Questions tagged [intervals]

For questions centered around the ideas about and classification of distances between two pitch.

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7
votes
4answers
733 views

How do I aurally differentiate the tritone, min 6th and major 7th intervals?

I have made good progress in identifying most ascending intervals up to the octave, but am really struggling with the tritone, min 6th and maj 7th. All three sound dissonant and very similar. Is ...
5
votes
4answers
281 views

Tritone or Minor 2nd as the most dissonant interval?

I'm trying to establish which interval is more dissonant, the tritone or the minor 2nd. Both are obviously very dissonant intervals. Math seems to prove that a minor 2nd should sound more consonant ...
20
votes
3answers
2k views

Are octaves, fifths, fourths and thirds considered as “consonant” in all music cultures?

Our western music culture revolves around the rule that certain intervals are very consonant, and others (such as the interval between a B and F) are dissonant. The octave is the most consonant ...
0
votes
2answers
66 views

Why are consecutive P4s okay to use while P1s, P5s, P8s are not?

Consecutive P1s, P5s, and P8s are not okay to be used while P4s are allowed. What's the reason?
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Are there solfege syllables for diminished and augmented imperfect intervals?

Sometimes it is necessary to name notes and intervals differently based on how they are functioning and I was curious if this idea caired over to solfege. For example, the notes of a Co7 are C, Eb, ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

How can I construct the E7 only with theory?

I have a hard time with the following description of what a E7 consists of: What does the intervall relate to here? I try to apply it to the Notes (Töne) above it (E B d gis b e`) but that can't fit....
-3
votes
2answers
153 views

Shouldn't all music intervals have five names? [closed]

Shouldn't technically all intervals have five names? (Maybe with few exceptions where it goes below zero semitones but still I can't see why it can't go below zero semitone when it can be played) ...
0
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2answers
60 views

Is a doubly augmented seventh a compound interval?

I'm reading about the theory behind intervals, and Wikipedia says: A compound interval is an interval spanning more than one octave. Does "spanning" in this case refer to the number of staff ...
1
vote
5answers
233 views

Why do 7 chords use minor 7th while 6 chords use major 6ths?

If you play the chord C7, you would play the root, major third, fifth, and minor seventh (C - E - G - B♭), but if you play C6, you play the root, major third, fifth, and major sixth (C - E - G - ...
3
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2answers
82 views

Why is the interval between C# and F a diminished 4th?

Wouldn't it be the major third as well?
3
votes
2answers
229 views

How to properly unresolve melodies to achieve dissonance and darkness in music [closed]

I'm looking to understand music theory behind dissonance, unresolved dark music. What makes a song sound serious and not "rainbows". When writing a bassline or melodies, is it possible to achieve ...
1
vote
3answers
146 views

Classification of 9th, 11th, and 13th intervals by consonance and dissonance

An interval is classified by its consonance or dissonance: as an open consonance (unison, perfect fifth, octave), a soft consonance (major and minor third and sixth), mild dissonance (major second ...
14
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6answers
719 views

What is this scale? [Root , +1 , +3 , +1 , +2 , +1 , +3 , +1]

Intervals (relative to previous note): Root , +1 , +3 , +1 , +2 , +1 , +3 , +1 (Root again) Example: A, Bb, C#, D, E, F, G# This scale is used often in Turkish Music. But I don't know if it has a ...
4
votes
4answers
394 views

Why do we start from the bottom note when counting intervals?

Say if I play G to C descending, my intuition tells me to start from the note that came first. But I've been told that's not correct. You start from the bass note and count up no matter what.
6
votes
8answers
843 views

Confused about intervals and keys, does the former depends on the latter?

Sorry if my question is too trivial, I'm trying to understand intervals and keys. I've read on Wikipedia that a third "is a musical interval encompassing three staff positions and the major third is a ...
1
vote
2answers
110 views

Melodic Criticism - Exercise 3.16G, Laitz The Complete Musician 2nd Edition

The question asks to find the weaknesses or problems (based on the general guidelines for melody writing presented in the preceding section) in the following melodic contour (tunes without rhythm or ...
20
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5answers
2k views

Which are all the musical intervals that are valid?

I have been reading around many sources, but it seems there is not a full standardized way in naming intervals, some sources say that such a thing as a diminished first exist. So I started making an ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Statistics about the frequency of different type of intervals

Do you know if any statistics about the frequency of different type of intervals in music (of a certain period or by a specific composer) exist? For instance, suppose you have this piece of music in ...
4
votes
1answer
295 views

Lower interval limits

I've heard about this concept of lower interval limits: An arbitrary limit to how low any given pattern of harmonic intervals can be played before it starts to sound muddy. It generally predicts that ...
0
votes
4answers
274 views

Melody And Intervals [closed]

How do composers think about intervals like minor, major,etc to compose melody? Eg I know playing major third will invoke happy mood....that is if we play C and then E creates happier environment......
6
votes
2answers
828 views

Transcribing as music and relative pitch practice?

I've read some good transcriptions recently and watched transcribe videos from 8-Bit Music Theory on YouTube and I was thinking if it's considered to be a good relative-pitch / interval / music ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

Diminished Intervals - does a double diminished interval exist?

I'm doing practise questions for an upcoming test, and I have to name an interval from E to G double flat. Would that be a double diminished third? I'm not sure what to call it. Also if I invert it ...
0
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4answers
433 views

For intervals, is three semitones major or minor?

It should be a pretty simple question, but under a bit of exam stress I have forgotten. As the title says, is three semitones a major or minor interval?
5
votes
5answers
533 views

How to determine if an interval is enharmonic or not

I'm new to music theory, and reading through the basics I learned about interval classifications. But, along with that many questions came to my head. The one I want to ask today is the following: ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Harmonic/Melodic Minor in Keys? [duplicate]

How does one find the key to a scale like harmonic minor, or is out of key?
3
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4answers
130 views

Does melody note function change with each chord change in a certain harmonic field?

Lets say the root is G. The chord progression starts with a G minor chord (Tonic) and is in Aeolian mode. Perfect fifth of it is D. etc.. Does a chord change change the function of the original ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

What are the interval patterns for the modes?

I came across this on this site: C Ionian is C D E F G A B, whereas C Dorian is C D E♭ F G A B♭ The WWHWWWH is for Ionian. What is the equivalent for the other modes?
0
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2answers
108 views

Interval analysis, augmented 5th or a 6th?

I am doing interval analysis as I am writing a countersubject(working on the harmony for it right now). But I have a bit of trouble here. I have 3 note choices for any given quarter note. The spot I ...
3
votes
3answers
198 views

Why the interval of 2 tones is called the third?

Why is the interval of 2 tones called a third? Indeed, the distance from note C to note E is 2 whole segments, and if we subtract 3 - 1 we get 2. In Russian each interval has its own name, not an ...
7
votes
7answers
3k views

Does the bass note in a “slash” chord really have an associated interval?

I have a question about "slash" chords. Look at the chord E/G: E G♯ B G 1 3 5 ? G is the minor 3rd interval (♭3) in the key of E. However, I would have thought by definition chords cannot ...
19
votes
10answers
6k views

Etymology of word “Octave”

How come the etymology of the word octave is related to the number eight, when the numbers that you would associate with the meaning of the word are either two – doubling of the frequency – , or ...
2
votes
1answer
329 views

Is there a formal term for the “WWHW” and “WHWW” ordering of intervals in a perfect 5th?

The reason for my question is that I'm developing a simpler way, using one's fingers instead of the music staff to introduce basic theory to non-musicians. It's called "THE Music Theory" - "THE" ...
2
votes
2answers
91 views

How to define “simple” when considering consonance and interval ratios

My understanding is 'simple' ratios for intervals are considered acoustically consonant and this is often used to explain is considered musically consonant. So, a unison 1:1 (1.000) is simple - it's ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

Intervals: Diminished unison?

I am learning level 8 theory. There was an exercise where I had to write each interval below the given note. The interval given was a diminished 1. In general, how would I solve this? Here is a ...
1
vote
4answers
347 views

what's the purpose behind these alternate namings for intervals?

I was studying music theory and I came to an interval called an Augmented unison which is a half-step distance from the first note and is equivalent to a minor second. Then the book mentions intervals ...
0
votes
1answer
186 views

Perfect fourth is dissonant when there's no note below it?

According to Walter Piston's Harmony book, a perfect fourth is dissonant if there's no tone below its lower tone, while it's consonant if there's a third or a perfect fifth below the interval. In that ...
0
votes
2answers
74 views

Writing specific intervals

Is my answer the following question is correct: Q: What is the augmented seventh from E? A: D double sharp Method Write down the note (of your choosing) on the bottom line of the treble ...
1
vote
1answer
176 views

Open interval (Does such a term exist?)

In a book on jazz harmony in Russian I have noticed the term 'open interval'. Example 57 says that interval -9 in the right arrangement is 'open interval' (in this case it's bad). The left arrangement ...
2
votes
4answers
171 views

What does °7 and x6 mean in the context of intervals?

Does anyone know what the symbol °7 and x6 mean. I'm practicing intervals for my guitar exam but I don't remember ever being taught these symbols. Does it look like I am doing this question right?
2
votes
1answer
111 views

How does one measure the interval between two pitches?

What is the procedure for measuring the interval between two pitches? How do I know if something is a fifth, sixth, or something else? Why, for instance, is C to D a second even though we only go up ...
6
votes
2answers
681 views

Confusion in naming intervals

If I play C E G on the piano, then G acts as a perfect 5th, but if I play G C E and the lowest note (just below the C) is G, can I still call G a perfect 5th of C maj? Because the interval now between ...
5
votes
1answer
47 views

Inversionally equivalent pc sets relation with transposition

So, I'm reading Allen Forte's Structure of Atonal Music and in the sub-chapter 1.4 Inversionally equivalent pc sets he affirms: It is important to observe that whereas transposition does not imply ...
0
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2answers
166 views

More about unusual Thirds

What is the musical term for an amended ending where the leading note is flattened and then resolves to the correct leading note? For example, a piece in C Major ends with a Perfect cadence, where the ...
37
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5answers
9k views

Why do notes have multiple names?

I've seen the same note called different names for example the note F# can also be written as Gb. Why is this the case and are there times to use one name over another?
2
votes
3answers
127 views

Can an interval have a direction, low to high, high to low?

Is there a word or way to know if an interval is going from a low note to a high note? "Minor second" doesn't tell me if it's going from a low note to a high note for example.
3
votes
5answers
155 views

Is interval always related to a scale?

Is music interval always a concept in terms of scales and do we always have to take the first note as tonic? What would be the interval between D note and E note in C major scale?
4
votes
5answers
929 views

Intervals confusion

If we need to find the note which is a major 6th below G (which is a Bb), do we find it using the major scale of the top note (in this case G) or the major scale of the bottom note ( in this case Bb). ...
0
votes
2answers
109 views

Explaining DADA to EGBG (and in the other direction) in theoretical terms

Please can you help me describe the transition between these two sets of notes in theoretical terms: DADA (For clarity, on the guitar: open D string, g string 2nd fret, b string 3rd fret, e string ...
6
votes
1answer
154 views

Are same interval leaps consented in second species counterpoint?

I've been told that, in second species counterpoint, presenting the same interval in 2 consecutive bars is an error. What then if the intervals skips in opposite directions? Like this: Is this ...
1
vote
3answers
69 views

Interval song for a Perfect 4th where the note ascended to is not the tonic?

I've been trying to develop my relative pitch, and I've seen the suggestion of using "interval songs". This makes sense to me, but I've noticed something about every song I've seen suggested for the ...