Questions tagged [functional-harmony]

For questions to related to the accepted uses of harmonic progression within the common-practice period. Questions may also necessitate the chord-progressions tag.

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Directionality in the Augmented Triad [on hold]

I watched 12tone's recent video about Augmented suspended chords. But I don't agree with him about diminished vs augmented. I feel directionality in the augmented triad just as I do in the diminished ...
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1answer
150 views

Diminished chord constructed over the tonic degree?

I have heard in certain songs the usage of a diminished chord in a major tonality which I think is not constructed over the seventh degree nor over the second degree. Moreover, in the two examples ...
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2answers
128 views

Letters m, n and v above roman numerals in functional harmony notation

I'm reading a functional harmony textbook and found the notation in the following passage confusing: Consecutive VI and VII degrees in melody are harmonised with chords IV-VII6 (in minor: IVm-VII6) ...
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2answers
54 views

Where is F7 in Elevation of Love by E.S.T. coming from?

I was looking at their official songbook. The key of the song is C minor. The progression goes Ab∆ (VI) C-7(I) Fsus4 (IV major???) F7 (IV dominant??) Ab∆. The F in C minor is F-7, and F7 is neither ...
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5answers
700 views

Why is the G major to Bb major resolution so strong?

So, about a year ago, I composed a nocturne in Bb. And I used this harmonic progression in the B sections of it: Bb -> Eb -> C -> F -> Gm -> G ->Bb Now, out of the 7 chords in this progression(6 ...
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2answers
92 views

What is the function of a C major triad on a B minor song?

I'm transcribing this short piece called Vampurity by Shinji Iwai (it's a soundtrack to one of his movies) as a mean to: learn how to transcribe analyse and try to comprehend the piece. Here's the ...
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2answers
92 views

Rationalizing this chord progression (I7-iii-IV)

Trying to expand my harmonic palette here, and came across this song. Chorus of Stevie Wonder's "Don't You Worry 'Bout a Thing" (in E♭ minor, but temporary shift to ...
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6answers
223 views

Analysis of the progression: Dm, G, C, F, Bb, E, Am, A

I've been trying to analyze the progression: Dm, G, C, F, Bb, E, Am, A. The best I could come up with is ii, V, I, IV, bVII, V/vi, vi, V/ii in C major. I considered the Bb to be the VII from the ...
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1answer
57 views

What is the functional description of the I-III-VI(7) progression?

How do you functionally describe the I-III-VI(7) progression, when used as a substitute for I-V-vi? The bridge goes ii-V / I-V-vi / in the first two lines, then ii-V / I-III-VI(7), resolving to ii-...
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2k views

What does “function” actually mean in music?

I remember when the term function was introduced in math - y=f(x) - the teacher was a substitution and still himself a student. He used the term function as if we already knew of what he was talking ...
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6answers
186 views

How to choose between Cdim and C#dim?

I have noticed that there is a common chord progression that exists in a few variants: C, C#dim, Dm, G7. It's often changed by changing Dm to D to give the progression a little bit more spark. However,...
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1answer
64 views

Why do V6/V, V6/5/V, and vii°/V have subdominant (predominant) function?

In chord progressions like I - iii - IV - I64 - V - I, which occurs extremely frequently, the IV chord is sometimes replaced by a V6/V, V65/V, or viio/V chord. Regardless they are secondary dominant /...
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5answers
675 views

Trouble reading roman numeral notation with flats

I am working my way through an article on transformations in rock harmony, but I am getting stuck trying to read the author's roman numeral analysis. I would really appreciate some help understanding ...
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1answer
103 views

How to fill the harmonic gap?

So I have thought of almost the entire progression for my trio that goes from D minor to D major. Here is what I have of it so far: D minor -> C major -> B minor -> ??? -> A major -> D major And ...
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1answer
133 views

Alternative theories of harmony

Do you know of any alternative (to functional) descriptive theories of harmony or attempts at creating them? By that I mean attempts to explain both functional and non-functional harmonies in a ...
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2answers
92 views

Is a new tonal center established when I play a chord progression of more than two chords in the new key?

If I'm modulating between keys, say between major and its relative minor. Is the main way I establish a new tonal center is if I create a progression longer than two chords that lead to a cadence? So ...
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2answers
238 views

Harmony on measure 21/22 of Chopin's Fantaisie-Impromptu

On measure 21, Chopin uses a B major-minor chord followed by a D# minor chord. One might think we're in E major and that he's just borrowing the D# minor, but on measure 19, it seems Chopin has ...
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6answers
166 views

What are reasons to use the minor dominant in a minor progression, in particular i-VI-III-v?

I've learnt that in a minor key, the non-diatonic major dominant is basically always used instead of the diatonic minor dominant in order to get the leading tone in. Of course this is a trend but not ...
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1answer
93 views

Transposition to kalimba

I have this instrument called a kalimba or mbira, it has 7 tines. Notes from left to right are: e', g, d''', e, c', a, a' but from low pitch to hight it seems to be arranged in this form: E G A C D E ...
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3answers
1k views

Use of the VI and v chord in a minor key, subdominant and dominant functional use?

I have a couple of questions related to chord function in natural minor. I have been playing around with chord functions and how they relate to each other. The first chord I am confused by is the ...
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1answer
108 views

What are examples of non-Classical cadences?

Perfect/imperfect authentic cadences, half cadences, deceptive cadences, and plagal cadences have been around since at least Mozart. What are some either specific cadences or approaches to cadences ...
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Definition of Functional Harmony

In a recent conversation I had, there was a disagreement regarding the definition of Functional Harmony. As I've understood it, Functional Harmony would be defined by chords having a function and is ...