Questions tagged [engraving]

For questions about the engraving of scores and how to achieve intended notational effects. Questions regarding the meaning of specific notation are best served with the notation tag. For questions discussing a particular engraving software, the software should also be tagged.

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How to reduce the width of a staff containing only a rest in LilyPond

Consider this example : { #(set-global-staff-size 25) %\tempo Allegro \time 4/4 a'4 b' c'' d'' R1 a'4 b' c'' d'' R1 a'4 b' c'' d'' R1 a'4 b' c'' d'' R1 a'4 b' c'' d'' } Is there a way to impose a ...
Karlo's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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How to add left/right hand fingering bracket to specific note group

How can I replicate this LH left hand fingering annotation with Lilypond? The bracket around the lower three notes is the troublesome part. I've tried several approaches to no avail. The original, ...
lothloren's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
267 views

Can Lilypond typeset French beaming?

Consider following example: { g'16 d'' e'' d'' } Is there a way to obtain the so-called French beaming? Here, vertical stems are not shown in between the beams (examples from here).
Karlo's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
262 views

How to typeset an excerpt in Lilypond (longer phrase slur and text)?

I want to typeset following "excerpt" from a longer melody: I currently have { \time C (c''8 d'' e'' d'' c'' b' a' c''_" etc.") } How could I modify it to obtain the following? ...
Karlo's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
87 views

Sheet Music Software, w/ Measures/Bars per System Setting

For many years I was an "Encore" user, and alas, Encore is no longer supported. (Rumors of a new version persist, but... we'll see....) I used it to create piano sheet music. Encore allowed ...
Linda's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
71 views

How do I place fingering instructions under a string's number?

I'm engraving a guitar score and I would like to notate the harmonic frets under the string number, as it is done in this example: To do this, I'm using \string and -fingering notation as it appears ...
Vestal's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
69 views

Markups of Voice Two appearing on top of Voice One

I'm engraving a guitar score and I've made a simple shortcut for drawing a circle everytime a harmonic is played, as I've seen in some music: hc = \markup \left-align { \draw-circle #0.3 #0.15 ##f } ...
Vestal's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
58 views

Slur shape change

Using LilyPond, I am re-typesetting a score which uses an unusual symbol. Essentially, it is a slur between two adjacent notes, but the slur is mirror-imaged around its longest dimension. ...
Charles Nix's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
107 views

Should a second volta appear at the end or beginning of a line?

Given a single-measure second ending that fits comfortably at the end of one line or the beginning of the next, what is the convention or best practice (allowing there is one) on the preferred ...
Aaron's user avatar
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8 votes
4 answers
963 views

Why is the G flat major key signature written with a flat on the lower G and not the higher one?

I was going over the circle of fifths as part of theory, and I was trying to write out the G-flat key signature. I put the G-flat in where the red flat is in the image below, but I realized that the ...
heretoinfinity's user avatar
8 votes
3 answers
480 views

What's a readable way to indicate both multi-measure rallentando and 8va?

In a piece I'm working on I've got a 4-meas. rallentando to a new, slower tempo. The piano RH, in those same 4 measures, also has an 8va section. Either of them I'd want to engrave spanning the 4 ...
nitsua60's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
167 views

John-Hetland-style custodes in LilyPond

John Hetland's scores on CPDL have custodes that look like this: LilyPond supports custodes in several styles, but None of them are shaped like a half circle (or half notehead). They are placed ...
benrg's user avatar
  • 493
4 votes
1 answer
94 views

How to make actually minimal page breaking in LilyPond

Consider the example below. It has 6 systems, and if I force LilyPond to put all 6 onto one page with min-systems-per-page = #6, it does, and it works well. The issue is that in real life, not every ...
yo''s user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
38 views

Lilypond: Changing \partCombine on a system-by-system basis [duplicate]

In Dorico and many published scores (such as this Mahler score), there is condensing where instruments are displayed in multiple voices and can 'separate' out when necessary. For example, on the 2nd ...
Uncodeable864's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
290 views

Distance of the stave lines?

I have not found definite answers for these two doubts, can anyone help me? At what distance should the stave lines be? What distance should be between staves?
user94924's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
124 views

LilyPond: Display different time signature

I'm engraving some early music, and, occasionally, to follow what is in the sources, I'd like to replace the symbol for what would be notated in modern time signatures as "3/2" or "4/2&...
AlexJ's user avatar
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9 votes
2 answers
759 views

LilyPond: how to restore the old figured bass font

I've been looking at the latest stable version of Lilypond (2.24.2) and noticed that the figured bass font is not the same as before. Not only that, but (without changing anything) the symbols are ...
AlexJ's user avatar
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6 votes
3 answers
618 views

LilyPond lyrics affecting horizontal spacing in score

While attempting to typeset a piece of baroque vocal music, I've come upon this issue where lyrics cause uneven spacing of the notes in other voices in the score. For example, the 2nd violin on the ...
AlexJ's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
96 views

Lilypond - Moving around the number for a tuplet

I'm trying to replicate a triplet drawn as a bow with the number over the bow rather than under and shifted to hover over the first note. By following LilyPond - change tuplet bracket to a small bow, ...
Frotz's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
191 views

Lower voice in Chopin's Nocturne Op 9 No 1 not adding up to 6/4 time signature

I wanted to learn Chopin's Nocturne Op 9 No 1. In most cases, the note values add up to the time signature of 6/4. However, in measure 6 of the right hand part, I counted the note values of the lower ...
Vighnesh's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
135 views

Is there a way for one player to have a solo but the rest of the instrument keep playing?

I'm writing a piece where there is like a bass line which is made up of all 5 string section parts (orchestra) that each have a similar rhythm, and that all together makes a cool sound. I want to add ...
Cole Cervigni's user avatar
14 votes
3 answers
3k views

Is it okay to change the key signature in the middle of a bar?

In music notation, is it okay to change the key signature within a measure? Or should I split the meter into two for that? For example, I have the following four quarter notes in one measure with: 𝄞 ♭...
brilliant's user avatar
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4 votes
4 answers
574 views

Dotted quarter or tied notes

I know in 4/4 you are supposed to clearly indicate beats 1 and 3 in the measure, but does this apply to beat 2 as well? I am transcribing a song on piano and don't know which version of this measure ...
Elias Falke's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
87 views

Placement of articulation on middle of three voices

I have a drum part that looks like this (instruments shown are cymbal, tambourine, tom, and kick): Whether splitting the upper voice this way is even standard in the first place I'm not sure, but it ...
the-baby-is-you's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
57 views

How can I adjust this grace note alignment in a Lilypond score?

I'm working on a transcription/editing project. At one point, the piano part has some grace-note arpeggios while the bass plays a melodic line. I am trying to make this "look nice" in the ...
Michael Seifert's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
165 views

Where does divisi marking go if vocalists begin a slurred/tied note together, but end it divided?

In a vocal piece, the basses sing a B as a section. Half the basses tie to a second B in the next measure; the other half descend to a low E. In this divisi writing, bass 1 has a tie and bass 2 has ...
nuggethead's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
74 views

Tremolo strokes above stems with flags

Is it okay to draw tremolo strokes above/below stems with flags for more readability? Otherwise, it looks a bit tight when tremolo strokes are positioned right on a stem with a flag: Also, I just don'...
Guseyn Ismayylov's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
81 views

Simple repeat notification

Trying to script in musical notation a section of music that plays repeatedly within a tune without writing it out multiple times and I'm getting confused with some of the notation symbols. In the ...
Robinm's user avatar
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5 votes
3 answers
528 views

How to avoid double sharps in LilyPond

I have this code: \new StaffGroup << \override StaffGroup.SystemStartBracket.stencil = ##f \new ...
kargirwar's user avatar
  • 650
3 votes
2 answers
173 views

Why are 6/5 chords written in different ways? [duplicate]

Sometimes the 6th of a 6/5 chord is displaced to the right and other times the 5th is displaced to the left. Why?
user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
782 views

How do I enter these triplets into MuseScore?

I'm a total beginner with all things music theory, so I figured I'd ask. I'm trying to enter this into MuseScore, but the triplets in the last two bars are confusing me. If I try to enter them I get ...
AdrianD's user avatar
  • 61
2 votes
1 answer
165 views

Secondary brackets in the string section

In an orchestral score, each section of the orchestra gets a thick square margin bracket, e.g. the woodwind section. Within these, thin square secondary brackets are used to group instruments in the ...
Elements In Space's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
51 views

How to place a number by a sustain bracket to indicate variation in lilypond?

I have the following markup which gives the output below: \version "2.22.2" \language "english" global = { \key df \major \numericTimeSignature \time 2/4 } right = \fixed c'...
Yakov Galka's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
81 views

Lilypond: How to avoid overshooting melisma in last stanzas [incl. MWE and output]

I am trying to create some sheet music with lyrics. Some features of the music are: There are repeat sections in the music with alternative endings. The music starts on the chorus. There are more ...
Eirik B's user avatar
  • 73
5 votes
4 answers
971 views

A standard way of marking alternate tunings for classical guitar?

I'm writing a piece that needs to have a drop D tuning- how do I mark the guitar's tuning at the top of the score? Is there a standard? Something like "E = D" or just "DADGBE"? ...
Not Legato's user avatar
9 votes
5 answers
2k views

Is there a notation for borrowing a beat from the next measure?

First off, just to be clear, this is a purely historical/theoretical question. In the example I'm going to give, I think it would universally be considered clearer just to write it in 4/4, maybe with ...
radeklew's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
210 views

Lilypond glissando across piano staves

I'm trying to typeset the glissando shown below using Lilypond: There are examples in the docs but they weren't helpful. My code: \version "2.24.0" upper = \relative{ \clef treble \key c \...
Medulla Oblongata's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
244 views

Change staff position of hi-hat

This is what it currently looks like: This is what I want it to look like: My code currently looks like this: \version "2.22.2" \header { title = "abc" } \drums { \clef ...
Jonas Hardt's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
155 views

Finale writing problem, four cross-beamed eighths

How do I enter cross-beamed eighth notes in Finale?
ogi-joo's user avatar
  • 71
8 votes
3 answers
675 views

can lilypond generate this, connect beam on every other note - use voices?

Can lilypond generate this (see attached image), connect the beam on every other note - use voices? It also has slurs between the 'voices.'
scanudom's user avatar
  • 123
5 votes
2 answers
502 views

LilyPond: How to avoid pitch-squashed chords ending up as colliding noteheads?

On the guitar it is common, both, to follow staff notation, as well as to strum chords given by their names. Using Lilypond, I am trying to notate explicit notes in staff notation and named chords ...
rfbw's user avatar
  • 361
8 votes
3 answers
1k views

Number of measures per line

I'm relatively new to reading piano score and I notice lots of little subtle things about it which have great importance. One feature I wonder if it is ever used with special importance is number of ...
CandleLightHacker's user avatar
5 votes
4 answers
476 views

When should I use polyphonic voicing for the upper piano staff?

I am learning to use some notation software, but I am unsure if what I have so far is the best way to notate this piano piece. The ties kind of bug me, and I am not sure if I should have polyphonic ...
user avatar
8 votes
3 answers
1k views

What is the meaning of this notation that looks like a rest superimposed on a note?

In the picture below, it looks like there is a rest superimposed on top of a note. What does this mean?
Kds's user avatar
  • 89
7 votes
4 answers
326 views

Name and meaning of "mirrored" accent sign

I'm currently engraving a hand-written SATB piece in LilyPond and encountered some music notation I'm not really sure what to do with. It consists of four consecutive quarter notes with each note ...
gmw's user avatar
  • 171
7 votes
3 answers
973 views

LilyPond: help to merge notes in different voices

I am trying to engrave Mendelssohn's "Variations sérieuses". I need to tie notes from different voices. Here is the desired effect: You can see that the last A is tied to the next from a ...
facetus's user avatar
  • 941
4 votes
3 answers
161 views

Are these 2 clef-change notations equivalent in meaning and result?

I've been copying over my purchased PDF of John Adams's score for "China Gates" into a new MuseScore copy for my personal use. There are frequent clef changes which he notates in this manner ...
markmarz's user avatar
  • 317
4 votes
3 answers
788 views

What is the best way to notate an arrangement and melody for a low singing voice?

I am a bass-baritone singer and am trying to figure out how best to write and and arrange my music so that I can have the best representation of what I will be performing and recording in my studio. ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
168 views

When removing the StemEngraver, how can I ensure Lilypond properly places adjacent notes?

The following code compiles without a hitch: \version "2.20.0" left = \relative c' { <b c g'> } \layout { \context { \Voice % When I uncomment below, the % note ...
Richard's user avatar
  • 84.5k
2 votes
1 answer
107 views

Align \markup and fermata in make-music-function?

The end goal is to have some function that takes a rest and optional text and outputs the rest with a fermata, boxed "vocals", and the optional key words. Inspired by this question, I was ...
cjm's user avatar
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