Questions tagged [engraving]

For questions about the engraving of scores and how to achieve intended notational effects. Questions regarding the meaning of specific notation are best served with the notation tag. For questions discussing a particular engraving software, the software should also be tagged.

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Do all voices deserve rests, or can I tactically omit rests?

The voice 3 (magenta) plays for just two semiquavers at the end of the bar: should I add a series of rests for that voice? it's hard to understand which rests belong to which voice when rendered in ...
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8 votes
4 answers
865 views

Gnossiennes and Free Time

I'm looking at Erik Satie's Gnossiennes, specifically Nos. 1-3, but for simplicity let's just consider Gnossienne No. 1. Most editions (see IMSLP) are engraved without a time signature nor with any ...
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7 votes
3 answers
585 views

Eliminate ties via additive meter?

I'm making a piano arrange of 裸の勇者. Many times, I put ties in the middle of the bar: These ties are noisy; I'd like to remove them. But I placed them there in the belief that they're required for ...
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8 votes
3 answers
623 views

In keyboard style harmony should there be a rest for each voice?

Here is a picture, and you can see the melody voice has a rest for the last 8th note, but I also added a rest for the alto and tenor. Is this correct, or would one rest have been ok?
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2 votes
2 answers
68 views

Lilypond: Set key change signature before D.C. or D.S., and different key in next line

Imagine you have a piece consisting of 3 parts, say A, B, C, and they appear in order A B A C. You want to typeset this in the following form with Da Capo and a Coda, and a line break after the "...
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3 votes
3 answers
464 views

Why an end repeat barline without a corresponding start repeat barline?

How should I interpret an end repeat barline without a corresponding start repeat barline? I was expecting to see a few bars delimited by corresponding start and end repeat barlines, but in this piece ...
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  • 321
3 votes
1 answer
47 views

LilyPond: Allow dynamics (or other outside-staff objects) within the staff

I tried \version "2.22.1" \language "english" { \dynamicUp \once \override DynamicLineSpanner.staff-padding = #0 \once \override DynamicLineSpanner.Y-offset = -3 b'\f } ...
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0 votes
1 answer
41 views

Lilypond \easyHeadsOn: How to increase font size and make them bold inside a note head?

I am trying to annotate each note using tonic pitch names, so that it will be easier to sing these notes. Lilypond has this very nice feature \easyHeadsOn: https://lilypond.org/doc/v2.21/Documentation/...
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3 votes
2 answers
215 views

How to engrave these rest symbols in Lilypond?

The original instrument in the note below is violin, I'm engraving this piece for another instrument using Lilypond V2.20. How to make the rest symbols look like this in the first line below? And, ...
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4 votes
1 answer
68 views

Lilypond: Collisions with ledger lines - Can the length of an individual ledger line be modified?

I'm trying to replicate the elegance of the shortening of a ledger line to avoid a collision with a stem as seen in the following picture: Ledger lines don't seem to avoid collisions as you can see ...
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2 votes
1 answer
40 views

Lilypond: Align markup on a specific arg

I created a new dynamic marking using the method described in the documentation. What I have is this: \version "2.22.1" \language "english" subitoMF = \markup { \italic subito ...
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1 vote
1 answer
42 views

Can voltas be used mid-repeat instead of just at the end? [duplicate]

I'm writing an ABAB arrangement where the only difference the second time (apart from lyrics) is one extra bar (extra long pre-chorus, as it were) between A and B. I think it would help the musicians ...
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4 votes
1 answer
140 views

Prevent collision/overlap of ties in Lilypond

Running the input \score { \relative c' { <c d f g b c>4~ 4 } \layout { \context { \Score \override SpacingSpanner.base-shortest-duration = #(ly:make-moment 1/16) ...
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  • 349
5 votes
2 answers
201 views

LilyPond: étude number on the left of the system

I would like to typeset several Czerny's études in LilyPond. In the original text they are numbered, like this: How can I get this number on the left of the system? I understand I can kind of mock it ...
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  • 557
9 votes
2 answers
182 views

Notating a note sustained over clef change

I found this very interesting notation in Wiklund's first piano concerto, final bars of movement 1 (the transcription for two pianos): See the final left-hand bars: the low E is sustained over a clef ...
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  • 1,403
4 votes
1 answer
191 views

Instrumental intro on "Piano and melody with lyrics" score in LilyPond

I am creating a LilyPond piano/vocal score starting with the Template A.3.2 Piano and melody with lyrics. In my piece, there will be several bars of instrumental introduction before the vocal line ...
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  • 1,800
10 votes
3 answers
611 views

Multiple staccato dots on minim with tremolo repeat in Lilypond

I'm writing a piano reduction of Gustav Mahler's 4th Symphony (to help study the score and practice music notation, but mainly just for kicks 'n' grins) using GNU LilyPond. (Yes, I know, I'm totally ...
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  • 1,152
6 votes
2 answers
767 views

Lilypond: natural+flat accidental in front of the note

I can not find a way to have both a natural and a flat accidental in front of a single note. How can I get this in LilyPond?
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  • 514
0 votes
1 answer
141 views

Changing from divisi to multiple parts (Sibelius)

I am currently arranging a piece which has a few divisi parts. I will use the clarinets as the example for this question. There are two of them, and at the beginning (when they are not playing) I want ...
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4 votes
5 answers
2k views

When should tenor clef be used?

There are several instruments that have music written for them primarily in bass clef, but commonly change to tenor clef for a higher passages. In particular, I am interested in: Bassoon Trombone ...
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10 votes
1 answer
491 views

How do I write hairpins and dynamics between staves in LilyPond?

Here's a minimal example of the sort of result I want to produce in LilyPond. (This was produced in Finale.) Notice that the crescendo-stop, f, and decrescendo-start align with a note in the bottom ...
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  • 103
3 votes
1 answer
107 views

Can't find in Lilypond docs - how to place notes in a chord?

How do I tell Lilypond which side of a stem I want individual chord tones on? With a simple chord in single angle brackets, like <e g b> <e a c>, the note heads all go to the left (default)...
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  • 49
6 votes
3 answers
735 views

Interpreting Concert Scores

(Perhaps somewhat unusually) I understand how a transposed score works, but I don't understand the details of how "concert score" works – it's not as simple as: show every note at sounding ...
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3 votes
1 answer
361 views

Space the score notes evenly

Is there a way in LilyPond to space the score notes evenly? In the sample image made with LilyPond 2.22.01 the notes are not equally spaced. Edit The idea is to get all the notes to be spaced equally ...
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  • 514
4 votes
2 answers
104 views

Lilypond: modifying woodwind diagrams

Regarding woodwind diagram in LilyPond as: \markup { \center-column { \override #'(size . 0.7) { \woodwind-diagram #'flute #'((cc . (oneF two three four five six)) (lh . (...
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  • 385
2 votes
2 answers
83 views

Left aligning copyright in Lilypond

Is it possible to left-align the copyright information in Lilypond instead of the default center-alignment?
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  • 21
5 votes
2 answers
167 views

Polyphonic tie on lilypond

I am writing down the lovely Old Castle from Mussorgsky. And from the beginning there is a tie linking polyphonic voices. What I want to achieve is this: but what I get is Even if I put a tie, ...
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  • 197
3 votes
2 answers
312 views

How should guitar strumming patterns be represented in music notation?

I am new to sheet music and I am basically a programmer. I am trying to blend technology with music and display the tabs on the screen like so for my son's YouTube channel. Now I want to integrate ...
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  • 201
2 votes
1 answer
74 views

Is there a way of actually opening hairpins in LilyPond?

I need this for an Ossia staff that only appears for a single bar, like this: The real hairpin starts before that bar (like the 2nd one), but spanning the hairpin where the lower one starts doesn't ...
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6 votes
2 answers
554 views

How can I omit breaks and page breaks in LilyPond?

I'm creating score and parts from a single file with various \book blocks, and my instrument parts have some \break and \pageBreak commands, but I want my score to omit those breaks. I thought that ...
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4 votes
1 answer
108 views

Can I edit the properties of System Spacers in LilyPond and double it on the other side of the page?

I can't find any information about system spacers more than: \paper { system-separator-markup = \slashSeparator } I find the defaults too small, and I would like to put a second separator aligned ...
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9 votes
2 answers
765 views

Partially-optimized orchestra scores?

There are two different conventions I have seen for orchestra scores. In one, the full orchestra is shown on every page. Even if the flutes don't play a single note, (for example) their staff ...
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  • 1,230
8 votes
1 answer
358 views

LilyPond: auto horizontal space for piano pedal

Is it possible to tell LilyPond to automatically add extra space for piano pedal symbols, so they don't overlap? If not, how to add the space manually? Here is what I am trying to achieve: This is ...
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  • 557
5 votes
1 answer
134 views

Lilypond Markup Alignment

I have a fairly large note on how to program the keyboard in my piece that I would like to put between the right-hand staff and the left-hand staff. When I R1*3/4^\markup{\left-column{"G126 Vibra....
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5 votes
1 answer
191 views

\unfoldrepeat and \repeat with midi output in lilypond

I have a piece of lilypond code here: trebleNotesOne = { \unfoldRepeats {\repeat volta 2 { r8 a'16 b'16 c''8 b'16 c''16 d''2 | r8 b'16 a'16 b'8 a'16 g'16 f'2 }} } bassNotesOne = {\clef bass ...
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  • 403
1 vote
1 answer
68 views

Starting temporary second voice in LilyPond

I'm scoring Bach BWV927 in LilyPond. For each hand, at various measures there are two voices. The left-hand second voice starts in the first measure, but the right-hand second voice starts in the ...
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  • 897
4 votes
2 answers
290 views

Unattached decrescendo in a single measure/single chord in lilypond

How to code the single measure/single chord decrescendo in lilypond? |\> <ees' aes' c''>1 \!| the above code gives a warning in lilypond: unterminated decrescendo.
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  • 403
11 votes
3 answers
513 views

How to increase LilyPond horizontal spacing?

I'm trying to create some very simple music note worksheets with LilyPond. I'm afraid I'm still not familiar with the language itself, but here is what I'm looking for: \version "2.20.0" \relative c'...
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  • 111
2 votes
1 answer
86 views

How can I use custom macros with lilypond-book fragments?

I am preparing a booklet using lilypond-book and have some snippets formatted with \begin{lilypond}[fragment]. These generally do what I want, but I would like to use some custom macros that I defined ...
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4 votes
2 answers
188 views

Note and dotted note on the same line - Lilypond

I have a note here: What do these notes (a quarter note and dotted quarter note on the same line) mean? It's note a, in LilyPond, bottom of the bass clef. How is this coded in LilyPond? Full measure ...
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  • 403
9 votes
2 answers
334 views

What is the correct placement of portato marks in relation to phrase marks?

I'm engraving an orchestral score, using Musescore. The following two bars, in the oboe part, don't look "right" in terms of engraving aesthetics: Another example, this time in the flute ...
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-2 votes
1 answer
81 views

How to engrave music note by note in a measure in lilypond

A measure is shown here: How to notate this is in lilypond on a note by note basis on a grand staff. The note F5 in the treble clef is given as two lists, one for notes and other for duration F5 ->...
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  • 403
6 votes
3 answers
396 views

How do you set the number of measures per line or page in LilyPond / Frescobaldi when you have a score with multiple instruments?

As I am doing an arranging project, I was wondering how to set the number of measures per line and therefore page as it is a score with a rhythm section and five horns. I have seen these pages (line ...
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6 votes
1 answer
169 views

lilypond-book lyrics vs staff vertical spacing

I want to add more vertical space between the lyrics and the line of staff above and below. I have been able to lower the lyrics from the staff above by overriding the nonstaff-relatedstaff-spacing....
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3 votes
1 answer
171 views

Transcribing a PDF to Guitar Pro

I am very new to Guitar Pro and music theory/notation in general. I have a pdf with some music that I want to input into Guitar Pro, but it seems like the time signature doesn't match with the notes ...
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10 votes
2 answers
721 views

When should the last ending bracket(volta) be closed and when should it be open?

I have a question about the last volta(ultima volta, last ending bracket). When should it be closed and when should it be open? I have found a document about that topic, which can be found here on ...
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  • 101
4 votes
3 answers
371 views

Percussion duration notation issue

As I understand it: For most percussion instruments "notes" don't really have durations in the same sense as other instruments. Percussion instruments are struck, and thus usually sound ...
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3 votes
1 answer
558 views

What is the best way get rhythm section notation (rhythmic notation, kicks over time, and slash notation) to display in LilyPond / Frescobaldi?

I have an arranging project due very soon, so I decided to ask this while I might still get help and a response. What is the best way to get rhythm section notation techniques like rhythmic notation, &...
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4 votes
1 answer
197 views

Is there a way to automatically "flatten" a slur in LilyPond?

Consider the following notation: The slur in the top staff looks normal to me; the end points of the slur are located above the end of the note stem. But the second slur is less ideal, because its ...
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  • 78.6k
3 votes
1 answer
66 views

Same fingering position for fingering notation and \finger command in LilyPond?

I have found that fingering notation and \finger command in LilyPond place fingering differently. How to make finger command behave the same way as ^n, _n, -n notations? Here is a MWE: \version "...
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  • 557