Questions tagged [harmony]

For questions about the "vertical" aspects of music and how to build and study them.

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1answer
246 views

Is there a set of closely related keys in modern popular music? [closed]

In my knowledge, the closely related keys in classical music are: Is there a set of closely related keys in modern popular music? If yes, then what will it be?
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2answers
76 views

Ways to synchronize voice with beat? [closed]

For example, on the song Drip or Drown by Gunna, I noticed that every last word on of the intro ("I got woodgrain on my Damier Buckle, Cool quarter mill in my Goyard duffle, ...") aligns with the clap ...
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1answer
73 views

Is there a correlation between presence of harmonics and dissonance?

If one were to take a chord or scale or other harmonic structure, and amplify the volume of the overtones of each note relative to the fundamental, would the structure be perceived by audiences as ...
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2answers
61 views

Why does this modulation sequence work?

Here is the modulation sequence I have been using in my trio with 3 incomplete entries followed by 1 complete entry(I am currently at the third incomplete entry which ends on A before Dm suddenly ...
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8answers
13k views

Understanding minor key harmony

A comment discussion under this question from me, clued me in to the fact that I don't really understand how minor keys work very well. So here is what I think I know The natural minor comes from the ...
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1answer
56 views

How do we go on about harmonizing plainchant on keyboards? [closed]

We start on sol and use sol-la-si/ti. We have two finalis: sancti ends on sol but amen ends on la. The recitation is la. Hypophrygian, I think, has recitation tone la with mi as finalis. But I cannot ...
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2answers
590 views

What chords count as “diatonic” in minor?

Do triads from all forms of minor count as "diatonic triads"? Triads from A Aeolian / Nat Minor am b˚ C dm em F G Triads from A Harmonic Minor am b˚ C+ dm E F g#˚ Triads from A Melodic Minor am ...
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8answers
15k views

Is F Lydian mode in the “key” of C Major?

In most cases (if not all), a piece of music without sharps or flats in the key signature, would be considered in the key of C major or A minor. This question assumes the context of Western Music ...
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1answer
90 views

What is the standard definition of a distant key?

In my knowledge, a distant key is any key that is not enharmonic, parallel, relative, or closely related to the original key. However, some people claim that distant keys are simply keys that are not ...
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2answers
236 views

Is it true that Bach had no concept of suspended chord?

In an answer to a question in SE I read the sentence with the pretension above. Chord in the Bach d-minor prelude I think this can be easily be counter-proofed by many examples of Bach’s music and ...
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7answers
527 views

Harmonising cadences given the bass line. When and when not to use inversions?

I've been completing practice exams online for Grade 5 theory and I'm struggling with some of the cadence questions. I feel that, without the use of inversions, you reach a dead end. The questions ...
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6answers
113 views

Why is this not a modulation?

Bars three and four look to me like a modulation to the subdominant with an imperfect cadence in Eb (especially with the Ab auxiliary note in bar three). The answers, however, mark bars three and four ...
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4answers
536 views

What key is a piece in if an augmented chord is used as a dominant?

I personally think that augmented chords can be just as consonant as major if used in a certain way. For example, in the first octave of a piano, if I play an augmented chord, yes it will want to ...
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3answers
103 views

Is there a chord containing an augmented and diminished fifth?

What chord is this? There’s a chord progression often used at the beginning of a new phrase (chorus or interlude) leading from I6 to the ii: In C-major this would be: Starting: E-G-(C) ...
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3answers
67 views

Analyzing Tschaikowsky's “Wintermorgen 2”

At measure 2 from the [B] section. (starting at 00:18 ) I don't know what chord it is. The notes are B,D,G, E#. Is this G7 ? The same chord also appears on the 4th measure with a different ...
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1answer
546 views

use of 4/2 chord more compelling than root position?

I came across the following chord progression, which I really like: The iii4/2 chord adds a lot to the progression in comparison to the following: I'm sure you could wrap your head around these ...
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1answer
86 views

Is this a V+ or III+6?

I see a weird chord between the iiø6/5 and the i. Is it a pun of V+ or an III+6?
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0answers
137 views

How to practice all chords in a certain key and have it sound musical? [closed]

I'm trying to learn all chords in a given major key. I've been arpeggiating the chords in linear order (I,ii,iii,IV,V,vi,viio) but it's sounds a bit bland so I'm looking to try different ways to make ...
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5answers
592 views

In harmony: key or the flow?

I play ambient music and my approach on creating chord lines is simple, just try to stick on the key and if I want to change the key then make it subtle. But today I tried to create harmony lines ...
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1answer
116 views

What technique was being used in composing this background music for a film?

At around six minutes and 40 seconds of this Youtube video, this gentleman talks about using minor and major thirds and how it was supposed to mimic the sound of a ...
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7answers
2k views

How do you voice extended chords?

If I have a Cmaj13 chord, it uses 7 notes. Basically all the notes of the scale. In a previous question, I was told that you rarely play all 7 notes for a 13th chord. So how do you know which ones to ...
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1answer
75 views

Polyphony vs Monophony

I am taking a basic music class as an elective and was given a chart to compare monophony and polyphony. The elements within the chart are: Melody, Accompaniment, Harmony, Rhythm of Words, Dynamics ...
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2answers
39 views

Analyzing Tchaikovsky's “ Morgengebet ” Pt 2

At the 4th measure from the picture, Starting of the [B] section, there is a question mark. the notes are G, Eb, C, and F# . What is this chord? It also appears in the 3rd measure of the [B] section....
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1answer
76 views

Relationship between extended diatonic chords and modes?

If we have C major, the diatonic chords are: C, Dm, Em, F, G, Am, Bdim, C If we turn each of these chords to diatonic 13th chord versions of themselves: Cmaj13, Dmin13, Emin13, Fmaj13, G13, Amin13, ...
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0answers
59 views

Chord progression conveniency depending on the harmonic rhythm

this is my first post on this site; I apologize in advance if it is out of scope! I am reusing a harmonic progression I wrote a few years ago, in a different context than the original. Here there is ...
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1answer
132 views

Alternative theories of harmony

Do you know of any alternative (to functional) descriptive theories of harmony or attempts at creating them? By that I mean attempts to explain both functional and non-functional harmonies in a ...
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5answers
1k views

What's the relationship between the chords Cmaj Dmaj Emaj?

If I play the chords: C major, D major, then E major. I'm wondering what their relationship is called. It almost sounds like chromatic mediants but I can't call it that since it doesn't move by a ...
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2answers
579 views

Why is the third triad dominant?

I'm working through "Guide to the Practical Study of Harmony" by Tchaikovsky and I had a question about this section on triads (he's working with a C Major scale): The whole mass of major and minor ...
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0answers
51 views

Are there any cases where the mediant chord has dominant function? [duplicate]

In my knowledge, each diatonic chord has diatonic functions: I, iii, vi - Tonic function ii, IV - Subdominant function V, viio - Dominant function The question is, are there any cases where iii has ...
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3answers
340 views

What chord does the following figured bass represent in this progression?

I am working through a figured bass exercise in the "Ninth, Eleventh and Thirteenth Chords" chapter of Piston's Harmony. The first bar of the figured bass is given as: What is the chord represented ...
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6answers
220 views

How to build chords from a single note? [closed]

I'm working on a simple theory to apply both in real life and in a computer program I'm writing. Basically, I realized that we can create (or add) any chord above a melody (vocal track, e.g.), as ...
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4answers
33k views

What are some chord substitutions for a I-IV-V blues progression?

I was watching a video of SRV and one of the things that really stood out was the fact that he seemed to have a different iteration of the I-IV-V turnaround - and made it look/sound effortless. Any ...
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5answers
524 views

Is the secondary dominant the same if my target chord is a major or minor of the same root?

Say my target chord is D major or D minor in two separate keys. For example let's say D major is in the key of G major (the V chord) and let's say the D minor is in the key of F major (the vi chord). ...
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2answers
66 views

What is this chord progression called?

During the intro (0:00 ~ 0:04), The chord progression is: I maj7 -> IV maj7 -> b VII maj7-> b III maj7 -> b VI maj7 -> II7-> b II maj7 -> V What is this called? Is this an example of an extended "II-...
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3answers
169 views

Were the seven different modes intend to create different moods? [closed]

Here how each mode sound to me: Ionian, Major: Bright, happy, triumphant Dorian: Sadistic Phrygian: Scared, terrifying Lydian: Bright, exotic Mixolydian: Cool, powered Aeolian, Minor: Dark, sad, ...
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1answer
104 views

Why does the French sixth sound more dissonant than the others?

The French sixth chord sounds more dissonant than the Italian and German sixth chords. What is the reason?
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5answers
4k views

Using Circle of Fifths to compose in Minor keys

I know that working with Circle of Fifths is instrumental for composing and working thru progressions. I have mainly used it for major key composition because of how its laid out. The seven degrees of ...
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5answers
5k views

Do capable harmony singers sing in just intonation or tempered tuning?

I understand that the mathematical frequency ratios between certain intervals will correlate with the overtones that are present when a note sounds in a fundamental frequency. Certain predictable ...
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2answers
89 views

Analysis of blues chords

I have doubts about some chords in this sequence: ||: Eb7 | Ab7 | Eb7 | Eb7 | | Ab7 | Ab7/A6 | Eb7 | C7 | | F7 | Bb7 | Eb7/C7 | F7/Bb7 ...
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0answers
77 views

Why were parallel fifths used in this Rachmaninoff Prelude? [duplicate]

For instance, recently I have seen the use of parallel fifths in Rachmaninoff's Prelude in C♯ minor, The Bells of Moscow: I thought they were completely forbidden. Then, under certain conditions, are ...
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3answers
235 views

Why are in music theory perfect fifth parallels forbidden?

Why are parallel fifths forbidden? Why should the only known (for hundreds of years!) polyphonie suddenly be not ok?
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4answers
152 views

Why are thirds used with chromatic mediants and not other intervals?

I was watching this video about chromatic mediants (the video calls them chromatic thirds for some reason). And it made me wonder what is it about thirds that makes them popular. So we talk about ...
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1answer
85 views

How to overcome emotional tension with this Beethoven rondo

I never thought this would happen but it just did. The Beethoven rondo I am referring to is the one in G major, widely known as "Rage over a Lost Penny". There is a 20 measure section starting at ...
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2answers
91 views

Is a new tonal center established when I play a chord progression of more than two chords in the new key?

If I'm modulating between keys, say between major and its relative minor. Is the main way I establish a new tonal center is if I create a progression longer than two chords that lead to a cadence? So ...
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1answer
136 views

Which key to modulate to? [closed]

So I have finished the A section of my waltz and am wanting to go to another key for the B section. The waltz is in the key of D major. So these chords are diatonic to it: My melody in the A section ...
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9answers
2k views

Dm6 Chord, why is it B and not Bb?

I'm a folkie guitar player, I have only a very basic knowledge of music theory. As I understand it a Dm scale would contain D E F G A Bb C And indeed I play songs us Dm, F, Bb and C chords and ...
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1answer
148 views

Harmony: Melodic Fragments

Could someone please explain what melodic fragments are? I’ve been told that if you see scale degrees 123 or 321 in the melody or bass it calls for an idiom. I’ve also heard that there are other ...
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2answers
72 views

How does Rainbow's End by Peter Weniger work?

This is Rainbow's End, composed by German saxophonist Peter Weniger. It first sounds like a straightforward 12-bar Blues in F, The melody sounds pretty normal, but as soon as it comes to the solos, ...
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1answer
203 views

Microtonal theorists who go beyond describing temperament and scale construction

I know of a couple of composers and theorists who have written why they prefer a given tuning or number of notes. But what I am looking for is someone who addresses typical analytical and ...
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1answer
64 views

Is it okay to end a period with an IAC? [closed]

So I started writing a waltz. I have been mainly focusing on the bass line because I got advice from someone that if I focus on the bass progression, the basic melody will just come to me. And once I ...