Questions tagged [engraving]

For questions about the engraving of scores and how to achieve intended notational effects. Questions regarding the meaning of specific notation are best served with the notation tag. For questions discussing a particular engraving software, the software should also be tagged.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
17
votes
2answers
2k views

How do I notate a staccato on a unison note?

If there is a stem on either side of a note, or the stems are DOWN below ledger lines, where does the dot indicating staccato go?
16
votes
4answers
4k views

How to notate time signature switching consistently every measure

It seems my musical journey's always pushing me into left field territory when it comes to notation ... So this time I'd like to know what would be a good way to notate a consistent switching of time ...
16
votes
5answers
1k views

How to notate this two-voice syncopation in 12/8 time?

Currently working on this composition which is in 12/8 time. I want the rhythm in the left hand to be like this: But the notation looks difficult to read. Also tried this: But the C octave chord is ...
15
votes
2answers
1k views

LilyPond - how to write a basic makefile

During the last years I tought myself to write scores using LilyPond and furthermore to make file handling easier by using Bash scripts. Recently I started a project a little bigger than only one or ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

Arbitrary length full-measure rests in Lilypond

In Lilypond one can make long full-measure rests with: \compressFullBarRests R1*12 which outputs: Is there an engraver I can turn off, or some other way to remove the number from above the ...
12
votes
1answer
1k views

Which note goes on which side of the stem?

When writing music in sheet music form, I know that when writing harmonic intervals of a second, one of the two notes is on the opposite side of the notehead. My trouble is determining which note to ...
10
votes
7answers
2k views

Writing music by hand?

How do you write music by hand -- without using a ruler -- and not make it look like ugly chickenscratch? Are there exercises for writing note heads, stems and beams while making them look relatively ...
10
votes
3answers
358 views

How to increase LilyPond horizontal spacing?

I'm trying to create some very simple music note worksheets with LilyPond. I'm afraid I'm still not familiar with the language itself, but here is what I'm looking for: \version "2.20.0" \relative c'...
10
votes
2answers
559 views

When should the last ending bracket(volta) be closed and when should it be open?

I have a question about the last volta(ultima volta, last ending bracket). When should it be closed and when should it be open? I have found a document about that topic, which can be found here on ...
9
votes
7answers
2k views

Anacruses, Bar Lines, and Line Breaks

I am an amateur composer. Page layout is important to me; I like the line breaks to be significant punctuation to the score. i.e. the end of: sections, parts, phrases, lines of verse/lyrics, are ...
9
votes
2answers
716 views

Partially-optimized orchestra scores?

There are two different conventions I have seen for orchestra scores. In one, the full orchestra is shown on every page. Even if the flutes don't play a single note, (for example) their staff ...
9
votes
5answers
7k views

slur options in sheet music

In sheet music, composers use a slur to put together consecutive notes. There seem to be two kinds of slurs: one with a solid line and the other broken. My question is: when does a composer use a ...
9
votes
2answers
314 views

What is the correct placement of portato marks in relation to phrase marks?

I'm engraving an orchestral score, using Musescore. The following two bars, in the oboe part, don't look "right" in terms of engraving aesthetics: Another example, this time in the flute ...
8
votes
2answers
768 views

When does bar-line go down?

I have a piano theory test real soon and it will require writing modern vocal score in open score. When I see examples of open score, sometimes the bar lines go through the 4 parts, and sometimes ...
8
votes
2answers
627 views

Are there any "good practices for sheet music writing" guidelines that are more or less universally accepted?

I'm an amateur musician who sometimes likes to write sheet music for arrangements and for pieces that I figure out by ear. I do this mainly because I can go long periods without playing and when I ...
7
votes
1answer
256 views

Printing all accidentals with Lilypond

I am trying to print all the accidentals within a staff (or within the score, both would work) while engraving with Lilypond. Currently, it's because I'm engraving 80+ bar, multi-staff unmetered music ...
7
votes
1answer
325 views

LilyPond: auto horizontal space for piano pedal

Is it possible to tell LilyPond to automatically add extra space for piano pedal symbols, so they don't overlap? If not, how to add the space manually? Here is what I am trying to achieve: This is ...
6
votes
3answers
408 views

How do you notate a tremolo of indeterminate length?

I've got this lengthy solo passage in my piano piece (a transcription of a symphony, where this is the solo). The right hand plays the solo, and the left hand provides the quietest possible background ...
6
votes
2answers
502 views

How can I omit breaks and page breaks in LilyPond?

I'm creating score and parts from a single file with various \book blocks, and my instrument parts have some \break and \pageBreak commands, but I want my score to omit those breaks. I thought that ...
6
votes
2answers
756 views

Music engraving - note with two accidentals - natural (♮) and sharp (♯)

I have a cello score here from Sebastian Lee; Op. 70. Nr. 37 in bass clef and the key of c minor contains the following part: what is the sense of this 5th note in the upper staff? why is it using ...
6
votes
3answers
384 views

triplets on full score or 12/8 (with dotted 4th as full beat)?

I am writing a piece in 4/4 which has triplets all the way. I insist it is not a "swing" feel, which I know how to notate (writing regular eight notes and adding the Swing decorator), but ...
6
votes
3answers
650 views

Interpreting Concert Scores

(Perhaps somewhat unusually) I understand how a transposed score works, but I don't understand the details of how "concert score" works – it's not as simple as: show every note at sounding ...
6
votes
2answers
419 views

How to write after a score wih Lilypond

So I want to write not just at the end of a score, but after it, like the dal segno on this snippet : I find it really neat, but don't find how to do it. It is not a text script, spanner or mark. It ...
6
votes
2answers
271 views

How to adjust the vertical placement of markups in Lilypond

Using Lilypond 2.20 on Ubuntu 20.04. This code: ... %% fingering symbols fngaLong = \finger\markup{\box{\pad-markup #0.2 \override #'(font-name . "pipa") \fontsize #7 "a-"}} ... \...
6
votes
3answers
3k views

Breath Marks (different symbols)

Breath marks (related to caesurae) often appear in scores for woodwind instruments where it is acceptable to take a breath of air. They are placed in a passage where the phrasing will not be ...
6
votes
1answer
468 views

Lines too long in piece with two sections for different instruments

I'm trying to use Lilypond 2.18.2 to engrave a piece with two staff groups: a verse for piano (18 bars), and a chorus for choir (8 bars). I'm trying to follow the Lilypond example "Solo Verse and Two-...
6
votes
3answers
142 views

How do you set the number of measures per line or page in LilyPond / Frescobaldi when you have a score with multiple instruments?

As I am doing an arranging project, I was wondering how to set the number of measures per line and therefore page as it is a score with a rhythm section and five horns. I have seen these pages (line ...
6
votes
2answers
143 views

Horizontal position of grace notes in LilyPond

I am trying to recreate this sort of grace note alignment in lilypond. As it stands, what I have is this: This is the code I have: \grace {bes16~ c'~ f'~} <bes c' f' bes'>4\lv \grace {cis,16~ ...
6
votes
1answer
239 views

How do I get chords that last half a measure to display correctly in 6/8 in LilyPond / Frescobaldi?

I am currently using a lead sheet template to make a reference lead sheet for someone (I am looking to see if the chords that I found are correct, but that is a whole other problem). In LilyPond / ...
6
votes
1answer
199 views

Slurs with arrows for glissando-alikes in Lilypond, how to?

I'm using Lilypond 2.20 on Ubuntu to engrave scores for the instrument pipa. Slurs with arrow is a very common notation in many east Asian music pieces. It sounds similar to glissando in some degree, ...
6
votes
2answers
570 views

What is the shortcut for inverting stems in Guitar Pro 7?

I have figured out how to change notes, swapping voices, etc using shortcuts provided by Guitar Pro 7. Does anybody know a shortcut for inverting stems?
6
votes
1answer
123 views

How to print overlapping system start delimiters with lilypond

Is it possible to have overlapping system delimiters (braces and brackets) in lilypond? I know how to do complex nested hierarchies, but they're always nested. I can't figure out how to start, for ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Are whole and half note rests supposed to only be written on specific lines?

I've always written the whole note rest on the 4th line of the staff and the half note rest on the 3rd. I always see it that way and never thought much about it until recently a musician with a lot ...
5
votes
2answers
796 views

Simple way to add an additional octave in Musescore?

I wrote an arrangement in Musescore, and I got complaints that some (most) notes on a particular instrument were too high for a beginner. So now I want to add an additional lower octave for each note. ...
5
votes
1answer
269 views

Name for partially disjointed/interrupted chords, Lilypond

I am trying to denote something where I play a chord, lets say C, but then then I keep playing the note e (for a whole note) key and stop on the other two notes (c and g). Then i play the g note (or c ...
5
votes
1answer
170 views

Changing the size of all grace notes with Lilypond

I am trying to change the size of all grace notes within a staff (or within the score, both would work) while engraving with Lilypond. The documentation on the grace engraver is not the most ...
5
votes
2answers
139 views

Can't make my crescendo end were I want it to with Lilypond

I'm trying to reproduce a scanned score with Lilypond. The original (the part of interest, at least), looks like this : As you can see, there is a crescendo starting at the beginning of the 3rd bar, ...
5
votes
1answer
234 views

LilyPond - change tuplet bracket to a small bow

I have a Cello piece from Sebastian Lee, that uses quite a lot of tuplets. My snippet with the default LilyPond setting looks like this: this looks pretty nice, the problem is that a beginner could ...
5
votes
2answers
125 views

Polyphonic tie on lilypond

I am writing down the lovely Old Castle from Mussorgsky. And from the beginning there is a tie linking polyphonic voices. What I want to achieve is this: but what I get is Even if I put a tie, ...
5
votes
2answers
196 views

Is it OK to use 3rd/4th line C clef for euphonium?

If I write a Euphonium part that implies more melodic stuff that is more high in the register, can I use a 3rd or 4th line C clef for this Euphonium instead of using the bass clef or should I always ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

LilyPond vertical spacing, alternate endings, and chords

I am typesetting a score that contains alternate endings on a volta repeat, as well as chords (using LilyPond 2.17.97). By default, the following MWE: song = { \repeat volta 2 { ...
5
votes
1answer
81 views

Lilypond Markup Alignment

I have a fairly large note on how to program the keyboard in my piece that I would like to put between the right-hand staff and the left-hand staff. When I R1*3/4^\markup{\left-column{"G126 Vibra....
5
votes
1answer
94 views

LilyPond - setting different staff-sizes for different scores in "2.18"

I'm truing to use different staff sizes for different scores or at least book-parts in LilyPond "2.18.2". There is a question on here about setting the staff-size globally, which does not solve my ...
5
votes
1answer
93 views

lilypond-book lyrics vs staff vertical spacing

I want to add more vertical space between the lyrics and the line of staff above and below. I have been able to lower the lyrics from the staff above by overriding the nonstaff-relatedstaff-spacing....
5
votes
2answers
99 views

How to create a spanner for a fingering in lilypond

I'm engraving scores for pipa, a sibling instrument of classical guitar (Pipa and guitar do have the same ancestor from central Asia). One of the most common right-hand fingering on pipa is called ...
5
votes
1answer
65 views

In LilyPond, can I automatically center markup on a slur/tie?

For some teaching examples I'm making, I'm looking to label slurs and ties. I'd like the label to be placed in the center of the slur automatically, much like LaTeX's midway stipulation. I can move ...
4
votes
5answers
1k views

Handwriting Music

I am a composer who started on computer software to write, but am now switching to handwriting music. I have read that one writes everything out in pencil first, then goes over it in pen, but how far ...
4
votes
2answers
253 views

Unattached decrescendo in a single measure/single chord in lilypond

How to code the single measure/single chord decrescendo in lilypond? |\> <ees' aes' c''>1 \!| the above code gives a warning in lilypond: unterminated decrescendo.
4
votes
2answers
368 views

Music engraving - chord with different note lengths (half and quarter)

Another engraving question arised from the same book Sebastian Lee; Op. 70 In Nr. 40 there are two chords, containing half and quarter notes: since this is a cello score, and you can not play three ...
4
votes
2answers
522 views

Why have a clef change right after a previous clef?

I came across this section in Mozart's piano sonata no. It shows a clef change at the start of the measure, but the bass clef is shown right before it. Why would this be needed if the measure uses ...