akash Sunil's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
128 views

What is the first known use of the "fp" dynamic marking?

I'm wondering when fp (fortepiano) was first used. I looked it up on Google but found nothing indicating its etymology. Are there any records of this at all? Could it potentially have coincided with ...
Slipstream2022's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
360 views

Hairpins in Late Classical and Romantic Music

I have spent a year and a half researching the notational enigma of hairpins in late classical and romantic music, and now I am at a bend in the road. The esteemed Czerny claims that opening and ...
Benjamin Rivas 's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
133 views

Write text and dynamics vertically centered

I've been rewriting this piece using a PianoStaff with Staff, Dynamics, Staff scores as others have suggested and haven't found an easy way to represent the "rit. descresc" dynamics below ...
Alwin Kesler's user avatar
7 votes
4 answers
4k views

What is this "<>" thing above a note

It looks like a crescendo and a decrescendo on one note, but I don't think that's it:
Ian Miller's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
383 views

How to cancel the term "sotto voce"

I have always understood the term sotto voce to be more of an expressive instruction - a feeling - than a specific dynamic mark. It's used to mark a passage (often in vocal music, but it's not ...
nuggethead's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
151 views

How to play notes with evenness

I am learning to play the piano and while playing pieces, I generally find that I tend to hit some notes louder than others despite me wanting to have them at the same dynamic level. How can I develop ...
Ved Rathi's user avatar
  • 265
3 votes
1 answer
52 views

How to place a number by a sustain bracket to indicate variation in lilypond?

I have the following markup which gives the output below: \version "2.22.2" \language "english" global = { \key df \major \numericTimeSignature \time 2/4 } right = \fixed c'...
Yakov Galka's user avatar
9 votes
2 answers
1k views

meaning of the small circle at the end of the decrescendo?

Came across this variety of decrescendo in a vocal piece our choir is working on. 3 in the 13-page piece, all in the space of 3 bars, early in the piece, 2 of which are shown here. My choral director ...
bekkodavis's user avatar
8 votes
2 answers
745 views

What does 'sostenuto (come IVa corda di violino)' instruct a keyboard player to do?

Baldassare Galuppi, a composer of the Italian Baroque, wrote a collection of twelve sonatas for harpsichord. In the first movement (Larghetto) of sonata number 2, the instruction sostenuto (come IVa ...
AakashM's user avatar
  • 416
6 votes
1 answer
347 views

Should the last chord before the last four chords be fortissimo in Chopin Op. 10, No. 12?

I'm learning Revolutionary Etude by Chopin (Op. 10, No. 12), and I am thinking about the last chord before the last four chords (fifth to the last chord, at the beginning of m. 81). Should it be ...
Ethan Chan's user avatar
6 votes
4 answers
539 views

Which is more comprehensible for a player after writing fortissimo: forte or meno forte?

So after writing ff when you want musicians to play very loud, would you rather write f alone or meno f if you want them to go a bit softer but still loud enough?
Mart33n's user avatar
  • 170
6 votes
2 answers
510 views

Which version of notating dynamics for woodwinds is more clear?

As in title - which is better (if any)? Specifically for flutes and oboes.
Mart33n's user avatar
  • 170
14 votes
1 answer
790 views

Strange dynamic marking 'fmo' in Clementi sonata

I have come across an odd dynamics marking 'fmo' whilst studying at a copy of Clementi's Sonata in Bb major, Op. 24, No. 2, dated c1790. The below image shows mvmt. 1, mm. 90–94. Newer editions have ...
NBoss's user avatar
  • 335
7 votes
2 answers
2k views

Difference between fz, sz and f

What is exactly the difference between f (forte) and fz (forzato) ? I thought for long time that fz is similar to sf (sforzando), i.e. that it's a punctual dynamic that works only at the moment where ...
Surb's user avatar
  • 171
5 votes
4 answers
849 views

Notation for rapid diminuendo

I am writing a part for strings and I want a rapid (but not instant) diminuendo across one bar from forte to total silence by the end of the fourth beat. I had four possibilities in mind for conveying ...
yerman's user avatar
  • 794
4 votes
2 answers
1k views

the difference between SF and an accent mark [duplicate]

what is the difference between these two? I know Sf is a dynamic, but what if it is already in a forte section? and with sf do you play every note following as sf until another dynamic change or do ...
Foxy's user avatar
  • 41
6 votes
2 answers
2k views

Can you bass boost a song repeatedly?

I was using a plugin/service to bass boost a song when this question came to mind: Can you Bass Boost a song that has already been Bass Boosted after being Bass Boosted? In other words, can you ...
Joseph Casey's user avatar
11 votes
1 answer
756 views

How do I write hairpins and dynamics between staves in LilyPond?

Here's a minimal example of the sort of result I want to produce in LilyPond. (This was produced in Finale.) Notice that the crescendo-stop, f, and decrescendo-start align with a note in the bottom ...
Victor's user avatar
  • 113
9 votes
2 answers
1k views

Dynamic markings in harpsichord music

I have come across books similar to L'Art de Toucher le Clavecin, but written by English Composers. One such book "The Art of Playing the Harpsichord" IMSLP page and similar works have ...
NBoss's user avatar
  • 335
5 votes
5 answers
3k views

Why does photography promote high dynamic range whereas music production tends to reduce it?

On my phone, for example, HDR is a feature. Whereas in music production, a good compressor is seen as essential. Why the apparent discrepancy?
Ian Warburton's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
527 views

Unattached decrescendo in a single measure/single chord in lilypond

How to code the single measure/single chord decrescendo in lilypond? |\> <ees' aes' c''>1 \!| the above code gives a warning in lilypond: unterminated decrescendo.
Vinod's user avatar
  • 423
5 votes
3 answers
329 views

Anacrusis in Bach BWV 816 (French suite no. 5 in Gmaj) Gavotte

I had learned piano when I was young, and now I'm learning it again. I'm interested in Bach's pieces and BWV816 is the first piece my teacher suggested to learn. The following is the first 9 and half ...
dust05's user avatar
  • 153
1 vote
2 answers
102 views

Does excessive humidity affect the ability to play pianissimo? (On the piano) [closed]

I have trouble playing pianissimo but ff produces a good tone. Could humidity have caused this?
Lorie's user avatar
  • 11
1 vote
1 answer
258 views

Which electric piano tone on keyboard can have good accent and can be played loud at the same time?

I have to play a song which has electric piano tone which has a good distinct accent sound and can also be played at different dynamics. The problem is that you've to hit the key hard to make it ...
Ishan.J's user avatar
  • 340
5 votes
5 answers
182 views

Can an offbeat note be loudest when playing Bach?

My primitive understanding of Bach's music tells me that an offbeat note cannot be the most accented or the most important note in a phrase. But in the last gesture of the ubiquitous C major prelude, ...
Wynne's user avatar
  • 416
2 votes
1 answer
169 views

Is it possible to combine accent and tremolo in notation?

I want to have a strings part with tremolo, like used for example on the beginning of the 4th movement in Beethoven's 6th Symphony. But I also want the beginning of every such note to be accented. In ...
cincplug's user avatar
  • 123
1 vote
2 answers
222 views

Notating Dynamics for Drum Kit

I'm currently finishing an arrangement in Sibelius. One of the last things I'm adding is dynamic markings. For context, there is a string section, an electric guitar, electric bass, piano and vocals ...
yerman's user avatar
  • 794
7 votes
3 answers
1k views

Did Chopin use hairpins (adjacent crescendo and decrescendo) to indicate rubato rather than dynamics?

In her answer to Liszt's B minor sonata crescendo, user @Madeleine writes: In many places in Chopin's music, he wrote hairpins ... to indicate rubato rather than a crescendo or decrescendo. The ...
Aaron's user avatar
  • 90.2k
4 votes
2 answers
1k views

Problems with playing dynamics on a yamaha psr e463

I recently (about 5 months ago) have taken up the hobby of playing piano. I'm following the Alfred Basic Adult Level One book. Really loving it so far but I keep messing up when it comes to one aspect ...
Ayush Roy's user avatar
7 votes
4 answers
2k views

How is a Compressor different from Gain/Fader riding?

Compressor reduces a signal's dynamic range but the same can also be done by riding/automating the volume fader. Compressors add coloration but other than that is it any different from fader riding?
Lyric Roy's user avatar
  • 707
2 votes
2 answers
4k views

What do back-to-back crescendo-decrescendo ("<>") markings mean?

Okay, So I understand the staccato and crescendo and diminuendo markings, and the accent mark... But what does the less than and greater than mark that I highlighted mean? This is Czerny, First ...
JoeyJon's user avatar
  • 21
4 votes
1 answer
167 views

Is my understanding about this dynamics correct?

Sorry if my question is too simple or obvious to the experienced piano players, so the piece starts with the dynamics "f" and "marcato", f - loud marcato - stressed, pronounced ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
867 views

Writing dynamics separately with Lilypond

I've recently been engraving more and more with Lilypond, and I stumbled upon a .ly file on Mutopia (public domain scores engraved with Lilypond) where the dynamics and articulations are written ...
MacroController's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
12k views

Is there a difference between 'decrescendo' and 'diminuendo'?

I'm a lifelong musician, and this is something I've always wondered about. I know that decrescendo translates to "decreasing" and diminuendo to "diminishing", but does this have any practical ...
David K's user avatar
  • 325
4 votes
1 answer
271 views

Using different dynamics for different staves of the same instrument in MuseScore

I want to use different dynamics ( p and ff for treble and bass staff respectively) in Musescore 3.4.2 but always the last one I've entered has the effect and the former gets kind of discarded. Is it ...
Parsa Mousavi's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
242 views

Custom dynamic mark

I am in the process of engraving a sheet of piano music. I wrote a custom dynamic mark — the look of which I am very happy with, but the behavior, not totally. It is the following: mff = \tweak ...
MacroController's user avatar
-3 votes
3 answers
137 views

What instrument(s) lend themselves to playing different dynamics rapidly? [closed]

I'm a composer. What instrument(s) would it be easiest to play parts like this on? Thinking along the lines of unpitched percussion, but I'm open to anything. For example:
Eriek's user avatar
  • 536
4 votes
2 answers
557 views

Mastering oboe dynamics

I have been playing the oboe for a term now, and I have come across some songs that require me to use dynamics. How do you achieve dynamics on the oboe, and what exercises can you do to master it.
The Masked Rebel's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
251 views

Midi Volume "Compression"?

Suppose your midi instrument, say a piano vst, has 16 "layers". When you input a note at velocity "1", you'll hear a very quiet ppp note. When you input the same note at velocity "127", you'll hear a ...
john 's user avatar
  • 41
3 votes
3 answers
481 views

Repeated forte dynamics in more than 10 measures, What does that mean?

As I arrange the Scherzo movement of Beethoven's Ninth Symphony for a piano quintet(though I might expand this out to a sextet and use a double bass in place of a second cello), I notice something odd ...
Caters's user avatar
  • 6,584
1 vote
1 answer
486 views

Enhancing the effect of Crescendo/Diminuendo in musescore

I just want to know how can I steep the gradient of crescendo (or diminuendo) effect in Musescore? In normal situations it's like there are no effects at all. I'm using Musescore 3.2.
Parsa Mousavi's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
2k views

Correct abbreviation for “niente”?

“Niente” (“nothing”) is used to start a crescendo from silence or end a diminuendo with silence. Some scores spell it out fully (from “Titanic Suite”, published by Hal Leonard): Other scores ...
Walter's user avatar
  • 1,195
1 vote
3 answers
361 views

Fortepiano (fp) for the piano forte: are there examples in music literature? [duplicate]

A brass player I know plays fp by applying it to a single note. For the piano this is not possible. Reading a recent question and some comments below it, I wonder: are there examples of fp in music ...
Albrecht Hügli's user avatar
15 votes
3 answers
7k views

Dynamic marking "f-p"

I know that: The dynamic marking f means forte, or play loud. And that p means piano, or play soft. The dynamic marking fp means fortepiano, or play this note loud, and play the following notes soft....
Elements In Space's user avatar