Questions tagged [dynamics]

For questions related to the intensity, or loudness, of sound.

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6
votes
5answers
3k views

“crescendo” vs hair pin

symphony no.1 movement 1 page 16 by the string sections Working on Peter I. Tchaikovsky first symphony manuscript Conductor score. I came to a interesting observation. On the same page all ...
0
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1answer
36 views

Writing dynamics separately with Lilypond

I've recently been engraving more and more with Lilypond, and I stumbled upon a .ly file on Mutopia (public domain scores engraved with Lilypond) where the dynamics and articulations are written ...
3
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1answer
85 views

Is there a difference between 'decrescendo' and 'diminuendo'?

I'm a lifelong musician, and this is something I've always wondered about. I know that decrescendo translates to "decreasing" and diminuendo to "diminishing", but does this have any practical ...
2
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1answer
28 views

Using different dynamics for different staves of the same instrument in MuseScore

I want to use different dynamics ( p and ff for treble and bass staff respectively) in Musescore 3.4.2 but always the last one I've entered has the effect and the former gets kind of discarded. Is it ...
9
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3answers
2k views

Dynamics using m, r, s, and z. What do they mean?

I've seen these dynamics that are notated with: 'm', 'r', 's', and 'z', but I don't know what the mean. I might have an idea to what 'm' means, which might mean 'medium' like in mp or mf, but I don't ...
1
vote
3answers
54 views

Custom dynamic mark attached to a note, but not postponning the next

I am in the process of engraving a piano sheet, and I wrote a custom dynamic mark with the look of which I am very happy, but the behavior, not totally. It is the following : mff = \tweak DynamicText....
2
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3answers
173 views

What is the best way to play with dynamics on the violin?

I've just started playing the violin, and have come to dynamics (forte, piano, etc.). To play forte, I push the bow hard, and for piano, I push the bow lightly. Is this the right method? Are there any ...
2
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1answer
53 views

Mastering oboe dynamics

I have been playing the oboe for a term now, and I have come across some songs that require me to use dynamics. How do you achieve dynamics on the oboe, and what exercises can you do to master it.
-3
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3answers
70 views

What instrument(s) lend themselves to playing different dynamics rapidly? [closed]

I'm a composer. What instrument(s) would it be easiest to play parts like this on? Thinking along the lines of unpitched percussion, but I'm open to anything. For example:
5
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2answers
92 views

Midi Volume “Compression”?

Suppose your midi instrument, say a piano vst, has 16 "layers". When you input a note at velocity "1", you'll hear a very quiet ppp note. When you input the same note at velocity "127", you'll hear a ...
2
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1answer
75 views

Repeated forte dynamics in more than 10 measures, What does that mean?

As I arrange the Scherzo movement of Beethoven's Ninth Symphony for a piano quintet(though I might expand this out to a sextet and use a double bass in place of a second cello), I notice something odd ...
1
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1answer
68 views

Enhancing the effect of Crescendo/Diminuendo in musescore

I just want to know how can I steep the gradient of crescendo (or diminuendo) effect in Musescore? In normal situations it's like there are no effects at all. I'm using Musescore 3.2.
3
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2answers
109 views

Correct abbreviation for “niente”?

“Niente” (“nothing”) is used to start a crescendo from silence or end a diminuendo with silence. Some scores spell it out fully (from “Titanic Suite”, published by Hal Leonard): Other scores ...
4
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4answers
690 views

How to play forte-piano chord on piano?

In Beethoven's Pathetique, how do you play the fortepiano chords in the third movement (rondo)? I can easily do this on a wind instrument by changing wind speed, but on piano, I have no idea how to ...
1
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3answers
126 views

Fortepiano (fp) for the piano forte: are there examples in music literature? [duplicate]

A brass player I know plays fp by applying it to a single note. For the piano this is not possible. Reading a recent question and some comments below it, I wonder: are there examples of fp in music ...
12
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3answers
2k views

Dynamic marking “f-p”

I know that: The dynamic marking f means forte, or play loud. And that p means piano, or play soft. The dynamic marking fp means fortepiano, or play this note loud, and play the following notes ...
6
votes
1answer
130 views

Is this fortissimo passage in the flute possible?

I am writing this piece for a piano flute duet to represent Spring and it has 3 main sections. Those sections are: A - Quiet, Molto adagio, A minor, very melodic, rocking fifths in the bass, melody ...
6
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4answers
6k views

What makes a wind instrument sound louder or softer?

So obviously we can say "if you want to play louder, blow harder." However, is the connection really as simple as "more air means more volume," or is there a secondary effect which can permit louder ...
7
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2answers
864 views

What is the difference between accent and sforzando?

In particular, on cello. I got the impression that both are strong (either by pressure or speed) at the beginning of the note, followed by quick release of pressure/speed. What is the difference ...
2
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4answers
366 views

Does Sforzando really mean a stronger accent?

I come across sforzando a lot as an arranger and even just as a classical music listener. I was told by my piano teacher that sforzando means a stronger accent than your typical accent mark. But I ...
18
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9answers
16k views

Playing one hand loudly and the other quietly

I'm currently learning to play Comptine d'un autre été from Yann Tiersen (Sheet music(pdf) - youtube video) and when I play starting from the 13th bar I barely hear the notes my right hand plays. ...
2
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3answers
396 views

Più, meno, poco & molto: How to write incremental dynamics?

I’m a self-taught amateur composer, and whilst the standard dynamics of ppp to fff go a long way, over time I’ve wanted to use some additional instructions to indicate incremental dynamics between ...
4
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2answers
682 views

How should I notate an intermediate dynamic between mp and mf?

I know this is a question that’s been asked before, but I haven’t found an answer that suits my needs. Consider the following example [edit: new excerpt, to include all swells and to remove other ...
6
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1answer
84 views

Is there a difference between Espirando and Mancando?

I've seen both these terms listed in online music glossaries as meaning "dying away", but neither entry ever refers to the other. Are there any real-world differences in how these are interpreted?
2
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2answers
457 views

Why do arpeggios tend to blend at quiet dynamics?

I notice this especially in the arpeggio passage of the Solfeggio in C minor. But when I am playing very fast arpeggios, the notes either stay separate or blend depending on the dynamic. At forte, ...
5
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2answers
137 views

What is the point of repeating the same dynamic mark?

See this video The audio is the orchestral version of Shosty 7, but the video shows a two piano arrangement, which is what the question is about. If you look at 1:06:...
17
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4answers
7k views

Tell pianist to play entire piece softly, except one part

I've composed a short melody, however I'm very new to all this piano theory, how would I tell the pianist to play the entire piece softly? (mp, not pp), and how would I write exceptions for specific ...
4
votes
1answer
64 views

Will a forte tympani overpower a quiet orchestra?

So far, I have been mainly using the tympani in my orchestration of the Pathetique Sonata for the purpose of adding an accent. It might change later on to having a more important role but right now, ...
15
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4answers
4k views

How do pianists reach extremely loud dynamics?

This question of mine started when I heard the piano score of Mars by Gustav Holst. Here is the piano score: How do the pianists even reach triple f? I myself have ...
29
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2answers
65k views

How necessary is an USB Audio Interface?

I'm currently recording songs on my computer and the quality of my microphone is awful and the microphone is very quiet. That doesn't surprise me, because it's a 20$ karaoke microphone... I got into ...
7
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5answers
1k views

Have a note stand out in a pianissimo chord (piano)

This is the last chord of Francis Poulenc's Mélancolie for piano. It occurs while a piano D♭ major chord is still resonating in the bass. How would you have the B♭♭ be perceptible, surprising, and ...
3
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1answer
284 views

Sforzando but fortissimo, how to fix that?

I wished that Musescore could recognize the note velocity of other instruments when I just put in a series of sforzandos in 1 instrument followed by forte to recognize that it needs to do a crescendo. ...
8
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4answers
1k views

Do contemporary singers sound “wrong” without a microphone?

When I play guitar and sing, it isn’t very loud because I mix my head voice with falsetto. It’s impossible for me to know what this sounds like without recording my voice- but the only way to record ...
0
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1answer
122 views

Polyphony vs Monophony

I am taking a basic music class as an elective and was given a chart to compare monophony and polyphony. The elements within the chart are: Melody, Accompaniment, Harmony, Rhythm of Words, Dynamics ...
5
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4answers
1k views

Why were dynamic markings not really used in the Baroque and Classical period?

Why is it that dynamics only really began to be frequently used from the Romantic period onward? Also what was the first recorded use of dynamics because I read on Wikipedia that it was first century ...
0
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0answers
30 views

Normalize a collection of WAVS in an homogenous way without loosing a bit of dynamic range

I ripped all my CDs of a band, and would like to do a loseless flac compilation. The degree of volume and compression is different in every album. What's the easiest way to normalize by RMS a ...
4
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2answers
382 views

Dynamic markings and relative sound levels of instuments

In an orchestra, various instruments have different "perceived output volume" capabilities and these change across registers. For example, flutes get louder in their higher register, bassoons are ...
2
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1answer
124 views

What do I do if a fp marking is in between two notes?

How can i play the section with forte piano fp where fp is between two notes
5
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2answers
3k views

What does *fp* mean in terms of volume to play?

I'm working on a piece where the volume is specified as fp. From what I can tell, this means "forte piano", which to me is meaningless. This is a piano piece, so: 1) Is it meaningless? 2) Do they ...
7
votes
1answer
92 views

Is there a specific term for the orchestral bursts in The Firebird?

In Stravinsky's Firebird, during the Danse Infernale section, there are several very short, jarring bursts from the orchestra. These bursts have an unusual dynamic quality in that the attack is not at ...
3
votes
2answers
907 views

Crescendo and accelerando throughout, how?

I hear this in most piano transcriptions and in all orchestras when I hear In the Hall of the Mountain King. It is as though Edvard Grieg wrote cresc. and accel. and pp and left it at that. I did hear ...
2
votes
1answer
112 views

Can I use the G2 Pedal to simply act as a volume pedal?

I have access to a Guitar Effects Pedal G2 by Zoom (https://www.zoom-na.com/sites/default/files/products/downloads/pdfs/G2.pdf) and I've been perusing the manual for a distortion-free volume ...
6
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4answers
356 views

How can I make sure my mix is not “bricked” before sending it to be professionally mastered?

In the instructions provided to me by the service I'm using to have my album mastered, the engineers include this advice: Include any desired processing, such as compression and equalization, but be ...
5
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3answers
604 views

Is it necessary to put nuances indication at the start and end of a crescendo/decrescendo?

On one song I'm writing, I'd like to finish the song with a decrescendo on two measures. My question is, is it better (or at least useful) to add a nuance at the end of the decrescendo like in the ...
3
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3answers
1k views

digital piano volume

I have a Yamaha P-115. Earlier I had a tutor coming home and he used to keep the volume 2-3 notches below the max. Now, I am in a different city, and go to a tutor in a music school, where I play a ...
2
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2answers
204 views

Determining dynamics of individual parts in music group

I have been lately wondering how to determine dynamics of individual parts in music group. As we all know sheet music many times doesn't provide all dynamics and phrasing. It seems obvious to me, ...
14
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4answers
4k views

What's the name, and symbol, for the “normal” dynamic volume? (between mp and mf)

Let's say I'm singing and there's no dynamic mark at the start. I'll sing at my default "normal" volume. Then there's an mp so i get a bit quieter. If there had been an mf I would have got a bit ...
11
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5answers
14k views

Can I make Electronic Drums even more quiet?

I live in an apartment and recently bought a Yamaha dtxtreme III. Luckily I live on the bottom floor and have no one under me, however the drums are facing a wall that I share with my neighbors. The ...
2
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2answers
3k views

Where should dynamics marking be written?

I am recently writing a piece for violin and piano. Should I write the f and p dynamic markings of the violin above the stave of violin or below? Also, should tempo markings such as rit. written on ...
2
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4answers
1k views

How does one describe the level of playing that is neither piano nor forte?

This is a follow-up to this question: To which notes do dynamics notation apply? (eg. pp) I asked, when a composer has indicated in the score that the performer play softly (eg. pp), how does the ...