# Questions tagged [harmony]

For questions about the "vertical" aspects of music and how to build and study them.

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### Song structures and tonality

It has to be prety basic but I never understood how it is conventionally explained. Usually a pop song has a fixed key like in: Cmajor: Verse: C-Am-F-G Bridge: Am-G, Am-G Chorus: F-G-Am How is ...
2k views

### Oasis - Supersonic Harmonic analysis (What modes are played, explaining modulations and pivots function as roman analysis)

Song can be played as: Main Riff: F#m(F#5) A B Bridge: E Riff E C#7 Chorus: D A E F#7, D A E C#7 -> Main Riff Again I am struggling on harmonic functions. I am not sure whether the song ...
656 views

### How far do the supporting chords contribute to the tonality of Vi Hart's “Twinkle Twinkle Little Star”, and if they do, how?

Vi Hart, a mathemusician (cool eh!) at the Khan Academy posted an excellent video explaining 12 Tone music. She first explains the rules thus: You have to use all twelve chromatic pitches in some ...
1k views

### Accidentals in First Species Counterpoint

On page 39 of Alfred Mann's The Study of Counterpoint there is a passage concerning justification of using accidentals in first species counterpoint. Here is the passage: Aloys: [...]but why did you ...
750 views

### Are minor sevenths allowed in baroque counterpoint?

Are minor sevenths allowed in baroque counterpoint? I ask because in the first measure of Bach's Invention No. 1 the upper voice and lower voice have an interval of a minor seventh (the upper voice ...
504 views

### Harmonizing melody exercise question with specific parameters

I'm reading the book Harmony for the computer musician and there's an exercise where you need to harmonize 3 notes of a melody in D major, parameters are: you must use the same note length as the ...
17k views

### Parallel octaves vs doubled octaves

I've read this Wikipedia article on parallel fifths, which also touched on parallel octaves. However, I'm having difficulty understanding the difference between doubled and parallel octaves. I think I ...
2k views

### How important is harmony theory?

In what way does matter for the overall sound of the orchestra that everyone is aware of how the chord is placed, more than just knowing their own part in it? I play trombone in what I believe is ...
461 views

### Roman Analysis of “Ab B G” chord

I am currently analyzing a bit of music for homework which consists of four voices (string quartet). It is in the key of G Major, but the chord that it ends on, is a Ab on the cello, B on the Viola, ...
3k views

### Beatles - Because: Chord progression

I am currently looking at this tune but I'm a bit confused by a part of the progression. It seems to be using chords built mostly from the C# harmonic minor scale. So, my current understanding ...
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### Using modes and static harmony

Edit: i know what modes are and how they are related to major scale..etc. question is about modal harmony and chord progression in modal harmony. not what is a mode and name of other modes..etc What ...
631 views

### Repeating a melody over 4 octaves

I'm trying to transpose a simple piece, like "Bicycle", so the melody is repeated over 4 octaves. Let me explain this for the first note only. The top and bottom notes are defined (can't ...
2k views

### How to Harmonize uncommon scales?

How do you harmonize scales like C C# F F# Bb Whole tone scale : C D E F# Ab Bb ? (The scales above are just examples.) Scales like these do not seem to bias to Major or Minor harmony, ...
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### What scale is used in the Morrowind theme?

Do you know the name of this scale? C D E♭ F G A♭ B It's used in the Morrowind theme:
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### What usually follows an Augmented major seventh chord?

I don't have a clear understanding of the notation used in the following sentence from the article on Augmented major seventh chord from Wikipedia: As with dominant seventh chords, non-dominant ...
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### Latin jazz: anticipated chord change on last beat

I'm in the process of using a midi sequencer to provide me with simple background (drums, bass line, bare minimum piano harmony) to practice improvising on Spain (Chick Corea). From listening to a ...
4k views

### Harmony analysis program

Is there any computer program that automatically analyzes harmony given the score? I refer specifically to roman numeral analysis and functional harmony.
3k views

### A good source to learn the theory of chords in an accordion

I have been learning to play accordion for a few months and I can play 15-20 songs with their chords now. I know the physics behind the musical notes (such as I can understand what one implies by ...
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### Why does this key change work?

In the song 'Respect' by Aretha Franklin which is a fairly simple progression in Bb major the saxophone solo part of the song seems to make a key change to the key of Em. I don't understand why this ...
6k views

### Understanding the elements of harmony in “honky-tonk” or ragtime style piano

I enjoy improvising piano in what I call (perhaps incorrectly) a "honky-tonk" or "ragtime" style, usually involving a steady stride or two-step in the left hand, and playing over that with lots of ...
2k views

### In a song in G major the sound F appears and sounds good. Is there a name for such a phenomenon?

The song "Misty Moisty Morning" by Steeleye Span is in a major key. My knowledge of music theory is fragmentary so I may have gotten it wrong but I believe it's true. I don't remember which key it is ...
36k views

### Do all chords in a progression usually fit within a scale

I am wondering if when writing a chord progression, all the notes fit within a single scale. If not, what is the logic behind chord progressions?
23k views

### F# major vs Gb major?

I was looking at Dvorak's Humoresque (op 101 n 7) : it's mostly in G♭ major, in the middle it changes to F♯ minor. This would have looked more natural for me if F♯ major instead of G♭ major were used. ...
26k views

### How to dramatically change the feeling of a song while keeping the melody largely the same?

How to dramatically change the feeling of a song while keeping the melody largely the same? Let's say we have a happy, upbeat pop song and we want to turn it into a sad song (or vice versa). Is it ...
350 views

### Harmonizing a violin and a fife

My roommate plays violin (a concert C instrument). I play fife (a concern Ab instrument). Fifes typically are played with music in either D or G, due to ease of hitting the notes on those scales. ...
4k views

### What online resources should I use to learn harmony and musical analysis?

I had some harmony courses and I want to learn some more about it. Ideally, I am looking for is a KhanAcademy-like website about harmony and musical analysis. If that doesn't exist, where else should ...
7k views

### What harmonic devices are common for jazz-rock fusion guitar?

If I want to compose a fusion piece (or improvise over one), what harmonic tools I can use to sound right in this genre? Every genre has a specific chords, progressions, scales, techniques etc. which ...
41k views

### How is counterpoint different from harmony?

Harmony is a kind of second sound you hear. Counterpoint is also the second sound you hear. Aside from technical differentiation, how can you by ear differentiate these two concepts. Is it possible ...
13k views

### Is there any real difference between Counterpoint and Polyphony?

From what I understand, they both kind of refer to the same thing. Why the need for 2 terms?
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### Singing: How to pre-visualize harmonies

When singing, I have a good singing voice for harmony--once I've identified the note. However, finding the note is exactly my problem; I tend towards singing the note the lead singer is using if I'm ...
269 views

### How do I find the accompaigning low-pitch note when playing fingerstyle?

If you're trying to learn a song by ear for example, how do you find the backing note to go along whith what you are playing? For example, when playing canon in D, you first start with the D string ...
11k views

### Prokofiev's style

I have a predilection for music from the first half of the 20th century. I can't pinpoint the exact reason why, I suspect it is from absorbing so much music from movies, tv series and computer games ...
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### Ic-V-I perfect cadence progression SATB part writing rules

I am studying Music at AS-level - we have to harmonise a soprano line (in any style we wish I believe) with the alto, tenor and bass parts. One possible perfect cadence I have been taught is the Ic-V-...
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### Learning for entry level exam for music school

On Sunday I am going to take a entry level exam in music theory. They didn't give me any sample exam or references to where can I learn this stuff. All I have is a list of what will be in the exam (...
806 views

### My ear is not very well trained - what can I look for as easy hints when trying to identify a ii-V-I progression in blues music?

I'm looking to learn how to better analyze music I am listening to, and I'm having problems identifying ii-V-I progressions, especially when they're the basis for improvisation. What are some hints or ...
798 views

### How do you compose tuplets against straight notes?

I would like to know how to compose tuplets of odd numbers against even numbers on the piano (ie. 3 against 2). How would you go around composing something like this? I have been composing for some ...