Questions tagged [harmony]

For questions about the "vertical" aspects of music and how to build and study them.

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Spelling of vii dim7 and vii half dim7

For the two chords above, diminished 7th (viio7) and half diminished 7th (vii07), are they usually spelled complete or incomplete? Or both?
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Is my SATB harmonisation correct in this example?

I am so paranoid about SATB harmonisation, because there are so many rules, and I feel overwhelmed. I literally feel like I have a hundred hidden mistakes in this question.
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1answer
55 views

Distortion of intervals

I'm wondering if this is a common phenomenon and if so how does it actually affect music: When I play harmonic min2nd's the actual pitches I hear are not completely the individual pitches of the two ...
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4answers
316 views

How should this half-diminished seventh chord from “Christmas Time Is Here” be analyzed in terms of its harmonic function? [duplicate]

Hi everyone. I'm working on an analysis of Christmas Time Is Here, which is in F major. I'm trying to determine the best way to analyze the Bm7(♭5) chord circled in the image. I have 3 explanations ...
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2answers
87 views

Harmony and melody system for a 8 x 8 grid

I am in the process of creating a computer game, where a character moves in a grid sized 8 x 8 squares, i.e. 8 squares horizontally and 8 squares vertically. When the character is moving on the ...
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4answers
2k views

How to harmonize a melody without knowing the scale?

I've been doing this thing lately where I randomly pick a note on the piano, and use that as the starting note of whatever melody I'm playing, every time I do this I'm in a different key. I find this ...
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1answer
35 views

Analysis of Sonata form [duplicate]

I’m about to take my level 10 Harmony exam and I’m still kind of unsure about Sonata Form. Could someone give a (brief?) explanation of it? The textbook that I use does have a good explanation, but I’...
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1answer
33 views

Redundant entry of a Fugal Exposition

When analyzing a fugue, I get confused at times about where to put the redundant entry. Is it the 5th or more entry of the subject and/or answer? I’m not sure.
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3answers
398 views

Understanding function of diminished chord in Paganini's 4th caprice

I'm trying to understand this simple progression in the middle of Paganini's 4th caprice. This seems like I-?-I-V7-I in Eb major, but I am unable to figure out what the function of the second chord is....
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1answer
86 views

I-IV9b7-bVII-bIII-bVI-bII-I: what is this final-cadence called?

I remember this “cadence“ on the final melody note: a trombone solo Speak, my Lord arranged by Eric Leidzen. Instead of remaining on the tonic or a plagal cadence he is passing from Bb to F7 Eb9 Ab7 ...
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Characteristics of a Coda

I’m doing Level 10 Harmony right now and I’m being asked to identify a Coda in a Rondo. Any specific characteristics that I should look out for to make it easier to identify?
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1answer
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What does “non-conformant” harmonization mean?

In context with this question: Take 6: What chords are making this style so jazzy? I came across the term non-conformant harmonization: Non-Conformant Harmonization: The Real Book in the Style of ...
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1answer
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Why does the C chord with the note C in the melody have a major sound but when I change the note C to E it doesn't really sound that major? [closed]

In Gregorian chant accompaniment I sometimes end with the melody on the note E (Mi) and the Chord C. I sometimes play Am instead of the C chord. Am in this case sounds like a minor chord. C in this ...
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3answers
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Before the advent of Roman-numeral analysis, did musicians conceptualize applied/secondary chords as somehow moving towards their temporary tonics?

As discussed in Origin of Roman Numeral Analysis, Roman numerals weren't a widespread analytical tool until at least the 19th century. With this in mind, imagine that you're a musician in 1770; you're ...
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2answers
230 views

What makes Dm/E sound Phrygian?

I was told by a jazz pianist that you can play Dm/E if you play in E Phrygian. What makes Dm/E sound Phrygian? To me Am or Am7 would be a better chord for Phrygian but then I probably think of ...
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4answers
364 views

How do I use augmented chords in my progressions? [duplicate]

Structurally speaking, an augmented chord is the product of stacked major 3rds. So the chord G Aug (G+) uses the notes G-B-D#. I'm well aware that this chord might occur naturally in a minor (key) ...
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2answers
63 views

How would these nonchord tones from Beethoven's Pathétique Sonata best be analyzed?

Hi everyone. I'm working on an analysis of Movement II from Beethoven's Pathétique Sonata. In the measures shown in the image, I am trying to analyze the nonchord tones that occur in the chromatic ...
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1answer
109 views

What is the internal harmony of this Liszt melody?

This is an exercise taken out of Walter Piston’s Harmony (4th ed). Let me know how you would change my progression. Thanks!
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2answers
65 views

Why does the V-I cadence sound tonal rather than modal?

I have heard that the I-V cadence is to be avoided when playing chant accompaniment, eg Gregorian chant. It seems to me that the leading tone going to the tonic makes it sound like a tonal cadence ...
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2answers
662 views

What are all the chord qualities?

I am working on some chord sorting algorithms right now, I was requested to add an algorithm that is capable to sort chords by chord quality, so afaik there are only major, minor, diminished, or ...
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4answers
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Do people with perfect pitch distinguish between equal temperament and just temperament?

Do people with perfect pitch distinguish between equal temperament and just temperament? Suppose someone with perfect pitch is singing a duet and wants to harmonise in thirds above the main melody. ...
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2answers
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How to think about this moment from BWV 816

I've been tasked by a textbook I'm going through to make a harmonic analysis of the G major "Gavotte" from BWV816, "The French Suite" specifically minding a handful of questions ...
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2answers
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Do we hear bass/baritone solo melody lines as being implicitly “on top of” the accompaniment, for harmonic purposes

I admit that the title of the question sounds a little strange, but I wanted to posit a more general question based on a specific song I was looked at. I was looking at this arrangement of Chega de ...
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2answers
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Allowed hidden parallel octaves [duplicate]

I have read that hidden direct octaves between two voices are not always forbidden, but that there are some circumstances in which they are acceptable. As I have understood it, the following general ...
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2answers
706 views

Voice leading: is it allowed to move from a perfect fifth to an augmented fourth?

I understand that it is allowed to move from a perfect fifth to a perfect fourth, even if it is not the most preferable solution. However, would it be valid to move from a perfect fifth to an ...
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11answers
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Theory behind the change from a major chord to the same in minor

In many songs I hear the change from a major chord to the same, but minor. For example F A Bb Bbm. It sounds really nice to me and I'm wondering if there is a theory behind it. Is there a genre ...
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how to find similiar tracks based on melody? [migrated]

I have a track stuck in my head which i dont know the interpret nor the title. Its very similiar to "davids bowie - ashes to ashes". I think on the label/logo was a vinyl. Where can i find ...
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3answers
123 views

What is this lead-sheet chord?

So, I have recently been studying for a theory test (blecch!), and as part of that I have been learning lead sheet notation. In one of the review questions I have come across this chord which I can't ...
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2answers
131 views

Why harmonize non-diatonic notes with major 3rds above, in a “minor key” context?

I just got a TC Quintessence harmony pedal, and I was surprised to learn how it creates third-above harmony notes when set to the natural minor scale. The idea of the effect pedal is to create harmony ...
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7answers
278 views

Word for the entire chord progression of a song?

What is the word for the entire chord progression of a song? Small sequences of harmonies are called progressions; can we also call the entire sequence of chords in a song a progression, or is there a ...
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4answers
176 views

How should one describe that some solfege notes rhyme?

How should one describe that some solfege notes rhyme or perhaps share the same role? The two examples are do and so (I and V) and mi and ti (III and VII). C D E F G A B (...
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5answers
135 views

What to learn in order to choose chords for a song? [closed]

I am trying to learn piano by myself and have been studying a little bit of music theory. But I still haven't faced anything concerning how to create chord progressions and how to choose chords for a ...
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1answer
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Function of C# chord in the key of Dm

I came across a chord progression in the bridge of a song called "Sweet Tooth" by Intervals. The progress goes Gm - A# - Dm - C# in the key of Dm. Afaik, the first three chords would be iv - ...
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3answers
465 views

How do I work on mastering keys efficiently?

I want to be able to just know the scale degree of any key like: C is the 1 of C major, or Bb is the 4 of F major, and also I want to be able to have someone just tell me to play any chord and any ...
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3answers
3k views

A good source to learn the theory of chords in an accordion

I have been learning to play accordion for a few months and I can play 15-20 songs with their chords now. I know the physics behind the musical notes (such as I can understand what one implies by ...
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2answers
87 views

Why the flat roman numerals in minor when they aren't needed?

This is one thing that has always bothered me, why are VI and bVI 2 different chords in major but the same chord in minor? That makes no sense to me. I mean it does but it also doesn't. If you view ...
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3answers
175 views

Take 6: What chords are making this style so jazzy?

Unfortunately this question has been closed as off-topic: What is this Chord Progression But the arrangements from Take 6 sound very special and interesting to me: I couldn’t identify at “first sight” ...
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How to understand a fixed note instrument [closed]

I play a kora, which has a fixed set of notes. I am playing traditional and non-traditional music on it. For the traditional music there is a specific didactic approach I am following. For the non-...
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6answers
558 views

Please help me name this chord

I'm harmonising a tune I've written, in C major, and one chord which resolves to C major consists of B, Db(or C#), F and A. It seems to be a sort of tritone substitution, but I am struggling to come ...
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Is there any other blues chord progression?

I've seen many blues songs, with progression: I / / / | I / / / | I / / / | I / / / | IV / / / | IV / / / | IV / / / | IV / / / | V / / / | V / / / | I / / / | I / / / | or I / / / | I /...
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9answers
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Exactly what does “diatonic” mean?

Is the meaning very context dependent, or can it be defined in general terms? Does the meaning change by author or period? Sometimes it's used to refer to anything that stays within a specific tonal ...
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2answers
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Correct terminology for chord inversions

I am confused with what I've read in various sources concerning chord notations. Is there a standard notation for chord inversions? As far as I understand, a chord inversion is determined from the ...
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1answer
63 views

Can someone talk me through the music theory behind Overwhelmed by Royal and the Serpent [closed]

Interested to hear the theory breakdown for the whole song - but specifically the theory behind the chorus harmonies ( @ 0:42) I am trying to develop my music theory ...
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2answers
57 views

Is this an example of III7 augmented chord?

I seem to have come across a III7 chord in A harmonic minor, and I'm not quite sure about its function. I initially thought it might have been V7, but there is a leap of a third between the C and E in ...
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1answer
69 views

How do you figure an accented passing note in the bass?

How do you figure an accented passing note in the bass, specifically when the harmony changes? If you have non-chord tones in the bass following a figuring, it's easy to show the same harmony ...
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5answers
556 views

How to make the Bass in SATB move more smoothly?

While writing for SATB, I realise I have a few chords where the Bass part is moving down in intervals of 6ths or 7ths from one chord to the next. For example, I have a chord progression iib in F ...
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3answers
86 views

How does this Bdim7 resolves to F/C?

( The song, the score I posted starts at 2:39 ) At the 4th measure, Bdim7 appears. It resolves to F/C. But I can't understand how this works. Can someone explain what is going on ?
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2answers
117 views

Chromatic Mediant modulation: Can I use an omnibus progression for this?

So, I am composing a piece representing winter and I am right in the middle of the piece (the piece is in Rondo form and I'm at the C section). I started off in E major, then after being in the ...
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10answers
4k views

In blues, country blues, why don't songwriters get sued for aping the same progressions/tempos/scales as other established blues songs?

Thought: As a guitar player, you can play the blues in pretty much any scale, A for instance with stock rhythms and endings. Example: You write a song in that scale you may even use the same solo ...
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3answers
152 views

Why does the relation between E major and Ab major feel especially connected?

I find that whenever I improvise in E major, I naturally move back and forth between E major and Ab major key areas. It's like E major and Ab major feel especially connected in a way that say Bb major ...

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