Questions tagged [functional-harmony]

For questions to related to the accepted uses of harmonic progression within the common-practice period. Questions may also necessitate the chord-progressions tag.

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5
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4answers
386 views

How to recognize harmonic intervals?

I've been doing some ear training, I'm quite at ease when recognizing melodic intervals, whether they are ascending or descending intervals, yet when it comes to harmonic intervals, I don't know how ...
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1answer
47 views

Music theory - secondary dominants

Do i still have to use 1st inversion when using secondary diminished triads or sevenths? I've been watching some videos but it didn't go over this.
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1answer
42 views

Spelling of vii dim7 and vii half dim7

For the two chords above, diminished 7th (viio7) and half diminished 7th (vii07), are they usually spelled complete or incomplete? Or both?
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2answers
90 views

Is my SATB harmonisation correct in this example?

I am so paranoid about SATB harmonisation, because there are so many rules, and I feel overwhelmed. I literally feel like I have a hundred hidden mistakes in this question.
1
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1answer
57 views

Can we understand subdominant/dominant chord functions in terms of them being tonics of other keys?

Does anyone know a textbook or some music theorist explaining subdominant/dominant chord functions in terms of the two chords being the tonics in subdominant/dominant keys? Background: I was thinking ...
5
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3answers
415 views

Understanding function of diminished chord in Paganini's 4th caprice

I'm trying to understand this simple progression in the middle of Paganini's 4th caprice. This seems like I-?-I-V7-I in Eb major, but I am unable to figure out what the function of the second chord is....
2
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1answer
82 views

What's going on functionally/structurally in these four bars of Rachmaninoff's 3rd piano concerto?

From Rachmaninoff's 3rd piano concerto 1st movement 2nd subject: I've been trying to understand what's going on structurally in this passage but I'm having trouble figuring out what's going on. In ...
1
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1answer
111 views

Identifying chord and understanding its function in Loco's “Can't Sleep” [closed]

I am trying to identify the four chords in the beginning of this song. My guess is Emaj7, C#m11, C#m/G#, B11sus4 Is my guess correct? I am must uncertain about the third chord. I am having trouble ...
2
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1answer
52 views

Relevant literature on Mathematical and neurological theories for functional harmony?

I’m interested in finding out what are the current proposed theories surrounding the expectation + release behaviour of functional harmony. From what I reckon, functional harmony seems to be a human ...
4
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3answers
200 views

The 2nd flat in a minor chord progression

If I have the following chord progression in a song in key of Bm: Bm G A Bm and then in the bridge a C major chord jumps in the progression, as below: ... D G A (C) Bm.... (C introduces the ...
4
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2answers
76 views

Beethoven Piano Sonata No. 23 in F minor, Op. 57 (Appasionata): harmony of the 2nd movement

I'm trying to identify the harmony used in the main theme of Beethoven's Appassionata's second movement, and I would like someone to review the analysis I have done, and help me identify a couple of ...
5
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5answers
593 views

Can I use the chord progression i - v - VII - iv? (Am - Em - G - Dm : in A minor scale)

I'm currently studing and learning about functional harmony and chord progressions. I tried the chord progression i - v - VII - iv (A natural minor scale : Am - Em - G - Dm7/A) and get a nice and ...
2
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1answer
51 views

A chord progression from Leavitt: how to analyze it correctly

The question below is referred to W. Leavitt - Getting up there (duet), Vol. 2 The piece is in key of C. In the last system, upper staff, we have the following chord progression: C A-6 A-7 F Gdim ...
5
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2answers
330 views

Esus4 in the key of C. How can I use it?

Recently I've discovered that Esus4 chord can be built by using notes from C major scale (Esus4 notes: E-A-B - no 'sharps' or 'flats'). But I don't know how can I use the chord in the keys of C or Am ...
3
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2answers
90 views

How to construct functions and chords of a scale?

For example I ii iii IV V vi vii ____________________________________________________ Cmaj Dmin Emin Fmaj Gmaj Amin Bdim ...
3
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3answers
283 views

What is the harmony of this bar from Chopin's Minute waltz?

Consider following excerpt from Chopin's Minute waltz in D flat major. The last bar is the chord of D flat major (tonic). What is the chord of the penultimate bar? Why is there an A flat and A natural ...
2
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4answers
107 views

How does the concept of functional harmony help me pick the next chord while composing?

I'm trying to understand the concept of functional harmony as it pertains to composing chord progressions, in order to compose my own progressions. I've read a few articles and watched some videos, I ...
6
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2answers
362 views

Is there a functional interpretation for VIIb in La Follia?

La Follia chord peogression is usually written as: i - V7 - i - VII - III - VII - i - V7 (first eight bars) i -V7 - VII - III - VII - i,V7 - i (second eight bars) I can understand how this progression ...
4
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4answers
338 views

How is Db major functioning here? Subdominant Prolongation? Some kind of Dominant?

While improvising for a piece in Eb major, I came across an interesting progression. Eb -> Ab -> Db -> Eb But something that I couldn't figure out was the function of the Db. Here is the ...
4
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3answers
243 views

Diminished seventh spelling but functioning as an Augmented Sixth?

I know that there are many ways to resolve a diminished seventh chord, but only a few ways to resolve an augmented sixth chord. I have done modulations from the minor tonic to the major subtonic using ...
2
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4answers
130 views

IVm6 or IVm7? (in major)

(Note: using the key of C major as generic instead of roman numerals.) Yesterday I was reading the book "Hearin' the Changes" (by Coker, Knapp and Vincent), which discusses Fm7-B♭7-C as an ...
4
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6answers
446 views

flattened-seventh chord function [duplicate]

I this post, I received some information on the usage of a flattened-seventh chord in progressions, which, along with the flattened-third, seem to be popular choices in the rock world to add flavor. ...
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4answers
94 views

Functional harmony: extending the minor triads in Minor Swing

I was having a go at this tune Minor Swing which solo sections follow this utterly simple changes: I've been soloing over that using a backing track and also I've been playing simple voicings of the ...
3
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3answers
403 views

What is the functional role of the subtonic chord?

In this chart the subtonic major chord can come before the mediant and submedian chords. Does this imply that it has a tonic functionality? If so that seems counter-intuitive; it seems to share more ...
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3answers
81 views

Use cases for modulating keys?

So I'm just learning how to modulate keys and first of all I want to make sure I understand the concept correctly.... the way I've learned it is basically using a chord function in one scale and ...
2
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2answers
65 views

Is functional harmony considered homophonic?

Sorry if this is an obvious question, but I just want to clear this up. As far as I understand about voice leading, there are essentially two main types. Homophony and polyphony. Functional harmony ...
1
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1answer
52 views

What percentage of the time did Bach and others use chord inversions in chorales?

I know the frequencies of his "Normal Fundamental Harmonic Progressions" i.e., the progression of chord roots. I'd like to know the percentage of time that he used 1st or 2nd inversions in his ...
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3answers
100 views

What determines the function of a chord?

I’ve been trying to learn about functional harmony and I keep asking myself the above question. Each chord seems to have a general function (with exceptions) within scales, but why is that so? Were ...
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4answers
233 views

Why is vi6 (submediant chord in first inversion) rarely used?

I read that vi6 is almost completely absent – is there a reason for this?
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3answers
71 views

Can anyone confirm or discredit the term “Prime Scales” when dealing with the modern modes

http://www.tonalcentre.org/Scales.html In the linked webpage the author speaks of "prime scales" and says "Remarkably enough, out of all possible scales there are only five prime scales, in which ...
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1answer
136 views

Ranking Diatonic Chords by Stability [closed]

So in functional harmony there are 3 categories. Tonic, Predominant and Dominant. The following are the chord numbers that belong to each category.. Tonic = 1, 3 and 6 chords. Predominant = 2 and 4 ...
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5answers
233 views

What's the point of diatonicism if we don't follow it? [closed]

I'm 2 years into music theory. Today, in class, I was part writing in the key of Cm. When I got to the V7 chord, I was corrected because I wrote a Gm7 (Vm7). Now, I'm aware that the V chord in a major/...
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1answer
73 views

Can you help me analyse some Baroque playing?

im trying to make serious study of Ted Greenes Baroque improvisation lessons on Youtube, and am hoping someone more experienced can tell me the function of a particular two chords; The section of the ...
5
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4answers
419 views

What is the function of the non diatonic chords in this intro?

I am trying to understand the harmony of this intro of a song but I can't seem to make sense of it. The song is in C and the intro is four bars: | C | Ebmaj7 Dm7 | C | Ab Gm7 And then ...
1
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4answers
208 views

When do we use other chord qualities? [closed]

If an harmonized chord scale (don't know if it's the right term) is : I ii iii IV V vi vii° ( we see they are restricted to maj/min/° ) how/where/when does one use the other chords qualities ? like ...
1
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1answer
132 views

Function of Minor sixth chords

What are the precise harmonic functions of the Minor sixth chord? I remember that I read somewhere that they play often the role of the I degree in a chord progression (like the often used 6/9 chord) ...
2
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2answers
59 views

How do the alternating C and Db function in this modulation?

So I am writing a rondo in Eb major and there are 3 different key areas used. Those key areas are Eb major obviously, C minor, and Eb minor. For the modulation to C minor, I simply did this: ...
5
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1answer
507 views

When does one omit the fifth in V7 chord in classical harmony?

The textbooks on classical harmony that I have read (Leo Semlek, "Klassikalise harmoonia lühiõpik" ["A Short Textbook on Classical Harmony"] and "Klassikalise harmoonia õpik" ["A Textbook on Classical ...
5
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3answers
263 views

How to determine the degree to which diminished seventh chords and half-diminished seventh chords belong in major scales?

I would like to know how to determine to which degree belongs diminished seventh chords and half-diminished seventh chords in major scales, and which function do they exert. As the fully diminished ...
6
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4answers
666 views

Characteristic scale degrees

Came across an article at openMsicTheory.com about harmonic function. Below excerpt was about finding function of a chord Each of the three harmonic functions — tonic (T), subdominant (S), and ...
5
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2answers
101 views

Hindemith's Traditional harmony Book 1, Chapter II, rule 1

I recently started working my way through Hindemith's Traditional harmony Book 1 on my own. The instructions are short and simple, but sometimes too much so for a self-learner. I have reached ...
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2answers
1k views

Functional analysis of the Pink Panther

I'm getting started on functional analysis and trying to understand the Pink Panther theme by Henry Mancini. These is the chord chart I got for the first part (from someone more musically competent ...
2
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1answer
471 views

Are there songs written using non-functional harmony

I have been trying to write music that does not resolve to a tonic. Would this be non-functional harmony? CMaj7 / Dbdim7 / BMaj7 / Eb7b5
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3answers
2k views

Can the leading note resolve down?

Would like to ask if the leading tone in chord V (G) could resolve downwards to Eb (fifth of chord I)? I’ve somehow recall reading that the rule (leading note MUST resolve to tonic) only applies to ...
5
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4answers
368 views

ii-V-I versus I-IV-V

The I-IV-V progression is used in a lot of blues, rock, folk, country and pop music, while jazz music tends to favor the ii-V-I. I am aware that the ii and IV chords are both subdominant and they ...
4
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3answers
441 views

Chromatic Functional Harmony (Musical Theory of Everything)

When I started studying music theory, I was fascinated by functional harmony. I loved learning why certain chords naturally tend to lead toward certain other chords and why so many chord progressions ...
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3answers
147 views

Can an augmented sixth lead straight to tonic?

So I am almost finished with my harmonic analysis of Rondo a Capriccio. But I came across a mysterious chord. I'm trying to figure it out. Here is the chord: I know from looking at it carefully, that ...
6
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1answer
249 views

Neo-Riemannian Theory, The Minor Plagal Cadence, and Chromatic Voice Leading

In my reading, a criticism that I have heard leveled against Neo-Riemannian theory is that it does not explain the smooth chromatic voice-leading possible in the iv - I instance of the plagal ...
7
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1answer
778 views

How does a minor major seventh chord have tonic function when it's so unstable?

In a minor key, the chord built on the tonic can be a minor sixth or a minor major seventh chord, both of which are supposed to have tonic function. To my ear, the minor sixth chord can feel like "...
5
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3answers
912 views

Guidelines for writing a chord progression

I am trying to understand how does notes relate to each other when writing a chord progression. I understand that when composing on a Major scale chords acquire a function depending on the degree of ...