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Questions tagged [harmony]

For questions about the "vertical" aspects of music and how to build and study them.

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1answer
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Ger.6-I cadence - Name?

I was looking at some Romantic era works, and I have found an unusual cadence of: Is there a name for this cadence? I'm tempted to say it is a variant plagal cadence - A plagal cadence is ...
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2answers
48 views

A question regarding SATB (4 part) harmonization

I'm working through examples in my Harmony 9 book from the RCM Celebration series and I stumbled across a SATB harmony question that I am unsure of. the red is what is given, you have to choose the ...
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2answers
336 views

Is this an example of a Neapolitan chord?

The chord that goes on the fourth and fifth bars of my attachment above looks like a Neapolitan chord. The excerpt is the second movement of Beethoven's Symphony No. 3: Marcia funebre Adagio assai. (...
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4answers
3k views

How did Mozart know about voice leading rules like consecutive fifths?

What education did Mozart receive in order to know basic harmony rules, like consecutive fifths are bad? And how did he make sure his compositions do not have errors? Did he have to check every voices ...
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1answer
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Locrian Harmony

I like utilizing modes in my the pieces I write, but there is one mode I've never been able to fully grasp and utilize and that is the Locrian mode. The chords that naturally occur in the Locrian ...
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3answers
414 views

Chord has every note of the harmonic minor scale. Name? [closed]

I see an extremely strange type of chord in the first bar of the attachment below. This is the beginning of the fourth movement of Beethoven's 9th Symphony. It has all of the notes of the D harmonic ...
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3answers
291 views

What type of cadence is this?

What type of cadence is this at the end of Dvorak's 9th symphony (Dvorak's 9th Symphony, 4th movement, Finale - Allegro con fuoco (Meaning: "Fast and Spirited"))? Is it an imperfect authentic cadence ...
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2answers
260 views

What are the diatonic extended chords of C major?

I saw this question about 9ths, but I'd like to know what the diatonic chords of 11ths and 13ths as well. This isn't strictly for jazz, I just want to know what the basic diatonic chords are. I'm ...
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5answers
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Why do we only build 7th chords on the supertonic and dominant of a major scale?

I am just cracking into a book on basic Harmony (Mark Sarnecki, 2nd edition), and the first section begins with a review of the triads built on each degree of a C major scale, as shown in this picture....
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2answers
531 views

Modal Cadence Options

I understand that when playing in a mode, the cadences are quite different from tonal cadences. For example, in the Phrygian mode a cadence would be IV - iii (or II - i if we're renumbering the chords)...
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0answers
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♭II6-I Cadence: Plagal or Authentic?

Chopin's Etude No. 16 in A minor, Op. 25 No. 4, ends with a cadence like this: B♭/D - A In Roman numerals, we write as: ♭II6 - I Is this cadence viewed as Plagal (N6 - I), or Authentic (tt - ...
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2answers
141 views

Do we hear bass/baritone solo melody lines as being implicitly “on top of” the accompaniment, for harmonic purposes

I admit that the title of the question sounds a little strange, but I wanted to posit a more general question based on a specific song I was looked at. I was looking at this arrangement of Chega de ...
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2answers
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Why can't cadences like V-I or IV-I be viewed modally?

My previous revision of http://music.stackexchange.com/questions/42552/cadences-for-modes/81464#81464 looked like this: Ionian: V - I Dorian: IV - i or V(no3) - i Phrygian: II - i or V(no5 ...
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0answers
36 views

Using the primary dominant as a secondary dominant to the same tonic?

This came up when a user on Musescore by the name of Tortualex gave me suggestions for my C minor piano sonata after I told him that I wanted to be innovative with it like how Beethoven was more than ...
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2answers
67 views

Is parallel modulation a thing?

I have heard that going in between 2 parallel keys is just modal interchange and not a modulation because the tonic note is the same. Maybe if the change in key is short and only to add color to a ...
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1answer
87 views

How do you construct triad superimpositions in the style of Steve Khan? [closed]

Steve Khan had a theory of triad superimposition and substitution he called Contemporary Chord Khancepts. How do you construct triad superimpositions in the style of Steve Khan?
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1answer
90 views

What is Pat Martino's Diminished Concept? [closed]

What is the basic principle of Pat Martino's Diminished Concept for chord construction? Is there anything more to it than simply altering diminished chords?
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1answer
83 views

What does the author mean in these examples of chorales & harmony?

This is an example in G major. I am learning about Bach's chorales & how he uses modulation. I came across a page online (choraleguide.com), & in one example given, I couldn't understand what ...
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2answers
104 views

Why is the minor 7th chord so consonant? [closed]

I find that the most consonant 7th chord in all of music is the minor 7th. But why is this? Well here is how I rank the common 7th chords from most dissonant to least dissonant(theoretically there are ...
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3answers
398 views

Interval of parallel 5ths in the resolution of a German 6th chord

In a music theory workbook, there was an example of a German 6th chord, which resolves to chord V. However, there is an interval of parallel 5ths in this (A♭ & E♭ going to G & D). How are ...
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3answers
625 views

Writing an augmented sixth chord on the flattened supertonic

I have recently learnt about Augmented 6th chords. The examples in a music theory workbook had this chord written on the flattened submediant (6th degree of the scale). There was a small note in the ...
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1answer
68 views

Is it even possible to to add voices to this 2-part harmony

Soprano: C-B-A-A-G (descending) Bass: A-B-C (ascending), then down to D and up to G. Can you even add tenor and alto without breaking the rules of harmony? It seems like it is impossible. So what ...
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1answer
2k views

Harmonic analysis of the B section of “Have You Met Miss Jones”

I've been studying the standard Have You Met Miss Jones and I came across a very interesting chord progression in the B section of the piece. The A section is pretty typical and the key it's in is F ...
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2answers
344 views

What is dominant embellishment?

What I have been told is V6(over)4 to 5(over)3 means it's really I 6(over)4 to a root position dominant if I wasn't mistaken when taking notes? What is this, what does the 5(over)3 mean, why is this ...
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1answer
65 views

Should the dominant seventh sonority on the subdominant degree in minor get special attention?

In minor - with the raised ^6 and ^7 degrees - we can get a progression like... F7 G7 | Cm IV65 V65 | i or maybe this... F7 G7 | Cm IV7 V42 | i6 or... F7 bo | Cm IV7 viio | i My view ...
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1answer
33 views

Rising Fourth/Descending Fifth bass movement in inversions

I understand that the sense of resolution is strongest with the root movement of a rising fourth/descending fifth. However, is the important thing that the chords be a fourth/fifth apart (i.e. Cmaj - ...
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1answer
61 views

Why does the first diminished 7th in this progression not resolve?

So, I wrote this pastoral piece and it sounds good to me. One thing I am curious about though is why the first diminished 7th here builds up tension and more specifically why the restatement of C ...
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2answers
261 views

How to tell when chords are separate entities and not part of one prevailing chord?

I have a question about Michael Jackson's song - Another Part Of Me. Considering just the first two measures (counting from drums), we have E♭ in the bass with the vamp playing chords composed of (to ...
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1answer
110 views

Chromatic 7th chords going upwards in Beethoven

This is about how the harmony is working in Rondo a Capriccio by Beethoven. Here is the passage I am talking about: So starting at measure 291, there is a passage where 7th chords go up chromatically,...
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2answers
62 views

What chords would harmonize well on slow blues progression? [closed]

I wrote this blues song with this chord progression: High Cminor-Fmajor-HighCminor-Gmajor-Fmajor...back to High Cminor. What chords would harmonize well on slow blues progression?
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5answers
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In a song in G major the sound F appears and sounds good. Is there a name for such a phenomenon?

The song "Misty Moisty Morning" by Steeleye Span is in a major key. My knowledge of music theory is fragmentary so I may have gotten it wrong but I believe it's true. I don't remember which key it is ...
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1answer
46 views

Rising the song's key one semitone in the reexposition

I have frequently heard in pop music to use the technique described above: to start a song with a melody in a certain key and, after a while, to play again that melody raising the key one semitone. ...
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4answers
363 views

How to make the Bass in SATB move more smoothly?

While writing for SATB, I realise I have a few chords where the Bass part is moving down in intervals of 6ths or 7ths from one chord to the next. For example, I have a chord progression iib in F ...
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2answers
56 views

Are these upper voices in this final passage from Handel a bona fide F7 chord or some kind of non-chord tones?

Handel. Preludes, Air, and Lesson... http://hz.imslp.info/files/imglnks/usimg/e/e8/IMSLP12246-Handel_-_Preludes,Air%26_Lesson.pdf EDIT I was complete off the mark with this. The only excuse I can ...
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2answers
76 views

How to use solfège for chords?

I'm just wondering how one would use solfège for chords/harmony. For example to sing C major does one say "do mi so"? If so wouldn't that in practice mean that one would have to say alot of words when ...
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6answers
2k views

Harmony in Phrygian : What chords are tonic, subdominant, and dominant?

Phrygian is a very distinct sounding mode. I've been trying to better understand the harmony of the mode so I can use it more. Obviously the i chord is a tonic chord and iv is a subdominant chord, but ...
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3answers
156 views

What is a Bm chord with a G in it?

I am writing a song with G > Bm > Em as the main chord progression but I found a lot of nice fingerings on the guitar for the Bm chord with an added G in it. Does this make the chord a B minor 6 ...
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3answers
77 views

Is there a rule in SATB writing regarding the Soprano & Bass moving in contrary motion?

While writing a melody over a bass line, it is generally advised to have the melody & the bass line moving in contrary motion to each other. I want to know if such a rule also exists when you ...
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0answers
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False modulation for doxology in a modal key

I am barely an organist, but occasionally cover for the real organist at my church. The next time I am doing this is three weeks from now, and because I'm a novice, I already have the hymns for that ...
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3answers
334 views

Maximum interval between Alto & Tenor, & intervals when writing for SATB

What is the maximum interval permitted between the Alto & Tenor when writing for SATB? I have read it should not be more than a 10th, whereas another source said it should not be more than an 8th. ...
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0answers
58 views

What is the best book on Jazz Harmony? [closed]

I would like suggestions for good books on Jazz Harmony that are easy to understand, thorough and have readily applicable principles for compositions. Thanks.
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3answers
41 views

How can one use theory/harmony in order to learn BWV anh 114?

How can one use theory/harmony in order to learn BWV anh 114? I am only talking about theory/harmony in order to be able to play and memorize this piece.
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1answer
91 views

What to improvise over “fake” ii V I and succession of dominant chords

I frequently see "incomplete" ii V I sequences in standards (like Satin Doll for example) where only the ii and the V are played and I'm always wondering what I can play there, since I find most of ...
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7answers
2k views

Using chord iii in a chord progression (major key) [closed]

I haven't come across music as yet where chord iii is used in a chord progression. I read somewhere that generally chord iii is not used, or very rarely used. Is this correct? If chord iii is used, ...
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3answers
127 views

Is the ♭VII chord still a dominant chord in the natural minor scale? [duplicate]

If I have the progression Cm > Ab > Bb > Cm from the C natural minor scale, does the Bb chord still work as a dominant chord as it would in Eb major? I know that in the minor scale, ...
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1answer
69 views

Modulation or passing through different keys in the following Bach chorale [closed]

This is Bach's chorale R.80. I want to know if the music has modulated to a particular key in certain, or is it only passing through different keys (and hence not a fixed modulation to only one key)?
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4answers
727 views

Modulation from major key to relative minor - what could be the pivot chord?

I want to modulate from D major to B minor. I have a perfect cadence (A7 - D) in D major, after which I need to use a pivot chord to go into B minor. I was thinking of using the F# chord, but I am not ...
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2answers
63 views

Using passing notes in SATB writing

When writing for SATB, which is the best voice in which you can use passing notes & auxiliary notes? Also, in a music exam where the Soprano part is given to you (and you have to harmonise the ...
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2answers
58 views

Chords between i and an augmented-sixth chord [closed]

I am wondering about chords that can go between i and different augmented-sixth chords. Are there any resources on this? I've googled and searched past questions and didn't find anything... edit: in ...
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Writing characteristic chord progressions in inversion, & doubling notes other than the root

There are characteristic chord progressions taught in music theory, for example, the cadential 6-4, which is Ic - V - I. Then there's Ib - ii7b - V - I, & so on. I want to know if these cadences ...