Questions tagged [harmony]

For questions about the "vertical" aspects of music and how to build and study them.

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Does moving from V to vii°7/ii count as a Deceptive Resolution?

I'm curious about this because I saw exactly this kind of thing in a Mozart piece I analyzed a while back when looking for Deceptive Resolution examples. The first cadence evasion was undoubtably a ...
Caters's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
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What is the theoretical explanation of D/F# chord in this turnaround?

Here is the sequence in harmonic Am. What is the function of D/F# in terms of tonal harmony. Borrowed chord from parallel major? Chromatic inflection? Am-D/F#-F-E-A
JBrons's user avatar
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5 answers
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To add chords to a song, is playing the chord that carries the melody equivalent to playing the melodic note as note 1, 3 or 5 of the chord?

When I was learning how to play songs on piano by ear, I didn't know how to add chords to a song melody. What I found on videos and on the Web was that you select a chord that carries the melodic ...
Allan Jeong's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
337 views

Harmonic Analysis: How would you interpret these 4 bars? Var. 18 Rhapsody by Rach

Great community I've stumbled upon. It's been some time since I've done harmonic analysis and I'd appreciate some thoughts about these four bars towards the end of the 18th Variation.
Igor's user avatar
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1 answer
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Clarification on Schoenberg's "pivot tones" in minor from Theory of Harmony

While going through chapter 5 I have multiple times had to amend my understanding of the four instructions Schoenberg gives on the usage of the sixth and seventh degrees of the minor scale. My ...
arkwright's user avatar
4 votes
4 answers
671 views

C7 to Bb in "I'll See You in my Dreams" [closed]

"I'll See You in my Dreams" verse to chorus seems awkward. It’s shown as C7 To Bb but seems to need to go through F which is not shown on lead sheets. I’m a relative novice and grappling ...
Baz's user avatar
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4 votes
3 answers
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How to estimate a tempo by looking at a melody

There is an exercise in a Harmony book by Aldwell & Schacter, where you are asked to figure out the correct meter and to estimate a "suitable tempo" for a snippet of melody, in other ...
Skagenröra's user avatar
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2 answers
139 views

Ascending bass and chord progression in harmonic minor (example)

Hello again! Here is another simple harmonic minor progression with ascending bass. Questions: Is bar4 viio in second inversion? In bar6 there seems to be VI (Fmaj7) but at downbeat there is b and d. ...
Janta's user avatar
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2 answers
182 views

Does vi6 exist?

My textbook "Harmony and voice leading 4th edition" (by Aldwell/Schachter) says that vi6 chords do not exist and that any such chord should be seen as a tonic chord with a non chord tone. ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Chopin Prelude Op. 28 No. 1: A mysterious mutated note in the 12th bar?

In Chopin Prelude Op. 28 No. 1 (C major) has a particularly mysterious mutated note in the 12th bar shown in the red box (this note does not repeat the voice of the previous blue box): Question Is ...
wonderich's user avatar
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What is the function of this diminished 7th chord in KV 332? [duplicate]

Consider the following cadence from the 3rd movement of Mozart's piano sonata KV 332: What is the function of the diminished 7th chord B D F Ab?
Karlo's user avatar
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4 votes
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Is this passage from the development of K 545 another instance of the Circle of Fifths Progression?

So, I've been writing a book on music theory and I'm getting ever closer to the place where I will go in depth on the common chord progressions of Classical Music including: Circle of Fifths(here, I ...
Caters's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
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Why does V7 resolve so well to VI∆7?

One progression I come across often (in tonicizations or modulations) is V7 to VI∆7. For example: G7 to A∆7. In playing with it, I notice that the V chord can be in many different forms, including ...
Daan's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
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the cadence in 3rd species counterpoint with 3 voices in the Phrygian mode

When the Cantus Firmus is in the 1st or 2nd voice, the bass is suppose to play the 5th note of the mode in the 2nd last bar. In the case of E Phrygian, the 5th degree is B which has however a ...
foxrox's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
98 views

How to write a chord analysis when tonicizing vi

I wanted to write a short harmony exercise in 4 parts where there is a brief tonicization or modulation to the relative minor and then back to the original major key. I am not sure if I have labelled ...
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1 vote
1 answer
156 views

Questions on Chord progression in "Cocaine Blues"

In the song "Cocaine Blues" (in the style of Townes Van Zandt) the opening chord progression (transposed to C) is C - E7 - F. That is a I - III7 - IV or a V - VII7 - I, depending on what ...
Awalrod's user avatar
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3 answers
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Given a four note combination under the span of a fourth, does this chart correctly show the number of times it will appear in a scale?

I have made this chart that shows how many times will a four note combination under the span of a fourth whether perfect or augmented appear in a scale and some observations, so I wanted to ask you if ...
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1 vote
2 answers
366 views

Understanding dissonance in Mozart's String Quartet No. 19

I perfectly understand how the dissonance is built as explained by Wikipedia : The first movement opens with ominous quiet Cs in the cello, joined successively by the viola (on A♭ moving to a G), the ...
MC68020's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
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VImaj7-V7-i What is the role of the VIth?

I'm analyzing the first movement of "Suite del Plata Nº1" by Máximo Diego Pujol called "Preludio" that it's on D minor, I have encountered the following progression i-VImaj7-V7, I'...
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1 vote
1 answer
519 views

What does a 7 - 6 mean in figured bass?

Here in this voice leading exercise I am doing I have 73 going to 63 in the figured bass but I am not sure what this means for the voice leading. I understand the 7-6 means that the 7th above the ...
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13 votes
5 answers
3k views

Why does "just intonation" make it so different keys have different characteristics?

Introduction So, the "just intonation" system introduces a scale where every note is aimed to be a more harmonious low-integer ratio (harmonic) relative to the fundamental. In the case of C,...
Matías Cerioni's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
156 views

Harmony exercise, enharmonic equivalence

I'm studying from Walter Piston's book Harmony (5th Ed) so that I'm prepared before the semester starts at UNA. Exercise 6.D asks: "For each one of the following intervals, name at least two ...
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7 votes
1 answer
301 views

How does Christian Scott aTunde Adjuah use harmonic "forecasting cells"?

Creative improvising (aka jazz) musician Christian Scott aTunde Adjuah's website talks about him “developing the harmonic convention known as the ‘forecasting cell’” but it doesn't go into more depth ...
Rozgonyi's user avatar
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6 answers
854 views

Analysis of a jazz chord progression

Can you please explain the role of that Em7b5 in the following jazz progression in terms of functional harmony? | Cm7 | Em7b5 | Bbmaj7 | G7 |
LeoAn's user avatar
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1 answer
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How to study Bach's harmony? [closed]

I'm interested in studying the music of J.S. Bach, but I don't know where to start. The main reason I'm studying it because I'm very interested in Bach's harmony, so that would by my main objective as ...
Arsan Ezzat's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
140 views

harmony book recommendations [closed]

I'm studying Gradus ad Parnassum, and love its didactic over theoretical manner. Are there similar books to teach how to write for more instruments? I've seen various books recommended: Tchaikovsky's, ...
foxrox's user avatar
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2 votes
3 answers
166 views

Is it mulitple Key change?

Zion. T - Snow Chord progression: Am7 - D7sus4 D7 - Gmaj7 - E7sus4 E7 Am7 - D7sus4 D7 - Gmaj7 - E7sus4 E7 Am7 Bm7 - Cmaj7 D7(9) - Gmaj7 - Fmaj9 Fdim7 (Interlude:) Cm9 ...
Matthew Jeon's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
439 views

SATB chord iib (AKA ii6) doubling

In SATB, the chord iib in D-flat major, the chord is realised as: G-flat, E-flat, B-flat, (G-flat is doubled). Why isn't the E-flat doubled, it being the root of the chord?
Lucienne Cauchi's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
183 views

2nd species counterpoint in 3 parts, is it ok?

If someone would be willing to point out errors I'm making with this species, before I continue on to the others, I'd be grateful https://flat.io/score/61d7e420658ae700133b1e72-c?sharingKey=...
Jack999's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
204 views

What did Schoenberg mean with this?

A couple of years ago I decided to formalize my harmony studies (I'm a mathematician) by reading Schoenberg's book Theory of Harmony, however I left it since it felt a little too difficult for my ...
Esteban G.'s user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
66 views

Is a voice exchange in 4 part harmony possible with 6ths in the outer voices?

In this harmony exercise I was asked to harmonize an unfigured bassline. In bar 3 I got stuck and opted for a voice exchange but instead of the standard with 3rds in the outer voices I had a skip of a ...
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7 votes
1 answer
804 views

What do these up arrows/chevrons over numbers mean?

I've occasionaly seen these arrows over numbers, but I don't know what they're called or exactly what they mean. I'm assuming they have something to do with the motion, but I'm not sure.
RazerMoon's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
442 views

Beethoven Piano Sonata no. 1 in F minor: What are the first 2 chords of the transition?

So, I'm in the middle of orchestrating Beethoven's Piano Sonata no. 1 in F minor and I'm at the transition in the recapitulation of the first movement. In order to fill in that bass register that ...
Caters's user avatar
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1 vote
3 answers
228 views

What makes a song a Christmas song? [closed]

Apart from lyrics, what features have been common to Christmas music in different traditions and eras of classical, folk and modern music? Have there been specific melodic intervals, structure, ...
Ruggero Turra's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
103 views

Is there a historic origin for final ending (cadence) of V-I with melody tones ^3 ^1 in some jazz standards?

In some jazz standards I see a final ending of V-I using melody tones ^3 ^1, for example... Cherokee in B flat All of Me in C Note that the ^3 in those examples is not some kind of embellishment of ^...
Michael Curtis's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
409 views

Is the melodic minor a key as well as a scale?

The title, basically. I always understood that the natural, harmonic and melodic minor scales were 3 different scales deriving from the same "minor" key. I hear people talking about a ...
yerman's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
277 views

Can you have a no3 chord with upper extensions?

C(no3) is just the notes C and G. C7(no3) is the notes C, G and Bb. Is it valid to have a C11(no3) chord? Or would this just be referred to as some kind of sus chord (like C9sus4 or something)? Which ...
James Whiteley's user avatar
6 votes
6 answers
367 views

How can I modulate the distance of a tritone using 3 secondary dominant chords?

So, I have been composing this "Requiem for String Quartet" on and off for a few weeks now. I call it a Requiem because of its dramatic arc through lamenting melancholy, painful harshness, ...
Caters's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
210 views

Notating the 3rd and 5th of an augmented chord

I am transposing a piano solo which is in A major. At a certain point (3rd beat of bar 7) the piano plays a dyad which consists of what I would normally call Eb and G natural (a major third apart). ...
yerman's user avatar
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14 votes
5 answers
2k views

Is this chord from Bach's C major Prelude G+ or Cm?

So I'm analyzing the harmony in Bach's C major Prelude from the Well Tempered Clavier, and it all goes smoothly until I reach this chord: Now, most editions I see of this Prelude don't have this ...
Caters's user avatar
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-2 votes
1 answer
615 views

Did Agnetha and Anni-Frid always sing in unison? [closed]

I was listening to some ABBA songs that I hadn't paid much attention to since my childhood, and it occurred to me that, even though they are known for being a multi-singer group, they never really ...
Shiny and New's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
163 views

Notating a sus chord with thirteenth

How do you notate a chord like G F A C E without using slash notation? G13sus? G13sus4? If it’s along the lines of a G13, this leads to me to wonder why the chord G F A C is usually notated as G9sus4 ...
Daan's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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What is the roman numeral of the subtonic chord in a minor scale, VII or V/III?

What should we call a subtonic chord in minor scale, VII or the secondary function of III (V/III)? I think, especially in the case of subtonic seventh chord, V7/III- III progression makes more sense ...
Te Wei Huang's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
416 views

Homework question on identifying a key from a V triad

I am working through the ABRSM Discovering Music Theory Grade 4 book. I appear to have found an unanswerable question, unless I have misunderstood something. It's Section 7, Exercise 3, question k, ...
Simon B's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
232 views

What's wrong with my harmonic analysis?

Similar to my last post, I'm having trouble looking for my mistakes here. The big red 2 means I have 2 mistakes apparently but I don't know which ones are wrong. Or maybe I have more mistakes? Please ...
mero10's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
121 views

Help me correct/understand the harmonic analysis of this

Am I missing something here? (Note: the circled notes aren't included so we just ignore that. I'm only trying to analyze the rest.) In measure 8 (the second measure in the below excerpt), after Em, I ...
mero10's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
90 views

What applications did distant modulations typically have in the 18th century?

Johann Georg Albrechtsberger, in his treatise on thoroughbass (p. 60 of this edition), gives a neat little table of modulations from C Major into many other keys. Some of these keys, such as B Major, ...
Kim Fierens's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
130 views

Have I sight read these IΔ7 hymn chords properly?

After sight reading The Scottish Hymnal I am now sight reading The Revivalist and played this one today... ...I ran into a bunch of surprises and I just want to check that I've identified things ...
Michael Curtis's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
173 views

Jazz vs Classical interpretation of this V7c vs iv-m6 chord in a common chord progress?

Here is a progression in a song I am playing On the 3rd beat of the second measure there is a Dm6 or G9/D chord (or B half diminished first inversion): at least that's what Carl Kress is playing ...
bart cubrich's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
58 views

Are the progressions VII - i or VII VI V part of tonal harmony? [duplicate]

These chord progressions are not in my tonal Harmony book. Is there a reason that anyone can think of why they would not be in there? They are very common chord progressions. I am interested to know ...
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