Questions tagged [intervals]

For questions centered around the ideas about and classification of distances between two pitch.

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3answers
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What are some useful ear training exercises for moving beyond two-note interval training?

I've practiced enough that I can recognize two-note intervals in isolation (sequentially), but this doesn't seem to help that much for understanding actual songs. What exercises would help to go ...
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0answers
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What are some good resources for exercising on calculating intervals? [closed]

I'm asking for a textbook, website or whatever that is filled with "musical interval equations" to solve and that can check me. By "musical interval equations" I mean something ...
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1answer
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Are A6, A3, D4, and D7 intervals consonant or dissonant?

I am aware of the more common intervals and whether or not they are dissonant, but these confuse me. Are any consonant, or are they all considered dissonant?
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2answers
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Perfect 4th is dissonant?

Why is the perfect fourth dissonant in some cases when it does not sound dissonant? When I play it in close position, it does not sound dissonant at all. When I play it as a compound interval, I ...
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4answers
121 views

Can I identify any note by ear by knowing one single note and all intervals?

I assume that learning to identify intervals by ear is easier than learning to identifying notes by ear. So if one is capable of playing sound of only one note in his head and comparing it to the ...
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2answers
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Why are augmented 2nds not used in 4-part harmony?

Here is just one example, but all throughout my textbook they seem to be saying that it is bad voice leading using aug 2nds. However, I tried to play a lot of the examples and they sound ok on piano. ...
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6answers
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Is it practical to be able to quickly jump to another octave in another position while still remaining in key, without having to do much thought?

This question is going to seem weird, so I will do my best to describe the problem. Are musicians able to jump to any arbitrary note without giving it much thought and not go out of key? Assume for ...
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4answers
258 views

terminology for intervals within scales

Is a minor second half a semitone from the first note, or is it the actual second note played on the scale? For example, in a C minor scale, the starting note is C, and D is the second note one plays; ...
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6answers
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How does counting E twice explain the discrepancy between the 5th between C and G vs. the 3rd between C and E, 3rd between E and G?

I still don't grasp the "source of the discrepancy". "the E got counted twice when we went C,D,E and then E,F,G, but only got counted once when we went C,D,E,F,G." — So what? How ...
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8answers
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Why are there major and minor intervals?

I'm clearly thinking about this wrong, because it just doesn't make any sense to me. The way I'm mentally modelling intervals, a minor second should just be named a second (interval encompassing 2 ...
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9answers
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Reference songs for interval training (esp. A5/d5; M6; m6)

As the tutor for my school's music department, I spend a lot of time helping students drill intervals. However, I only have a handful of songs to recommend recognition. P8 — Somewhere Over the ...
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3answers
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How do I practice relative pitch effectively?

The cause of a lot of my anxiety, and the reason I've been too frustrated to practice music for the last few months, is because I do not have an effective way to work on my relative pitch. I taught ...
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5answers
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Recognizing intervals without interval songs?

I would love to know all my intervals by ear but where ever I search for help it says to learn interval songs e.g. Jaws theme for minor 2nd. I find this to be pretty ineffective honestly. I don't hear ...
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2answers
157 views

How to calculate the extra semitone in one circle of fifths

This is an extension to my previous question when I tried to do the math to prove the following statement: going up 12 perfect fifths takes one up 7 octaves plus one-fourth of a semitone extra Going ...
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2answers
126 views

Sweet child - scale and chord discrepancy

This is not about "identifiying a chord". The chord is already identified. This is about how a chord can be replaced with another, changing the flavor of a song. I have played the rythm ...
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3answers
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Why call a major second a diminished third?

In the Hungarian minor scale we have the following intervals, expressed here in semitones, between the scale's notes (I to VIII): I II III IV V VI VII (I) / VIII ...
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2answers
88 views

Using intervals to count chord occurrences

I'm doing a statistical analysis on chord bigram occurrences, using chord progressions. We wanted to deal with the A-transpose issue, since we mostly care about the intervals between chords and we ...
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1answer
215 views

how do I add voices to compound species lines?

Update, TLDR: given multiple semi-written lines of music, which line should be deemed the cantus firmus before working on the counterpoint of the other lines? Given a "free" (?) soprano ...
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2answers
77 views

Why might two jumps in contrary motion be avoided? [duplicate]

The goal is to write a well-constructed and easily singable melody. There is a motif in my melody that outlines a C major triad like this: E4 G4 C4 (in that order). Why might it not be wise to have ...
3
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1answer
43 views

What interval sequences "defined" Fux's counterpoint?

Motivation When Fux laid out his rules for counterpoint, he did so primarily in terms of melodic (horizontal) movements within each voice and secondarily in terms of harmonic (vertical) relationships ...
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8answers
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How can I memorize all the notes in each usable key?

Basically, I want to have all the notes in every usable key memorized so that I can instantly just call them to my memory and play them. By usable I mean any key that has 7 or less flats/7 or less ...
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3answers
954 views

Do the intervals in a chord determine its sound?

For example, in a C Major chord of (C, E, G), I have the intervals of: A Major Third (C, E) A Perfect Fifth (C, G) A Minor Third (E, G) In a C Minor chord (C, Eb, G), I have intervals of: A Minor ...
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3answers
326 views

How would you play a normal song on an n-TET instrument?

I learnt this week that if we divide an octave into 53 notes (53-TET), then all basic intervals approximations will be improved. I am trying to understand how one would play a normal song (for 12-TET) ...
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5answers
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Why does Hindemith say to avoid augmented and diminished intervals?

Rule 12 of Paul Hindemith's Craft of Musical Composition - Book 2 states the following: Avoid augmented and diminished intervals. If, after an augmented or a diminished interval, the third tone is ...
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3answers
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Confusion with inversion and descending, example with guitar shape

Hi, I'd like to understand why the second shape is considered to be a P5 ? When I play it I hear a descending P4 or reversed P4 if you will. I try to forget about theory, nine rules, calculation but ...
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2answers
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When was the concept of a "triad chord" first introduced?

Chiara Bertoglio, “A Perfect Chord: Trinity in Music, Music in the Trinity,” Religions 4, no. 4 (December 2013): 485–501, §6. A “Harmonious” God, p. 493, claims: It was not before the 16th century, ...
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2answers
78 views

Why do some arrangements avoid having a 5th or 3rd in the harmony when there is a P4th in the melody?

Ok, the major 3rd I can understand since it is a m2 away from the P4 and there would be a clash there if they are in the same octave and even if they aren't many composers/songwriters choose sus ...
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0answers
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Is there a database of tunes searchable by interval? [duplicate]

It's a common technique to use familiar tunes to remind ourselves how intervals sound. Recently in a zoom rehearsal we were talking about octave leaps and between us came up with the common octave ...
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1answer
191 views

Is there a theory of heptatonic scales with 1.5-step intervals?

I've been alternating between reading about music theory on Wikipedia and playing around with the scales that I've learned. The "modern Western modes" are defined systematically with their ...
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4answers
134 views

What are the exact steps of transposing a note?

There are some related answers (like "What is the formal definition of 'transpose'?", and "What is the idea of "transposing by perfect unison"?"), but they didn't answer ...
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3answers
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Enharmonically equivalent Interval usage

So I was thinking, similar to sharp and flat notes, interval usage is contextual. In the same way that Bb is the same as A#, a diminished fifth is the same as an augmented fourth, etc. I understand ...
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2answers
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What is so special about the devil's interval (tritone)?

I'm interested in learning more of the Devil's interval: how it originated, some of its uses and what exactly about the interval of a diminished fifth makes it sound ominous?
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How to develop a musical ear when even singing poses great difficulty?

I love music and would love to develop a musical ear. My problem is that I can't get started. All tutorials that I find start at a more advanced point compared to where I am at. I can't carry a tune. ...
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0answers
29 views

Do triply diminished or augmented intervals actually occur in common-practice music? [duplicate]

Doubly diminished or augmented intervals are occasionally to be seen in common-practice music, but I don't recall ever seeing a triply or quadruply dim. or aug. one. Do they actually occur in ...
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2answers
803 views

Notes in a Chord

I'm trying to work my way through the Mark Levine Jazz Theory book but I'm scratching my head at the start of chapter 2 (Pg15). Maybe this book is too advanced for me and I need to pick something less ...
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1answer
106 views

Are the names of scale degrees the same for different modes?

Do the naming conventions and their implied function still apply to modes outside the major and minor scale?Is the minor second of the Phrygian mode called the supertonic?Is the augmented fourth of ...
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2answers
104 views

How to learn the intervals between the bass and treble clef

Is it just my lack of training and experience, or is it very difficult to read the intervals between the two clefs? Especially intervals of more than an octave like 10ths and 12ths. Can someone share ...
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1answer
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Is this an F below middle C? (check my relative pitch estimation plus my math)

I'm listening to a "tone" and estimating its frequency and need some help checking both my relative pitch estimation and my math. In this noisy part of this video the Mars helicopter ...
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7answers
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Does the bass note in a "slash" chord really have an associated interval?

I have a question about "slash" chords. Look at the chord E/G: E G♯ B G 1 3 5 ? G is the minor 3rd interval (♭3) in the key of E. However, I would have thought by definition chords cannot ...
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5answers
302 views

How can one learn to identify intervals by ear without singing?

Learning to identify intervals typically relies heavily on singing. This is evident in many posts here regarding ear training (see below). But what about those for whom singing isn't an option? ...
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1answer
77 views

Why do I have more ease with the higher pitches?

There is something I always had, but then I realized now it is also affecting languages: First, I do not have perfect pitch, but I can recognize the common intervals if I pay attention. And, my last ...
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2answers
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How can I tune my timpani to different pitches just using a tuning fork or pitch pipe

Ok. So I consider myself to have pretty good pitch. If you give me a few seconds after you sound a note, I can tell you what the note is. I can also tune a timpani to any pitch using only my mouth (...
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When is a note flat/sharp?

For instance we are playing a B, is the third note of the chord a Eb or and D#? If we play Bm is the fifth a Gb or a F#?
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2answers
342 views

Augmented and Diminished Intervals

I am going through a huge theoretical "reboot" with Laitz's Complete Musician on my own, and I'm having trouble counting the intervals here: This is in treble clef. The first highlighted ...
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3answers
546 views

Trouble identifying descending intervals, but no trouble ascending

I've been practicing on an Ear Trainer program for my iPhone, and I've noticed a distinct pattern. The way the program works you tell it what intervals/scales/chords you want to practice, and it'll ...
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4answers
109 views

Having trouble identifying M3 and m3 when played sequentially in different registers

Ok, practicing my intervals and playing M3 and m3. If I do them one after another, and move from a low register to a high one and visa versa, I tend to cling onto the old tones and it's making it very ...
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4answers
885 views

How can I learn to recognize intervals larger than an octave?

How can I learn to recognize intervals larger than an octave (compound intervals)? I recognize them in the limits of a single octave, but make mistakes when hearing larger ones. Perhaps it's because I ...
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5answers
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How do professionals think about notes/degrees/intervals while playing a melody

By my count there are 3 natural ways one might think about a simple melody - I'll use "row row row your boat" as an example. a) notes: CCCDE EDEFG b) scale degrees / distance from tonic: 11123 32345 ...
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4answers
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“Tritone” intervals in n-tone equal temperament

In 12-tone equal temperament, the tritone interval is made of three whole tones (six semitones) and is considered, if I am not mistaken totally, as the most dissonant interval. I have two questions: ...
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If someone can sing a melody, why can they not also recognize the intervals within that melody?

Surely everyone who struggles with relative pitch already has in-built relative pitch, so why is it so hard to actually recognise intervals? What I mean is from a child I (and most other people I ...

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