# Questions tagged [intervals]

For questions centered around the ideas about and classification of distances between two pitch.

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### Are voices that have very big pitch difference always independent and less dissonant?

Voices can be "blended" or be independent. Independent voices are very distinct, the listener can hear each voice separately. On the other hand, "blended" voices are those which ...
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### What mode or scale does Hans Zimmer dwell on in Dune? [closed]

I was listening to the Dune soundtrack just now as background music, and I noticed that it felt very modal. It keeps using the following series of intervals: wholestep-halfstep-wholestep-halfstep-...
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### Is there a name for the interval [1: 5/2]

I was looking at intervals here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_pitch_intervals and I noticed that they are all contained in the octave [1: 2] How does one talk about something like [1: 5/2]?
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### Given a four note combination under the span of a fourth, does this chart correctly show the number of times it will appear in a scale?

I have made this chart that shows how many times will a four note combination under the span of a fourth whether perfect or augmented appear in a scale and some observations, so I wanted to ask you if ...
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### Given a pair of pitches, does this chart correctly show the number of scales containing that pair?

I posted this chart on my page. I created it based on exercise 6 of chapter 1 of Harmony by Piston, to be a kind of help, but as I'm not sure if it's correct or not (if it's not I will take it down to ...
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### Harmony exercise, enharmonic equivalence

I'm studying from Walter Piston's book Harmony (5th Ed) so that I'm prepared before the semester starts at UNA. Exercise 6.D asks: "For each one of the following intervals, name at least two ...
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### Why are tritones not consonant, confusion with the definition of a perfect fifth

A fifth is a ratio of 1.5, and 1.5 is the middle between 1 and 2. A tritone is exactly in the center of my 12 notes. Stacking two tritones leads to an octave. Adding 1 + 0.5 + 0.5 leads me to the next ...
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### Interval quality in key signatures

I have plotted all m2, M7, M2, m7, m3, M6, M3, m6, aug4, dim5 intervals in all key signatures, and it seems that the notes don't move vertically or change accidentals (barring for accidentals in the ...
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### Intervals in scale context

Does the intervals in a scale context sounds different from playing it without any notes in the middle? example to clarify: if i played the major scale ascendingily (C-D-E-F-G-A-B-C) does every ...
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### How do I make sure I'm hitting the right notes when I sing?

I'm a beginner. I think I will get a new vocal coach since my current vocal coach is ineffective and doesn't help me at all. I asked my question on reddit and asked a singer I know, my question is: ...
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### Inverted Interval Frequency Relationship

I’ve been recently interested in the idea of ‘pull’ in music. I’m almost certain this this set of ideas is not new in any way, but I’ve found it hard to find good material for this. I’m interested in ...
1 vote
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### Music Theory and Intervals [closed]

Why do the same intervals sound less resolved on different areas of the fretboard?
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### Where is the descending tritone in "I Hope I Get It" from "A Chorus Line"? [closed]

I am looking for reference songs for intervals, and I am told that there is a descending tritone in "I Hope I Get It" from "A Chorus Line". The trouble is, I have no idea where in ...
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### Completing a chord progression

I am looking to complete a chord progression of 3 chords that I try to identify first before continuing the progression. However having no theoretical background I am struggling if you could please ...
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### What are some good resources for exercising on calculating intervals? [closed]

I'm asking for a textbook, website or whatever that is filled with "musical interval equations" to solve and that can check me. By "musical interval equations" I mean something ...
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### Are A6, A3, D4, and D7 intervals consonant or dissonant?

I am aware of the more common intervals and whether or not they are dissonant, but these confuse me. Are any consonant, or are they all considered dissonant?
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### Can I identify any note by ear by knowing one single note and all intervals?

I assume that learning to identify intervals by ear is easier than learning to identifying notes by ear. So if one is capable of playing sound of only one note in his head and comparing it to the ...
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### Why are augmented 2nds not used in 4-part harmony?

Here is just one example, but all throughout my textbook they seem to be saying that it is bad voice leading using aug 2nds. However, I tried to play a lot of the examples and they sound ok on piano. ...
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### Is it practical to be able to quickly jump to another octave in another position while still remaining in key, without having to do much thought?

This question is going to seem weird, so I will do my best to describe the problem. Are musicians able to jump to any arbitrary note without giving it much thought and not go out of key? Assume for ...
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### terminology for intervals within scales

Is a minor second half a semitone from the first note, or is it the actual second note played on the scale? For example, in a C minor scale, the starting note is C, and D is the second note one plays; ...
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### How does counting E twice explain the discrepancy between the 5th between C and G vs. the 3rd between C and E, 3rd between E and G?

I still don't grasp the "source of the discrepancy". "the E got counted twice when we went C,D,E and then E,F,G, but only got counted once when we went C,D,E,F,G." — So what? How ...
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### How can I learn to sing swaras (notes) correctly without an accompanying instrument?

I'm trying to sing swaras correctly without the harmonium or identify a swara when played. But I'm finding it very hard to do. What is the best way to gain mastery over swaras so that one can sing ...
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### How do I practice relative pitch effectively?

The cause of a lot of my anxiety, and the reason I've been too frustrated to practice music for the last few months, is because I do not have an effective way to work on my relative pitch. I taught ...
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### How to calculate the extra semitone in one circle of fifths

This is an extension to my previous question when I tried to do the math to prove the following statement: going up 12 perfect fifths takes one up 7 octaves plus one-fourth of a semitone extra Going ...
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### Sweet child - scale and chord discrepancy

This is not about "identifiying a chord". The chord is already identified. This is about how a chord can be replaced with another, changing the flavor of a song. I have played the rythm ...
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### Using intervals to count chord occurrences

I'm doing a statistical analysis on chord bigram occurrences, using chord progressions. We wanted to deal with the A-transpose issue, since we mostly care about the intervals between chords and we ...
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### What interval sequences "defined" Fux's counterpoint?

Motivation When Fux laid out his rules for counterpoint, he did so primarily in terms of melodic (horizontal) movements within each voice and secondarily in terms of harmonic (vertical) relationships ...
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### Why might two jumps in contrary motion be avoided? [duplicate]

The goal is to write a well-constructed and easily singable melody. There is a motif in my melody that outlines a C major triad like this: E4 G4 C4 (in that order). Why might it not be wise to have ...
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### how do I add voices to compound species lines?

Update, TLDR: given multiple semi-written lines of music, which line should be deemed the cantus firmus before working on the counterpoint of the other lines? Given a "free" (?) soprano ...
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### How would you play a normal song on an n-TET instrument?

I learnt this week that if we divide an octave into 53 notes (53-TET), then all basic intervals approximations will be improved. I am trying to understand how one would play a normal song (for 12-TET) ...
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### Confusion with inversion and descending, example with guitar shape

Hi, I'd like to understand why the second shape is considered to be a P5 ? When I play it I hear a descending P4 or reversed P4 if you will. I try to forget about theory, nine rules, calculation but ...
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### When was the concept of a "triad chord" first introduced?

Chiara Bertoglio, “A Perfect Chord: Trinity in Music, Music in the Trinity,” Religions 4, no. 4 (December 2013): 485–501, §6. A “Harmonious” God, p. 493, claims: It was not before the 16th century, ...
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### Why does Hindemith say to avoid augmented and diminished intervals?

Rule 12 of Paul Hindemith's Craft of Musical Composition - Book 2 states the following: Avoid augmented and diminished intervals. If, after an augmented or a diminished interval, the third tone is ...
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### Is there a database of tunes searchable by interval? [duplicate]

It's a common technique to use familiar tunes to remind ourselves how intervals sound. Recently in a zoom rehearsal we were talking about octave leaps and between us came up with the common octave ...
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### Why do some arrangements avoid having a 5th or 3rd in the harmony when there is a P4th in the melody?

Ok, the major 3rd I can understand since it is a m2 away from the P4 and there would be a clash there if they are in the same octave and even if they aren't many composers/songwriters choose sus ...
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### What are the exact steps of transposing a note?

There are some related answers (like "What is the formal definition of 'transpose'?", and "What is the idea of "transposing by perfect unison"?"), but they didn't answer ...
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### Do the intervals in a chord determine its sound?

For example, in a C Major chord of (C, E, G), I have the intervals of: A Major Third (C, E) A Perfect Fifth (C, G) A Minor Third (E, G) In a C Minor chord (C, Eb, G), I have intervals of: A Minor ...
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### Notes in a Chord

I'm trying to work my way through the Mark Levine Jazz Theory book but I'm scratching my head at the start of chapter 2 (Pg15). Maybe this book is too advanced for me and I need to pick something less ...
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### Are the names of scale degrees the same for different modes?

Do the naming conventions and their implied function still apply to modes outside the major and minor scale?Is the minor second of the Phrygian mode called the supertonic?Is the augmented fourth of ...
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### Is there a theory of heptatonic scales with 1.5-step intervals?

I've been alternating between reading about music theory on Wikipedia and playing around with the scales that I've learned. The "modern Western modes" are defined systematically with their ...
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### How to learn the intervals between the bass and treble clef

Is it just my lack of training and experience, or is it very difficult to read the intervals between the two clefs? Especially intervals of more than an octave like 10ths and 12ths. Can someone share ...
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### Is this an F below middle C? (check my relative pitch estimation plus my math)

I'm listening to a "tone" and estimating its frequency and need some help checking both my relative pitch estimation and my math. In this noisy part of this video the Mars helicopter ...
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### How can one learn to identify intervals by ear without singing?

Learning to identify intervals typically relies heavily on singing. This is evident in many posts here regarding ear training (see below). But what about those for whom singing isn't an option? ...
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### Why do I have more ease with the higher pitches?

There is something I always had, but then I realized now it is also affecting languages: First, I do not have perfect pitch, but I can recognize the common intervals if I pay attention. And, my last ...
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### Augmented and Diminished Intervals

I am going through a huge theoretical "reboot" with Laitz's Complete Musician on my own, and I'm having trouble counting the intervals here: This is in treble clef. The first highlighted ...
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### Confusion about Zarlino and his assertions about the diatessaron (perfect fourth)

In Part Three of Gioseffo Zarlino's "Le Istitutioni Harmoniche", "The Art of Counterpoint", Zarlino argues that the diatessaron (or perfect fourth) is not a dissonance, as the ...
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### Alternative intervals power chords in just intonation

I was wondering, distorted power chords tend to work really well because in 12 equal temperament the root and fifth are pretty close to just intonation. A detailed explanation can be found in the link ...
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### How to develop a musical ear when even singing poses great difficulty?

I love music and would love to develop a musical ear. My problem is that I can't get started. All tutorials that I find start at a more advanced point compared to where I am at. I can't carry a tune. ...
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### Intervals in Guitar

I am a beginner guitar player trying to learn the basics. Currently I struggling with INTERVALS. I somewhere read the below section, but was not able to understand it properly. In Guitar, every string ...
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