Questions tagged [harmony]

For questions about the "vertical" aspects of music and how to build and study them.

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Consonance vs Stability [duplicate]

In this source, the guitar teacher claims that the m6 chord is more dissonant but also more stable than the m7 chord. He also says that consonance is not always correlated with stability. I can feel ...
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81 views

Does tonality require consonance?

It seems like tonality and consonance go hand in hand, but I’m still unsure if consonance is necessary to establish a tonal center, or if consonance is just the preferred sound against a tonal center. ...
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Within acoustic blues guitar, why triads and inversions?

Within acoustic blues guitar how important are triads and their inversions? I have read and studied, they are mostly used on the E1st. B2nd. and G3rd. strings, I do not quite understand them, I don’t ...
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2answers
182 views

How does a symphony orchestra play in such perfect harmony?

I'm talking about live performances. I respect all musicians who allow us to enjoy beautiful art of music. The number of musicians in a modern symphony orchestra may be up to 100 and each person has a ...
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3answers
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Do major seventh chord usually put the major seventh above the root?

It's been noted on this forum that dominant ninth chords normally have the ninth above the root. Is that same true for the major seventh of a major seventh chord? I've tried playing lots of ...
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5answers
284 views

Are rootless jazz chords truly rootless?

Comments about roots never being omitted in another question How to distinguish between a minor triad and a maj7 chord with same notes but without the root prompted this one. This question Why ...
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3answers
115 views

Can a maj7sus4 chord be used like a dominant 7 chord?

I've read that dominant 7 chord drives toward some kind of resolution because the tritone between the 3rd and b7th that creates some form of tension that craves to be resolved one of these two ways : ...
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2answers
61 views

Is there a way to recognize the canonic (or generally imitative) potential in a given harmonic progression?

Suppose given a bass melody with either thoroughbass figuring or Roman numeral analysis. Is there a way to quasi-instantly recognize whether this bass melody admits of a canonic (or more generally, ...
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These two phrases use exactly the same notes, but one sounds major, the other minor. Why is that?

I've been playing around with arpeggios, adding an approach note for each degree of the arpeggio. In the first two-bar phrase below, I approach each note of the C Major arpeggio from the note one ...
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6answers
779 views

How does the tonic establish itself in a melody?

Whenever I hear an explanation about what the tonic or root note is, it’s about how it creates some kind of gravitational pull in the music. How does it do that exactly? How does our brain piece ...
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4answers
472 views

Why do major and minor triads sound different both harmonically and melodically?

Sorry if the wording is odd, but basically my question is, why do the major and minor triads have two distinct sounds, if they share all of the same intervals? Not only when they’re stacked ...
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1answer
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In 4-part harmony, Vii's 5th note (V7's 7th note) should also resolve down?

In 4-part harmony, isn't the Ⅴ7's 7th note supposed to resolve by going a step down? If so, because the ⅶ is the substitute of the Ⅴ, shouldn't the ⅶ's 5th note (Ⅴ7's 7th note) also resolve down? ex: ...
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How do you determine the Chord progression of a song?

Any tips or strategies that you guys would like to share on how you determine the chord progression in a song or a musical composition ? Though I understand chord progressions and the musical theory ...
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2answers
80 views

Applied Chords notation

I have a chord in the key of F minor. The notes from the bass are A natural , C , F , E flat. From textbook: " Identify the following applied chord . Symbolize the chord using functional and root ...
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1answer
248 views

Chord progression for 1st 4 bars of Bach Prelude from Cello Suite No 1 Cello in G

The harmonic reduction of the first four bars of the Prelude goes like this: B | C | C | B D | E | F#| G G | G | G | G When I hear this and also based on my understanding of tonal harmony, I'd analyse ...
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5answers
211 views

Does VI-VII prepare i in D natural minor?

Why can we say that VI-VII prepares i in D natural minor ? VI is the chord B♭-D-F and VII the chord C-E-G. I am struggling to answer this question...
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1answer
181 views

Dreamy musical phenomenon

It happens mainly when I am relaxed, about to sleep or near to wake up, but it also happens other times but less often, generally on quiet environments, then I start to listen a music on my head, most ...
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3answers
269 views

Diminished seventh spelling but functioning as an Augmented Sixth?

I know that there are many ways to resolve a diminished seventh chord, but only a few ways to resolve an augmented sixth chord. I have done modulations from the minor tonic to the major subtonic using ...
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2answers
62 views

iii and V share the same function in D major?

Consider the scale degree D major. Can I say that the iii (F#-A-C#) and the V (A-C#-E) share the same function because F# and A are distant by a minor third ?
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4answers
197 views

IVm6 or IVm7? (in major)

(Note: using the key of C major as generic instead of roman numerals.) Yesterday I was reading the book "Hearin' the Changes" (by Coker, Knapp and Vincent), which discusses Fm7-B♭7-C as an ...
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4answers
290 views

Why does A minor scale sound the “best” over Dm and C chord progression?

I created a little loop with the following two intervals: D A and C G Listen here: https://tinyurl.com/ybsukagd In looking at what scale to use to solo over that simple progression, I thought D ...
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1answer
62 views

Question from Piston Harmony 5th Ed. Chapter 2

I'm confused by the following exercise in the 5th ed. of Piston's Harmony, page 21. "Exercise 7 j: With G# as the soprano note, write in four parts a triad in first inversion, with the subdominant in ...
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6answers
487 views

flattened-seventh chord function [duplicate]

I this post, I received some information on the usage of a flattened-seventh chord in progressions, which, along with the flattened-third, seem to be popular choices in the rock world to add flavor. ...
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3answers
1k views

What is a Diatonic tendency tone?

"In the four-part writing of diatonic seventh chords the fifth may be omitted, in which case the doubled note in a four-part texture should not be a tendency tone. The most common doubling is the root....
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1answer
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Is there a particular reason why the progression I - II4/2 - V6/5 - I was such a popular opening progression for Baroque keyboard preludes?

I'm currently reading John Mortensen's wonderful book on keyboard improvisation. (See this link here.) In the chapter on figuration preludes he states that the progression I - II4/2 - V6/5 - I was a ...
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6answers
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Melody using a different scale than the bassline - what is it called?

Since I only know some very rudimentary terms in music theory, I don't know what it's called when one does the following to create a sort-of interesting sound. Suppose I'm playing the piano, using my ...
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1answer
51 views

How to negatively harmonize a major key into different modes other than Aeolian (minor) mode? (T7i inversion)

The T7i inversion transforms a major key into its parallel minor (Aeolian mode). How do I transform a major key into other modes? Are there inversions other than T7i?
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677 views

Is there a rational method to find out which minor scale sounds best in a given situation?

By rational I mean a method that doesn't entirely depend on one's subjective aesthetics, but rather one that has some kind of system behind it. The obvious rule that you should use the ascending ...
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1answer
174 views

B major to D major modulation ideas

I am new into jazz and I need some advice. I have a simple chord progression (triads) B major to D major. I want to write a nice "solo" over it. I need some harmonic help in order to play some ...
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3answers
1k views

Jazz piano: chords and melody in right hand. How?

Aiming for being capable of playing solo and in ensemble, a jazz pianist is exposed to the following: Bass player is playing the root tones, hence the pianist can play rootless When playing alone or ...
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3answers
92 views

Question about playing over chord changes, go to next chord

In music theory there is a process for going to the next chord that involves playing a note just before the next chord that resolves to a chord tone of the upcoming chord. However this messes up my ...
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4answers
356 views

Why aren't those consecutive fifth?

Here below is a sequence of chords C-G-C-E -> G-G-B-D in which, following the teacher who wrote it, there is no consecutive fifths. (source) Why aren't C-G -> G-D, respectively present in those ...
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1answer
55 views

Rewriting slash chords with chromatic descending bass

I am trying to transcribe a chord progression that appears here (timestamp 0:44). I'm having trouble naming some of the chords below. I think the last two are correct, and function as the ii-V of B ...
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1answer
79 views

Blues harmony: readings to learn more [closed]

Reading from similar posts in this site I understood that the standard harmony tools can't explain the typical blues sound made by dominant 7 -chords progressions. But it's clear that these ...
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4answers
135 views

Jazz piano: problem remembering harmony, melody is fine

In my quest to become a general jazz pianist I practice jazz standards. Having several years experience with violin, a melody instrument, I have no trouble learning and remembering melodies but the ...
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2answers
102 views

“Maybe tomorrow - Stereophonics”, is my analysis right?

I'm an amateur, self tought, musician whos's struggling to learn music theory without knowing solfège. I'm trying to make harmonic analysis of easy pop tunes to practice and learn. This song in ...
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5answers
504 views

Is it possible to state whether someone is singing in tune?

I have a recording of a vocalist accompanied by guitar. The vocalist claims not to have a good voice but swears he is "singing in tune". Is there anyway to determine if this is true and, if in this ...
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3answers
183 views

Question about Dave Brubeck/Paul Desmond Take Five

I’m trying to decode "Take Five" and so far I have (for my version) it in the key of F with one flat (B-Flat) and the initial phrase (A Section) is based on a D minor which is the natural minor 6th of ...
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4answers
139 views

Why do you think many people are drawn to a tonal center?

so im trying to answer this question for my music teacher and i'm trying to do research of it, but she hasn't been very specific with the question...any help?
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2answers
135 views

What makes Beethoven’s False Picardy Third so convincing?

So, there’s one aspect of Beethoven’s style that I personally, haven’t been able to write convincing examples of. That would be the False Picardy Third. To clarify, this is what I mean by False ...
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5answers
175 views

Does there exist a way of notating ones own harmonic language?

It's quite clear to most that certain artists have a distinct sound. While a lot of it may be down to production elements and instrument choice, there can really be no denying that their personal ...
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Isn't more comfortable to play Cmaj7 chord's root position 1245 instead of 1235 fingers on piano?

As I saw in Youtube and in various websites that Cmaj7 root fingering should be 1235, but for me it would look like more logical to play 1245. Because when I play on RH 1235, my wrist goes to left. ...
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1answer
97 views

How to complete a scale harmonization using Quantz' Versuch

In Quantz, Versuch einer Anweisung die Flöte traversiere zu spielen several harmonic/melodic skeletons are presented as the basis of melodic embellishment. Here are four which cover significant ...
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1answer
86 views

How to know if I sing in tune? [duplicate]

I try to sing and to hear my records but I don't know if I sing almost in tune or completely out of tune? How would I know? I will show you several records, can you give me points to improve on? ...
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4answers
90 views

Help naming/analyzing sus chord and possible secondary dominant

I'm having trouble figuring out how to name the chord in the third measure below. I initially guessed G7sus2 which would make a recognizable IV-V-I cadence, but then I am unsure how to analyze the ...
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8answers
3k views

Making Sense of Blues Soloing; differentiating major/minor pentatonics

Quarantine has allowed ample time for musical exploration. I'm a classically trained pianist studying music in college, and I'm using this extra time to be immersed in and learn how to play the blues. ...
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1answer
135 views

Writing down chord names and understanding their function in an example

I've been trying to learn more about music theory by transcribing songs. I am not bad at writing down the notes, but have a lot of trouble understanding the chords/harmony. Below is a sketch of one ...
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1answer
38 views

Minor Harmony doubts [duplicate]

I've tried written a little chorale in four parts using minor harmony (Bb minor). Established that for sure I have done several harmonic errors in terms of parts motion in the sense of traditional ...
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1answer
38 views

Little minor parts motion exercise (Exercise 1 from chapter 4 Piston)

I’m studying some minor harmony and I’ve done this little exercise with all chords in root position My question is: since In a minor setting you have multiple choices about triads (whether you are ...
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1answer
68 views

Adding tension to V7 chord

I understand that the V7 chord contains two tendency tones (^4 and ^7), which for a tritone in major keys. The ^4 forms a dissonance with the bass and the ^7 tends strongly to move to ^8. For these ...

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