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Questions tagged [intervals]

For questions centered around the ideas about and classification of distances between two pitch.

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2answers
766 views

Transcribing as music and relative pitch practice?

I've read some good transcriptions recently and watched transcribe videos from 8-Bit Music Theory on YouTube and I was thinking if it's considered to be a good relative-pitch / interval / music ...
2
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1answer
74 views

Diminished Intervals - does a double diminished interval exist?

I'm doing practise questions for an upcoming test, and I have to name an interval from E to G double flat. Would that be a double diminished third? I'm not sure what to call it. Also if I invert it ...
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4answers
314 views

For intervals, is three semitones major or minor?

It should be a pretty simple question, but under a bit of exam stress I have forgotten. As the title says, is three semitones a major or minor interval?
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5answers
508 views

How to determine if an interval is enharmonic or not

I'm new to music theory, and reading through the basics I learned about interval classifications. But, along with that many questions came to my head. The one I want to ask today is the following: ...
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1answer
56 views

Harmonic/Melodic Minor in Keys? [duplicate]

How does one find the key to a scale like harmonic minor, or is out of key?
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4answers
80 views

Does melody note function change with each chord change in a certain harmonic field?

Lets say the root is G. The chord progression starts with a G minor chord (Tonic) and is in Aeolian mode. Perfect fifth of it is D. etc.. Does a chord change change the function of the original ...
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4answers
2k views

What are the interval patterns for the modes?

I came across this on this site: C Ionian is C D E F G A B, whereas C Dorian is C D E♭ F G A B♭ The WWHWWWH is for Ionian. What is the equivalent for the other modes?
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2answers
85 views

Interval analysis, augmented 5th or a 6th?

I am doing interval analysis as I am writing a countersubject(working on the harmony for it right now). But I have a bit of trouble here. I have 3 note choices for any given quarter note. The spot I ...
3
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3answers
170 views

Why the interval of 2 tones is called the third?

Why is the interval of 2 tones called a third? Indeed, the distance from note C to note E is 2 whole segments, and if we subtract 3 - 1 we get 2. In Russian each interval has its own name, not an ...
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7answers
3k views

Does the bass note in a “slash” chord really have an associated interval?

I have a question about "slash" chords. Look at the chord E/G: E G♯ B G 1 3 5 ? G is the minor 3rd interval (♭3) in the key of E. However, I would have thought by definition chords cannot ...
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10answers
5k views

Etymology of word “Octave”

How come the etymology of the word octave is related to the number eight, when the numbers that you would associate with the meaning of the word are either two – doubling of the frequency – , or ...
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1answer
295 views

Is there a formal term for the “WWHW” and “WHWW” ordering of intervals in a perfect 5th?

The reason for my question is that I'm developing a simpler way, using one's fingers instead of the music staff to introduce basic theory to non-musicians. It's called "THE Music Theory" - "THE" ...
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2answers
77 views

How to define “simple” when considering consonance and interval ratios

My understanding is 'simple' ratios for intervals are considered acoustically consonant and this is often used to explain is considered musically consonant. So, a unison 1:1 (1.000) is simple - it's ...
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4answers
965 views

Intervals: Diminished unison?

I am learning level 8 theory. There was an exercise where I had to write each interval below the given note. The interval given was a diminished 1. In general, how would I solve this? Here is a ...
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4answers
312 views

what's the purpose behind these alternate namings for intervals?

I was studying music theory and I came to an interval called an Augmented unison which is a half-step distance from the first note and is equivalent to a minor second. Then the book mentions intervals ...
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1answer
165 views

Perfect fourth is dissonant when there's no note below it?

According to Walter Piston's Harmony book, a perfect fourth is dissonant if there's no tone below its lower tone, while it's consonant if there's a third or a perfect fifth below the interval. In that ...
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2answers
68 views

Writing specific intervals

Is my answer the following question is correct: Q: What is the augmented seventh from E? A: D double sharp Method Write down the note (of your choosing) on the bottom line of the treble ...
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1answer
123 views

Open interval (Does such a term exist?)

In a book on jazz harmony in Russian I have noticed the term 'open interval'. Example 57 says that interval -9 in the right arrangement is 'open interval' (in this case it's bad). The left arrangement ...
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4answers
154 views

What does °7 and x6 mean in the context of intervals?

Does anyone know what the symbol °7 and x6 mean. I'm practicing intervals for my guitar exam but I don't remember ever being taught these symbols. Does it look like I am doing this question right?
2
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1answer
97 views

How does one measure the interval between two pitches?

What is the procedure for measuring the interval between two pitches? How do I know if something is a fifth, sixth, or something else? Why, for instance, is C to D a second even though we only go up ...
6
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2answers
668 views

Confusion in naming intervals

If I play C E G on the piano, then G acts as a perfect 5th, but if I play G C E and the lowest note (just below the C) is G, can I still call G a perfect 5th of C maj? Because the interval now between ...
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1answer
43 views

Inversionally equivalent pc sets relation with transposition

So, I'm reading Allen Forte's Structure of Atonal Music and in the sub-chapter 1.4 Inversionally equivalent pc sets he affirms: It is important to observe that whereas transposition does not imply ...
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2answers
165 views

More about unusual Thirds

What is the musical term for an amended ending where the leading note is flattened and then resolves to the correct leading note? For example, a piece in C Major ends with a Perfect cadence, where the ...
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13answers
21k views

What makes an interval “Perfect”?

I've been trying to find an answer, but to no avail. Is what we call a perfect interval somewhat arbitrary? It seems as if the modern definition is "perfect under inversion". I know the other thing ...
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5answers
8k views

Why do notes have multiple names?

I've seen the same note called different names for example the note F# can also be written as Gb. Why is this the case and are there times to use one name over another?
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3answers
121 views

Can an interval have a direction, low to high, high to low?

Is there a word or way to know if an interval is going from a low note to a high note? "Minor second" doesn't tell me if it's going from a low note to a high note for example.
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5answers
150 views

Is interval always related to a scale?

Is music interval always a concept in terms of scales and do we always have to take the first note as tonic? What would be the interval between D note and E note in C major scale?
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5answers
836 views

Intervals confusion

If we need to find the note which is a major 6th below G (which is a Bb), do we find it using the major scale of the top note (in this case G) or the major scale of the bottom note ( in this case Bb). ...
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2answers
100 views

Explaining DADA to EGBG (and in the other direction) in theoretical terms

Please can you help me describe the transition between these two sets of notes in theoretical terms: DADA (For clarity, on the guitar: open D string, g string 2nd fret, b string 3rd fret, e string ...
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1answer
151 views

Are same interval leaps consented in second species counterpoint?

I've been told that, in second species counterpoint, presenting the same interval in 2 consecutive bars is an error. What then if the intervals skips in opposite directions? Like this: Is this ...
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3answers
62 views

Interval song for a Perfect 4th where the note ascended to is not the tonic?

I've been trying to develop my relative pitch, and I've seen the suggestion of using "interval songs". This makes sense to me, but I've noticed something about every song I've seen suggested for the ...
18
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6answers
5k views

Learning intervals - the fear it will change how I hear music

I wrote here before about my issue with studying intervals. I got the will again and went to train my ear, but I have a great fear all of a sudden that I will listen to music and melodies recognizing ...
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4answers
653 views

Recognizing intervals without interval songs?

I would love to know all my intervals by ear but where ever I search for help it says to learn interval songs e.g. Jaws theme for minor 2nd. I find this to be pretty ineffective honestly. I don't hear ...
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8answers
3k views

Why is a major third considered more consonant than a perfect fourth?

The "perfect" quality implies it should be as consonant as a perfect fifth, but that doesn't seem to be true. Moreover, a perfect fourth has the slightly nicer ratio of 4:3 compared to a major thirds ...
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1answer
73 views

Is a Major Interval the same as a Pure Interval?

I've been making electronic music for the past year but recently decided that I need to sit down and learn some actual theory. So, I picked up a copy of Guide to the Practical Study of Harmony by ...
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2answers
125 views

Can anyone help with the use of a “Non Chord tone” in Arctic Monkey's “R U Mine?”

I've recently had a go at analysing Arctic Monkey's song R U Mine and was wondering about this part shown here: The key of the song is F# minor and and the measure shown starts with a non-chord tone....
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4answers
6k views

When is a note flat/sharp?

For instance we are playing a B, is the third note of the chord a Eb or and D#? If we play Bm is the fifth a Gb or a F#?
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4answers
215 views

Are 2 or more octaves perfect consonant?

According to my knowledge, an octave is considered as a perfect consonant. But are 2 or more octaves considered perfect consonant? For example, is C1 and C5 perfect consonant?
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1answer
92 views

Term for improvisation (or Melody) based on specific intervals, not notes?

Is there a term for melodic improvisation where only specific intervals are taken into consideration? As an example, Beginning on C, the player then has the option of moving either up or down, (Or ...
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3answers
454 views

Is the Western system of notes and intervals essentially two-dimensional? [closed]

With my layman's knowledge of Western music theory, I understand that all intervals are built up of octaves and fifths. (Or major and minor seconds, or some other pair of independent 'unit vectors'.) ...
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1answer
2k views

What interval is from G♭ to A♯ (same octave)?

It is a number 2 interval, but being 4 semitones, it is beyond an augmented second. So, what it is?
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2answers
228 views

Eartraining: What to learn after mastering interval recognition?

(This is for relative pitch, absolute pitch gods please don't descend from heaven) I've been learning to recognize intervals for the past year or so, and I have to say I'm very good at it. (Mostly by ...
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4answers
424 views

E to A# is an Augmented 4th, right?

In a theory test, I got this marked wrong. (The clef is treble, by the way.) So... What gives? E to A is a perfect fourth. Raise the A to A# and you get a tritone. AKA an augmented fourth, since ...
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2answers
161 views

Are Guitar Patterns an Absolute Necessity for Improvisation?

Box Patterns I learned to play guitar like everyone else using box patterns. That worked for a bit. The boxes were getting in my way of "true musical improvisation". Usually making it hard to connect ...
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4answers
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How do you figure out a chords name?

first of all I understand how triad chord names are made through the major scale 1-3-5 and then you alter or add certain degrees for the names of different chords. What I dont understand is how I can ...
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5answers
2k views

Is the inversion of a third also a third?

I understand how interval inversions add up to 9. (up a 3rd, down a 6th etc...) Now suppose I take the interval of F to A and then find the inversion of a descending 6th to the A below. (3+6=9) ...
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2answers
104 views

Simple ratios or Overtones?

Example: If I play an octave on the piano starting on middle C. To my limited understanding the simple ratio of 2:1(due to sound-waves matching) and the multiple overtones that match up in this ...
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1answer
338 views

Dissonance: why doesn't the roughness curve have a dip for complex intervals like 7/6?

Roughness is explained well in Is there a way to measure the consonance or dissonance of a chord? In particular the Plomp-Levelt curve is derived, which has various dips showing how simple intervals (...
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3answers
8k views

What is the list of intervals in order of dissonance

I understand that some intervals are considered dissonant (minor second) and some intervals and consonant (perfect fourths). However whenever I see intervals listed, they are always listed from ...
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3answers
237 views

Ear training - help recognizing intervals

I've been a guitar player for years - I've done covers so far. But all the covers I've played were taken from online tabs - the reasoning behind this is that I'm absolutely awful at recognizing ...