Questions tagged [intervals]

For questions centered around the ideas about and classification of distances between two pitch.

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26 views

Do triply diminished or augmented intervals actually occur in common-practice music? [duplicate]

Doubly diminished or augmented intervals are occasionally to be seen in common-practice music, but I don't recall ever seeing a triply or quadruply dim. or aug. one. Do they actually occur in ...
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776 views

Notes in a Chord

I'm trying to work my way through the Mark Levine Jazz Theory book but I'm scratching my head at the start of chapter 2 (Pg15). Maybe this book is too advanced for me and I need to pick something less ...
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Are the names of scale degrees the same for different modes?

Do the naming conventions and their implied function still apply to modes outside the major and minor scale?Is the minor second of the Phrygian mode called the supertonic?Is the augmented fourth of ...
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Is there a theory of heptatonic scales with 1.5-step intervals?

I've been alternating between reading about music theory on Wikipedia and playing around with the scales that I've learned. The "modern Western modes" are defined systematically with their ...
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58 views

How to learn the intervals between the bass and treble clef

Is it just my lack of training and experience, or is it very difficult to read the intervals between the two clefs? Especially intervals of more than an octave like 10ths and 12ths. Can someone share ...
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1answer
51 views

Is this an F below middle C? (check my relative pitch estimation plus my math)

I'm listening to a "tone" and estimating its frequency and need some help checking both my relative pitch estimation and my math. In this noisy part of this video the Mars helicopter ...
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5answers
123 views

How can one learn to identify intervals by ear without singing?

Learning to identify intervals typically relies heavily on singing. This is evident in many posts here regarding ear training (see below). But what about those for whom singing isn't an option? ...
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1answer
60 views

Why do I have more ease with the higher pitches?

There is something I always had, but then I realized now it is also affecting languages: First, I do not have perfect pitch, but I can recognize the common intervals if I pay attention. And, my last ...
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2answers
323 views

Augmented and Diminished Intervals

I am going through a huge theoretical "reboot" with Laitz's Complete Musician on my own, and I'm having trouble counting the intervals here: This is in treble clef. The first highlighted ...
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Confusion about Zarlino and his assertions about the diatessaron (perfect fourth)

In Part Three of Gioseffo Zarlino's "Le Istitutioni Harmoniche", "The Art of Counterpoint", Zarlino argues that the diatessaron (or perfect fourth) is not a dissonance, as the ...
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1answer
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Alternative intervals power chords in just intonation

I was wondering, distorted power chords tend to work really well because in 12 equal temperament the root and fifth are pretty close to just intonation. A detailed explanation can be found in the link ...
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How to develop a musical ear when even singing poses great difficulty?

I love music and would love to develop a musical ear. My problem is that I can't get started. All tutorials that I find start at a more advanced point compared to where I am at. I can't carry a tune. ...
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1answer
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Intervals in Guitar

I am a beginner guitar player trying to learn the basics. Currently I struggling with INTERVALS. I somewhere read the below section, but was not able to understand it properly. In Guitar, every string ...
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3answers
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If a Concert instrument plays an F double sharp scale, what is the first note they play [duplicate]

plz help...If a Concert instrument plays an F double sharp scale, what is the first note they play I was confused on this question and need more clarification because I play a Concert Bb instrument.
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2answers
157 views

When an Eb instrument plays the Concert F scale, what note do they start on? [duplicate]

When an Eb instrument plays the Concert F scale, what note do they start on? plz help? I was confused on this question and need more clarification because I play a Concert Bb instrument.
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1answer
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“Consecutive/parallel 5ths are bad” - does this rule apply to vocals? Or just piano, etc.? [closed]

If I use a vocoder to play the same note as a vocal + a perfect 5th above each note, is that a consecutive 5th? Is this "bad"? Also, if I play C1 and program the vocoder to play a perfect ...
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4answers
430 views

How to recognize harmonic intervals?

I've been doing some ear training, I'm quite at ease when recognizing melodic intervals, whether they are ascending or descending intervals, yet when it comes to harmonic intervals, I don't know how ...
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549 views

Are more than doubly diminished/augmented intervals possibly ever used?

Warning: this is purely a theoretical question, most likely won't have any practical uses. The reason I'm asking is because I'm trying to express musical intervals programatically. Expressing them as ...
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1answer
47 views

In species counterpoint, is the fourth above a third a consonance or a dissonance?

I am reading Alfred Mann's translation of "Gradus ad Parnassum" and found a footnote that says that Fux considers a fourth that comes from harmonic division the of the octave (fifth-fourth) ...
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610 views

(Piano) How should I play this harmonic unison

I stumbled with harmonic unisons for the first time trying to play this arrangement I found this question where some techniques to deal with harmonic unison are discussed, and it helped me with the ...
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6answers
161 views

Why is it easier to remember a melody as opposed to a simple interval? [duplicate]

There's already a question similar to this here, but most of the answers raise questions like, "If you can throw an object a certain distance but not tell precisely how far you threw it, how do ...
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2answers
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What's the Reason for Naming Major Second a Diminished Third? [duplicate]

I know that interval between those is identical, but very often I see that instead of typing CM2, people use Cd3 to indicate the interval. Isn't simpler to simply use fewer accidentals and make the ...
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4answers
424 views

I can recognise intervals, but why do I have difficulty in hearing them in a song?

I have been transcribing music without an instrument for quite some time now, if I have my instrument in hand I am able to almost always quickly figure out what is being played but when I step away ...
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Are melodic intervals in relation to key or simply the last played notes?

Is the concept of 'intervals' in this sense any note in relation to the tonic note of the key, (whether that tonic note is being played at the time or not), or are melodic intervals just the immediate ...
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1answer
140 views

Why the distance between two keys is called “semitone” [duplicate]

Why is the distance between two closest keys called semitone? I guess there some historical reasons for that. If I was to construct the piano/music nomenclature from scratch I would call the smallest ...
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568 views

Why do music intervals sound almost the same? [closed]

e.g If we played C and D# on the piano in ascending order (Let's call it tune 1) and then D# and F# in ascending order again (Let's call it tune 2), We know both tunes are slightly different but ...
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Renaming intervals to avoid fractions

Any two consecutive piano keys make an interval of 1/2 step (e.g. C to C#, or E to F). Why not just rename that to be a whole step, and avoid having to use fractions? Then, for example, C to F would ...
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576 views

Interval calculation (Eb-B#)

I'm trying to name the interval Eb-B#. We know that E-B is a perfect fifth. And by taking Eb-B, it becomes an augmented fifth. But what about Eb-B#? I cannot find a suitable name for this one. Thank ...
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487 views

Double Augmented 4th?

This is from page 106 of The Complete Elementary Music Rudiments, 2nd Edition by Mark Sarnecki. It is in the section about enharmonic intervals The question is asking for the interval from A# to E# (a ...
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3answers
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Does tonality require consonance?

It seems like tonality and consonance go hand in hand, but I’m still unsure if consonance is necessary to establish a tonal center, or if consonance is just the preferred sound against a tonal center. ...
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5answers
188 views

Is it correct to refer to a third/fifth/etc even if they're on black keys?

As I understand it, the terms "third", "fifth", "seventh", etc. all refer to the n-th white key relative to the root note. To demonstrate this, let's observe a C major ...
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764 views

How does the tonic establish itself in a melody?

Whenever I hear an explanation about what the tonic or root note is, it’s about how it creates some kind of gravitational pull in the music. How does it do that exactly? How does our brain piece ...
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Do intervals contain a variable number of steps? Are they absolute, or linked to C-major? [duplicate]

An interval is the distance between two pitches. We name the major intervals based on the number of note names they contain. Since the note letter names have been assigned such that in the C-major ...
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4answers
447 views

Why do major and minor triads sound different both harmonically and melodically?

Sorry if the wording is odd, but basically my question is, why do the major and minor triads have two distinct sounds, if they share all of the same intervals? Not only when they’re stacked ...
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Advantage of 7-note based theory over 12-note alternative

I'm a beginner at music, so I apologize if this is a dumb question. I've been trying to figure out why (in a 21/12 equal temperament tuning) music theory is based on 7 distinct notes (A,B,C,D,E,F,G) ...
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Inverted pedal tones but intervals

What is the correct term when you play melodic intervals in higher pitch than primary melody? As for the rhythmic support for primary melody. If it was pedal tones played that way, it would be called ...
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434 views

why are ukuleles not tuned ascending? [duplicate]

I am a guitar player and trying to figure out how a Ukelele is tuned. From what I understand, the Concert, Tenor and Soprano Ukeleles are tuned G4, C4, E4 and A4. So the lowest string is actually ...
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1answer
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How important is consonance/dissonance in suspensions?

It’s difficult for me to really hear any (harmonic) consonance or dissonance value when two notes are heard at the same time, but do NOT begin at the same time. As a listener, I find myself more drawn ...
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Finding intervals on an instrument vs. naming them

I would like to piggyback on this question: If someone can sing a melody, why can they not also recognize the intervals within that melody? The OP is asking why it is easy to sing a song we know, ...
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How come modern modes are based on the same set of intervals?

I couldn't find any answer regarding this specifically, so I assume there's some basic concept behind this that I missed. So, as far as I know: Modern modes are based on the same set of intervals, ...
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Is the bottom note of an interval favored?

I was practicing counterpoint (2nd species) and decided to experiment with ending on a perfect 5th except the top line was a C and the bottom an F. I know this isn't technically allowed in 2nd species,...
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Why does A minor scale sound the “best” over Dm and C chord progression?

I created a little loop with the following two intervals: D A and C G Listen here: https://tinyurl.com/ybsukagd In looking at what scale to use to solo over that simple progression, I thought D ...
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If someone can sing a melody, why can they not also recognize the intervals within that melody?

Surely everyone who struggles with relative pitch already has in-built relative pitch, so why is it so hard to actually recognise intervals? What I mean is from a child I (and most other people I ...
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2answers
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What is the correct way to notate a no3/sus chord?

If I have a chord made up of the root, 5th, 7th and 9th intervals, what would be the correct way of notating this? I have seen two different conventions that are as follows: CMaj9 (sus) or CMaj9 (...
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Is B♯ to F an impossible interval? [duplicate]

What is the quality of the interval B♯ to F? If you count from B to F, you get the generic interval 5th. So it must be some kind of 5th. B ♮ to F♯ is a P5. By lowering the upper ...
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Why is a doubling of frequency called an octave?

I understand that when two frequencies have a ratio of 2^n:1 for any natural number n, they are said to be n octaves apart. Moreover, they sound "essentially the same" to our ear. However, why do we ...
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What are these octave like shapes used in popular indie rock?

I've got 2 octave(?) related questions. One about starting on the A string and one about starting on the E string. Regarding the A string: there's a specific part of a Strokes song called "Reptilia". ...
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190 views

Notation for Equal Division of an Interval?

In an interview, Jacob Collier talks about microtonal voice leading (dividing a minor 3rd into 4 equal parts): June Lee notates this with a horizontal bracket and a ...
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5answers
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Learning minor scale notes on guitar

this is a basic question but I can't wrap my head around it : when you are using the interval formula for the minor scale (or any scale) how do you know if you should use flat or shaps as the ...
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3answers
105 views

Why do we use geometric Progression?

It seems what's important in the progression of the frequencies in notes is...the difference in frequency of any two notes is not the same, but the ratio between any two notes of the same distance is ...

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