# Questions tagged [intervals]

For questions centered around the ideas about and classification of distances between two pitch.

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977 views

### Interval exercise gone wrong?

Reading "Music Theory for Guitar An Introduction to the Essentials", I’ve tried to do the interval exercises. I am pretty sure there are two errors in the following: It should be M7 not m7. ...
85 views

### The transition from G to C in guitar chord progressions

I'm now learning chord progressions and melodic intervals. The way in which I learn chord progressions is by identifying the intervals between the bass notes, so when I play the chord C and then G , ...
120 views

### Why should tritones not be counted from "both ends"

In compiling an interval-class vector (where an interval class is an ascending interval less-than-or-equal-to one tritone), it seems that tritones should be counted (ascending) from both ends of that ...
851 views

### Why is a Major sixth A interval an A minor chord in the Key of C?

In key signature of C major the notes used are CDEFGABC and I came to know that in Chord signature become C Dmin Emin F G Amin Bdim and C. D is major second and A is major sixth interval but it is ...
2k views

### E to A# is an Augmented 4th, right?

In a theory test, I got this marked wrong. (The clef is treble, by the way.) So... What gives? E to A is a perfect fourth. Raise the A to A# and you get a tritone. AKA an augmented fourth, since ...
120 views

### Can we shift the diatonic scale "one fifth" to the left?

The seven-note Pythagorean scale is obtain by completing the cycle of fifths until we get to the eighth fifth. The diatonic scale is obtained by starting with the fourth and then running the cycle of ...
94 views

### 3:1 (or 1:3) interval, does it exist ? How to perform it from a C?

Given that a composed sound is composed of a fundamental frequency and its harmonics (multiples of the fundamental), we could easily image that a pitch (with a fundamenal frequency f) is played and ...
1 vote
146 views

### What is the size of a doubly diminished second

What is the size of a doubly diminished second? Let's take E# and Fb as an example. One argument, courtesy @Divizna, is as follows. A doubly diminished n-th should be smaller by two semitones than the ...
414 views

### Augmented intervals

Every interval can also have an augmented (and diminished) version. Is that true about augmented (and diminished?) unisons? As in C>C♯, and C>C♭? I ask, as C>D♭ is m2, as is C>B, but that'...
108 views

### How did minor 2nd get its name?

In the natural, or harmonic or melodic minor scale, we do not find the minor 2nd note which is rather found in Phrygian or Locrian Mode, or maybe Ionian#1. Then why is this note called minor 2nd if it ...
1k views

### Confusion regarding intervals

In my study of intervals I learned that two notes separated by one semitone is a minor 2nd interval. This feels quite intuitive to me and I readily accepted this fact a long time ago. Just recently, ...
108 views

### figuring out 3rd of a note

I am having a hard time just to figure out 3rd of a given note, in fact in backward. For example, G's 3rd in backward is E and F's is D. It does not come out as naturally as I wish it to. Is there a ...
93 views

### triad practice tips?

I am having a hard time practicing triads. Just figuring out 3rd or 5th of a given note, or 4th(from 5th down to 1st) of a given note takes really long time. Is there a good way to speeding up ...
684 views

### Playing a scale with a flat 10 across multiple octaves

Let's say I'm playing a keyboard solo and I'm using a C major scale with a flat 10. So I play an E in the first octave and an E flat in the second octave, but then I get very, showy prog-rocky and I ...
2k views

### Intervals or scale degrees?

A couple people were saying in a previous post, how for ear training one should think in scale degrees and not intervals. So if I'm on the note E and I want to get to the note G, then I shouldn't ...
151 views

### How to find the parent scale (prime form?) for a group of sibling modes?

Reminder: I know just enough theory to be really annoying. this is everything I know about it. so far. I've calculated all the possible modes and recently learned they all have names but what eludes ...
1 vote
102 views

### How do I use moveable solfege to play songs by ear? [duplicate]

I've been told solfege will help me play a melody by ear and have been learning about it. One thing that really confuses me, is do I approach it by using intervals to remake the song? For example when ...
223 views

### Different meanings of "third"?

Third can refer to: an interval (major or minor third) the pitch class that is one third away from the tonic the third scale degree In case of the meaning 2., the pitch class that is one third away ...
1 vote
1k views

### Term for two notes played together only a half step apart

What is the term for two notes played on a piano that are only a half step apart, such as a C and a C# being played together?
1k views

### What do the notes represent if their relationships are different in different tuning systems?

The relationship between an A and a B is different in say, just intonation and equal temprement. I understand that the absolute frequencies aren't important but instead the relative difference between ...
1 vote
97 views

### An example of a triply diminished interval in a specific piece of music [closed]

The thought spurred from a question I had for my music theory teacher. I asked her, “can doubly diminished intervals exist without double sharps or double flats?” We hadn’t gotten into double d or A, ...
1 vote
583 views

### Minor third interval in minor scales: From tonic to?

Major scales have a major third interval from the tonic of the scale to the 3rd scale degree. I would expect the same to be true in minor with a minor third interval but, for example, in the ...
622 views

### How to do just intonation interval ear training?

I've been trying to train my ear to distinguish intervals for quite some time but I don't get very good at it. I've got a hypothesis that it's because ask the interval training programs, websites and ...
4k views

### Perfect Pitch: Are tones recognizable by themselves or only in comparison with another tone?

Are the frequencies C4 260hz and A4 440hz actually noticeably different to someone with “perfect pitch”. I ask myself, What did they learn differently growing up to notice the difference in these ...
78 views

### How did tetrachords become whole and half steps?

How did the ancient Greek concept of tetrachords evolve into the whole- and half-step model familiar today?
898 views

### Typical pitch interval of the exclamation "uh-oh!" [closed]

When one encounters a problem, one might exclaim "uh-oh!" What is the typical pitch interval between "uh" and "oh"? The absolute pitches of "uh" and "oh&...
19k views

### What is the list of intervals in order of dissonance

I understand that some intervals are considered dissonant (minor second) and some intervals are consonant (perfect fourths). However whenever I see intervals listed, they are always listed from ...
517 views

### Usage of sharpened subdominant in minor key: what is the diatonic function?

The piece Für Elise uses a D♯ in the key of A minor in the first bar, which is the sharpened subdominant. (I'm focusing on the first part, up to halfway through bar 23 in this score.) D♯ and G♯ are ...
161 views

### What does this counterpoint rule mean?

I'm using a Musescore extension called Counterpoint Analyzer 0.4, and I am not sure what one of the warning messages refers to. Please see numbers 1 and 2 in the following: Any thoughts as to what ...
2k views

### Difference between perfect 4th and perfect 5th

I've recently been learning about interval ratios and about why some intervals are more consonant or dissonant than others. I was trying to find out about the order of intervals by consonance/...
48k views

### Confusion about major and minor second intervals

Why is a major second interval different from a minor second interval considering that in the natural scales formulae they are both one whole step?
163 views

### Are the intervals in the pentatonic scale all considered steps?

When studying non-chord tones all the definitions use steps in the diatonic sense, but what about non-chord tones in pentatonic melodies? Are melodies written in pentatonic scales considered "...
706 views

### How would you play a normal song on an n-TET instrument?

I learnt this week that if we divide an octave into 53 notes (53-TET), then all basic intervals approximations will be improved. I am trying to understand how one would play a normal song (for 12-TET) ...
310 views

### How do I name the inversion of an augmented octave?

Say we have D flat going up an augmented octave to D natural. The inversion would be D flat adjacent to D natural, or D natural adjacent to D flat. We know that when an augmented interval is inverted, ...
261 views

### Interval recognition : should I use reference songs?

I am at the beginning of my journey to learn singing. To master interval recognition, my teacher and many people recommend using reference songs (the first 2 notes of the song corresponding to the ...
76 views

### Using song for interval training or not [duplicate]

When learning the intervals, is it bad using song as a reference? I mean I wanna get as good as possible and get them on instinct rather than a song reference. It would be also be less work if can ...
1 vote
182 views

### Do chord voicings matter for the intervals

If I'm playing in C Major the C Major open guitar chord and then I want to play the 5th to this chord, what chord should I play ? I know there's a rule that says "to determine interval between 2 ...
29k views

### Why have I never found any music written in the key of C Sharp Major?

Music is written in almost every key that corresponds to every note that is on my piano keyboard. There is clearly a C Sharp (black key right of C) on my piano keyboard but I don't recall ever seeing ...
1 vote
160 views

### How to distinguish two notes played harmonically [duplicate]

I have been practicing intervals for some time now. I have gotten good at recognizing ascending melodic intervals and I am currently trying to learn harmonic intervals. From my knowledge, there are 2 ...
2k views

### Can competent brass players play large leaps?

This is a passage for Horn in F in a moderato tempo (the key is 4 sharps): Though it mostly moves by step, there are several leaps, one of which is by a dissonant melodic interval (diminished third). ...
2k views

### What is a parallel seventh?

Does anyone know what this is? I was reading a book and they mentioned this. It might be something to do with scales but I am completely unsure.
53k views

### What is a perfect fifth?

I have gone through many documents, but don't understand what a perfect fifth is. Can somebody please explain with an example? (An example is important!) I have already found these explanations, but ...
189 views

### Do difference in octaves matter for the intervals?

Should I account difference in octaves between different guitar strings, like between 5th (octave A2) string and 4th string (octave D3), when I'm looking for intervals (for example perfect 4th) ? I ...
2k views

### Why are diminished fifths called tritones?

The word "tritone" basically means three whole tones. In the C major scale, we find this between F and B as F-G-A-B. This interval is also called an augmented fourth. However, a diminished ...
2k views

### Tritone or Minor 2nd as the most dissonant interval? [closed]

I'm trying to establish which interval is more dissonant, the tritone or the minor 2nd. Both are obviously very dissonant intervals. Math seems to prove that a minor 2nd should sound more consonant ...
9k views

### Is the tritone (A4 / d5 / DA3 / Dd6) still banned in Roman Catholic music?

The tritone is one of the most dissonant intervals in music. It is also known as the "Augmented 4th", "Diminished 5th", "Doubly Augmented 3rd" or "Doubly Diminished 6th", and it is composed of three ...
1k views

### How does any given major key contain only 1 tritone?

Understanding the Fundamentals of Music (2006), by Robert Greenberg, B.A. in music (magna cum laude) from Princeton, Ph.D. in music composition from the University of California, Berkeley. p. 54 of ...
29k views

### How to differentiate between a diminished fifth and an augmented fourth interval?

Both are a tritone appart, both sound the same. How can we differentiate when an interval is an augmented fourth or a diminished fifth? Context: In voice leading we learn that when the spelling of ...
1 vote